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Fostering Links
      Between Diaspora
      Organisations and
      Microfinance
      Institutions




5 May 2008, Tunis
IVth FEMIP Conference
       Tunis, May 5, 2008



               Leila Rispens-Noel
               Programme Officer
     Bureau Popular Campaigning
leila.rispens-noel@oxfamnovib.nl
OXFAM NOVIB
Oxfam Novib is a member of Oxfam International, an
alliance of 12 Oxfam affiliates.

In 1994, Oxfam Novib joined Oxfam International, a
group of twelve independent, like-minded
development organisations that are striving to
achieve a more just world.

The Oxfams work together with a total of 3,000
counterparts in 100 countries.
Main programs to support diaspora organisations
(from the margins to mainstream)
1.       Capacity building – facilitate conduct of trainings (project cycle management,
         proposal writing, microfinance, strategic planning, fund raising, deepening
         knowledge and understanding of development, etc.)
2.       Technical and financial assistance (development projects in the countries of
         origin and in the Netherlands/LINKIS front offices)
3.       Support and stimulate broad alliance building of transnational networks
         of migrants – national and international levels – through dialogues and
         meetings
4.       Influence policy making – coherency in migration and development policies
         through conduct of expert meetings, workshops, debates and conferences and
         ensure participation of migrant leaders in important conferences/meetings
5.       Remittances and Conduct of financial literacy training (personal finance,
         social investments, encourage diaspora philanthropy, link with MFIs)
6.       Linking and learning / exchange visits (Past activities: educational trips to
         Mexico, Philippines, Burundi, Moluccas/Indonesia, Sudan, Somalia, and
         Ethiopia)

5 aims: sustainable development; education and health; peace and security; social
     and political participation; and gender


     4
Milestones: Linking diasporas with MFIs

1) 2003 Expert Meeting: The Link Between Migration and
     Development - The Netherlands
2) 2004 Expert Meeting: Bridging the Gap: The Role of Migrants and
     their Remittances in Development , The Netherlands
3) 2005 Conference: The Impact of Remittances in Latin America:
     Microfinance as alternative channel for remittances, Zacatecas,
     Mexico (INAFI Latin America)
4) 2006 Conference on Migration and Development: Microfinance and
     Remittances, Philippines (INAFI Asia)
5) 2007 Sponsored the holding of INAFI Global Conference on
     Microfinance, Remittances and Development in Cotonou, Benin
6) Commissioned research and studies 2006: Engaging Diaspora by
     Hein de Haas, Oxford University
7) Conducted training on Fundamentals and Methodologies of
     Microfinance, Financial Literacy for Diasporas, and project cycle
     management
8) Facilitated in linking INAFI, AFFORD (UK) and DFD (NL) to build
     partnership.
  5
Possible partnership
              MFIS                     Diaspora Organisations

Provide remittance-based products:   As investors
Money transfers, micro-insurance     Knowledge sharing/transfers
for migrants and families,           Access loans and savings
educational and housing loans,
repatriation

Partnership with MTOs, banks         Potential clients – migrants and their
                                     families; access to credit

“Pro-poor MFIs are potentially and strategically placed to provide a
wider range of financial services than remittance recipients might
otherwise have. – Anne Hastings, Fonkoze Haiti
  6
Challenges of pro-poor MFIs in entering
partnership with diaspora organisations
•       “Follow the money” – find out where migrants are and how they
        send money home
•       Financial literacy for migrants and their families
•       Confidence-building (why should I send money through MFIs?)
•       Tapping/connecting with established diaspora organisations
        abroad
•       Know their wants and needs/clear business proposals
•       Engage them as equal partners
•       MFIs meeting requirements (technological capacity, regulatory
        framework, anti-money laundering law, Know your Customer,
        etc.)


    7
Remittances in selected Sanabel Countries
Source: World Bank (only through official channels)


   Countries             2006       Percentage to     2007
                     In US$ million     GDP       In US$ million
Morocco              5,454                9,5%        5,700
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5,330                    6,0%        5,865
Lebanon              5,183                22,8%       5,500
Jordan               2,883                20,3%       2,934
Sudan                1,157                3.1%        1,157
Tunisia              1,510                5.0%        1,669
Yemen, Rep.          1,283                6.7%        1,283
Syrian Arab Rep. 795                      2.3%        824

  8
Top Countries of Destination

Selected Countries   Destination
Morocco              France, Spain, Italy, Israel, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium,
                     USA, Canada and Saudi Arabia
Egypt, Arab Rep.     Saudi Arabia, Libya, United States, West Bank and Gaza,
                     Italy, Canada, Oman, Australia, Israel, Greece
Lebanon              USA, Canada, Australia, Germany, Saudi Arabia, France,
                     Sweden, Brazil, West Bank and Gaza, Denmark
Jordan               West Bank and Gaza, Saudi Arabia, USA, Germany, Oman,
                     Canada, UK, Australia, Spain, Sweden
Tunisia              France, Libya, Germany, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Italy, USA,
                     Switzerland, Canada, Belgium
Yemen                Saudi Arabia, Israel, USA, UK, West Bank and Gaza, Sudan,
                     Germany, Frnace, Bahrain, Canada
Sudan                Saudi Arabia, Uganda, Chad, USA, UK, Oman, Ethiopia,
                     Canada, Germany, Australia


  9
Some examples:
INAFI-AFFORD-                                         DFD
DFD Partnership                          Diaspora Forum for Development




After the conference in Benin, a partnership was established
   between INAFI (International Alternative Financial Institutions),
   Africans for Development (AFFORD UK), and Diaspora Forum
   for Development (Netherlands composed of 36 migrant
   organisations representing 25 countries) in harnessing the
   development potentials of remittances through:
Investments
Knowledge sharing and transfers
Financial Literacy
Capacity building for MFIs in 12 countries to provide remittance-
   products and services to migrants and their families
STATUS: the three-year proposal is being proposed.



  10
http://www.moneytrans.be
MoneyTrans Belgium – MFI DR Congo




 11
FONKOZE – Haiti http://www.fonkoze.org/



                          Money transfer
                          services that allow
                          Haitians living
                          overseas the
                          opportunity to
                          transfer funds to
                          Haiti at a very low
                          cost




 12
GHANA: SANKOFA

• SANKOFA Foundation was founded in
   2001 by Ghanian diasporas.
• Projects:
- Technical and Training Center for peasant
   women who are members of Sankofa Family Poultry project (50
   members and due for expansion)
Partners in Ghana: GNAFF (Ghana National Association of
   Farmers en Fishermen; GAPNET
Total amount extended: Euro 145.000,00
Direct beneficiaries: 32 women Indirect: 150 women members
Entered Partnership with Rural Bank of West Dangme
www.sankofa.nl

 13
Filipinos in the Netherlands in partnership
with SEDPI www.sedpi.com




 14
15
THANK YOU
www.oxfamnovib.nl
www.linkis.nl

Contact:
linkis@oxfamnovib.nl



   16

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Tunis 05052008 Rispens Noel

  • 1. Fostering Links Between Diaspora Organisations and Microfinance Institutions 5 May 2008, Tunis
  • 2. IVth FEMIP Conference Tunis, May 5, 2008 Leila Rispens-Noel Programme Officer Bureau Popular Campaigning leila.rispens-noel@oxfamnovib.nl
  • 3. OXFAM NOVIB Oxfam Novib is a member of Oxfam International, an alliance of 12 Oxfam affiliates. In 1994, Oxfam Novib joined Oxfam International, a group of twelve independent, like-minded development organisations that are striving to achieve a more just world. The Oxfams work together with a total of 3,000 counterparts in 100 countries.
  • 4. Main programs to support diaspora organisations (from the margins to mainstream) 1. Capacity building – facilitate conduct of trainings (project cycle management, proposal writing, microfinance, strategic planning, fund raising, deepening knowledge and understanding of development, etc.) 2. Technical and financial assistance (development projects in the countries of origin and in the Netherlands/LINKIS front offices) 3. Support and stimulate broad alliance building of transnational networks of migrants – national and international levels – through dialogues and meetings 4. Influence policy making – coherency in migration and development policies through conduct of expert meetings, workshops, debates and conferences and ensure participation of migrant leaders in important conferences/meetings 5. Remittances and Conduct of financial literacy training (personal finance, social investments, encourage diaspora philanthropy, link with MFIs) 6. Linking and learning / exchange visits (Past activities: educational trips to Mexico, Philippines, Burundi, Moluccas/Indonesia, Sudan, Somalia, and Ethiopia) 5 aims: sustainable development; education and health; peace and security; social and political participation; and gender 4
  • 5. Milestones: Linking diasporas with MFIs 1) 2003 Expert Meeting: The Link Between Migration and Development - The Netherlands 2) 2004 Expert Meeting: Bridging the Gap: The Role of Migrants and their Remittances in Development , The Netherlands 3) 2005 Conference: The Impact of Remittances in Latin America: Microfinance as alternative channel for remittances, Zacatecas, Mexico (INAFI Latin America) 4) 2006 Conference on Migration and Development: Microfinance and Remittances, Philippines (INAFI Asia) 5) 2007 Sponsored the holding of INAFI Global Conference on Microfinance, Remittances and Development in Cotonou, Benin 6) Commissioned research and studies 2006: Engaging Diaspora by Hein de Haas, Oxford University 7) Conducted training on Fundamentals and Methodologies of Microfinance, Financial Literacy for Diasporas, and project cycle management 8) Facilitated in linking INAFI, AFFORD (UK) and DFD (NL) to build partnership. 5
  • 6. Possible partnership MFIS Diaspora Organisations Provide remittance-based products: As investors Money transfers, micro-insurance Knowledge sharing/transfers for migrants and families, Access loans and savings educational and housing loans, repatriation Partnership with MTOs, banks Potential clients – migrants and their families; access to credit “Pro-poor MFIs are potentially and strategically placed to provide a wider range of financial services than remittance recipients might otherwise have. – Anne Hastings, Fonkoze Haiti 6
  • 7. Challenges of pro-poor MFIs in entering partnership with diaspora organisations • “Follow the money” – find out where migrants are and how they send money home • Financial literacy for migrants and their families • Confidence-building (why should I send money through MFIs?) • Tapping/connecting with established diaspora organisations abroad • Know their wants and needs/clear business proposals • Engage them as equal partners • MFIs meeting requirements (technological capacity, regulatory framework, anti-money laundering law, Know your Customer, etc.) 7
  • 8. Remittances in selected Sanabel Countries Source: World Bank (only through official channels) Countries 2006 Percentage to 2007 In US$ million GDP In US$ million Morocco 5,454 9,5% 5,700 Egypt, Arab Rep. 5,330 6,0% 5,865 Lebanon 5,183 22,8% 5,500 Jordan 2,883 20,3% 2,934 Sudan 1,157 3.1% 1,157 Tunisia 1,510 5.0% 1,669 Yemen, Rep. 1,283 6.7% 1,283 Syrian Arab Rep. 795 2.3% 824 8
  • 9. Top Countries of Destination Selected Countries Destination Morocco France, Spain, Italy, Israel, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, USA, Canada and Saudi Arabia Egypt, Arab Rep. Saudi Arabia, Libya, United States, West Bank and Gaza, Italy, Canada, Oman, Australia, Israel, Greece Lebanon USA, Canada, Australia, Germany, Saudi Arabia, France, Sweden, Brazil, West Bank and Gaza, Denmark Jordan West Bank and Gaza, Saudi Arabia, USA, Germany, Oman, Canada, UK, Australia, Spain, Sweden Tunisia France, Libya, Germany, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Italy, USA, Switzerland, Canada, Belgium Yemen Saudi Arabia, Israel, USA, UK, West Bank and Gaza, Sudan, Germany, Frnace, Bahrain, Canada Sudan Saudi Arabia, Uganda, Chad, USA, UK, Oman, Ethiopia, Canada, Germany, Australia 9
  • 10. Some examples: INAFI-AFFORD- DFD DFD Partnership Diaspora Forum for Development After the conference in Benin, a partnership was established between INAFI (International Alternative Financial Institutions), Africans for Development (AFFORD UK), and Diaspora Forum for Development (Netherlands composed of 36 migrant organisations representing 25 countries) in harnessing the development potentials of remittances through: Investments Knowledge sharing and transfers Financial Literacy Capacity building for MFIs in 12 countries to provide remittance- products and services to migrants and their families STATUS: the three-year proposal is being proposed. 10
  • 12. FONKOZE – Haiti http://www.fonkoze.org/ Money transfer services that allow Haitians living overseas the opportunity to transfer funds to Haiti at a very low cost 12
  • 13. GHANA: SANKOFA • SANKOFA Foundation was founded in 2001 by Ghanian diasporas. • Projects: - Technical and Training Center for peasant women who are members of Sankofa Family Poultry project (50 members and due for expansion) Partners in Ghana: GNAFF (Ghana National Association of Farmers en Fishermen; GAPNET Total amount extended: Euro 145.000,00 Direct beneficiaries: 32 women Indirect: 150 women members Entered Partnership with Rural Bank of West Dangme www.sankofa.nl 13
  • 14. Filipinos in the Netherlands in partnership with SEDPI www.sedpi.com 14
  • 15. 15