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Samarth Bharat                     1
CELEBRATION OF STRENGTH OF INDIA
Samarth Bharat
Celebration of Strength of India
   and to forge ahead for a


 Stronger India
                                   2
In almost all the fields of knowledge and action,
     India in Past and Present has contributed
significantly to the world. Also, the Future is bright
and open for India. World needs the eternal values
 of India. As Swamiji has said," On India depends
the future of World.” Swamiji had tremendous faith
 on youth to make India what it is destined to be –
               Jagadguru Bharat

     Spiritual Guide to the World
                                                     3
4
INDIA YESTERDAY
     25, 26, 27 December




                      5
"India was the motherland of our race
and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages.
    India was the mother of our philosophy,
of much of our mathematics, of self-government
 and democracy. In many ways, Mother India is
             the mother of us all."
 - Will Durant , American Historian 1885-1981



                                                 6
Indus Valley Civilization




                            7
The first University was established in Takshila
in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all
over the World studied more than 60 subjects.
The University of Nalanda built in the
4th century BC was one of the Greatest
achievements of ancient India in the field of
education                                          8
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine
            known to humans
                                        9
Ayurveda is the oldest school of medicine
codified by Charaka 2,500 years ago.
Sushruta, the father of surgery, conducted
complicated procedures dealing with cataracts,
artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones, plastic
surgery, caesarean section and brain surgery
2,600 years ago. Over 125 surgical
instruments were in use. The use of
anesthesia was also known in ancient India.


                                                       10
Astronomy is one area which has fascinated all mankind from the
beginnings of history. In India the first references to astronomy are to
be found in the Rig Veda (which is dated around 6000-9000 BCE).
Vedic Aryans saw divinity in the Sun, Stars and Comets. Astronomy
was then interwoven with astrology and since ancient times Indians
have involved the planets (called Grahas) with the determination of
human fortunes. Ancient Indian astronomers had recognized that
stars are same as the sun, that the sun is center of the universe
(solar system) and that the circumference of the earth is 5000
Yojanas. One Yojana being 7.2 kms., the ancient Indian estimates
came         close           to          the        actual           11
                                                                 figure.
“Many of the advances in the sciences
 that we consider today to have been
 made in Europe were in fact made in
         India centuries ago."
 - Grant Duff, British Historian of India




                                            12
The art of navigation was born in the river
   Sindhu 5000 years ago. The very word
„Navigation‟ is derived from the Sanskrit word
                  NAVGATIH
                                           13
„We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us
 how to count, without which no worthwhile
scientific discovery could have been made.‟
                - Albert Einstein
                                              14
"In India I found a race of mortals
   living upon the Earth, but not adhering to it.
  Inhabiting cities, but not being fixed to them,
possessing everything but possessed by nothing".
   - Apollonius Tyanaeus, Greek Thinker and
            Traveller 1st Century AD




                                               15
India contributed to the number system by the number 0,
  innovated by Aryabhatta. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus
     originated in India. The quadratic equation was solved by
    Sridharacharya in the 11 century. The Greeks and Romans
  contented themselves with rather small numbers, while Hindus
used units as big as 10 raised to the power 53 with specific names
 as early as 6000-9000 BCE. during the Vedic period. The place
 value system, the decimal system was developed in India dating
     back to at least 100 BC. The solar year was calculated as
    365.25875684 days by Bhaskaracharya in the 5th century,
 hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. The value of pi
   was first calculated by Bodhayana, who also discovered the
     Pythagorean Theorem in the 6th century, long before the
                     European mathematicians.

                                                             16
„Yoga‟ is one of the most unique
contributions of India to the World.
                                       17
Some Pioneers



                18
ARYABHATT




                    MASTER ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN

Born in 476 CE in Kusumpur ( Bihar ), Aryabhatt's intellectual brilliance remapped the boundaries
of mathematics and astronomy. In 499 CE, at the age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an
unparallel treatise on mathematics called "Aryabhatiyam." He formulated the process of
calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first to proclaim that
the earth is round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space - 1000 years
before Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He is also acknowledged for calculating p (Pi)
to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the
Arab mathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the Indians, "This value
has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his most spectacular contribution was the concept
of zero without which modern computer technology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was
a colossus in the field of mathematics.                                                      19
BHASKARACHARYA II




                                 GENIUS IN ALGEBRA
•   Born in the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra,
    Bhaskaracharya's work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted him to
    fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called "Lilavati" and
    "Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a memorial to his profound
    intelligence. Its translation in several languages of the world bear testimony to
    its eminence. In his treatise " Siddhant Shiromani " he writes on planetary
    positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical
    equipment. In the " Surya Siddhant " he makes a note on the force of gravity:
    "Objects fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the
    earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to this
    attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before
    Sir Isaac Newton . He was the champion among mathematicians of ancient
    and medieval India . His works fired the imagination of Persian and European
                                                                               20
    scholars, who through research on his works earned fame and popularity
ACHARYA KANAD




                             FOUNDER OF ATOMIC THEORY
•   As the founder of " Vaisheshik Darshan "- one of six principal philosophies of India -
    Acharya Kanad was a genius in philosophy. He is believed to have been born in Prabhas
    Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujarat . He was the pioneer expounder of realism, law of
    causation and the atomic theory. He has classified all the objects of creation into nine
    elements, namely: earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind and soul. He says,
    "Every object of creation is made of atoms which in turn connect with each other to form
    molecules." His statement ushered in the Atomic Theory for the first time ever in the world,
    nearly 2500 years before John Dalton . Kanad has also described the dimension and
    motion of atoms and their chemical reactions with each other. The eminent historian, T.N.
    Colebrook , has said, "Compared to the scientists of Europe , Kanad and other 21      Indian
    scientists were the global masters of this field."
NAGARJUNA




                      WIZARD OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE
He was an extraordinary wizard of science born in the nondescript village of
Baluka in Madhya Pradesh . His dedicated research for twelve years produced
maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of chemistry and metallurgy.
Textual masterpieces like " Ras Ratnakar ," "Rashrudaya" and "Rasendramangal"
are his renowned contributions to the science of chemistry. Where the medieval
alchemists of England failed, Nagarjuna had discovered the alchemy of
transmuting base metals into gold. As the author of medical books like
"Arogyamanjari" and "Yogasar," he also made significant contributions to the field
of curative medicine. Because of his profound scholarliness and versatile
knowledge, he was appointed as Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda 22
. Nagarjuna's milestone discoveries impress and astonish the scientists of today.
ACHARYA SUSHRUT




                             FATHER OF PLASTIC SURGERY
A genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical science. Born to sage
Vishwamitra, Acharya Sudhrut details the first ever surgery procedures in " Sushrut Samhita ," a
unique encyclopedia of surgery. He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the science of
anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe , Sushrut was performing Rhinoplasty
(restoration of a damaged nose) and other challenging operations. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he
prescribes treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations. His details on human
embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125 types of surgical instruments including scalpels,
lancets, needles, Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals and
birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use of horse's hair as thread and
fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," and fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he details
300 types of operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation, caesarian and23    cranial
surgeries. Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science.
VARAHAMIHIR




              EMINENT ASTROLOGER AND ASTRONOMER

 Renowned astrologer and astronomer who was honored with a special
decoration and status as one of the nine gems in the court of King Vikramaditya
in Avanti ( Ujjain ). Varahamihir's book "panchsiddhant" holds a prominent place
in the realm of astronomy. He notes that the moon and planets are lustrous not
because of their own light but due to sunlight. In the " Bruhad Samhita " and "
Bruhad Jatak ," he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography,
constellation, science, botany and animal science. In his treatise on botanical
science, Varamihir presents cures for various diseases afflicting plants and trees.
The rishi-scientist survives through his unique contributions to the science of
astrology and astronomy.                                                    24
ACHARYA PATANJALI




                          FATHER OF YOGA
The Science of Yoga is one of several unique contributions of India to the world.
It seeks to discover and realize the ultimate Reality through yogic practices.
Acharya Patanjali , the founder, hailed from the district of Gonda (Ganara) in
Uttar Pradesh . He prescribed the control of prana (life breath) as the means to
control the body, mind and soul. This subsequently rewards one with good health
and inner happiness. Acharya Patanjali 's 84 yogic postures effectively enhance
the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and endocrine
systems and many other organs of the body. Yoga has eight limbs where
Acharya Patanjali shows the attainment of the ultimate bliss of God in samadhi
through the disciplines of: yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and
dharna. The Science of Yoga has gained popularity because of its scientific
approach and benefits. Yoga also holds the honored place as one of six
philosophies in the Indian philosophical system. Acharya Patanjali will forever be
                                                                            25
remembered and revered as a pioneer in the science of self-discipline, happiness
and self-realization.
ACHARYA BHARADWAJ




                         PIONEER OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY
•   Acharya Bharadwaj had a hermitage in the holy city of Prayag and was an ordent apostle of
    Ayurveda and mechanical sciences. He authored the " Yantra Sarvasva " which includes
    astonishing and outstanding discoveries in aviation science, space science and flying
    machines. He has described three categories of flying machines: 1.) One that flies on earth
    from one place to another. 2.) One that travels from one planet to another. 3.) And One that
    travels from one universe to another. His designs and descriptions have impressed and
    amazed aviation engineers of today. His brilliance in aviation technology is further reflected
    through techniques described by him:
•   1.) Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible through the
    application of sunlight and wind force.
•   2.) Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine visible through the
    application of electrical force.
•   3.) Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation in another plane.
•   4.) Visual Secrets: The technique to see what's happening inside another plane.
•   Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj has been recognized 26
    as the pioneer of aviation technology.
ACHARYA KAPIL




                        FATHER OF COSMOLOGY
•   Celebrated as the founder of Sankhya philosophy, Acharya Kapil is believed to
    have been born in 3000 BCE to the illustrious sage Kardam and Devhuti. He
    gifted the world with the Sankhya School of Thought. His pioneering work
    threw light on the nature and principles of the ultimate Soul (Purusha), primal
    matter (Prakruti) and creation. His concept of transformation of energy and
    profound commentaries on atma, non-atma and the subtle elements of the
    cosmos places him in an elite class of master achievers - incomparable to the
    discoveries of other cosmologists. On his assertion that Prakruti, with the
    inspiration of Purusha, is the mother of cosmic creation and all energies, he
    contributed a new chapter in the science of cosmology. Because of his
    extrasensory observations and revelations on the secrets of creation, 27 is
                                                                              he
    recognized and saluted as the Father of Cosmology
DANCING SHIVA




Each period of science has led to some model of nature. For classical science it was the clock ; for
nineteenth century science, the period of industrial revolution , it was an engine running down .
What will be the symbol for us ? What we have In mind perhaps be expressed by a reference to
sculpture , from Indian or pre-Columbian art to our time. In some of the most beautiful
manifestations of sculpture, be it the dancing Shiva or in the miniature temples of Guerra, there
appears very clearly the search for a junction between stillness and motion , time arrested and
time passing . We believe that this confrontation will give our period its uniqueness.
                                                                                            28
                                     “Order Out of Chaos”               by
                                   Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers
INDIA TODAY   29
I n d i a

  The Largest
Democracy in the
    World
               30
I n d i a

Spiritual Destination
    of the World

                    31
I n d i a

Space Super Power


                    32
UP 199,581,477 greater than           PAKISTAN 163,579,000
MH 112,372,972 greater than          PHILIPPINES 88,574,614
BR 103,804,637 greater than           GERMANY 82,244,000
A.P. 84,665,533 greater than          IRAN       71,208,000
WB 91,347,736   greater than          ETHOPIA 77,127,000
TN 72,138,958   greater than           U.K.      71,208,000


0-14 years: 29.3%
                                               Nearly 40 per cent of the Indian
15-64 years: 65.2%
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/th    population is aged 13 to 35 years.
e-world-factbook/geos/in.html                  (defined as youth in the National Youth Policy).
                                               http://www.ilo.org/newdelhi/info/WCMS_175936/l
                                               ang--en/index.htm
    By 2020, it is expected that 325 million people in India will reach working age, which will be the
    largest in the world. This will come at a time when the rest of the developed world will be faced
    with an ageing population. It is estimated that by 2020, US will be short of 17 million people of
    working age, China by 10 million, Japan by 9 million and Russia by 6 million

   India‟s population represents worlds 18% population.
   One presidents of India is equivalent to 34 presidents of different countries!
   In 2030 India will be a major center of business in the world and claim to be the
   supreme power.

   India is the largest Democracy in the World
                                            33
India has one of the largest pool
of scientists and engineers in the
               World
                                     34
India has the third largest
investor base in the World
                               35
The Kumbh Mela Festival, held
 every 12 years in the city of
       Prayag attracts
      2.5 Crore people           36
About 110 Millions people are expected to visit during
 Mahakumbh-2013 at Allahabad. Nearly 60 Millions
      people are likely to visit on 10-Feb-2013
                 ( Mouni Amavasya)
           27 January-25 February 2013




                                                     37
SBI California        SBI London         SBI Tsim sha tsui Hongkong




       The State Bank of India is
      World‟s Largest Bank in terms
       of branches. (SBI has 21,500 branches)
         Total Bank branches (All bank ) In INDIA 70,000
                       Highest in World.                        38
Postal Network in India – the
largest postal network in the
           World
                                39
India: World's Largest Milk
Producer with over 80 million
  tonnes annual production

                                40
ONE OF THE WORLDS LARGEST NET WORKS
      UNDER A SINGLE MANAGEMENT
           Route Length : 63122 Km
Staff Strength: 14.72 Lakhs, Total Stations: 6906
                                              41
India is the only country other than
 the US and Japan, to have built a
   super computer indigenously.   42
Supercomputer developed by Tata group ranked 4th fastest
 in the world and fastest in Asia (*2007), currently 186. Named as
 Eka (Sanskrit word for number one), is a Hewlett-Packard based
  system with a performance of 117.9 teraflops. A teraflop
          equals a trillion calculations per second.




  Recently (November 2012) India's seven supercomputer stands
    in worlds top 500 list.
  Some Indian supercomputer name :
  Param, Saga, Eka, Virgo, param yuwa, Annapurna                43
Indian Armed Force is the World's
Second largest with more than 13 lakhs
  soldiers in active service and about
        11 lakhs reserve troops,.



                                    44
Resul Pookutty dedicates Oscar to India
"I dedicate this award to my country. This is not just a sound award but a
piece of history that has been handed over to me,“
"I come from a country and civilisation that gave the world the word that
precedes silence and is followed by more silence. That word is 'Om'. So I
dedicate this award to my country,"


  With 800 movies per year, India‟s Film
    industry overshadows Hollywood                                           45
Of the Fortune 500 companies, 220
 outsource their software related
           work to India
                                    46
National Stock Exchange is the third
largest Stock Exchange in the World in
    terms of the number of trades in
    equities.It is the Second Fastest
 growing stock exchange in the World.
                                   47
India is the World‟s premier centre
for diamond cutting and polishing.
Nine out of every ten stones sold in
   the World pass through India
                                       48
The ancient Chola town of Thanjavur has made its artistic and aesthetic
contribution to the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), which
discovered the Higgins Boson particle, as the Lord Nataraja‟s idol in the cosmic
dance pose placed at the lab is made by sculptors from Swamimalai, near
Kumbakonam in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu.
The 12-feet bronze idol was ordered by the Indian Government through the
National Indian Arts and Crafts Corporation and gifted to the CERN research lab
in Geneva.




                                                                              49
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
    Change, under the Chairmanship of
Dr. R. K. Pachauri, won Nobel Peace Prize
                 for 2007




                                      50
Laxmi Mittal is the Largest Steel
    Producer of the World
 ArcelorMittal is the world‟s leading steel company, with an annual production
                      capacity of around 130 million tones.

                                                                                 51
Vinod Dham is the creator of the
 Pentium chip, 90% of World‟s
      computer run on it
      www.linkedin.com/pub/vinod-dham/0/471/a2a
                                                  52
Sabeer Bhatia created World‟s first
   web based email service –
          hotmail.com
         n.linkedin.com/pub/sabeer-bhatia/5/384/427

                                                      53
World famous motivational
speaker and best selling author,
       Deepak Chopra
                                   54
Vishwanathan Anand – One of World‟s
  Greatest Chess players of all times
                                    55
In India, which has launched satellites for years and is preparing
    for a moon orbit this decade, Kalpana Chawla is a new
     kind of heroine. Born in Karnal, Chawla earned a degree in
  engineering from Punjab Engineering College in 1982 and then
   went to the United States, where she earned her Master's and
   doctorate in aerospace engineering. She joined NASA in 1995
    as an astronaut candidate. became the first Indian woman to
      enter space in 1997, when she was part of the Columbia
                    mission that orbited the earth.

                                                                56
Half Indian half American, commander Sunita Williams is
  a graduate of the US Naval Academy. She is one of only six
  women NASA has put in space since 1965. Her father is an
   Indian-born doctor. Sunita‟s' mission, the 20th to the space
station, will include a complex set of tasks carried out over three
   spacewalks, including adding a small structural truss to the
   orbiting laboratory and reconfiguring the station's electrical
system to begin drawing power from solar panels added on the
last mission. The astronauts will also move an older set of solar
 arrays out of the way of the new arrays, which will turn on their 57
  axis like a paddlewheel as the station follows its orbital path.
India and Space




             58
India is ranked sixth in the
World in terms of Satellite
          launches
                               59
India’s Rocketing Evolution




                              60
India is ready to land on Moon!
Chandrayaan is the mission towards that dream.




                                           61
India‟s gift to the World
      is Spirituality
          - Swami Vivekananda


                            62
Universal Spiritual Gurus




                            63
NDIA

OMORROW
          64
INDIA TOMORROW
   will be what

     YOU
   will make it

                  65
You are India


                66
I AM INDIA
              The land of India is my own body.
       The Comorin is my feet, the Himalayas my head.
    From my hair flows the Ganga, from my head come the
                Brahmaputra and the Sindhu.
          The Vindhyachalas are girt round my loins.
    The Coromandel is my left and the Malabar my right leg.
  I AM THE WHOLE OF INDIA, and its East and West are my
arms, and I spread them in straight line to embrace humanity.
             When I walk, I feel it is India walking.
            When I speak, I feel it is India speaking.
           When I breathe, I feel it is India breathing.
                          I am India.
                                          -Swami Rama Tirth
                                                         67
68
Song of Youth
                  As a young citizen of India,
  armed with technology, knowledge and love for my nation,
                I realize, small aim is a crime.
            I will work and sweat for a great vision,
    the vision of transforming India into a developed nation
      powered by economic strength with value system.
              I am one of the citizens of a billion,
           only the vision will ignite the billion souls.
                      It has entered into me,
          the ignited soul compared to any resource,
                 is the most powerful resource
      on the earth, above the earth and under the earth.
I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achive the vision –
                   Developed India.                          69
                                             - Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Make sankalpa that
                          you would do your
                                 work with all
                               shraddha and
                       perfection, you would
                           study more about
                          India and plan and
                        work for her glorious
                                       future.
Swamiji believed 110 years before and told
 India would rise. When she is rising believe
 her and work to make her great.
                  2012-2014
            www.sv150.org                   70
BELIEVE IN
  INDIA AND
WORK TO MAKE
 HER GREAT
               71
Dream
      Do
Make it happen

                 72
Let us make the whole World noble
                                73
Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari
                Vivekanandapuram,
             Kanyakumari-629 702 (IN)
    Ph : 04652-247012, Email : info@vkendra.org
              Web : www.vkendra.org
                                                  74
75

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Samarth Bharat Parva

  • 1. Samarth Bharat 1 CELEBRATION OF STRENGTH OF INDIA
  • 2. Samarth Bharat Celebration of Strength of India and to forge ahead for a Stronger India 2
  • 3. In almost all the fields of knowledge and action, India in Past and Present has contributed significantly to the world. Also, the Future is bright and open for India. World needs the eternal values of India. As Swamiji has said," On India depends the future of World.” Swamiji had tremendous faith on youth to make India what it is destined to be – Jagadguru Bharat Spiritual Guide to the World 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. INDIA YESTERDAY 25, 26, 27 December 5
  • 6. "India was the motherland of our race and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages. India was the mother of our philosophy, of much of our mathematics, of self-government and democracy. In many ways, Mother India is the mother of us all." - Will Durant , American Historian 1885-1981 6
  • 8. The first University was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the World studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the Greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education 8
  • 9. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans 9
  • 10. Ayurveda is the oldest school of medicine codified by Charaka 2,500 years ago. Sushruta, the father of surgery, conducted complicated procedures dealing with cataracts, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery, caesarean section and brain surgery 2,600 years ago. Over 125 surgical instruments were in use. The use of anesthesia was also known in ancient India. 10
  • 11. Astronomy is one area which has fascinated all mankind from the beginnings of history. In India the first references to astronomy are to be found in the Rig Veda (which is dated around 6000-9000 BCE). Vedic Aryans saw divinity in the Sun, Stars and Comets. Astronomy was then interwoven with astrology and since ancient times Indians have involved the planets (called Grahas) with the determination of human fortunes. Ancient Indian astronomers had recognized that stars are same as the sun, that the sun is center of the universe (solar system) and that the circumference of the earth is 5000 Yojanas. One Yojana being 7.2 kms., the ancient Indian estimates came close to the actual 11 figure.
  • 12. “Many of the advances in the sciences that we consider today to have been made in Europe were in fact made in India centuries ago." - Grant Duff, British Historian of India 12
  • 13. The art of navigation was born in the river Sindhu 5000 years ago. The very word „Navigation‟ is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH 13
  • 14. „We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.‟ - Albert Einstein 14
  • 15. "In India I found a race of mortals living upon the Earth, but not adhering to it. Inhabiting cities, but not being fixed to them, possessing everything but possessed by nothing". - Apollonius Tyanaeus, Greek Thinker and Traveller 1st Century AD 15
  • 16. India contributed to the number system by the number 0, innovated by Aryabhatta. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus originated in India. The quadratic equation was solved by Sridharacharya in the 11 century. The Greeks and Romans contented themselves with rather small numbers, while Hindus used units as big as 10 raised to the power 53 with specific names as early as 6000-9000 BCE. during the Vedic period. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India dating back to at least 100 BC. The solar year was calculated as 365.25875684 days by Bhaskaracharya in the 5th century, hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. The value of pi was first calculated by Bodhayana, who also discovered the Pythagorean Theorem in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians. 16
  • 17. „Yoga‟ is one of the most unique contributions of India to the World. 17
  • 19. ARYABHATT MASTER ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN Born in 476 CE in Kusumpur ( Bihar ), Aryabhatt's intellectual brilliance remapped the boundaries of mathematics and astronomy. In 499 CE, at the age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an unparallel treatise on mathematics called "Aryabhatiyam." He formulated the process of calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first to proclaim that the earth is round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space - 1000 years before Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He is also acknowledged for calculating p (Pi) to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the Arab mathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the Indians, "This value has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his most spectacular contribution was the concept of zero without which modern computer technology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was a colossus in the field of mathematics. 19
  • 20. BHASKARACHARYA II GENIUS IN ALGEBRA • Born in the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra, Bhaskaracharya's work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted him to fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called "Lilavati" and "Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a memorial to his profound intelligence. Its translation in several languages of the world bear testimony to its eminence. In his treatise " Siddhant Shiromani " he writes on planetary positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical equipment. In the " Surya Siddhant " he makes a note on the force of gravity: "Objects fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to this attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before Sir Isaac Newton . He was the champion among mathematicians of ancient and medieval India . His works fired the imagination of Persian and European 20 scholars, who through research on his works earned fame and popularity
  • 21. ACHARYA KANAD FOUNDER OF ATOMIC THEORY • As the founder of " Vaisheshik Darshan "- one of six principal philosophies of India - Acharya Kanad was a genius in philosophy. He is believed to have been born in Prabhas Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujarat . He was the pioneer expounder of realism, law of causation and the atomic theory. He has classified all the objects of creation into nine elements, namely: earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind and soul. He says, "Every object of creation is made of atoms which in turn connect with each other to form molecules." His statement ushered in the Atomic Theory for the first time ever in the world, nearly 2500 years before John Dalton . Kanad has also described the dimension and motion of atoms and their chemical reactions with each other. The eminent historian, T.N. Colebrook , has said, "Compared to the scientists of Europe , Kanad and other 21 Indian scientists were the global masters of this field."
  • 22. NAGARJUNA WIZARD OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE He was an extraordinary wizard of science born in the nondescript village of Baluka in Madhya Pradesh . His dedicated research for twelve years produced maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of chemistry and metallurgy. Textual masterpieces like " Ras Ratnakar ," "Rashrudaya" and "Rasendramangal" are his renowned contributions to the science of chemistry. Where the medieval alchemists of England failed, Nagarjuna had discovered the alchemy of transmuting base metals into gold. As the author of medical books like "Arogyamanjari" and "Yogasar," he also made significant contributions to the field of curative medicine. Because of his profound scholarliness and versatile knowledge, he was appointed as Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda 22 . Nagarjuna's milestone discoveries impress and astonish the scientists of today.
  • 23. ACHARYA SUSHRUT FATHER OF PLASTIC SURGERY A genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical science. Born to sage Vishwamitra, Acharya Sudhrut details the first ever surgery procedures in " Sushrut Samhita ," a unique encyclopedia of surgery. He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the science of anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe , Sushrut was performing Rhinoplasty (restoration of a damaged nose) and other challenging operations. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he prescribes treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations. His details on human embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125 types of surgical instruments including scalpels, lancets, needles, Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals and birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use of horse's hair as thread and fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," and fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he details 300 types of operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation, caesarian and23 cranial surgeries. Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science.
  • 24. VARAHAMIHIR EMINENT ASTROLOGER AND ASTRONOMER Renowned astrologer and astronomer who was honored with a special decoration and status as one of the nine gems in the court of King Vikramaditya in Avanti ( Ujjain ). Varahamihir's book "panchsiddhant" holds a prominent place in the realm of astronomy. He notes that the moon and planets are lustrous not because of their own light but due to sunlight. In the " Bruhad Samhita " and " Bruhad Jatak ," he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography, constellation, science, botany and animal science. In his treatise on botanical science, Varamihir presents cures for various diseases afflicting plants and trees. The rishi-scientist survives through his unique contributions to the science of astrology and astronomy. 24
  • 25. ACHARYA PATANJALI FATHER OF YOGA The Science of Yoga is one of several unique contributions of India to the world. It seeks to discover and realize the ultimate Reality through yogic practices. Acharya Patanjali , the founder, hailed from the district of Gonda (Ganara) in Uttar Pradesh . He prescribed the control of prana (life breath) as the means to control the body, mind and soul. This subsequently rewards one with good health and inner happiness. Acharya Patanjali 's 84 yogic postures effectively enhance the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and endocrine systems and many other organs of the body. Yoga has eight limbs where Acharya Patanjali shows the attainment of the ultimate bliss of God in samadhi through the disciplines of: yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and dharna. The Science of Yoga has gained popularity because of its scientific approach and benefits. Yoga also holds the honored place as one of six philosophies in the Indian philosophical system. Acharya Patanjali will forever be 25 remembered and revered as a pioneer in the science of self-discipline, happiness and self-realization.
  • 26. ACHARYA BHARADWAJ PIONEER OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY • Acharya Bharadwaj had a hermitage in the holy city of Prayag and was an ordent apostle of Ayurveda and mechanical sciences. He authored the " Yantra Sarvasva " which includes astonishing and outstanding discoveries in aviation science, space science and flying machines. He has described three categories of flying machines: 1.) One that flies on earth from one place to another. 2.) One that travels from one planet to another. 3.) And One that travels from one universe to another. His designs and descriptions have impressed and amazed aviation engineers of today. His brilliance in aviation technology is further reflected through techniques described by him: • 1.) Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible through the application of sunlight and wind force. • 2.) Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine visible through the application of electrical force. • 3.) Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation in another plane. • 4.) Visual Secrets: The technique to see what's happening inside another plane. • Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj has been recognized 26 as the pioneer of aviation technology.
  • 27. ACHARYA KAPIL FATHER OF COSMOLOGY • Celebrated as the founder of Sankhya philosophy, Acharya Kapil is believed to have been born in 3000 BCE to the illustrious sage Kardam and Devhuti. He gifted the world with the Sankhya School of Thought. His pioneering work threw light on the nature and principles of the ultimate Soul (Purusha), primal matter (Prakruti) and creation. His concept of transformation of energy and profound commentaries on atma, non-atma and the subtle elements of the cosmos places him in an elite class of master achievers - incomparable to the discoveries of other cosmologists. On his assertion that Prakruti, with the inspiration of Purusha, is the mother of cosmic creation and all energies, he contributed a new chapter in the science of cosmology. Because of his extrasensory observations and revelations on the secrets of creation, 27 is he recognized and saluted as the Father of Cosmology
  • 28. DANCING SHIVA Each period of science has led to some model of nature. For classical science it was the clock ; for nineteenth century science, the period of industrial revolution , it was an engine running down . What will be the symbol for us ? What we have In mind perhaps be expressed by a reference to sculpture , from Indian or pre-Columbian art to our time. In some of the most beautiful manifestations of sculpture, be it the dancing Shiva or in the miniature temples of Guerra, there appears very clearly the search for a junction between stillness and motion , time arrested and time passing . We believe that this confrontation will give our period its uniqueness. 28 “Order Out of Chaos” by Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers
  • 30. I n d i a The Largest Democracy in the World 30
  • 31. I n d i a Spiritual Destination of the World 31
  • 32. I n d i a Space Super Power 32
  • 33. UP 199,581,477 greater than PAKISTAN 163,579,000 MH 112,372,972 greater than PHILIPPINES 88,574,614 BR 103,804,637 greater than GERMANY 82,244,000 A.P. 84,665,533 greater than IRAN 71,208,000 WB 91,347,736 greater than ETHOPIA 77,127,000 TN 72,138,958 greater than U.K. 71,208,000 0-14 years: 29.3% Nearly 40 per cent of the Indian 15-64 years: 65.2% https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/th population is aged 13 to 35 years. e-world-factbook/geos/in.html (defined as youth in the National Youth Policy). http://www.ilo.org/newdelhi/info/WCMS_175936/l ang--en/index.htm By 2020, it is expected that 325 million people in India will reach working age, which will be the largest in the world. This will come at a time when the rest of the developed world will be faced with an ageing population. It is estimated that by 2020, US will be short of 17 million people of working age, China by 10 million, Japan by 9 million and Russia by 6 million India‟s population represents worlds 18% population. One presidents of India is equivalent to 34 presidents of different countries! In 2030 India will be a major center of business in the world and claim to be the supreme power. India is the largest Democracy in the World 33
  • 34. India has one of the largest pool of scientists and engineers in the World 34
  • 35. India has the third largest investor base in the World 35
  • 36. The Kumbh Mela Festival, held every 12 years in the city of Prayag attracts 2.5 Crore people 36
  • 37. About 110 Millions people are expected to visit during Mahakumbh-2013 at Allahabad. Nearly 60 Millions people are likely to visit on 10-Feb-2013 ( Mouni Amavasya) 27 January-25 February 2013 37
  • 38. SBI California SBI London SBI Tsim sha tsui Hongkong The State Bank of India is World‟s Largest Bank in terms of branches. (SBI has 21,500 branches) Total Bank branches (All bank ) In INDIA 70,000 Highest in World. 38
  • 39. Postal Network in India – the largest postal network in the World 39
  • 40. India: World's Largest Milk Producer with over 80 million tonnes annual production 40
  • 41. ONE OF THE WORLDS LARGEST NET WORKS UNDER A SINGLE MANAGEMENT Route Length : 63122 Km Staff Strength: 14.72 Lakhs, Total Stations: 6906 41
  • 42. India is the only country other than the US and Japan, to have built a super computer indigenously. 42
  • 43. Supercomputer developed by Tata group ranked 4th fastest in the world and fastest in Asia (*2007), currently 186. Named as Eka (Sanskrit word for number one), is a Hewlett-Packard based system with a performance of 117.9 teraflops. A teraflop equals a trillion calculations per second. Recently (November 2012) India's seven supercomputer stands in worlds top 500 list. Some Indian supercomputer name : Param, Saga, Eka, Virgo, param yuwa, Annapurna 43
  • 44. Indian Armed Force is the World's Second largest with more than 13 lakhs soldiers in active service and about 11 lakhs reserve troops,. 44
  • 45. Resul Pookutty dedicates Oscar to India "I dedicate this award to my country. This is not just a sound award but a piece of history that has been handed over to me,“ "I come from a country and civilisation that gave the world the word that precedes silence and is followed by more silence. That word is 'Om'. So I dedicate this award to my country," With 800 movies per year, India‟s Film industry overshadows Hollywood 45
  • 46. Of the Fortune 500 companies, 220 outsource their software related work to India 46
  • 47. National Stock Exchange is the third largest Stock Exchange in the World in terms of the number of trades in equities.It is the Second Fastest growing stock exchange in the World. 47
  • 48. India is the World‟s premier centre for diamond cutting and polishing. Nine out of every ten stones sold in the World pass through India 48
  • 49. The ancient Chola town of Thanjavur has made its artistic and aesthetic contribution to the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), which discovered the Higgins Boson particle, as the Lord Nataraja‟s idol in the cosmic dance pose placed at the lab is made by sculptors from Swamimalai, near Kumbakonam in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu. The 12-feet bronze idol was ordered by the Indian Government through the National Indian Arts and Crafts Corporation and gifted to the CERN research lab in Geneva. 49
  • 50. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, under the Chairmanship of Dr. R. K. Pachauri, won Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 50
  • 51. Laxmi Mittal is the Largest Steel Producer of the World ArcelorMittal is the world‟s leading steel company, with an annual production capacity of around 130 million tones. 51
  • 52. Vinod Dham is the creator of the Pentium chip, 90% of World‟s computer run on it www.linkedin.com/pub/vinod-dham/0/471/a2a 52
  • 53. Sabeer Bhatia created World‟s first web based email service – hotmail.com n.linkedin.com/pub/sabeer-bhatia/5/384/427 53
  • 54. World famous motivational speaker and best selling author, Deepak Chopra 54
  • 55. Vishwanathan Anand – One of World‟s Greatest Chess players of all times 55
  • 56. In India, which has launched satellites for years and is preparing for a moon orbit this decade, Kalpana Chawla is a new kind of heroine. Born in Karnal, Chawla earned a degree in engineering from Punjab Engineering College in 1982 and then went to the United States, where she earned her Master's and doctorate in aerospace engineering. She joined NASA in 1995 as an astronaut candidate. became the first Indian woman to enter space in 1997, when she was part of the Columbia mission that orbited the earth. 56
  • 57. Half Indian half American, commander Sunita Williams is a graduate of the US Naval Academy. She is one of only six women NASA has put in space since 1965. Her father is an Indian-born doctor. Sunita‟s' mission, the 20th to the space station, will include a complex set of tasks carried out over three spacewalks, including adding a small structural truss to the orbiting laboratory and reconfiguring the station's electrical system to begin drawing power from solar panels added on the last mission. The astronauts will also move an older set of solar arrays out of the way of the new arrays, which will turn on their 57 axis like a paddlewheel as the station follows its orbital path.
  • 59. India is ranked sixth in the World in terms of Satellite launches 59
  • 61. India is ready to land on Moon! Chandrayaan is the mission towards that dream. 61
  • 62. India‟s gift to the World is Spirituality - Swami Vivekananda 62
  • 65. INDIA TOMORROW will be what YOU will make it 65
  • 67. I AM INDIA The land of India is my own body. The Comorin is my feet, the Himalayas my head. From my hair flows the Ganga, from my head come the Brahmaputra and the Sindhu. The Vindhyachalas are girt round my loins. The Coromandel is my left and the Malabar my right leg. I AM THE WHOLE OF INDIA, and its East and West are my arms, and I spread them in straight line to embrace humanity. When I walk, I feel it is India walking. When I speak, I feel it is India speaking. When I breathe, I feel it is India breathing. I am India. -Swami Rama Tirth 67
  • 68. 68
  • 69. Song of Youth As a young citizen of India, armed with technology, knowledge and love for my nation, I realize, small aim is a crime. I will work and sweat for a great vision, the vision of transforming India into a developed nation powered by economic strength with value system. I am one of the citizens of a billion, only the vision will ignite the billion souls. It has entered into me, the ignited soul compared to any resource, is the most powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth. I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achive the vision – Developed India. 69 - Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
  • 70. Make sankalpa that you would do your work with all shraddha and perfection, you would study more about India and plan and work for her glorious future. Swamiji believed 110 years before and told India would rise. When she is rising believe her and work to make her great. 2012-2014 www.sv150.org 70
  • 71. BELIEVE IN INDIA AND WORK TO MAKE HER GREAT 71
  • 72. Dream Do Make it happen 72
  • 73. Let us make the whole World noble 73
  • 74. Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari Vivekanandapuram, Kanyakumari-629 702 (IN) Ph : 04652-247012, Email : info@vkendra.org Web : www.vkendra.org 74
  • 75. 75

Editor's Notes

  1. SBI LONDON SBI NEWYORK SBI Tsim sha tsui hongkong
  2. Sound engineer Resul Pookutty became the third Indian to bring Oscar glory for India by winning the award for sound mixing in ‘Slumdog Millionaire’ ………said Kerala-born sound technician.
  3. http://newindianexpress.com/states/tamil_nadu/article559602.ece