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Introduction to Hinduism
“There is only one God, but endless
are his aspects and endless are his
names”
The vast
majority of
Hindus live
in India and
Nepal
Goal of Hinduism
Moksha: “release or liberation
United forever with the divine
Infinite bliss and awareness
Reincarnation
Samsara is the wheel of rebirth which means the soul is reborn
from one life form to another.
People may be reincarnated at a higher or lower level of
existence depending on their karma from their present life.
People may be reborn as plants or animals or they may be
elevated to a higher caste as a human.
Death is not final for Hindus as they expect to be reborn many
times.
Karma & Dharma
Karma: “action” or “deeds”
 Every action produces a Justified effect based on its
moral worthiness.
Karma determines all the particular circumstances
and Situations of one’s life.
Dharma: ethical duty based on the divine order of
reality. The word is the closest equivalent to “religion.”
Four Stages of Life
Stage One: Student stage
Stage Two: Householder
Stage Three: Forest-dweller --after the birth of
first grandchild
Stage Four: Sannyasin - wondering ascetic
Sacred Texts
Rig Veda: Hinduism’s oldest text- nearly 4000 years.
.
Bhagavad Gita: Hinduism’s most popular sacred text
Brahman: essence of reality
He is not ultimate reality
because he can be visualized.
Brahma’s life span = each day is
1000 times the whole of human
history.
The world will end with the
appearance of Vishnu is about
4000 years from now.
THE TWO MOST POPULAR
GODS
SHIVA VISHNU
Krishna
Rama
Avatars of Vishnu
Goddesses
Lakshmi Saraswati
Kali
 wife of Shiva
black in color & wearing a
necklace of skulls.
She is a bloodthirsty
goddess.
A violent destroyer of her
enemies
affectionate and caring for
her devotees.
.
Festivals and Holy Days
no set day of the week is holy-each days has its possibilities
Religious festivals may be solar or lunar-lunar is preferred
In order to keep festivals consistent, an additional lunar month
is added to the calendar about every three years.
Some numbered days of the month are more important than
others. There are 125 special days in the Hindu year.
Festival: Divali
Divali: “Row of lights
Takes place in Oct. or Nov.
It is a series of five festivals
Lights are floated on small rafts
If the candle remains lit, good luck
will follow.
The Ganges River
Falling from
Its source of
Vishnu’s feet
onto Shiva’s
head and out
from his hair,
the water of
the Ganges is
sacred enough
to purify all
sins.
Banaras - Hindu’s Holy City
Pilgrims come from all over to
bathe in the Ganges.
Countless Hindus come to
Banaras to die.
It has 1500 temples, most of
them devoted to Shiva.
It is a gathering place for the
religiously learned and their
disciples.
Sacred Cow of India
Caste System
Four major castes
Brahmin : priests
Kshatriya: warriors and administrators
Vaistrya: farmers, merchants, teachers, artisans
Sudras: servants,laborers
Gandhi: the Father of India
For Gandhi, social concern was
deeply rooted in his conviction of the
Sacredness of life.
Gandhi believed that human beings
should strive to live as simply as
possible since overindulgence often
meant that others may have to do
without their basic needs.
Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu
fanatic on January 30, l948 as India
was gaining its independence.
One Ocean, Many Names

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ryan_hinduism.ppt

  • 1. Introduction to Hinduism “There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names”
  • 2. The vast majority of Hindus live in India and Nepal
  • 3. Goal of Hinduism Moksha: “release or liberation United forever with the divine Infinite bliss and awareness
  • 4. Reincarnation Samsara is the wheel of rebirth which means the soul is reborn from one life form to another. People may be reincarnated at a higher or lower level of existence depending on their karma from their present life. People may be reborn as plants or animals or they may be elevated to a higher caste as a human. Death is not final for Hindus as they expect to be reborn many times.
  • 5. Karma & Dharma Karma: “action” or “deeds”  Every action produces a Justified effect based on its moral worthiness. Karma determines all the particular circumstances and Situations of one’s life. Dharma: ethical duty based on the divine order of reality. The word is the closest equivalent to “religion.”
  • 6. Four Stages of Life Stage One: Student stage Stage Two: Householder Stage Three: Forest-dweller --after the birth of first grandchild Stage Four: Sannyasin - wondering ascetic
  • 7. Sacred Texts Rig Veda: Hinduism’s oldest text- nearly 4000 years. . Bhagavad Gita: Hinduism’s most popular sacred text
  • 8. Brahman: essence of reality He is not ultimate reality because he can be visualized. Brahma’s life span = each day is 1000 times the whole of human history. The world will end with the appearance of Vishnu is about 4000 years from now.
  • 9. THE TWO MOST POPULAR GODS SHIVA VISHNU
  • 12. Kali  wife of Shiva black in color & wearing a necklace of skulls. She is a bloodthirsty goddess. A violent destroyer of her enemies affectionate and caring for her devotees. .
  • 13. Festivals and Holy Days no set day of the week is holy-each days has its possibilities Religious festivals may be solar or lunar-lunar is preferred In order to keep festivals consistent, an additional lunar month is added to the calendar about every three years. Some numbered days of the month are more important than others. There are 125 special days in the Hindu year.
  • 14. Festival: Divali Divali: “Row of lights Takes place in Oct. or Nov. It is a series of five festivals Lights are floated on small rafts If the candle remains lit, good luck will follow.
  • 15. The Ganges River Falling from Its source of Vishnu’s feet onto Shiva’s head and out from his hair, the water of the Ganges is sacred enough to purify all sins.
  • 16. Banaras - Hindu’s Holy City Pilgrims come from all over to bathe in the Ganges. Countless Hindus come to Banaras to die. It has 1500 temples, most of them devoted to Shiva. It is a gathering place for the religiously learned and their disciples.
  • 17. Sacred Cow of India
  • 18. Caste System Four major castes Brahmin : priests Kshatriya: warriors and administrators Vaistrya: farmers, merchants, teachers, artisans Sudras: servants,laborers
  • 19. Gandhi: the Father of India For Gandhi, social concern was deeply rooted in his conviction of the Sacredness of life. Gandhi believed that human beings should strive to live as simply as possible since overindulgence often meant that others may have to do without their basic needs. Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic on January 30, l948 as India was gaining its independence.