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ROAD:
the ISSN as a matching key to aggregate
quality, open access resources
Nathalie Cornic
Deputy Head of the Data,
Network & Standards dept
ISSN International Centre
nathalie.cornic@issn.org
@ISSN_IC
UCL Centre for Publishing, London
Seminar Discovery and Discoverability
20th January, 2016
2
A free subset of the ISSN Register
• A free service based on the ISSN Register
• Providing access to information on
≈13,500 online OA resources identified
by 89 ISSN Centres
• Developed late 2013 by the ISSN IC in
support of UNESCO policy promoting
open science through GOAP
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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Purposes of ROAD
• To help researchers identify and select
quality OA resources identified by ISSN
• To support OA in countries belonging
to ISSN network
• To demonstrate new ways of searching
the ISSN Register and linking
information from various sources
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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5
Selection criteria
• Open access to the whole content
of the resource
• No moving wall
• The resources comprise mainly
research papers
• The target is mostly researchers and
scholars
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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5 types of resources
• Journals (12782)
• Academic repositories (235)
• Monographic series (182)
• Conference proceedings (124)
• Scholarly blogs (97)
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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Number of OA resources WW
by thematic area and type
7
8
National centres involved
Top ten countries
India (1416)
Brazil (1127)
United States (816)
United Kingdom (794)
France (569)
Poland (479)
Germany (477)
Russian Federation (450)
Iran (Islamic Republic of) (448)
Spain (423)
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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Partnering sources help us provide
quality insight into OA resources
• Selection
• Indexation
• Evalutation
• Preservation
10
Coverage by external sources
Indexing/abstracting
services
ATLA CPLI® & RDB® (37)
CAB Abstracts (1201)
CAS SciFinder® (345)
EconLit (115)
GeoRef (89)
Global Health (1043)
Linguistics Abstracts (74)
MEDLINE® (497)
PsycINFO® (141)
Scopus (2626)
Journal indicators
SJR (2013) (2626)
SNIP (2013) (2626)
Registries and archives
Catalogo (Latindex)
(1677)
DOAJ (6186)
PubMed Central®
(1171)
The Keepers (1190)
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What can you do with ROAD?
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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Faceted search
Subject access
using UNESCO
classification
profile (UDC)
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ROAD & partnering registries
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1515
16
to know whether a title is
being archived,
and by which archive …
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… and the details on what issues and volumes
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How does it work?
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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Data source
submitted by ISSN IC
Data source
Data source
processing
chain
feeding the
enrichment DB
Feeding the
enrichment DB
Feeding the
enrichment DB
Automatic retrieval
of the ISSN-L table
ISSN-L table
retrieval chain
Bibliographic records
indexing chain
Data query
Data retrieval
19
ROAD & partnering registries
19
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ROAD and linked data
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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RDF dump with FRBROO and PRESSOO
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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ROAD uses Schema.org markup
types
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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ROAD uses Schema.org markup types
http://road.issn.org/issn/2331-1983
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
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FRBROO and PRESSOO
FRBROO: object-oriented version of FRBR
PRESSOO : FRBROO for serials and other continuing resources
– “An ontology which aims to represent the underlying
semantics of bibliographic information about continuing
resources, and more specifically about periodicals”
FRBROO chosen as a reference standard
– For its object-oriented approach: convenient for linked
data
– As it is event-centric: to express the dynamic nature of
serials
– As it allows interoperability with other cultural fields (as
a CIDOC-CRM extension).
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
25
PRESSOO and the ISSN Register
A specialized data model to represent serials and ongoing resources
• “features” (frequency, medium...)
• changes that affect them over the time (continuations, absorptions,
splits...)
• relationships they can have with other serials (linguistic editions...)
Providing a linked-data friendly data model
Improving interoperability with other datasets
PRESSOO for the ISSN registry
• Prepare the publication of (a subset of) the Register in the LOD
• Mapping of National Centres’ MARC records to PRESSOO may be
customized according to national practices
Now an official standard of the IFLA cataloguing section.
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
26
Our strengths
• 5 types of OA resources worldwide.
• Identified by 89 ISSN national centres
worldwide.
• 17 partnering registries, metrics,
indexing/abstracting services:
ISSN is used as a matching key
 use, influence, promimence, quality.
ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
26
27
Thank you for your attention
http://road.issn.org
Nathalie Cornic
nathalie.cornic@issn.org road@issn.org
@ISSN_IC
http://fr.slideshare.net/ISSNIC40/presentations

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ROAD: the ISSN as a matching key to aggregate quality, open access resources

  • 1. 11 ROAD: the ISSN as a matching key to aggregate quality, open access resources Nathalie Cornic Deputy Head of the Data, Network & Standards dept ISSN International Centre nathalie.cornic@issn.org @ISSN_IC UCL Centre for Publishing, London Seminar Discovery and Discoverability 20th January, 2016
  • 2. 2 A free subset of the ISSN Register • A free service based on the ISSN Register • Providing access to information on ≈13,500 online OA resources identified by 89 ISSN Centres • Developed late 2013 by the ISSN IC in support of UNESCO policy promoting open science through GOAP ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 2
  • 3. 3 ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 3
  • 4. 4 Purposes of ROAD • To help researchers identify and select quality OA resources identified by ISSN • To support OA in countries belonging to ISSN network • To demonstrate new ways of searching the ISSN Register and linking information from various sources ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 4
  • 5. 5 Selection criteria • Open access to the whole content of the resource • No moving wall • The resources comprise mainly research papers • The target is mostly researchers and scholars ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 5
  • 6. 6 5 types of resources • Journals (12782) • Academic repositories (235) • Monographic series (182) • Conference proceedings (124) • Scholarly blogs (97) ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 6
  • 7. 7 Number of OA resources WW by thematic area and type 7
  • 8. 8 National centres involved Top ten countries India (1416) Brazil (1127) United States (816) United Kingdom (794) France (569) Poland (479) Germany (477) Russian Federation (450) Iran (Islamic Republic of) (448) Spain (423) ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 8
  • 9. 9 Partnering sources help us provide quality insight into OA resources • Selection • Indexation • Evalutation • Preservation
  • 10. 10 Coverage by external sources Indexing/abstracting services ATLA CPLI® & RDB® (37) CAB Abstracts (1201) CAS SciFinder® (345) EconLit (115) GeoRef (89) Global Health (1043) Linguistics Abstracts (74) MEDLINE® (497) PsycINFO® (141) Scopus (2626) Journal indicators SJR (2013) (2626) SNIP (2013) (2626) Registries and archives Catalogo (Latindex) (1677) DOAJ (6186) PubMed Central® (1171) The Keepers (1190) 10
  • 11. 11 What can you do with ROAD? ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 11
  • 12. 1212
  • 13. 13 Faceted search Subject access using UNESCO classification profile (UDC) 13
  • 14. 14 ROAD & partnering registries 14
  • 15. 1515
  • 16. 16 to know whether a title is being archived, and by which archive … 16
  • 17. 17 … and the details on what issues and volumes 17
  • 18. 18 How does it work? ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 18 Data source submitted by ISSN IC Data source Data source processing chain feeding the enrichment DB Feeding the enrichment DB Feeding the enrichment DB Automatic retrieval of the ISSN-L table ISSN-L table retrieval chain Bibliographic records indexing chain Data query Data retrieval
  • 19. 19 ROAD & partnering registries 19
  • 20. 20 ROAD and linked data ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 20
  • 21. 21 RDF dump with FRBROO and PRESSOO ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
  • 22. 22 ROAD uses Schema.org markup types ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 22
  • 23. 23 ROAD uses Schema.org markup types http://road.issn.org/issn/2331-1983 ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 23
  • 24. 24 FRBROO and PRESSOO FRBROO: object-oriented version of FRBR PRESSOO : FRBROO for serials and other continuing resources – “An ontology which aims to represent the underlying semantics of bibliographic information about continuing resources, and more specifically about periodicals” FRBROO chosen as a reference standard – For its object-oriented approach: convenient for linked data – As it is event-centric: to express the dynamic nature of serials – As it allows interoperability with other cultural fields (as a CIDOC-CRM extension). ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
  • 25. 25 PRESSOO and the ISSN Register A specialized data model to represent serials and ongoing resources • “features” (frequency, medium...) • changes that affect them over the time (continuations, absorptions, splits...) • relationships they can have with other serials (linguistic editions...) Providing a linked-data friendly data model Improving interoperability with other datasets PRESSOO for the ISSN registry • Prepare the publication of (a subset of) the Register in the LOD • Mapping of National Centres’ MARC records to PRESSOO may be customized according to national practices Now an official standard of the IFLA cataloguing section. ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org
  • 26. 26 Our strengths • 5 types of OA resources worldwide. • Identified by 89 ISSN national centres worldwide. • 17 partnering registries, metrics, indexing/abstracting services: ISSN is used as a matching key  use, influence, promimence, quality. ROAD / UCL 2016 / Nathalie Cornic-ISSN IC/ nathalie.cornic@issn.org 26
  • 27. 27 Thank you for your attention http://road.issn.org Nathalie Cornic nathalie.cornic@issn.org road@issn.org @ISSN_IC http://fr.slideshare.net/ISSNIC40/presentations

Editor's Notes

  1. I will make a focus on the complementarities between ROAD and other partnering registries on OA continuing resources.
  2. This is a service developed 2 years ago by the ISSN International Centre with the support of UNESCO specifically the Communication and Information Sector As a free subset of the ISSN Register, it gives access for free to ISSN bibliographic records describing 13,500 OA scholarly resources worldwide
  3. the Global OA Portal gives access to ROAD and vice versa. GOAP provides a global overview of OA policies throughout the world,  highlighting critical success factors, as well as key players, potential barriers and opportunities. ROAD is within the framework of UNESCO’s objective of “Enabling Universal Access and Preservation of Information and Knowledge”
  4. to facilitate the access to quality OA resources among the International ISSN Register, enabling the disctinction between several publications having the same title (an ISSN is assigned to one resource and only one) to help assessing their editorial quality and their usage within the scholarly community, those resources being selected for their quality within partnering databases to promote online publications and scholarly publishers To demonstrate new ways of using ISSN crossing and linking data from various databases.
  5. the whole content must be freely accessible, without any moving wall, the content is mainly research papers dedicated mostly to researchers and scholars. droit de lecture, de réutilisation, de lisibilité par les machines maximaux, selon les recommandations émises par les instances qui prônent l’accès ouvert :  guide How open is it? Lecture libre pour tous les articles dès leur publication (pas d’embargo) ; Droits de réutilisation et d’adaptation généreux (licence CC BY) ; les revues sont archivées par des tiers de confiance dès leur publication (archives commerciales ou institutionnelles) ; Le texte intégral de l’article, les métadonnées et les citations sont accessibles ; L’auteur dispose de ses droits d’auteur sans restriction Guide How open is it? / SPARC – PLOS – OASPA https://www.plos.org/open-access/howopenisit/
  6. Among the 5 types of resources represented, journals are most represented, but since one year, we have been developing 4 other types, with an effort being made on academic repositories.
  7. when looking at the breakdown by discipline and type of resources, we can see that we cover all disciplines, with a strong prominence in social sciences and STM (sciences, technologogy and medicine). Next steps: To develop the number of resources through metadata exchange and linking with other partners our priorities are twofold: Types of resources: to develop more academic repositories and blogs, Disciplines : Arts and humanities and Pure sciences
  8. ROAD system is fed by the ISSN network. We can rely on the participation of a good half of our network, on a daily basis. THIS IS FUNDAMENTAL. ISSN IC deals with the rest of the world. A specific code is entered when assigning an ISSN to a continuing resource, corresponding to the type of OA resource.
  9. Half of the resources have been: selected by peer review and registration in directories indexed by abstract & citation services , evaluated by journal indicators at last, The Keepers provides information about the long term preservation programmes regarding online journals.
  10. and you can filter by external information services covered as of today, we have 17 partnerships that we want to consolidate, exchanging and linking more information On a mid term basis, we also want to develop more partnerships with content platforms and aggregators in every type of resources.
  11. the map search enables to search by region of the world or by countries the markers indicate the number of publications by country, and correspond to a research subset
  12. the facets most frequently used are: thematic country publication year referencing services
  13. Partnering registries and indexing services use the ISSN as a key data field. Each partner provides additional information, such as:
  14. Publication charges Business model Date of use of OA
  15. others like The Keepers Registries provide the Archival status, i.e. enable to know whether a title is being archived, and by which archive
  16. and the details on what issues and volumes are preserved
  17. ISSN records are enriched by data taken from external sources (journal indicators, indexing-abstracting services, registries…). They are the data sources. 3 processing chains: 1 - the coverage lists are submitted through excel files to the referential processing chain. these coverage lists / data sources contain titles associated to their ISSN, and feed the enrichment database 2- the enrichment database is also fed by the ISSN-L table recovered automatically. the external metadata is aligned with the ISSN database thanks to the ISSN-L, which is the matching key the ISSN-L is a specific ISSN that groups the different media editions (print, online…) of the same serial publication. The ISSN-L of the publication processed is compared to the ISSN-L contained in the data source. The right ISSN is sent to the enrichment database. 3 – the bibliographic records indexing chain: the ISSN records are matched with the additional metadata lying in the enrichment database.
  18. the result Partnering registries and indexing services use the ISSN as a key data field. the external metadata is added to the ISSN record.  ISSN numbers are used as a matching key crossing ISSN records / external databases coverage lists of journals and other continuing resources. Each partner provides additional information, such as: Publication charges Business model Date of use of OA
  19. As we are working with the FRBR and PRESSoo models, an RDF dump can be downloaded we will revise our data model to make it applicable to the ISSN Register.
  20. we also use schema.org markup types in the html code of our records to add semantic structure in our html records, enabling the indexing robots to better understand the content of ROAD bibliographic records and to enhance their display in the search engines results.
  21. we also use schema.org markup structured vocabulary to make our records easily retrievable typing only: http://road.issn.org/issn/2331-1983 helps you find instantly the right record
  22. FRBRoo is the only ontology which enables to represent serials. PRESSoo is an extension of the FRBRoo model (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records – Object Oriented). It is a formal ontology for continuing resources designed to represent the bibliographic information relating to serials and continuing resources. It has been developed by a working group made up of representatives of the ISSN International Centre, the ISSN Review Group and the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF). Version 1.0 has been released in June 2014: PRESSoo_1-0. A dedicated Review Group, chaired by Clément Oury (ISSN IC) has been set up under the auspices of IFLA cataloguing section to maintain and further develop this ontology. This section has connections with RDA and bibframe.
  23. A specialized and detailed model was needed to represent serials and ongoing resources Adapting the FRBR family of models to serials and continuing resources, PRESSoo aims to propose answers to long standing issues specific to continuing resources. The benefits of PRESSoo is to represent all the complex relationships between serial publications and continuing resources (websites, data bases) because serials can be published on several medium, languages. the changes that affect serials over time is also a difficult issue to tackle with in terms of continuity relationships to establish when there is a minor change of title, of publisher, of frequency. PRESSoo is a data model, some sort of fundamental research topic to understand how to describe serial publications and continuing resources. This is a model, and as such, is not meant to be implemented, but it can have influence on FRBR and Bibframe (It is richer than Bibframe). At the ISSN IC, we are thinking over about publishing a part of the ISSN Register in the LOD, and PRESSoo will help us formalize the records and describe thouroughly our records in RDF so as to export them easily.
  24. ISSN is used as a matching key for aggregating and linking data about use, impact and quality of the OA resources