SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Spin-off Rostock University / Department
of waste and resource management
1
Extended Producer
Responsibility:
International Experiences
Sabine Bartnik (cyclos GmbH)
Les Jeudis des Déchets
Filière de Gestion des déchets plastiques ECOLEF:
Les perspectives d’optimisation
Tunis, jeudi 22 février 2018
2
1 Introduction
2 Main Focus „Packaging“
3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organized?
4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
3
cyclos
 One of Germany‘s leading waste management and material flow consulting companies
 Specialisation in strategy and policy development, auditing, compliance assurance and research
 Clients include municipal waste management authorities, private enterprises, government entities
on federal and state level and industry associations
Technical expertise
Independent and non-partisan
Factual and analytical
Hands-on and practical
Creative and unique solutions
PhilosophyFacts
Founded 1993
Over 40 employees
16 publicly certified experts on
packaging disposal
3 publicly certified experts on
WEEE disposal
Offices in Berlin and Osnabrück
4
cyclos is an expert and consulting company with focus on waste management and
product responsibility. cyclos carries out projects worldwide on extended producer
responsibility and develops strategies for waste management issues.
Consulting & policy development
Extended Producer Responsibility
Strategies for a high quality recycling
of waste textiles
Sorting analyses
Waste management strategies
Certifications: Recycling plants for
plastic and special materials
Expert services: German Deposit
System
Expert services: Electrical Equipment
Act
Expert services: Packaging disposal
Our services
5
Reinheit Existenz Ewigkeit
• a spin-off of the professorship of waste and resource management at the
University of Rostock
• experience in international knowledge and technology transfer in waste
management in the MENA countries.
6
ACTORS OF
THE
PROJECT
ANGed:
National
Agency of
Waste
Management
CITET:
International
Center for
Environmental
Technologies
ANPE: National
Agency for
Environmental
Protection
RETech:
German
Recycling
Technologies
Rostock
University/
Envero GmbH
cyclos GmbH
With the support of GIZ, cyclos and envero are currently working together in Tunisia on a
project to set up a system for the countrywide collection and recycling of packaging waste
on the basis of extended producer responsibility.
7
1 Introduction
2 Main Focus „Packaging“
3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organised?
4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
8
A relevant share of the municipal waste is packaging
Photos: ©cyclos, below right: ©Eisenhans / fotolia.com
9
A relevant share of the deposited waste is packaging
Landfill Amman; September 2017
Photo: Bünemann, 09/2017
10
1 Introduction
2 Main Focus „Packaging“
3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organised?
4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
11
EPR – Basic principle
“EPR-System for packaging”
“EPR” stands for Extended Producer Responsibility
• Producer’s responsibility for a product is extended to the postconsumer stage of a
product’s life.
• Producers become responsible for disposal of their packaging already during
production and with the sale (and export).
• Producers/importers pay a contribution for later disposal of the packaging already
when their packed goods are placed on the market.
• The contribution/fee is used for collecting, recycling and disposing the packaging
waste.
• This is to ensure environmentally compatible recycling and disposal after use.
12
EPR – Basic principle of financing
Consumer
(purchases through distributor and
later disposal for recycling)
Producer
(filler/importer
transfers packaged goods through a
distributor to the consumer)
Disposer
(collection, recycling, disposal by
private or municipal disposal)
€
Packaging flow:
Cash flow:
13
Consumer
(purchases through distributor and
later disposal for recycling)
Producer
(filler, importer =>
transfer of packaged goods through a
distributor to the consumer)
Disposer
(collection, recycling, disposal by
private or municipal disposal)
Path of packaging:
Flow of money in the system:
€
Financing and
organisation of the
EPR either through
one or several
system operators
(PRO).
€
EPR – Basic principle of organisation
14
Distributor/WholesaleFiller
Consumer
Retail trader
Who in the supply chain is the obligated under EPR?
Producer of raw material/
packaging material
Photos (clockwise from the top right: ©contrastwerkstatt/fotolia.com,©viperagp/fotolia.com, ©biker3/fotolia.com,
©hedgehog94/fotolia.com,©yanik88/fotolia.com
16
Collection, sorting
and recycling of
packaging waste
Basic principle of organisation - Obligated companies
Commissioning
and payment
Distributor (= Producer/Bottler/Importer)
Producer X
Producer and importer pay
for system-participation
when the product is placed
on the market and are
responsible for the
implementation within the
system.
Producer Y
Producer Z
Financing and organisation of
the EPR either through one
ore several system operators
(PRO)
Information: Within the scope of the EPR-system in Germany the distributors pay around 1 billion Euro to
the system operators.
17
Government and Management Authorities:
Regulations and Controlling
Extended Producer Responsibility – Basic principle
Importer,
Bottler,
Producer
Organisation
of all
works of the
system
Waste
Management
/ Recycler
Municipalitiy
They pay for
each ton of
packaging of the
products they sell
in a country
Pays for waste
management,
communication,
littering,…
18
Integration of local authorities
In some countries the contributions which the system operators receive are given to
the municipalities.
In this case municipalities have to fulfill the tasks like collecting, sorting, recycling.
Producer
Collective
scheme
Municipality
Waste
management
company
Producer
Collective
scheme
Waste
management
company
19
Important services of the EPR-system
• Development of a concept for a substainable and practicable waste management
• Establishment of the organisational structure
• Installation of an infrastructure for the collecting of packaging
• Installation of an infrastructure for the recycling
• Communication, waste advice, training, special education, etc.
• Activities against littering, for pollution control of waters and deserts
• Installation of a functional controllsystem
=> All these points must be defined in a law
20
1 Introduction
2 Main Focus „Packaging“
3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organised?
4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
21
EPR-systems in Europe
• An action plan for the Circular Economy of the European Commission makes
concrete specifications for EPR-systems.
• Currently EPR is implemented in 25 of 28 EU member states at varying intensity
and different models.
• These examples have shown which systems are practicable.
• But due to the different situations in the respective countries, the models can not
be directly transferred.
22
PRO EUROPE
PRO EUROPE
is the umbrella organisation
of 31 national producer
responsibility systems
engaged in the selective
collection and recycling of
packaging waste
http://www.pro-e.org/
23
Expra
EXPRA (EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY ALLIANCE)
EXPRA is the umbrella organisation for packaging and packaging waste recovery and
recycling systems which are owned by obliged industry and work on a not-for-profit
basis.
Member compliance schemes of EXPRA are today in place in sixteen EU member states:
Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Finland,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden (but also span to
Canada, Israel, Macedonia, Norway and Turkey).
http://www.expra.eu/
24
Different EPR-models (packaging)
Basic decisions are needed about financial and organisational responsibilities, scope,
collection system, competition, not-for-profit, surveillance,…
1. PROs in the hand of obliged industry (e.g. Belgium, France, Netherlands, Spain)
2. PROs not in the hand of obliged industry, competition between PROs (e.g. Germany)
3. PROs dual to municipal waste management (e.g. Germany, Austria)
4. Shared Responsibility between industry and local authorities (e.g. Belgium, France,
Netherlands, Spain)
5. Nationwide coverage or regional assignment
6. Only collective PROs or also individual solutions
7. Different scopes: PROs only for household packaging (waste arising at the municipal
level) (e.g. Germany, France, Spain), PROs required for all types of packaging waste
(e.g. Belgium, Netherlands)
25
Germany
26
• Separate collection
• Main collection system: Gelber Sack (yellow bag), Gelbe Tonne (yellow bin) or
Wertstofftonne (recycling bin – including “material identical waste” made of plastics and
metals).
Waste containers for LWP
(yellow bin)
Bag for LWP
(yellow bag)
LWP after collection
Collection of lightweight packaging (LWP) in Germany
27
Separate collection of lightweight packaging in Germany
PET
ALU
PS
LIQUID BOARD
PP TINPLAT
E
PE
FOILS
29
Basic principle of EPR in Germany
Producer pays for
system participation
when the product is
placed on the market
Disposal is financed
by paid
contributions
Collection, sorting
and recycling of
packaging waste
Producer 1
Producer 3
Producer 2
Producer
xy
Several
system
operators
are
responsible
for
collection,
recovery.
Own take-back system and recycling of packaging
Collection, sorting
and recycling of
packaging waste
Management of
paid
contributions:
(not for packaging from households)
Packaging sold to households: the Producers are obliged to contract with a system operator
30
• Producers/distributors selling packed products pay licensing fees (contributions) to the
private system operator
• System operators publish invitations to tender for the collection of LWP – more than 450
contracts in total.
• Sorting services are covered by separate tenders.
• The recycling is organized either by the sorting contractors or the system operators.
• System operator have to document mass flow across the entire chain (distributed volume,
collected, sorted and recycled volumes).
• A certification to proof their eligibility as a recipient of plastic, paper-board compounds or
liquid board packaging is required of processing or recycling plants.
The dual system operators
32
Turnover of the German dual system (sales packaging)
Turnover of the EPR-System (all operators) for packaging from 1993 to 2011 (Bill. €)
The overall turnover of the dual system in Germany (sum of all operators)
decreased from around 2 billion € per year to about 1 billion € per year in 2011. At
the moment the amount is higher than in 2011.
Source: bundeskartellamt, 03.12.2012
Germany has around 80 Mio. residents. The system costs around 12 €/year and resident
33
Lightweight packaging – Costs in Germany in 2015
Overall costs for collection, sorting, recycling and municipal services:
284 €/t of lightweight packaging
Collected amount of lightweight packaging: about 2.4 million tons in 2015
Overall costs for lightweight packaging: 682 million € in 2015
Data: cyclos 2015
35
The sorting plants at the beginning
Bag-
opener
Screen Magnetic
Separator
Sorting Cabin
Bunkers
HollowArticles
(Bottles)
PlasticFilms
MixedPlastic
BeverageCartons
OtherComposites
Aluminium
Tinplate
Waste
36
Sorting lightweight packaing – flowchart (different plastic types)
23.02.2018
Packaging
container/ bag / bring
system
bag opener
classification
wind sifting
magnetic separation
wind sifting
NIR tetra
eddy current separation
NIR mixed plastics
NIR paper and board
NIR standard polymer
residue
SORTING
mixed plastic
(rigid)
PE PET residue ferrous metals /
tinplate
mixed
plastics
film
> 220 mm
20-220 mm
< 20 mm
non-ferrous
metals
NIR tetra
tetra paper and
board
PP PS
NIR paper/tetra/PET
COLLECTION
sorting products
37
Source: www.f-e.de
Source. www.recycling-fuer-deutschland.de Source: www.spd-ratsfraktion-braunschweig.de
Sorting lightweight packaging - impressions
38
Sorting lightweight packaging – impressions
Source. Handelsblatt
39
Sorting lightweight packaging – impressions
Source. Recyclingmagazin
40
Plastics Processing/Recycling
PET Films
PP PE
MPO-by-product and
Residues
Mixed Plastics
Energetic Recovery
Sorting products – Examples of Plastics
41
Recycling of PE/PP
Sorted plastic packaging Product examples after recovery
42
Recycling of PET
Sorted PET plastics Product examples after recovery
43
Further products of plastics from mixed plastic
44
Further products of plastics from mixed plastic
45
France
46
The municipalities are responsible for the nationwide collection of household packaging. They
conclude contracts with CITEO (before Eco-Emballages). CITEO pays 80 % of the costs. CITEO
is a non-profit company.
Packaged goods manufacturers and importers are responsible for the recovery of packaging
waste from households through an approved compliance system.
Companies not joining a compliance system must either introduce a deposit scheme or else
set up their own government-approved collection system (e.g. Leclerc for plastic bags).
• Glass is mainly collected via bring-it-yourself containers at central collection points (street
collection is optional).
• For around 75 % of the population, the collection of plastic packaging is currently limited
to bottles (beverages, shampoo, detergent, etc. made of PET and HDPE). 2022 the
collection of all plastic packaging shall be available for all inhabitants.
• Depending on the local setup, paper/carton, aluminium, steel and plastics are collected
either separately or together in recycling bins or bags.
EPR and collection system in France
(since 09/2017)
47
Prices of producers and importers in France (Eco-Emballages/CITEO)
Packaging material 01/2004 –
09/2010
10/2010 –
12/2010
01/2011 –
12/2011
Since 2012 2016 2018
Steel 0.0226 0.0282 0.0302 0.0315 0.0315 0.0443
Aluminium 0.0453 0.0566 0.0606 0.0928 0.0928 0.1038
Paper & cardboard 0.1221 0.1526 0.1633 0.1633 0.1633 0.1630
Brick packs
(beverage cartons)
0.1221 0.1526 0.1633 0.1704 0.1704 0.2474
PET and HDPE from
bottles
0.1778 0.2222 0.2378 0.2422 0.2422
0.3123Other plastic bottles 0.1778 0.2222 0.2378 0.2447 0.2447
Other plastics 0.1778 0.2222 0.2378 0.2806 0.2806
Glass 0.0036 0.0045 0.0048 0.0121 0.0121 0.0142
Other materials 0.1221 0.1526 0.1633 0.2329 0.2329 0.3123
Basic fee by weight of material (EUR per kg)
Plus a contribution for each unit (according to the number of elements used)
Additional bonus/penalty system to encourage reducing and recyclability.
48
Eco-Emballages / Adelphe 2016
€0,46
0,30 €
0,10 €
0,07 €
0,04 € 0,03 €
1 euro paid to Eco-Emballages was used to…
Collection
Sorting
Energetic Recovery
(support)
Communication
Functioning Eco-
Emballages
R&D
Source: http://www.ecoemballages.fr/sites/default/files/files/espace-presse/ecoemballages-rapport-annuel-2016_0.pdf
2016: 654 millions € contribution –  10.30 € per inhabitant
49
Collection systems in other EU member states (France)
50
Summary
• EPR systems can be major contributors to recycling.
• EPR systems are securing the financing of part of the waste management.
• The European Packaging Directive has allowed a great deal of leeway for
implementation. Therefore, different EPR systems could be implemented with
adaptation according to country and circumstances.
• Producers should be involved in building the EPR system right from the start.
• Politics and government agencies are important in setting the framework, the
approval of EPR systems and regular monitoring.
• Tunisia already has important and practical experience with ECO-lef. ECO-lef provides
a very good basis for further development of an EPR system.
51cyclos
Agnes Bünemann Dr. Abdallah Nassour
agnes.buenemann@cyclos.de abdallah.nassour@uni-rostock.de
Sabine Bartnik Wassim Chaabane
Sabine.bartnik@cyclos.de wassim.chaabane@uni-rostock.de
cyclos GmbH envero GmbH
Westerbreite 7 Augustenstraße 40
49084 Osnabrück 18055 Rostock
Telefon: + 49 541 77080-0 Telefon: +49 381 4033895
Our contacts
52
Belgium
53
Collection systems in Belgium
In Belgium household packaging is financed, collected and recycled via FOST Plus.
Fost Plus is in the hand of the obliged industry. It is a not-for-profit system.
• Paper and cardboard is collected via a close-to-home collection system
(monthly).
• Glass is collected mainly via a bring-it-yourself system (central container
collection separated by transparent and colour). FOST Plus must guarantee to
provide at least one glass container per 700 inhabitants.
• Lightweight packaging (only plastic bottles, metal and liquid packaging
boards) are predominantly (ca. 88%) collected via a close-to-home collection at
least twice a month in blue bags and taken to sorting plants afterwards.
• Other plastic packaging like yoghurt cups, plastic bags, etc. are not collected
separately but added to the energetic recovery via residue waste. But in 2019
the separate collection will be expanded to all types plastic packaging.
54
Fost Plus - Sorting rules PMD (plastic, metal, drink cartons)
Source: https://www.fostplus.be/en/sorting-recycling/all-about-sorting/sorting-rules-pmd
55
Prices of producers and importers in Belgium
Furtheron a licence fee between 0,1 and 6 cent per packaging unit has to be payed.
Packaging material € per kg in 2012 € per kg in 2016
Glass 0.0231 0.0293
Paper and cardboards (> 85% cellulose) 0.0202 0.0185
Steel (> 50%) 0.0525 0.0848
Aluminium (>50%; >50 µm) 0.0654 0.0353
PET and HDPE from bottles 0.1387 0.1471
Beverage carton 0.2848 0.2498
Other recyclable materials 0.3273 0.2873
Other, non recyclable materials 0.4304 0.3161
56
Belgium has 11,3 million inhabitents  the system costs 12 € per inhabitant each year.
Source: FostPlus 2014
Costs for the EPR-system for packaging in Belgium (2014)
57
Collection systems in other EU member states (Belgium)
58
Netherlands
59
In the Netherlands EPR is central organised by “Afvalfonds”. Municipalities are responsible for
the collecting, sorting and recycling of all packaging. The PRO is in he hand of the obliged
industry. It is a not-for-profit system.
• Glass is collected via central containers separated by colour (local containers and
underground containers; about one container per 1,000 inhabitants) and municipal
recycling centres.
• Paper and cardboard is collected via waste paper collection bins in households.
• Concerning plastics, the municipalities have the choice to collect only plastic bottles
and (dimensionally stable) hollow bodies, or to collect them together with every
other plastic packaging in a close-to-the-home collection system (so called
„bronscheiding“).
EPR and collection systems in the Netherlands
60
Packaging material € per kg
2013 / 2014 / 2015 2016
Glass 0,0595 0,0560
Paper and cardboard 0,0233 0,0220
Aluminium 0,0212 0,0200
Plastics 0,3876 0,6400
Biodegradable plastics 0,0212 0,0200
Other metalls 0,0212 0,0200
Woods 0,0212 0,0200
Other materials 0,0212 0,0200
Deposit bottles 0,0212 0,0200
Beverage cartons 0,1200 0,1800
Other compounds 0,4700 0,7700
Plasticbottles without deposits 7,5000 7,5000
21 % VAT have to be payed on this contributions in addition
Development of prices for producers and importers in the Netherlands
61
Collection systems in other EU member states (NL – 2/2)
62
Spain
63
Two EPR-systems: Ecoembes for LWP and packaging made of paper and Ecovidrio
for glass packaging. Only household packaging under EPR.
Once a product is consumed, the packaging ceases to serve the function for which it
was created and it becomes waste, at which point it must be recovered so that it can
be recycled, thus contributing to care for the environment.
To make it possible to pick up the packaging waste generated at households,
Ecoembes partners with local and regional governments so that over 46 million
Spaniards can recycle their packaging waste.
Plastic containers, cans and cartons go in the yellow container, and paper and
cardboard containers go in the blue one. In all there are over 572.739 yellow and blue
containers available throughout Spain to deposit packaging waste.
Collection systems in Spain
64
Collection systems in Spain
lightweight packaging Paper and board Glass Residues
Bottles and plastic
containers: products of
hygiene and cleaning,
tubes, trays, wrappers
and bags.
Metal packaging: cans,
aluminum pans,
aerosol, cans of
deodorant lids and
metal caps.
Cartons of milk, fruit
juices, soups, etc.
Paper and cardboard
boxes: containers of
food, footwear, frozen
products, paper
wrapping, paper
everyday, etc.
Glass bottles: wine,
champagne or liquor.
Glass bottles: perfume,
Cologne or similar.
Food jars: jam,
preserves, vegetables,
etc.
All other types of waste
such as food, plants,
organic materials.
municipalities
65
Collection systems in Spain
In Spain exist approx. 90 sorting plants
Automatic separation into 3 categories:
• Plastic packaging
• Metal packaging
• Liquid packaging board
Manual separation:
• PET, PE-HD, plastic film and mixed plastics
• Ferrous metals, aluminium
• Liquid packaging board
66
https://www.ecoembes.com/en/companies/member-companies/green-dot-fees
67
Collection systems in Spain

More Related Content

What's hot

The EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking
The EU Action Plan against wildlife traffickingThe EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking
The EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking
OECD Governance
 
Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...
Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...
Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...
OECD Governance
 
What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...
What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...
What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...
European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
Leaflet Ied Web
Leaflet Ied WebLeaflet Ied Web
Leaflet Ied Web
Philippe de Casabianca
 
Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...
Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...
Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...
ESD UNU-IAS
 
Bento eu eu funds adaptation considerations
Bento eu eu funds adaptation considerationsBento eu eu funds adaptation considerations
Bento eu eu funds adaptation considerations
OECD Environment
 
Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016
 Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016 Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016
Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016
European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...
Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...
Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...
European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
Europeana Newspapers Polish Information Day
Europeana Newspapers Polish Information DayEuropeana Newspapers Polish Information Day
Europeana Newspapers Polish Information Day
Europeana Newspapers
 

What's hot (9)

The EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking
The EU Action Plan against wildlife traffickingThe EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking
The EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking
 
Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...
Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...
Presentation by Gaël de Rotalier – European Commission, at the WCO and OECD R...
 
What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...
What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...
What to do with the phosphorus - a European perspective - European Waste Wate...
 
Leaflet Ied Web
Leaflet Ied WebLeaflet Ied Web
Leaflet Ied Web
 
Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...
Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...
Environmental Justice in an Intercultural Frame – Empowering Local Communitie...
 
Bento eu eu funds adaptation considerations
Bento eu eu funds adaptation considerationsBento eu eu funds adaptation considerations
Bento eu eu funds adaptation considerations
 
Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016
 Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016 Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016
Summary ESPP meeting on EU Fertiliser Regulation revision 29-06-2016
 
Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...
Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...
Industry operational assessment of manure processing and nutrient Recycling t...
 
Europeana Newspapers Polish Information Day
Europeana Newspapers Polish Information DayEuropeana Newspapers Polish Information Day
Europeana Newspapers Polish Information Day
 

Similar to Responsabilité élargie du producteur

Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
OECD Environment
 
Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...
Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...
Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...
ECO-invest
 
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
OECD Environment
 
Presentation dr. fritz flanderka chile
Presentation dr. fritz flanderka chilePresentation dr. fritz flanderka chile
Presentation dr. fritz flanderka chile
Amusa CL
 
EPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packaging
EPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packagingEPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packaging
EPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packaging
CEFLEX : The Circular Economy for Flexible Packaging
 
2.2 B. Legay, insights from EU - France
2.2  B. Legay, insights from EU - France2.2  B. Legay, insights from EU - France
2.2 B. Legay, insights from EU - France
OECD Environment
 
“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...
“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...
“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...
ANEPMA
 
Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...
Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...
Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...
ReciclajeInclusivo
 
Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...
Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...
Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...
ConexiónReciclado
 
Redesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economy
Redesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economyRedesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economy
Redesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economy
Sustainable Brands
 
EaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) - The French Experience
EaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)  - The French ExperienceEaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)  - The French Experience
EaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) - The French Experience
OECD Environment
 
Epr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging InsightsEpr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging Insights
Circular Economy Asia
 
4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience
4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience
4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience
OECD Environment
 
Unit 1.3 - European Context of CE
Unit 1.3 - European Context of CEUnit 1.3 - European Context of CE
Unit 1.3 - European Context of CE
Jim Baird
 
Epr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging InsightsEpr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging Insights
Circular Economy Asia
 
4.5 S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance
4.5  S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance4.5  S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance
4.5 S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance
OECD Environment
 
Supporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentation
Supporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentationSupporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentation
Supporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentation
fefco
 
MPL PLan 3.pdf
MPL PLan 3.pdfMPL PLan 3.pdf
MPL PLan 3.pdf
GebbyFebrilia
 
La perspectiva de Tetra Pak
La perspectiva de Tetra PakLa perspectiva de Tetra Pak
La perspectiva de Tetra Pak
ReciclajeInclusivo
 
Regional Environmental Center for CEE countries
Regional Environmental Center for CEE countriesRegional Environmental Center for CEE countries
Regional Environmental Center for CEE countries
CSCP
 

Similar to Responsabilité élargie du producteur (20)

Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
 
Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...
Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...
Stiglitz Christian. Packaging waste management following the extended produce...
 
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
 
Presentation dr. fritz flanderka chile
Presentation dr. fritz flanderka chilePresentation dr. fritz flanderka chile
Presentation dr. fritz flanderka chile
 
EPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packaging
EPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packagingEPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packaging
EPR - A key factor in realising the circular economy for flexible packaging
 
2.2 B. Legay, insights from EU - France
2.2  B. Legay, insights from EU - France2.2  B. Legay, insights from EU - France
2.2 B. Legay, insights from EU - France
 
“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...
“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...
“Retos de la economía circular en el embalaje para apelar a la responsabilida...
 
Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...
Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...
Esquemas inclusivos de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor: aprendizajes,...
 
Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...
Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...
Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus -...
 
Redesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economy
Redesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economyRedesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economy
Redesigning Producer Responsibility: A new EPR is needed for a circular economy
 
EaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) - The French Experience
EaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)  - The French ExperienceEaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)  - The French Experience
EaP GREEN: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) - The French Experience
 
Epr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging InsightsEpr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging Insights
 
4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience
4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience
4.2 M. Sponar, guiding principles from EU experience
 
Unit 1.3 - European Context of CE
Unit 1.3 - European Context of CEUnit 1.3 - European Context of CE
Unit 1.3 - European Context of CE
 
Epr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging InsightsEpr and Packaging Insights
Epr and Packaging Insights
 
4.5 S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance
4.5  S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance4.5  S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance
4.5 S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance
 
Supporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentation
Supporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentationSupporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentation
Supporting narrative for Corrugated of Course benefits presentation
 
MPL PLan 3.pdf
MPL PLan 3.pdfMPL PLan 3.pdf
MPL PLan 3.pdf
 
La perspectiva de Tetra Pak
La perspectiva de Tetra PakLa perspectiva de Tetra Pak
La perspectiva de Tetra Pak
 
Regional Environmental Center for CEE countries
Regional Environmental Center for CEE countriesRegional Environmental Center for CEE countries
Regional Environmental Center for CEE countries
 

More from Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets

Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)
Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)
Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018
Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018
Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
التثمين المادي للنفايات العضوية
التثمين المادي للنفايات العضويةالتثمين المادي للنفايات العضوية
التثمين المادي للنفايات العضوية
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
منظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمين
منظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمينمنظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمين
منظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمين
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
آلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلة
آلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلةآلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلة
آلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلة
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)
Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)
Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
تقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحية
تقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحيةتقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحية
تقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحية
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Projets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concession
Projets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concessionProjets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concession
Projets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concession
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »
Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »
Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 
Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...
Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...
Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...
Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets
 

More from Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets (20)

Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 01-2018
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - مارس 2018
 
Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)
Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)
Résultat du concours externe (1ère étape)
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - فيفري 2018
 
Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018
Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018
Sociétés autorisées 10 janvier 2018
 
ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
ملحق رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية - ديسمبر 2017
 
التثمين المادي للنفايات العضوية
التثمين المادي للنفايات العضويةالتثمين المادي للنفايات العضوية
التثمين المادي للنفايات العضوية
 
منظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمين
منظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمينمنظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمين
منظومات التصرف في النفايات القابلة للرسكلة والتثمين
 
آلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلة
آلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلةآلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلة
آلية القبول الاجتماعي بالمنشآت والعلاقة مع الأطراف المتداخلة
 
Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)
Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)
Mise en œuvre des Plans Communaux de Gestion des Déchets (PCGDs)
 
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017
رزنامة حصص النفايات البلاستيكية لشهر نوفمبر 2017
 
تقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحية
تقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحيةتقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحية
تقدم تنفيذ إحكام التصرف في نفايات الأنشطة الصحية
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 13-2017
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 12-2017
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
 
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
Avis d'Appel d'Offres N°: 11-2017
 
Projets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concession
Projets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concessionProjets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concession
Projets programmés et orientations des cahiers des charges de concession
 
Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »
Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »
Mesures d’accompagnement « acceptation sociale »
 
Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...
Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...
Planification de la gestion des déchets solides urbaines et solutions d’améli...
 

Recently uploaded

Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreVip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
sachinkumarji156
 
2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101 on Zoom
2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101  on Zoom2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101  on Zoom
2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101 on Zoom
Ellen Book
 
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptxMass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
SwastikBhattacharjya
 
SOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptx
SOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptxSOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptx
SOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptx
anmolbansal1969
 
一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理
yfvet
 
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systemsExploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
yfvet
 
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
ehfyqtu
 
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation dataMonitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data
Spatial Genetics
 
Welcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest Destiny
Welcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest DestinyWelcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest Destiny
Welcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest Destiny
Megan Hughes
 
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
twqryq79
 
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreCall Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
namratasinha41
 
原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样
原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样
原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样
astuz
 
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service KolkataCall Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
namratasinha41
 
GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024
GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024
GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024
Global Forest Watch
 
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
twqryq79
 
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理
43ekmxzp
 
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approachesLessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service HyderabadCall Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
namratasinha41
 
2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington
2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington
2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington
Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreVip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
 
2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101 on Zoom
2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101  on Zoom2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101  on Zoom
2024-06-22 Composting at Home 101 on Zoom
 
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptxMass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
 
SOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptx
SOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptxSOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptx
SOIL AND ITS FORMATION bjbhjbhvhvhjvhj .pptx
 
一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校毕业证如何办理
 
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systemsExploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
 
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
 
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
 
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation dataMonitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data
 
Welcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest Destiny
Welcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest DestinyWelcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest Destiny
Welcoming Wolves Back Home and the Effects of Manifest Destiny
 
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
 
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreCall Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
 
原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样
原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样
原版制作(UPSaclay毕业证书)巴黎萨克雷大学毕业证PDF成绩单一模一样
 
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service KolkataCall Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
 
GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024
GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024
GFW Office Hours: How to Use Planet Imagery on Global Forest Watch_June 11, 2024
 
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
 
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证(usc学位证)如何办理
 
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approachesLessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
 
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service HyderabadCall Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
 
2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington
2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington
2024 Annual Report from the Treaty Tribes in Western Washington
 

Responsabilité élargie du producteur

  • 1. Spin-off Rostock University / Department of waste and resource management 1 Extended Producer Responsibility: International Experiences Sabine Bartnik (cyclos GmbH) Les Jeudis des Déchets Filière de Gestion des déchets plastiques ECOLEF: Les perspectives d’optimisation Tunis, jeudi 22 février 2018
  • 2. 2 1 Introduction 2 Main Focus „Packaging“ 3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organized? 4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
  • 3. 3 cyclos  One of Germany‘s leading waste management and material flow consulting companies  Specialisation in strategy and policy development, auditing, compliance assurance and research  Clients include municipal waste management authorities, private enterprises, government entities on federal and state level and industry associations Technical expertise Independent and non-partisan Factual and analytical Hands-on and practical Creative and unique solutions PhilosophyFacts Founded 1993 Over 40 employees 16 publicly certified experts on packaging disposal 3 publicly certified experts on WEEE disposal Offices in Berlin and Osnabrück
  • 4. 4 cyclos is an expert and consulting company with focus on waste management and product responsibility. cyclos carries out projects worldwide on extended producer responsibility and develops strategies for waste management issues. Consulting & policy development Extended Producer Responsibility Strategies for a high quality recycling of waste textiles Sorting analyses Waste management strategies Certifications: Recycling plants for plastic and special materials Expert services: German Deposit System Expert services: Electrical Equipment Act Expert services: Packaging disposal Our services
  • 5. 5 Reinheit Existenz Ewigkeit • a spin-off of the professorship of waste and resource management at the University of Rostock • experience in international knowledge and technology transfer in waste management in the MENA countries.
  • 6. 6 ACTORS OF THE PROJECT ANGed: National Agency of Waste Management CITET: International Center for Environmental Technologies ANPE: National Agency for Environmental Protection RETech: German Recycling Technologies Rostock University/ Envero GmbH cyclos GmbH With the support of GIZ, cyclos and envero are currently working together in Tunisia on a project to set up a system for the countrywide collection and recycling of packaging waste on the basis of extended producer responsibility.
  • 7. 7 1 Introduction 2 Main Focus „Packaging“ 3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organised? 4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
  • 8. 8 A relevant share of the municipal waste is packaging Photos: ©cyclos, below right: ©Eisenhans / fotolia.com
  • 9. 9 A relevant share of the deposited waste is packaging Landfill Amman; September 2017 Photo: Bünemann, 09/2017
  • 10. 10 1 Introduction 2 Main Focus „Packaging“ 3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organised? 4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
  • 11. 11 EPR – Basic principle “EPR-System for packaging” “EPR” stands for Extended Producer Responsibility • Producer’s responsibility for a product is extended to the postconsumer stage of a product’s life. • Producers become responsible for disposal of their packaging already during production and with the sale (and export). • Producers/importers pay a contribution for later disposal of the packaging already when their packed goods are placed on the market. • The contribution/fee is used for collecting, recycling and disposing the packaging waste. • This is to ensure environmentally compatible recycling and disposal after use.
  • 12. 12 EPR – Basic principle of financing Consumer (purchases through distributor and later disposal for recycling) Producer (filler/importer transfers packaged goods through a distributor to the consumer) Disposer (collection, recycling, disposal by private or municipal disposal) € Packaging flow: Cash flow:
  • 13. 13 Consumer (purchases through distributor and later disposal for recycling) Producer (filler, importer => transfer of packaged goods through a distributor to the consumer) Disposer (collection, recycling, disposal by private or municipal disposal) Path of packaging: Flow of money in the system: € Financing and organisation of the EPR either through one or several system operators (PRO). € EPR – Basic principle of organisation
  • 14. 14 Distributor/WholesaleFiller Consumer Retail trader Who in the supply chain is the obligated under EPR? Producer of raw material/ packaging material Photos (clockwise from the top right: ©contrastwerkstatt/fotolia.com,©viperagp/fotolia.com, ©biker3/fotolia.com, ©hedgehog94/fotolia.com,©yanik88/fotolia.com
  • 15. 16 Collection, sorting and recycling of packaging waste Basic principle of organisation - Obligated companies Commissioning and payment Distributor (= Producer/Bottler/Importer) Producer X Producer and importer pay for system-participation when the product is placed on the market and are responsible for the implementation within the system. Producer Y Producer Z Financing and organisation of the EPR either through one ore several system operators (PRO) Information: Within the scope of the EPR-system in Germany the distributors pay around 1 billion Euro to the system operators.
  • 16. 17 Government and Management Authorities: Regulations and Controlling Extended Producer Responsibility – Basic principle Importer, Bottler, Producer Organisation of all works of the system Waste Management / Recycler Municipalitiy They pay for each ton of packaging of the products they sell in a country Pays for waste management, communication, littering,…
  • 17. 18 Integration of local authorities In some countries the contributions which the system operators receive are given to the municipalities. In this case municipalities have to fulfill the tasks like collecting, sorting, recycling. Producer Collective scheme Municipality Waste management company Producer Collective scheme Waste management company
  • 18. 19 Important services of the EPR-system • Development of a concept for a substainable and practicable waste management • Establishment of the organisational structure • Installation of an infrastructure for the collecting of packaging • Installation of an infrastructure for the recycling • Communication, waste advice, training, special education, etc. • Activities against littering, for pollution control of waters and deserts • Installation of a functional controllsystem => All these points must be defined in a law
  • 19. 20 1 Introduction 2 Main Focus „Packaging“ 3 What does „EPR“ mean and how can „EPR“ be organised? 4 EPR-systems for Packaging in Europe
  • 20. 21 EPR-systems in Europe • An action plan for the Circular Economy of the European Commission makes concrete specifications for EPR-systems. • Currently EPR is implemented in 25 of 28 EU member states at varying intensity and different models. • These examples have shown which systems are practicable. • But due to the different situations in the respective countries, the models can not be directly transferred.
  • 21. 22 PRO EUROPE PRO EUROPE is the umbrella organisation of 31 national producer responsibility systems engaged in the selective collection and recycling of packaging waste http://www.pro-e.org/
  • 22. 23 Expra EXPRA (EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY ALLIANCE) EXPRA is the umbrella organisation for packaging and packaging waste recovery and recycling systems which are owned by obliged industry and work on a not-for-profit basis. Member compliance schemes of EXPRA are today in place in sixteen EU member states: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden (but also span to Canada, Israel, Macedonia, Norway and Turkey). http://www.expra.eu/
  • 23. 24 Different EPR-models (packaging) Basic decisions are needed about financial and organisational responsibilities, scope, collection system, competition, not-for-profit, surveillance,… 1. PROs in the hand of obliged industry (e.g. Belgium, France, Netherlands, Spain) 2. PROs not in the hand of obliged industry, competition between PROs (e.g. Germany) 3. PROs dual to municipal waste management (e.g. Germany, Austria) 4. Shared Responsibility between industry and local authorities (e.g. Belgium, France, Netherlands, Spain) 5. Nationwide coverage or regional assignment 6. Only collective PROs or also individual solutions 7. Different scopes: PROs only for household packaging (waste arising at the municipal level) (e.g. Germany, France, Spain), PROs required for all types of packaging waste (e.g. Belgium, Netherlands)
  • 25. 26 • Separate collection • Main collection system: Gelber Sack (yellow bag), Gelbe Tonne (yellow bin) or Wertstofftonne (recycling bin – including “material identical waste” made of plastics and metals). Waste containers for LWP (yellow bin) Bag for LWP (yellow bag) LWP after collection Collection of lightweight packaging (LWP) in Germany
  • 26. 27 Separate collection of lightweight packaging in Germany PET ALU PS LIQUID BOARD PP TINPLAT E PE FOILS
  • 27. 29 Basic principle of EPR in Germany Producer pays for system participation when the product is placed on the market Disposal is financed by paid contributions Collection, sorting and recycling of packaging waste Producer 1 Producer 3 Producer 2 Producer xy Several system operators are responsible for collection, recovery. Own take-back system and recycling of packaging Collection, sorting and recycling of packaging waste Management of paid contributions: (not for packaging from households) Packaging sold to households: the Producers are obliged to contract with a system operator
  • 28. 30 • Producers/distributors selling packed products pay licensing fees (contributions) to the private system operator • System operators publish invitations to tender for the collection of LWP – more than 450 contracts in total. • Sorting services are covered by separate tenders. • The recycling is organized either by the sorting contractors or the system operators. • System operator have to document mass flow across the entire chain (distributed volume, collected, sorted and recycled volumes). • A certification to proof their eligibility as a recipient of plastic, paper-board compounds or liquid board packaging is required of processing or recycling plants. The dual system operators
  • 29. 32 Turnover of the German dual system (sales packaging) Turnover of the EPR-System (all operators) for packaging from 1993 to 2011 (Bill. €) The overall turnover of the dual system in Germany (sum of all operators) decreased from around 2 billion € per year to about 1 billion € per year in 2011. At the moment the amount is higher than in 2011. Source: bundeskartellamt, 03.12.2012 Germany has around 80 Mio. residents. The system costs around 12 €/year and resident
  • 30. 33 Lightweight packaging – Costs in Germany in 2015 Overall costs for collection, sorting, recycling and municipal services: 284 €/t of lightweight packaging Collected amount of lightweight packaging: about 2.4 million tons in 2015 Overall costs for lightweight packaging: 682 million € in 2015 Data: cyclos 2015
  • 31. 35 The sorting plants at the beginning Bag- opener Screen Magnetic Separator Sorting Cabin Bunkers HollowArticles (Bottles) PlasticFilms MixedPlastic BeverageCartons OtherComposites Aluminium Tinplate Waste
  • 32. 36 Sorting lightweight packaing – flowchart (different plastic types) 23.02.2018 Packaging container/ bag / bring system bag opener classification wind sifting magnetic separation wind sifting NIR tetra eddy current separation NIR mixed plastics NIR paper and board NIR standard polymer residue SORTING mixed plastic (rigid) PE PET residue ferrous metals / tinplate mixed plastics film > 220 mm 20-220 mm < 20 mm non-ferrous metals NIR tetra tetra paper and board PP PS NIR paper/tetra/PET COLLECTION sorting products
  • 33. 37 Source: www.f-e.de Source. www.recycling-fuer-deutschland.de Source: www.spd-ratsfraktion-braunschweig.de Sorting lightweight packaging - impressions
  • 34. 38 Sorting lightweight packaging – impressions Source. Handelsblatt
  • 35. 39 Sorting lightweight packaging – impressions Source. Recyclingmagazin
  • 36. 40 Plastics Processing/Recycling PET Films PP PE MPO-by-product and Residues Mixed Plastics Energetic Recovery Sorting products – Examples of Plastics
  • 37. 41 Recycling of PE/PP Sorted plastic packaging Product examples after recovery
  • 38. 42 Recycling of PET Sorted PET plastics Product examples after recovery
  • 39. 43 Further products of plastics from mixed plastic
  • 40. 44 Further products of plastics from mixed plastic
  • 42. 46 The municipalities are responsible for the nationwide collection of household packaging. They conclude contracts with CITEO (before Eco-Emballages). CITEO pays 80 % of the costs. CITEO is a non-profit company. Packaged goods manufacturers and importers are responsible for the recovery of packaging waste from households through an approved compliance system. Companies not joining a compliance system must either introduce a deposit scheme or else set up their own government-approved collection system (e.g. Leclerc for plastic bags). • Glass is mainly collected via bring-it-yourself containers at central collection points (street collection is optional). • For around 75 % of the population, the collection of plastic packaging is currently limited to bottles (beverages, shampoo, detergent, etc. made of PET and HDPE). 2022 the collection of all plastic packaging shall be available for all inhabitants. • Depending on the local setup, paper/carton, aluminium, steel and plastics are collected either separately or together in recycling bins or bags. EPR and collection system in France (since 09/2017)
  • 43. 47 Prices of producers and importers in France (Eco-Emballages/CITEO) Packaging material 01/2004 – 09/2010 10/2010 – 12/2010 01/2011 – 12/2011 Since 2012 2016 2018 Steel 0.0226 0.0282 0.0302 0.0315 0.0315 0.0443 Aluminium 0.0453 0.0566 0.0606 0.0928 0.0928 0.1038 Paper & cardboard 0.1221 0.1526 0.1633 0.1633 0.1633 0.1630 Brick packs (beverage cartons) 0.1221 0.1526 0.1633 0.1704 0.1704 0.2474 PET and HDPE from bottles 0.1778 0.2222 0.2378 0.2422 0.2422 0.3123Other plastic bottles 0.1778 0.2222 0.2378 0.2447 0.2447 Other plastics 0.1778 0.2222 0.2378 0.2806 0.2806 Glass 0.0036 0.0045 0.0048 0.0121 0.0121 0.0142 Other materials 0.1221 0.1526 0.1633 0.2329 0.2329 0.3123 Basic fee by weight of material (EUR per kg) Plus a contribution for each unit (according to the number of elements used) Additional bonus/penalty system to encourage reducing and recyclability.
  • 44. 48 Eco-Emballages / Adelphe 2016 €0,46 0,30 € 0,10 € 0,07 € 0,04 € 0,03 € 1 euro paid to Eco-Emballages was used to… Collection Sorting Energetic Recovery (support) Communication Functioning Eco- Emballages R&D Source: http://www.ecoemballages.fr/sites/default/files/files/espace-presse/ecoemballages-rapport-annuel-2016_0.pdf 2016: 654 millions € contribution –  10.30 € per inhabitant
  • 45. 49 Collection systems in other EU member states (France)
  • 46. 50 Summary • EPR systems can be major contributors to recycling. • EPR systems are securing the financing of part of the waste management. • The European Packaging Directive has allowed a great deal of leeway for implementation. Therefore, different EPR systems could be implemented with adaptation according to country and circumstances. • Producers should be involved in building the EPR system right from the start. • Politics and government agencies are important in setting the framework, the approval of EPR systems and regular monitoring. • Tunisia already has important and practical experience with ECO-lef. ECO-lef provides a very good basis for further development of an EPR system.
  • 47. 51cyclos Agnes Bünemann Dr. Abdallah Nassour agnes.buenemann@cyclos.de abdallah.nassour@uni-rostock.de Sabine Bartnik Wassim Chaabane Sabine.bartnik@cyclos.de wassim.chaabane@uni-rostock.de cyclos GmbH envero GmbH Westerbreite 7 Augustenstraße 40 49084 Osnabrück 18055 Rostock Telefon: + 49 541 77080-0 Telefon: +49 381 4033895 Our contacts
  • 49. 53 Collection systems in Belgium In Belgium household packaging is financed, collected and recycled via FOST Plus. Fost Plus is in the hand of the obliged industry. It is a not-for-profit system. • Paper and cardboard is collected via a close-to-home collection system (monthly). • Glass is collected mainly via a bring-it-yourself system (central container collection separated by transparent and colour). FOST Plus must guarantee to provide at least one glass container per 700 inhabitants. • Lightweight packaging (only plastic bottles, metal and liquid packaging boards) are predominantly (ca. 88%) collected via a close-to-home collection at least twice a month in blue bags and taken to sorting plants afterwards. • Other plastic packaging like yoghurt cups, plastic bags, etc. are not collected separately but added to the energetic recovery via residue waste. But in 2019 the separate collection will be expanded to all types plastic packaging.
  • 50. 54 Fost Plus - Sorting rules PMD (plastic, metal, drink cartons) Source: https://www.fostplus.be/en/sorting-recycling/all-about-sorting/sorting-rules-pmd
  • 51. 55 Prices of producers and importers in Belgium Furtheron a licence fee between 0,1 and 6 cent per packaging unit has to be payed. Packaging material € per kg in 2012 € per kg in 2016 Glass 0.0231 0.0293 Paper and cardboards (> 85% cellulose) 0.0202 0.0185 Steel (> 50%) 0.0525 0.0848 Aluminium (>50%; >50 µm) 0.0654 0.0353 PET and HDPE from bottles 0.1387 0.1471 Beverage carton 0.2848 0.2498 Other recyclable materials 0.3273 0.2873 Other, non recyclable materials 0.4304 0.3161
  • 52. 56 Belgium has 11,3 million inhabitents  the system costs 12 € per inhabitant each year. Source: FostPlus 2014 Costs for the EPR-system for packaging in Belgium (2014)
  • 53. 57 Collection systems in other EU member states (Belgium)
  • 55. 59 In the Netherlands EPR is central organised by “Afvalfonds”. Municipalities are responsible for the collecting, sorting and recycling of all packaging. The PRO is in he hand of the obliged industry. It is a not-for-profit system. • Glass is collected via central containers separated by colour (local containers and underground containers; about one container per 1,000 inhabitants) and municipal recycling centres. • Paper and cardboard is collected via waste paper collection bins in households. • Concerning plastics, the municipalities have the choice to collect only plastic bottles and (dimensionally stable) hollow bodies, or to collect them together with every other plastic packaging in a close-to-the-home collection system (so called „bronscheiding“). EPR and collection systems in the Netherlands
  • 56. 60 Packaging material € per kg 2013 / 2014 / 2015 2016 Glass 0,0595 0,0560 Paper and cardboard 0,0233 0,0220 Aluminium 0,0212 0,0200 Plastics 0,3876 0,6400 Biodegradable plastics 0,0212 0,0200 Other metalls 0,0212 0,0200 Woods 0,0212 0,0200 Other materials 0,0212 0,0200 Deposit bottles 0,0212 0,0200 Beverage cartons 0,1200 0,1800 Other compounds 0,4700 0,7700 Plasticbottles without deposits 7,5000 7,5000 21 % VAT have to be payed on this contributions in addition Development of prices for producers and importers in the Netherlands
  • 57. 61 Collection systems in other EU member states (NL – 2/2)
  • 59. 63 Two EPR-systems: Ecoembes for LWP and packaging made of paper and Ecovidrio for glass packaging. Only household packaging under EPR. Once a product is consumed, the packaging ceases to serve the function for which it was created and it becomes waste, at which point it must be recovered so that it can be recycled, thus contributing to care for the environment. To make it possible to pick up the packaging waste generated at households, Ecoembes partners with local and regional governments so that over 46 million Spaniards can recycle their packaging waste. Plastic containers, cans and cartons go in the yellow container, and paper and cardboard containers go in the blue one. In all there are over 572.739 yellow and blue containers available throughout Spain to deposit packaging waste. Collection systems in Spain
  • 60. 64 Collection systems in Spain lightweight packaging Paper and board Glass Residues Bottles and plastic containers: products of hygiene and cleaning, tubes, trays, wrappers and bags. Metal packaging: cans, aluminum pans, aerosol, cans of deodorant lids and metal caps. Cartons of milk, fruit juices, soups, etc. Paper and cardboard boxes: containers of food, footwear, frozen products, paper wrapping, paper everyday, etc. Glass bottles: wine, champagne or liquor. Glass bottles: perfume, Cologne or similar. Food jars: jam, preserves, vegetables, etc. All other types of waste such as food, plants, organic materials. municipalities
  • 61. 65 Collection systems in Spain In Spain exist approx. 90 sorting plants Automatic separation into 3 categories: • Plastic packaging • Metal packaging • Liquid packaging board Manual separation: • PET, PE-HD, plastic film and mixed plastics • Ferrous metals, aluminium • Liquid packaging board