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Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
• Portugal is one of the
  oldest countries in all
  Europe. It was founded in
  1143 by D. Afonso
  Henriques, after some
  disputes with Castella –
  Spain. Portugal was the
  first unified nation-state in
  Western Europe, and it
  maintains its continental
  borders intact since the
  13th century.
• It is a member of the EU
  for 24 years now and it
  has developed a lot
  since then.
• The population of Portugal has been unusually homogeneous
  for most of its history.
• Portuguese is the 5th language (mais falada) in the World.
  Official language in Portugal and Brazil, and with other
  languages in Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Macau,
  Mozambique, Saint Tome and Prince, Timor, Equatorial
  Guinea, and in the old portuguese India, Goa, Damão, Diu,
  Dadrá and Nagar-Aveli.
• Before 1143 Portuguese territory was visited and ruled by
  Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans (who left us our
  language).
• Portugal is situated at the
  south-west point of Europe
  and also includes the Madeira
  and Azores archipelagos in the
  Atlantic Ocean.      Mainland
  Portugal occupies an area of
  about 90,000 km2. It is 218 km
  wide and 561 km long. It has
  832 km of Atlantic coast and a
  1,215 km border with Spain,
  it’s only neighbour.
• According to the last
  estimatives, Portugal
  population of about
  10.5 million people –
  52% female and 48%
  male.
• The population density is
  higher in Lisbon, the
  capital and its suburbs,
  where almost 2 million
  people live. The second
  largest city in Portugal is
  Porto, in the north. The
  majority       of      the
  portuguese people – 80%
  - live in the country’s
  coastal regions.
Climate
• The climate in portugal varies
  considersbly from one region
  to another and is influenced
  by the relief, latitude and
  proximity to the sea, which
  offers mild winters, especially
  in the Algarve – southern
  region.
• In the north and inland
  regions, the winters are colder,
  although the temperatures are
  still mild when compared to
  the rest of Europe.
• Summers are hot and dry,
  especially in the inland
  areas. Temperatures are
  slightly lower in the coastal
  areas, because of the
  influence ot the sea. Spring
  and Autum are very
  moderate – for instance,
  last year, when it was
  snowing in Prague, we had
  23 degree maximum an 10
  degree minimum.
History
• With such a long sea coast, it
  is not surprising that Portugal
  has such a long tradition of
  sailors, that discovered new
  land in all the continents and
  as some poet said: added new
  worlds to the world.
• This fact contributed decisively
  to our openness to the world
  and                intercultural
  communication
Governement
Actually Portugal is a
democratic       republic
where the president is
Anibal Cavaco Silva and
the Prime Minister is José
Sócrates.
Luis de Camões
• (1524 – 1580) – epical
  poet, writer of Os
  Lusiadas, our main
  literary achievement
Fernando Pessoa
• (1888 – 1935) –
  modernist poet and
  writer
Amália Rodrigues
• (1920 – 1999) – Fado
  singer
José Saramago
• (1922 – 2010) – writer,
  Nobel prize winner in
  1998
Football
Idols
Eusébio
• (1942) – retired football
  player
José Mourinho
• (1963) – football
  manager
Luís Figo
• (1972) – football player.
  Elected best in the
  world 2000 by FIFA
Cristiano Ronaldo
• (1985) – football player.
  Elected best in the
  world 2008 by FIFA

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Portugal

  • 3. Portugal • Portugal is one of the oldest countries in all Europe. It was founded in 1143 by D. Afonso Henriques, after some disputes with Castella – Spain. Portugal was the first unified nation-state in Western Europe, and it maintains its continental borders intact since the 13th century.
  • 4. • It is a member of the EU for 24 years now and it has developed a lot since then.
  • 5. • The population of Portugal has been unusually homogeneous for most of its history. • Portuguese is the 5th language (mais falada) in the World. Official language in Portugal and Brazil, and with other languages in Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Macau, Mozambique, Saint Tome and Prince, Timor, Equatorial Guinea, and in the old portuguese India, Goa, Damão, Diu, Dadrá and Nagar-Aveli. • Before 1143 Portuguese territory was visited and ruled by Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans (who left us our language).
  • 6. • Portugal is situated at the south-west point of Europe and also includes the Madeira and Azores archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean. Mainland Portugal occupies an area of about 90,000 km2. It is 218 km wide and 561 km long. It has 832 km of Atlantic coast and a 1,215 km border with Spain, it’s only neighbour.
  • 7. • According to the last estimatives, Portugal population of about 10.5 million people – 52% female and 48% male.
  • 8. • The population density is higher in Lisbon, the capital and its suburbs, where almost 2 million people live. The second largest city in Portugal is Porto, in the north. The majority of the portuguese people – 80% - live in the country’s coastal regions.
  • 9. Climate • The climate in portugal varies considersbly from one region to another and is influenced by the relief, latitude and proximity to the sea, which offers mild winters, especially in the Algarve – southern region. • In the north and inland regions, the winters are colder, although the temperatures are still mild when compared to the rest of Europe.
  • 10. • Summers are hot and dry, especially in the inland areas. Temperatures are slightly lower in the coastal areas, because of the influence ot the sea. Spring and Autum are very moderate – for instance, last year, when it was snowing in Prague, we had 23 degree maximum an 10 degree minimum.
  • 11. History • With such a long sea coast, it is not surprising that Portugal has such a long tradition of sailors, that discovered new land in all the continents and as some poet said: added new worlds to the world. • This fact contributed decisively to our openness to the world and intercultural communication
  • 12. Governement Actually Portugal is a democratic republic where the president is Anibal Cavaco Silva and the Prime Minister is José Sócrates.
  • 13. Luis de Camões • (1524 – 1580) – epical poet, writer of Os Lusiadas, our main literary achievement
  • 14. Fernando Pessoa • (1888 – 1935) – modernist poet and writer
  • 15. Amália Rodrigues • (1920 – 1999) – Fado singer
  • 16. José Saramago • (1922 – 2010) – writer, Nobel prize winner in 1998
  • 18. Eusébio • (1942) – retired football player
  • 19. José Mourinho • (1963) – football manager
  • 20. Luís Figo • (1972) – football player. Elected best in the world 2000 by FIFA
  • 21. Cristiano Ronaldo • (1985) – football player. Elected best in the world 2008 by FIFA