SlideShare a Scribd company logo
3_ante_ING:Layout 1            30-12-2010          14:46       Pagina 1




    From the series "A Vernacular of File Formats" (2010):
    Downsampled Joint Photographic Experts Group (.JPG)
    Baseline optimized. (irreversible databend)
    Graphics Interchange Format (.gif), interlaced, animated
    256 colors, restricted pattern (with dither)
    (irreversible databend)
    Joint Photographic Experts Group committee in 2000;
    low res (.JPEG 2000) (irreversible databend)


    7. Yet, if it was just that, it wouldn’t be that                                                                  blocks, gets grainy, duplicates, disappears         [1] Oliver Laric, Versions, 2009 – 2010.
                                                                                                                                                                              Online at www.oliverlaric.com
    interesting. Rosa Menkman’s work and, more                                                                        beyond a coloured camouflage, then
                                                                                                                                                                          [2] Trond Aslaksby, “The Weathered Paintings of Edvard
    broadly, Glitch Art and the best contemporary                                                                     reappears, violently slashed.                           Munch. Artist’s intention, conservation, display – a
    computer-based art is not just an attempt to                                                                      The same oxymoron – an apparently cold,                 triangle of conflicts”, 1998.
    liberate a medium and its own languages – it                                                                      geeky theory expressed in a warm, emotional             Online at www.munch.museum.no/40/6/aslaksby.pdf
    is also an attempt to use them to say                                                                             way - can be found in her video works,              [3] Sylvere Lotringer, Paul Virilio, The Accident of Art,
                                                                                                                                                                              Semiotext(e), New York 2005, p. 63.
    something that could never be said otherwise.                                                                     especially Dear Mr Compression (2009) and
                                                                                                                                                                          [4] James Der Derian, “Is the Author Dead? An Interview
    Let’s look back to the early examples of the                                                                      Collapse of PAL (2010). In the first work,              with Paul Virilio”, 1997. Online at
    use of deterioration and accidents in art.                                                                        Rosa – impersonating Benjamin’s Angel of                http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2008/11/26/intervi
    Edvard Munch “matured” his paintings                                                                              History – writes a poem to Mr Compression.              ew-with-paul-virilio/.
                                                                                                                                                                          [5] «A glitch is a short-lived fault in a system. It is often used
    because conventional painting techniques did                                                                      The dialogue appears to take place in a chat
                                                                                                                                                                              to describe a transient fault that corrects itself, and is
    not allow him to express the existential drama                                                                    room, and the Angel of History expresses her            therefore difficult to troubleshoot. The term is particularly
    he wanted to convey. The Surrealists adopted                                                                      feelings while a silent Mr Compression turns            common in the computing and electronics industries».
    automatic techniques such as frottage and                                                                         her attempt at communication into an                    In Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glitch
    grattage as a means to access the                                                                                 increasingly corrupted signal. In the latter, the   [6] Rosa Menkman, “Glitch Studies Manifesto”, 2009 –
                                                                                                                                                                              2010. Online at http://rosa-
    unconscious. The original shooting of the                                                                         Angel of History reflects on the PAL signal, its
                                                                                                                                                                              menkman.blogspot.com/2010/02/glitch-studies-
    Vernacular of File Formats would never have                                                                       termination, and its survival “as a trace”              manifesto.html
    succeeded in saying what its seventeen
    iterations do say. However interesting as an
                                                                                                                      in newer technologies. How poetry can be
                                                                                                                      composed about such a technical issue is
                                                                                                                                                                          [7] In Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photography
                                                                                                                                                                          [8] Nicolas Bourriaud, The Radicant, Sternberg Press, New
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Rosa Menkman
    image, it is the result of a medium under                                                                         something we should ask Lucretius or                    York 2009, p. 138.
                                                                                                                                                                          [9] Rosa Menkman, “Glitch Studies Manifesto”, op. cit.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Order and Progress
    control. It is just a nice, black and white                                                                       Raymond Roussel. PAL was the analogue               [10] Boris Groys, “From Image to Image File – and Back: Art
    picture file where a heavily made-up                                                                              television encoding system used in Europe,              in the Age of Digitalization”, in B. Groys, Art Power, The
    Menkman is seen combing her hair (an explicit                                                                     South Asia and other countries. Whole                   MIT Press, Cambridge – London 2008, p. 84.
    reference to Marina Abramovic’s Art Must Be                                                                       generations grew up with it, and got used to        [11] Email to the author, December 16, 2010.

    Beautiful, 1975). It is like AnnLee before she                                                                    its specific characteristics and glitches.
    was bought and shared by Philippe Parreno                    performed) in a given context. Introducing a         And Mr Compression is the personification of
    and Pierre Huyghe back in 1999: a ghost                      glitch between the image file and the digital        a computer process. Do they deserve a
    image waiting to be rescued from an industry                 image, Menkman liberates the latter from its         poem? According to the Angel of History,
    that had condemned her to death. Similarly,                  status of copy of an invisible original.             they do. But Dear Mr Compression is also
    the flow of data it consists of has been                     The same image is now different every time it        the story of a woman talking to a man that          Rosa Menkman
    condemned to be always visualized in the                     is performed. From its birth to its death, it has    makes her suffer; and the live TV                   Order and Progress
    same way. In his essay “Art in the Age of                    many possible lives. It is no longer a copy: it is   performance that originated Collapse of PAL         Curated by Domenico Quaranta
    Digitalization” [10], Boris Groys claims that                the source of many possible originals.               was also, according to Menkman [11], a last         January 15 _ February 25 2011
    every digital image is a mere copy of an                     In the Vernacular of File Formats, this story –      attempt to deliver a message to somebody
    invisible original – the image file. The image file          actually an illustrated theory – is told with an     getting the PAL signal. Is this medium-             fabioparisartgallery
                                                                                                                                                                          VIA Alessandro Monti 13
    is an invisible string of digital data; the digital          extraordinary level of pathos. The woman             specificity? According to the Angel of History,     I -25121 BRESCIA _ Italy
    image is the way that file is visualized (that is,           portrayed in the picture fades into pixel            it isn’t.                                           www.fabioparisartgallery.com
3_ante_ING:Layout 1        30-12-2010       14:46       Pagina 2




    Life and Death of an Image
    Domenico Quaranta




    1. Deterioration has always been part of the           in leaving his paintings in the open, exposed       Zen For Film, 1964); to invent video is to                                                                                                  Frame from            medium towards the point where it becomes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Dear mr Compression
    life of an image. Any image we can think of,           to rain, snow, high and low temperatures,           invent white noise and signal distortions; and                                                                                                                    something new; utilize glitches to bring any
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (2010), 03’:40”
    from prehistoric cave paintings to the latest          sunlight and humidity, dust and mould, to           to invent files is to invent glitches [5]. Research                                                                                                               medium to a critical state of hypertrophy, to
    Hollywood movie, can be described in terms             make them physically “mature” – or die [2].         on technology has been always guided, as                                                                                                                          (subsequently) criticize its inherent politics.» [9]
    of its level of deterioration. Deterioration can                                                           Rosa Menkman puts it, by a «dominant,                                                                                                                             They do this with the acute awareness that
    start straight away or come later; it can be           2. While deterioration has usually been             continuing search for a noiseless channel.» [6]                                                                                                                   their time is short, because what they are
    almost invisible, or have a huge impact on the         considered something bad, as a creative             Artists, on the other side, have always been                                                                                                                      doing will, sooner or later, become a style, a
    current perception of a given image. In a              stimulus the accident has a long tradition in       much more interested in noise, errors, failures,                                                                                                                  fashion, and a filter in the “tools” bar of some
    recent video essay [1], artist Oliver Laric shows      art: from Leonardo, who looked into the stains      glitches. But why?                                                                                                                                                commercial software. This can be seen very
    how, paradoxically, iconoclasm made true               on walls, ashes, clouds and mud, to the                                                                                                                                                                               well in Rosa Menkman’s work, particularly in
    “icons” of images that would probably have             Surrealists’ automatic techniques, the              4. New media – from photography to                                                                                                                                her crazy jumping from one experiment to the
    been of little interest for the modern tourist if      accident – accidental revelations, incidents        computers – are not neutral tools, like a                                                                                                                         other. She never uses the same glitch twice.
    they were not damaged; and if we think about           and mistakes – has often heralded epiphany.         pencil. They have been designed to get a                                                                                                                          She doesn’t like effects that are reproducible.
    Romantic painting as dark and contrasted, it           Rosa Menkman often quotes Paul Virilio:             certain result, and they have been perfected in       the more working outside of operating                 This is the dead end that much criticism              She always looks for the unexpected, the
    is mainly thanks to the widespread use of              «The accident doesn’t equal failure, but            order to make the process smoother and the            templates becomes interesting. That is why            regarding the current artistic use of                 unpredictable, the uncanny. She is a true
    bituminous colours, that darken over time.             instead erects a new significant state, which       result better. Let’s take photography.                hacking computers – and any computerized              technology comes up against. Today, many              “nomad of noise artifacts”. Let’s take the
    That said, deterioration is usually perceived as       would otherwise not have been possible to           Technically, it is a process that consists in         medium, including digital photo and video             artists are interested in noise and glitches, low     Vernacular of File Formats (2010), a
    negative. The general view is that a damaged           perceive and that can “reveal something             «creating still pictures by recording radiation       cameras – is definitely more interesting than         resolution aesthetics, poor images, old media,        collection of 7 videos and 10 file formats
    piece needs restoration. But what if                   absolutely necessary to knowledge”.» [3]            on a radiation-sensitive medium.» [7]                 hacking any pre-digital medium.                       dirty styles, but also, paradoxically, in an          images where, as she wrote, she actively
    deterioration is adopted as an artistic strategy,                                                          Yet it has been always viewed as a way to                                                                   unprofessional, amateurish use of defaults            demystifies the most popular glitch effects.
    integrated into the creative process? Before           3. Virilio’s interest in accident is strongly       represent reality, and any technical                  5. And that is why exploiting the medium at its       and presets. Is their work formalist, in the          The Vernacular is, at the same time, an essay,
    the age of mechanical reproduction, Edvard             related to the zeitgeist of the 20th century.       advancement was made with this target in              best has become a prerogative of mainstream           sense codified by Greenberg? Definitely not,          a tutorial for wannabe glitch artists, and a
    Munch was the only artist to address this. His         Today, images are not made to last; they            mind. This is the ideology of the medium. If          culture, while art prefers, in Nicholas Bourriaud’s   for two main reasons.                                 collection of experiments that should not be
    infamous “hestekur” (a Norwegian term that             deteriorate at an incredible rate. Furthermore,     you use it properly, there is no way to act           words, to focus on “the indeterminacy of its                                                                repeated, but that will be inevitably be repeated
    can be translated into “horse cure”) consisted         in the age of electronic – and, later, digital      outside of this ideology. The only way to do it       source code”: «today, one must struggle, not          6. It is, first and foremost, a political act of      until their aesthetic potential is exhausted.
                                                           media – errors in communication and                 is to hack the medium. Produce noise. Trigger         – as Greenberg did – for the preservation of an       liberation and resistance against control.
                                                           visualization occur on a daily basis.               mistakes. Exploit failures.                           avant-garde that is self sufficient and focused       They focus on the medium because they are
                                                           Transmission goes wrong, storage media get          Of course, a lot of good art has been                 on the specificities of its means, but rather for     combating the medium’s “order and progress”
                                                           obsolete, file formats disappear, reading           produced without questioning the ideology of          the indeterminacy of art’s source code, its           ideology – the ideology brings us to the
                                                           softwares are updated. If «to invent the train is   a given medium. Yet, the more that medium             dispersion and dissemination, so that it              “hyperformatting that distinguishes kitsch”.
                                                           to invent derailment» [4] and «to invent the ship   becomes a mirror of power, the more noise             remains impossible to pin down – in                   In order to do so, in Menkman’s terms, they
                                                           is to invent the shipwreck», then to invent film    becomes an interesting artistic strategy.             opposition to the hyperformatting that,               «find catharsis in disintegration, ruptures and
                                                           is to invent scratches (as in Nam June Paik’s       This is why hacking video is more interesting         paradoxically, distinguishes kitsch.» [8]             cracks; manipulate, bend and break any
                                                                                                               than hacking photography. Furthermore, the            This quote might seem out of place here.
                                                                                                               more a given medium attempts to turn any              Bourriaud is arguing against medium
                                                           Frame from Dear mr Compression                      creative option into a convention, a filter, an       specificity, and what could be more medium-                                  Frame from Collapse of PAL
                                                           (2010), 03’:40”                                     option in a menu – inevitably normalizing it –        specific than exploiting a medium’s shortfalls?                              (2010), 17’:00”

More Related Content

Similar to Order and Progress

Rosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolioRosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolio
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Rosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolioRosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolio
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Art, Technology and Culture
Art, Technology and CultureArt, Technology and Culture
Art, Technology and Culture
Sunny Lim
 
The exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aesthetics
The exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aestheticsThe exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aesthetics
The exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aesthetics
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Fam2final presentation
Fam2final presentationFam2final presentation
Fam2final presentation
Diana Brighouse
 
Interaction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is Alive
Interaction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is AliveInteraction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is Alive
Interaction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is Alive
jasonbrush
 
History of horror
History of horrorHistory of horror
History of horror
kelseywheeler
 
Abbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The Spectator
Abbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The SpectatorAbbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The Spectator
Abbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The Spectator
Joshua Gorinson
 
Reading on a Holodeck
Reading on a HolodeckReading on a Holodeck
Reading on a Holodeck
Peter Brantley
 
Tara 100 ideas
Tara 100 ideas Tara 100 ideas
Tara 100 ideas
TaraDesigningDublin
 
Catalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkman
Catalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkmanCatalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkman
Catalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkman
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Software culture, software theatre
Software culture, software theatreSoftware culture, software theatre
Software culture, software theatre
academy fine arts Macerata
 
Hamlet on The Holodeck Presentation
Hamlet on The Holodeck PresentationHamlet on The Holodeck Presentation
Hamlet on The Holodeck Presentation
ThembiFord
 
Lecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGarde
Lecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGardeLecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGarde
Lecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGarde
MShah32
 
Cave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, Amiens
Cave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, AmiensCave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, Amiens
Cave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, Amiens
Erik Adigard
 
Lecture 11 - Scientific Productions
Lecture 11 - Scientific ProductionsLecture 11 - Scientific Productions
Lecture 11 - Scientific Productions
Patrick Mooney
 
Disaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the world
Disaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the worldDisaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the world
Disaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the world
pedroRICART, Soluciones Creativas
 
Booklet
BookletBooklet
Booklet
Katie Jones
 
Command Lines - Jeremy Douglass
Command Lines - Jeremy DouglassCommand Lines - Jeremy Douglass
Command Lines - Jeremy Douglass
George Grayson
 
Rapko--Hito Steyerl Review
Rapko--Hito Steyerl ReviewRapko--Hito Steyerl Review
Rapko--Hito Steyerl Review
John Rapko
 

Similar to Order and Progress (20)

Rosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolioRosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolio
 
Rosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolioRosa menkman portfolio
Rosa menkman portfolio
 
Art, Technology and Culture
Art, Technology and CultureArt, Technology and Culture
Art, Technology and Culture
 
The exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aesthetics
The exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aestheticsThe exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aesthetics
The exploitation of noise artifacts to create critical media aesthetics
 
Fam2final presentation
Fam2final presentationFam2final presentation
Fam2final presentation
 
Interaction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is Alive
Interaction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is AliveInteraction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is Alive
Interaction 13 - The Dream of the 90s Is Alive
 
History of horror
History of horrorHistory of horror
History of horror
 
Abbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The Spectator
Abbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The SpectatorAbbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The Spectator
Abbas Kiarostami And A New Wave Of The Spectator
 
Reading on a Holodeck
Reading on a HolodeckReading on a Holodeck
Reading on a Holodeck
 
Tara 100 ideas
Tara 100 ideas Tara 100 ideas
Tara 100 ideas
 
Catalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkman
Catalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkmanCatalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkman
Catalogue of tipping point of failure exhibition by rosa menkman
 
Software culture, software theatre
Software culture, software theatreSoftware culture, software theatre
Software culture, software theatre
 
Hamlet on The Holodeck Presentation
Hamlet on The Holodeck PresentationHamlet on The Holodeck Presentation
Hamlet on The Holodeck Presentation
 
Lecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGarde
Lecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGardeLecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGarde
Lecture Week 4 - French Cinema - AvantGarde
 
Cave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, Amiens
Cave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, AmiensCave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, Amiens
Cave To Cloud: the post-image / ESAD, Amiens
 
Lecture 11 - Scientific Productions
Lecture 11 - Scientific ProductionsLecture 11 - Scientific Productions
Lecture 11 - Scientific Productions
 
Disaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the world
Disaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the worldDisaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the world
Disaster Porn: how Hollywood destroys the world
 
Booklet
BookletBooklet
Booklet
 
Command Lines - Jeremy Douglass
Command Lines - Jeremy DouglassCommand Lines - Jeremy Douglass
Command Lines - Jeremy Douglass
 
Rapko--Hito Steyerl Review
Rapko--Hito Steyerl ReviewRapko--Hito Steyerl Review
Rapko--Hito Steyerl Review
 

More from Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn

Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...
Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...
Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Behind White Shadows
Behind White ShadowsBehind White Shadows
Behind White Shadows
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]
The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]
The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Kanye West color channel de-sync effect
Kanye West color channel de-sync effectKanye West color channel de-sync effect
Kanye West color channel de-sync effect
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Gli.tc/h 2112 zine
Gli.tc/h 2112 zineGli.tc/h 2112 zine
Gli.tc/h 2112 zine
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'
Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'
Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Gli.tc:h 20111 program
Gli.tc:h 20111 programGli.tc:h 20111 program
Gli.tc:h 20111 program
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Filtering Failure exhibition catalogue
Filtering Failure exhibition catalogueFiltering Failure exhibition catalogue
Filtering Failure exhibition catalogue
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Filtering failure
Filtering failureFiltering failure
Filtering failure
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
H booklet
H bookletH booklet
H booklet
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
lofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
lofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formatslofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
lofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File FormatsRosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Naomi ellemers
Naomi ellemersNaomi ellemers
Naomi ellemers
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Entropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demoscene
Entropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demosceneEntropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demoscene
Entropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demoscene
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Alternatief gebruik van digitale idiomen
Alternatief gebruik van digitale idiomenAlternatief gebruik van digitale idiomen
Alternatief gebruik van digitale idiomen
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Statistics
StatisticsStatistics
Statistics
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Klik Magazine // Interview with Rosa Menkman
Klik Magazine // Interview with Rosa MenkmanKlik Magazine // Interview with Rosa Menkman
Klik Magazine // Interview with Rosa Menkman
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Glitch Studies Manifesto
Glitch Studies ManifestoGlitch Studies Manifesto
Glitch Studies Manifesto
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 
Video Vortex Presentation
Video Vortex PresentationVideo Vortex Presentation
Video Vortex Presentation
Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn
 

More from Rosa ɯǝukɯɐn (20)

Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...
Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...
Becoming Fog: Tactical Media, Spam and Obfuscation Seminar, Winter Semester K...
 
Behind White Shadows
Behind White ShadowsBehind White Shadows
Behind White Shadows
 
The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]
The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]
The institutions of Resolution Disputes [iRD]
 
Kanye West color channel de-sync effect
Kanye West color channel de-sync effectKanye West color channel de-sync effect
Kanye West color channel de-sync effect
 
Gli.tc/h 2112 zine
Gli.tc/h 2112 zineGli.tc/h 2112 zine
Gli.tc/h 2112 zine
 
Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'
Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'
Interview for mexican creditcard magazin 'club credomatic'
 
Gli.tc:h 20111 program
Gli.tc:h 20111 programGli.tc:h 20111 program
Gli.tc:h 20111 program
 
Filtering Failure exhibition catalogue
Filtering Failure exhibition catalogueFiltering Failure exhibition catalogue
Filtering Failure exhibition catalogue
 
Filtering failure
Filtering failureFiltering failure
Filtering failure
 
H booklet
H bookletH booklet
H booklet
 
lofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
lofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formatslofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
lofi Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
 
Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File FormatsRosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
Rosa Menkman - A Vernacular of File Formats
 
Naomi ellemers
Naomi ellemersNaomi ellemers
Naomi ellemers
 
Entropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demoscene
Entropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demosceneEntropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demoscene
Entropic elasticity: critical glitch artware && the demoscene
 
Rosa Menkman
Rosa MenkmanRosa Menkman
Rosa Menkman
 
Alternatief gebruik van digitale idiomen
Alternatief gebruik van digitale idiomenAlternatief gebruik van digitale idiomen
Alternatief gebruik van digitale idiomen
 
Statistics
StatisticsStatistics
Statistics
 
Klik Magazine // Interview with Rosa Menkman
Klik Magazine // Interview with Rosa MenkmanKlik Magazine // Interview with Rosa Menkman
Klik Magazine // Interview with Rosa Menkman
 
Glitch Studies Manifesto
Glitch Studies ManifestoGlitch Studies Manifesto
Glitch Studies Manifesto
 
Video Vortex Presentation
Video Vortex PresentationVideo Vortex Presentation
Video Vortex Presentation
 

Order and Progress

  • 1. 3_ante_ING:Layout 1 30-12-2010 14:46 Pagina 1 From the series "A Vernacular of File Formats" (2010): Downsampled Joint Photographic Experts Group (.JPG) Baseline optimized. (irreversible databend) Graphics Interchange Format (.gif), interlaced, animated 256 colors, restricted pattern (with dither) (irreversible databend) Joint Photographic Experts Group committee in 2000; low res (.JPEG 2000) (irreversible databend) 7. Yet, if it was just that, it wouldn’t be that blocks, gets grainy, duplicates, disappears [1] Oliver Laric, Versions, 2009 – 2010. Online at www.oliverlaric.com interesting. Rosa Menkman’s work and, more beyond a coloured camouflage, then [2] Trond Aslaksby, “The Weathered Paintings of Edvard broadly, Glitch Art and the best contemporary reappears, violently slashed. Munch. Artist’s intention, conservation, display – a computer-based art is not just an attempt to The same oxymoron – an apparently cold, triangle of conflicts”, 1998. liberate a medium and its own languages – it geeky theory expressed in a warm, emotional Online at www.munch.museum.no/40/6/aslaksby.pdf is also an attempt to use them to say way - can be found in her video works, [3] Sylvere Lotringer, Paul Virilio, The Accident of Art, Semiotext(e), New York 2005, p. 63. something that could never be said otherwise. especially Dear Mr Compression (2009) and [4] James Der Derian, “Is the Author Dead? An Interview Let’s look back to the early examples of the Collapse of PAL (2010). In the first work, with Paul Virilio”, 1997. Online at use of deterioration and accidents in art. Rosa – impersonating Benjamin’s Angel of http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2008/11/26/intervi Edvard Munch “matured” his paintings History – writes a poem to Mr Compression. ew-with-paul-virilio/. [5] «A glitch is a short-lived fault in a system. It is often used because conventional painting techniques did The dialogue appears to take place in a chat to describe a transient fault that corrects itself, and is not allow him to express the existential drama room, and the Angel of History expresses her therefore difficult to troubleshoot. The term is particularly he wanted to convey. The Surrealists adopted feelings while a silent Mr Compression turns common in the computing and electronics industries». automatic techniques such as frottage and her attempt at communication into an In Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glitch grattage as a means to access the increasingly corrupted signal. In the latter, the [6] Rosa Menkman, “Glitch Studies Manifesto”, 2009 – 2010. Online at http://rosa- unconscious. The original shooting of the Angel of History reflects on the PAL signal, its menkman.blogspot.com/2010/02/glitch-studies- Vernacular of File Formats would never have termination, and its survival “as a trace” manifesto.html succeeded in saying what its seventeen iterations do say. However interesting as an in newer technologies. How poetry can be composed about such a technical issue is [7] In Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photography [8] Nicolas Bourriaud, The Radicant, Sternberg Press, New Rosa Menkman image, it is the result of a medium under something we should ask Lucretius or York 2009, p. 138. [9] Rosa Menkman, “Glitch Studies Manifesto”, op. cit. Order and Progress control. It is just a nice, black and white Raymond Roussel. PAL was the analogue [10] Boris Groys, “From Image to Image File – and Back: Art picture file where a heavily made-up television encoding system used in Europe, in the Age of Digitalization”, in B. Groys, Art Power, The Menkman is seen combing her hair (an explicit South Asia and other countries. Whole MIT Press, Cambridge – London 2008, p. 84. reference to Marina Abramovic’s Art Must Be generations grew up with it, and got used to [11] Email to the author, December 16, 2010. Beautiful, 1975). It is like AnnLee before she its specific characteristics and glitches. was bought and shared by Philippe Parreno performed) in a given context. Introducing a And Mr Compression is the personification of and Pierre Huyghe back in 1999: a ghost glitch between the image file and the digital a computer process. Do they deserve a image waiting to be rescued from an industry image, Menkman liberates the latter from its poem? According to the Angel of History, that had condemned her to death. Similarly, status of copy of an invisible original. they do. But Dear Mr Compression is also the flow of data it consists of has been The same image is now different every time it the story of a woman talking to a man that Rosa Menkman condemned to be always visualized in the is performed. From its birth to its death, it has makes her suffer; and the live TV Order and Progress same way. In his essay “Art in the Age of many possible lives. It is no longer a copy: it is performance that originated Collapse of PAL Curated by Domenico Quaranta Digitalization” [10], Boris Groys claims that the source of many possible originals. was also, according to Menkman [11], a last January 15 _ February 25 2011 every digital image is a mere copy of an In the Vernacular of File Formats, this story – attempt to deliver a message to somebody invisible original – the image file. The image file actually an illustrated theory – is told with an getting the PAL signal. Is this medium- fabioparisartgallery VIA Alessandro Monti 13 is an invisible string of digital data; the digital extraordinary level of pathos. The woman specificity? According to the Angel of History, I -25121 BRESCIA _ Italy image is the way that file is visualized (that is, portrayed in the picture fades into pixel it isn’t. www.fabioparisartgallery.com
  • 2. 3_ante_ING:Layout 1 30-12-2010 14:46 Pagina 2 Life and Death of an Image Domenico Quaranta 1. Deterioration has always been part of the in leaving his paintings in the open, exposed Zen For Film, 1964); to invent video is to Frame from medium towards the point where it becomes Dear mr Compression life of an image. Any image we can think of, to rain, snow, high and low temperatures, invent white noise and signal distortions; and something new; utilize glitches to bring any (2010), 03’:40” from prehistoric cave paintings to the latest sunlight and humidity, dust and mould, to to invent files is to invent glitches [5]. Research medium to a critical state of hypertrophy, to Hollywood movie, can be described in terms make them physically “mature” – or die [2]. on technology has been always guided, as (subsequently) criticize its inherent politics.» [9] of its level of deterioration. Deterioration can Rosa Menkman puts it, by a «dominant, They do this with the acute awareness that start straight away or come later; it can be 2. While deterioration has usually been continuing search for a noiseless channel.» [6] their time is short, because what they are almost invisible, or have a huge impact on the considered something bad, as a creative Artists, on the other side, have always been doing will, sooner or later, become a style, a current perception of a given image. In a stimulus the accident has a long tradition in much more interested in noise, errors, failures, fashion, and a filter in the “tools” bar of some recent video essay [1], artist Oliver Laric shows art: from Leonardo, who looked into the stains glitches. But why? commercial software. This can be seen very how, paradoxically, iconoclasm made true on walls, ashes, clouds and mud, to the well in Rosa Menkman’s work, particularly in “icons” of images that would probably have Surrealists’ automatic techniques, the 4. New media – from photography to her crazy jumping from one experiment to the been of little interest for the modern tourist if accident – accidental revelations, incidents computers – are not neutral tools, like a other. She never uses the same glitch twice. they were not damaged; and if we think about and mistakes – has often heralded epiphany. pencil. They have been designed to get a She doesn’t like effects that are reproducible. Romantic painting as dark and contrasted, it Rosa Menkman often quotes Paul Virilio: certain result, and they have been perfected in the more working outside of operating This is the dead end that much criticism She always looks for the unexpected, the is mainly thanks to the widespread use of «The accident doesn’t equal failure, but order to make the process smoother and the templates becomes interesting. That is why regarding the current artistic use of unpredictable, the uncanny. She is a true bituminous colours, that darken over time. instead erects a new significant state, which result better. Let’s take photography. hacking computers – and any computerized technology comes up against. Today, many “nomad of noise artifacts”. Let’s take the That said, deterioration is usually perceived as would otherwise not have been possible to Technically, it is a process that consists in medium, including digital photo and video artists are interested in noise and glitches, low Vernacular of File Formats (2010), a negative. The general view is that a damaged perceive and that can “reveal something «creating still pictures by recording radiation cameras – is definitely more interesting than resolution aesthetics, poor images, old media, collection of 7 videos and 10 file formats piece needs restoration. But what if absolutely necessary to knowledge”.» [3] on a radiation-sensitive medium.» [7] hacking any pre-digital medium. dirty styles, but also, paradoxically, in an images where, as she wrote, she actively deterioration is adopted as an artistic strategy, Yet it has been always viewed as a way to unprofessional, amateurish use of defaults demystifies the most popular glitch effects. integrated into the creative process? Before 3. Virilio’s interest in accident is strongly represent reality, and any technical 5. And that is why exploiting the medium at its and presets. Is their work formalist, in the The Vernacular is, at the same time, an essay, the age of mechanical reproduction, Edvard related to the zeitgeist of the 20th century. advancement was made with this target in best has become a prerogative of mainstream sense codified by Greenberg? Definitely not, a tutorial for wannabe glitch artists, and a Munch was the only artist to address this. His Today, images are not made to last; they mind. This is the ideology of the medium. If culture, while art prefers, in Nicholas Bourriaud’s for two main reasons. collection of experiments that should not be infamous “hestekur” (a Norwegian term that deteriorate at an incredible rate. Furthermore, you use it properly, there is no way to act words, to focus on “the indeterminacy of its repeated, but that will be inevitably be repeated can be translated into “horse cure”) consisted in the age of electronic – and, later, digital outside of this ideology. The only way to do it source code”: «today, one must struggle, not 6. It is, first and foremost, a political act of until their aesthetic potential is exhausted. media – errors in communication and is to hack the medium. Produce noise. Trigger – as Greenberg did – for the preservation of an liberation and resistance against control. visualization occur on a daily basis. mistakes. Exploit failures. avant-garde that is self sufficient and focused They focus on the medium because they are Transmission goes wrong, storage media get Of course, a lot of good art has been on the specificities of its means, but rather for combating the medium’s “order and progress” obsolete, file formats disappear, reading produced without questioning the ideology of the indeterminacy of art’s source code, its ideology – the ideology brings us to the softwares are updated. If «to invent the train is a given medium. Yet, the more that medium dispersion and dissemination, so that it “hyperformatting that distinguishes kitsch”. to invent derailment» [4] and «to invent the ship becomes a mirror of power, the more noise remains impossible to pin down – in In order to do so, in Menkman’s terms, they is to invent the shipwreck», then to invent film becomes an interesting artistic strategy. opposition to the hyperformatting that, «find catharsis in disintegration, ruptures and is to invent scratches (as in Nam June Paik’s This is why hacking video is more interesting paradoxically, distinguishes kitsch.» [8] cracks; manipulate, bend and break any than hacking photography. Furthermore, the This quote might seem out of place here. more a given medium attempts to turn any Bourriaud is arguing against medium Frame from Dear mr Compression creative option into a convention, a filter, an specificity, and what could be more medium- Frame from Collapse of PAL (2010), 03’:40” option in a menu – inevitably normalizing it – specific than exploiting a medium’s shortfalls? (2010), 17’:00”