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Open Access, Open Science,
and Open Research
Kshitiz Khanal
Researcher at Kathmandu Living Labs
Open Science Team Lead at Open Knowledge Nepal
What does OPEN mean?
• Anything that is freely and openly available.
• Open Ground. Any can enter for free.
• The ecosystem of Open. Open Data, Open Street Maps. Open Access.
Open Science. Open Knowledge.
What is free anyway?
• Free as in “free beer”, or free as in “Freedom”
• Facebook vs PHP
Open Access
• Open Access to Scientific Literature (published research output like
research paper, conference paper, theses)
• How it works now
• The Paywall Café
Open Access in Nepal
• All Nepali journals are free to access
• Can be found in http://nepjol.info
• Nepali authors prefer to submit to closed access journals with higher
impact factors
Open Science
• Open Science is broader than Open Access
• Encompasses Open Research Data, Methods, Experiments,
Instruments, Tools
• Science does not mean only natural science like mathematics, biology
but social science, economics etc.
Attribution: Petr Knoth and Nancy Pontika - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50529549
Open Science and Research Data Sharing
practice in Nepal
• Practically nonexistent.
• Data sharing is discouraged. Culture, Data Quality
Why Open Research data?
• Data is the new oil.
- Clive Humby, UK Mathemetician and architect of Tesco’s Clubcard,
Data  Information  Knowledge  Wisdom
The best use of your data will be thought of by someone else.
- Rufus Pollock, cofounder of Open Knowledge International
Example: OSM in Nepal, Disaster Management
Call to action
• Nothing is only a domain nowadays. They make an ecosystem, where
everything influences every other thing.
• Data, Literature, Science, Software, Tools. All come together in
creation and diffusion of knowledge. Philosophy of openness is
shared.
• Practice. Every individual can make influence. By being an example.
• Publishing in Open Access journals
• Sharing research data
• Example: Air pollution data in Kathmandu, Data from Large Hadron
Collider
• Funders should encourage open science. (example: Bill and Melinda
Gates Foundation, Shuttleworth Foundation)

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Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research

  • 1. Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research Kshitiz Khanal Researcher at Kathmandu Living Labs Open Science Team Lead at Open Knowledge Nepal
  • 2. What does OPEN mean? • Anything that is freely and openly available. • Open Ground. Any can enter for free. • The ecosystem of Open. Open Data, Open Street Maps. Open Access. Open Science. Open Knowledge.
  • 3. What is free anyway? • Free as in “free beer”, or free as in “Freedom” • Facebook vs PHP
  • 4. Open Access • Open Access to Scientific Literature (published research output like research paper, conference paper, theses) • How it works now • The Paywall Café
  • 5. Open Access in Nepal • All Nepali journals are free to access • Can be found in http://nepjol.info • Nepali authors prefer to submit to closed access journals with higher impact factors
  • 6. Open Science • Open Science is broader than Open Access • Encompasses Open Research Data, Methods, Experiments, Instruments, Tools • Science does not mean only natural science like mathematics, biology but social science, economics etc.
  • 7. Attribution: Petr Knoth and Nancy Pontika - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50529549
  • 8. Open Science and Research Data Sharing practice in Nepal • Practically nonexistent. • Data sharing is discouraged. Culture, Data Quality
  • 9. Why Open Research data? • Data is the new oil. - Clive Humby, UK Mathemetician and architect of Tesco’s Clubcard, Data  Information  Knowledge  Wisdom The best use of your data will be thought of by someone else. - Rufus Pollock, cofounder of Open Knowledge International Example: OSM in Nepal, Disaster Management
  • 10. Call to action • Nothing is only a domain nowadays. They make an ecosystem, where everything influences every other thing. • Data, Literature, Science, Software, Tools. All come together in creation and diffusion of knowledge. Philosophy of openness is shared. • Practice. Every individual can make influence. By being an example.
  • 11. • Publishing in Open Access journals • Sharing research data • Example: Air pollution data in Kathmandu, Data from Large Hadron Collider • Funders should encourage open science. (example: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Shuttleworth Foundation)