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25/03/2017 Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. ­ MULT212­0216 : Systems D: Organ System Pathop…
http://www.vin.com/Members/CMS/Project/DefaultAdv1.aspx?pId=9168&catId=72034&id=4291735 1/1
Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats. ABCD guidelines on
prevention and management.
Language: English
J Feline Med Surg. July 2009;11(7):610­4. 21 Refs
Herman Egberink 1, Diane Addie, Sándor Belák, Corine Boucraut­Baralon, Tadeusz Frymus, Tim Gruffydd­Jones,
Katrin Hartmann, Margaret J Hosie, Albert Lloret, Hans Lutz, Fulvio Marsilio, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Alan D Radford,
Etienne Thiry, Uwe Truyen, Marian C Horzinek
Companion Notes
Companion Notes are VIN generated expanded abstracts containing greater detail
Article Abstract
OVERVIEW: Bordetella bronchiseptica is a Gram­negative bacterium that colonises the respiratory tract of
mammals and is considered to be a primary pathogen of domestic cats. It is sensible to consider B
bronchiseptica as a rare cause of zoonotic infections. The bacterium is susceptible to common disinfectants.
INFECTION: The bacterium is shed in oral and nasal secretions of infected cats. Dogs with respiratory disease
are an infection risk for cats. The microorganism colonises the ciliated epithelium of the respiratory tract of the
host, establishing chronic infections.
DISEASE SIGNS: A wide range of respiratory signs has been associated with B bronchiseptica infection, from
a mild illness with fever, coughing, sneezing, ocular discharge and lymphadenopathy to severe pneumonia with
dyspnoea, cyanosis and death.
DIAGNOSIS: Bacterial culture and PCR lack sensitivity. Samples for isolation can be obtained from the
oropharynx (swabs) or via transtracheal wash/ bronchoalveolar lavage.
DISEASE MANAGEMENT: Antibacterial therapy is indicated, even if the signs are mild. Where sensitivity data
are unavailable, tetracyclines are recommended. Doxycycline is the antimicrobial of choice. Cats with severe B
bronchiseptica infection require supportive therapy and intensive nursing care.
VACCINATION RECOMMENDATIONS: In some European countries an intranasal modified­live virus vaccine is
available. The modified­live product is licensed for use as a single vaccination with annual boosters. Cats
should not be routinely vaccinated against B bronchiseptica (non­core), since the infection generally causes
only a mild disease.

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