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CLASSICAL TEXT REVIEW
BASAVARAJYEEYAM
Dr. Madduru Muni Haritha
2nd year M.D Scholar
Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana
KLE SHRI B.M.K Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Belagavi
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 1
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 2
CONTENTS
• Introduction
• Author
• Commentaries
• Books
• Chapters
• Uniqueness of the text
• Research work
• Lacuna‘s
• Own views
• Summary
• Conclusion
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 3
INTRODUCTION
• Basavarajeeyam is a sreshta sangraha granthi
(compiled book).
• In this book along with Sanskrit slokas – Telugu gadhyas
and padyas are present.
• One of the most popular text among rasashastra book
those after 8th century.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 4
OBJECTIVE
• To review and critically analyse the contributions of the
text “BASAVARAJEEYAM” in the field of rasashastra.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 5
HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 6
AUTHOR
BASAVA RAJA
• Resident of Karnataka.
• Founder and preacher of lingayaths
(veera Shaiva).
• Son of Namah shivaya.
• Student of Aradhya ramadeshika
from Andhra pradesh.
• Well versed in poetry.
TIME PERIOD
15th and 16th Century
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 7
Various opinions of time period of text
TIME PERIOD
15th and 16th Century
• Acc to Changaniji & P.V Sharma- end of 12th Century.
• Acc to Author of Telugu Itihas book
Dr. Vaituri Shankar shastri is 15th Century.
• Acc to Dr.K.Nishtishwar- 18th Century.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 8
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 9
ABOUT THE BOOK
• Chapters are called as
“PRAKARANAS”
25
CHAPTERS
• References about Charaka, Madhava, Vagbhata,
Rasarnava, Bhairav Kalpa etc found in the text.
• Includes some of Yogas pioneered by Nityanatha.
• References about Hemadri found, hence the time period.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 10
• This book Containes 25 Chapters.
• 1st to 23rd Chapters- Nadipareeksha in detail, Jwara, Roga
Nidana, Types, Lakshana, Chikitsa, Pathya &Apathya.
.
• 24th Chapter- Jwaradi roga karma vipaka & Shamanopaya.
• 25th Chapter- Explain about Shodhana, Marana, Guna, Dosha of
Paradi-Gandhaka etc Famous Rasadravyas.
CONTENTS OF THE TEXT
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 11
EVOLVED CLASSICAL TEXT ACCORDING
TO GEOGRAPHICALAREA
• KERALA
SAHASRAYOGAM
• KARNATAKA
VAIDYA SARA
SANGRAHA
• MAHARASHTRA
RASACHANDAMSHU
BASAVARAJEEYAM • ANDHRA PRADESH
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam
12
PUBLISHERS
The original text was written in Telugu
PUBLISHERS -
• By shri govardhana sharma
chaganni in Nagpur.
1930
• Published by Chaukhamba
Sanskrit prakashana, New Delhi.
2005
• Shri Balakrishna rao hindu
Ratnakar press, Chennai.
1913
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 13
Translation
Hindi translation published by
Indian Institute of History of
Medicine, CCRAS, New Delhi.
English translation published
by Dr.Nishteshwar
Dr. M.S. Krishnamurthy
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 14
• Sree puvvada surya Narayana rao
completed his translation of
basavarajeeyam text into Telugu
from the palm leaves manuscripts.
• This book nearly has 12,000 pages
and was 1st time published by A.B.S
publications, Rajamundry.
TRANSLATION FROM PALM LEAVES TO PAPER
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 15
RELEVANCE OF TEXT ACCORDING TO ERA
According to the author of the text :
•SATYUGA – CHARAKA
•TRETA YUGA – RASARNAVA
•DWAPARA YUGA – SIDDHA
•KALI YUGA - BASAVARAJEEYAM
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 16
THEME OF THE TEXT
AYU RAKSHA
Dharma Artha
Kama Moksha
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 17
EACH CHAPTER BEGINS WITH
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 18
1st PRAKARANA (Basavarajeeyam)
• As yuga changes bala, lifestyle, life span decreases.
• Vital capacities as per yuga –
Krita yuga – Asthi
Tretayuga – Majja
Dwapara yuga – Mamsa
Kali yuga - Anna paana
• Improper intake of water causes
pitta vriddhi, leading to vishamagni.
• Various anupana for agnikumara
rasa (12 disease conditions).
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 19
….Contd
.
• Nadi Pareeksha:- Hastagalanadi, Sreepurusha nadi, Hasta,
Kanta, Nasa etc.
• Nadi Lakshana- V, P, K, VP, VK, PK, S, Asadya, Mrithyunadi
• Sheetajwara- Paashupatasra Rasa, Maha Paashupatasra Rasa
• Triratrajwara- Rasa prathapamarthanda Rasa, Jwarankusha
Rasa(Dwithiya)
• Krimiroga & Janthujwara- Keetamardana Rasa
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 20
2nd PRAKARANA
(Sannipata nidana lakshana)
• Detailed description about Sannipata jwara has been given.13 types of
sannipataja jwara are mentioned.
• Sandika, Tandrika, Chittavibrama, Kanthakubja, Karnika,
Jihvaka, rugdhaha, Antaka, Bhagnanetra, Raktastheevi, Seetaka,
Pralapa, seetanga, Abhinyasa.
• Good and bad star signs related to sannipataja jwara.
• Aputagni kumara rasa, Rasagni kumara rasa.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 21
….Contd
• Navalohani kumara rasa, Divyagni kumara rasa.
• Maha tarunarka rasa, Samagarala tarunaka rasa.
• Bramhastra rasa, Sheetamshu rasa.
• Maha gandhaka soorya rasa - (kajjali + lashuna swarasa) -
Nasya
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 22
3rd PRAKARANA
(kaya dosha mano dosha mutra pareeksha
krama lashana)
• Sareerak and manashik dosha have been described.
• After that a detailed description about mutrapariksha has
been given.
• Different types of Taila bindu pariksha for different
types of diseases have been dealt.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 23
• Stana,Vikara& Chikitsa:- V, P, K
• Shudha/Ashudha Chikitsa
• Sadhya asadhyata of different diseases by testing
the urine has been described.
….Contd
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 24
4th PRAKARANA (Kshaya roga)
.
• Agni kumara rasa – kupipakwa rasayana – In case
of daha lakshana Chandana lepa, sheeta jala snana.
• Jeerna mandura rasa
• Kanta Vallabha rasa
• Lokanatha rasa (Lord shiva narrated this formulation)
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 25
5th PRAKARANA (Pandu roga)
• Rasa sindhura booshana rasa
• Hamsa mandura
• Swayamagni mukha mandura
• Chincha Kashaya - (By dipping mandura in chinch Kashaya repeatedly)
• Laghu chinchadi leha – 1, 2
• Maha chinchadi leha
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 26
….Contd
Rukshana karma in pandu -
• Cauterisation 2 angulas below the kurpara sandhi
followed by chinchadi lehya.
• Triphala yasa choorna
• Sopha mudgara rasa
• Kala vidhwamsana rasa (sushka padu)
• Anantaguna mandora (kshayaja pandu)
Pathya – In all kinds of ghee mahisha ghrita is beneficial
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 27
• Vajra mandoragh rasa
• Kittadi Kashaya
• Tintrini mandura
• Rasabhoopati rasa (modified form of agni kumara
rasa)
SOPHA
KAMALA
• Panchasya rasa (kumbha kamala)
• Haleemaka kulanatka rasa
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 28
6th PRAKARANA (Vata roga)
Dhooma vata
Vidhooma vata
Kapha vata
Skandha vata
Madhu vata
Visphota vata
Kshuta vata
Shrinkhala vata
Pamshu vata
Shukla vata
Nasta veerya
Twak vata
Bhoga vata
Kikkisa vata
Malabaddha vata
Timira vata
Bahukampa vata
Sheeta vata
Nayana vata
Amla vata
Anuloma vata
Viloma vata
Badirya vata
Atapa vata
Agni vata
Kala vata
Avayava vata
Kaka vata
Dadhi vata
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 29
• Sparshari rasa (ekanga vata & khanja vata - administered for a
period 6 months)
• Vatamudgara rasa
• Indravarunika gutika (skandha vata)
• Panchana kalpa
• Bhujagaraja chooorna
• Phanipati rasa
• Vatantaka rasa (explained by Ashwini kumaras use in all rogas)
• Badavanala rasa
• Rasakarpoora (cure 80 types of vata rogas)
• Maha karpoora rasa
….Contd
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 30
….Contd
• Vata vidravana rasa
• Vijaya bhairava rasa
• Agni kumara rasa (medicine is placed over the scalp on
incision, few mg of quantity - cure sheeta & sannipataja jwara
instantly)
• Chaturmukha rasa
• Kalagni rudra rasa( explained by acharya poojyapada)
• Vata sammohana rasa
• Simhanadha rasa
• Vata shardoola rasa
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 31
….Contd
• Vishnu parakrama rasa (explained by lord Vishnu)
• Vatakulantaka taila
• Vatavajra rasa
• Gandhaka kalpa
• Dadhivatari rasa
• Veerabadhra rasa
• Features of taila paka siddhi
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 32
7th PRAKARANA (Pitta roga)
• Amriteshvara rasa
• Chanda bhairava rasa
• Viswamurthi rasa
• Naracha rasa
• Pitta vidhwamsha rasa
• Maha chandrabala rasa
• Alakta kalpa (raktapitta)
• Leelavilasa rasa (amlapitta)
• Praneshwara rasa &Maha praneshwara rasa (amlapitta)
• Khand ardraka lehya
• NOTE – Mayura piccha Bhasma + ash of kushta + varatika Bhasma
applied over throat (chardi)
24 types of paittika rogas are
mentioned like avarana, vivarana,
Suryavarna, kamila, karpada,
amla, rakta sveda etc.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 33
8th PRAKARANA (Sleshma roga)
. • Tiladi lehya
• Kasakartari rasa
• Rudra parpati rasa
• Soorya rasa
• Kasa samharana rasa
• Shilatalaka rasa
• Kasa kesari rasa
• Swarna bhoopathi rasa
• Agni rasa (kaphaja kasa & kushta)
• Megharanjana rasa
• Sukthi kasa
• Ama kasa
• Chippika kasa
• Krishna kasa
• Dadi kasa
• Jijwaka kasa
• Upajihwaka kasa
• Kushta kasa
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 34
Shwasa
• Udaya bhaskara rasa
• Shwasa kaleshwara rasa
Hikka
• Megha sambara rasa
• Yogavahaka rasa
• Mayurapiccha yoga
• Dhupana with madhuchista (manahshila, sarja rasa, bee wax, ghee)
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 35
9th PRAKARANA (Meha roga)
• Description of “14 marmas sthanas”
• Meha kulantaka rasa
• Haragouri Srishti rasa
• Vidya vaageshwara rasa (manjista meha)
• Harishankara rasa (neela meha)
• Veda vidhya vati (rakta meha)
• Mehabaddha rasa
• Nagendra gutika (sheeta meha)
• Mehari rasa (pishta meha)
• Mehadwirada simha rasa (sukra meha)
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 36
• Talakeshwara rasa (bahumutra)
• Mrigamala rasa (surameha)
• Nityaarogyeshwara rasa (lala meha)
• Vanga avaleha
• Akulyadi putapaka
Mutrakricchra
• Laghu lokeshwara rasa (pittaja mutrakricchra)
• Chakradhara rasa (kaphaja mutrakricchra)
• Shiladi churna
• Pashana vajra rasa
• Tiladi kshara
….Contd
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 37
10th PRAKARANA (Grahani roga)
• Use of ahiphena in atisara & grahani
• Vajra kavata rasa ( vataja grahani)
• Chitrambara rasa (pittaja rasa)
• Arka lokeshwara rasa (kaphaja rasa)
• Maricha vataka
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 38
11th PRAKARANA (Udara roga)
• Vyoshadi gana churna (vatodara)
• Phala churna
• Tumburu churna
• Chitrakadi leha (vata vidradhi)
• Trivritadi taila (kaphaja vidradhi)
• Irimedadi ghrita.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 39
12th PRAKARANA (Trishna roga)
• Parpataka vataka
• Valukadya leha
• Dadhi mastu kalka
• Tamradhika rasa
• Kshoudradi gandusha
• Punarnavadi taila (Daha)
• Ksharadi vati (Ajeerna)
• Aditya rasa (agnideepana)
• Ajeerna balakalanala rasa
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 40
13th PRAKARANA (Kushta roga)
Swarna karana vidhi – (conversion into gold)
• Shoditha gandhaka triturated with beeja dravyas for a day.
• This is placed in andha musha & placed beneath the ground
for 1 month.
• This is heated & melted along with silver.
• By this silver is converted into gold.
• Prasutika kushta
• Kakana kushta
• Kaccha twak kushta
• Galat kushta
• Shatarushya kushta
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 41
Swarna karana vidhi (conversion into gold) - 1
….Contd
SWARNA GAIRIKA
+
SHUDDHA
GANDHAKA
Equal quantity Triturated with
devadali swarasa
Shuddha rajata
placed in it
Kept in musha
and heated
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 42
• Shobhanjanadi lepa (visarpa)
• Prapunnatadi lepa (visarpa)
• Prasutika kushta
• Kakana kushta
• Kaccha twak kushta
• Galat kushta
• Shatarushya kushta
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 43
14th PRAKARANA (Arsha roga)
Arsha roga
5 types
Jaluka
Plaksha
Odumbara sankasha
Shuka jihva
Koukkuta
• Sooranadi lepa, Sooranadi vati
• Vaikrantakhyarasa
• Jeeraka lepa (linga arshas)
• Pancharavinda ghrita (linga roga)
• Tuttadi lepa (linga roga)
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 44
….Contd
• Upadamsha kutara rasa
• Ajajyadi lepa (antra vriddhi)
• Lakshadi lepa (antra vriddhi)
• Ardraka swarasa (antra vriddhi)
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 45
15th PRAKARANA (Vandhya roga)
• 8 types of vandhyatva, 9th type in men i.e shukra heenata.
• Lakshmana moola kalka
• Vishnukranta yoga (kakavandhyata)
• Maha drakshadi churna
• Lajjalu yoga (abortion)
• Shanka dravaka (yoni shula)
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 46
16th PRAKARANA (Asrigdhara)
.
• Vasudha Vishnu krantha rasa (Kusuma roga)
• Pishta jambuka lepa (yoni kandu)
• Ikshumuladhi bandha (northen direction root of ikshu is
collected tied around waist of garbhini for easy delivery)
• Apamarga bandhana
• Vajra kanjiki
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 47
17th PRAKARANA (Netra roga)
• Narikela Anjana
• Godantadya Anjana
• Ardha chandrdodaya Anjana
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 48
18th PRAKARANA (Sthoulya roga)
• Badavagni rasa
• Karshyakapota rasa (karshya)
• Shukta shringyadi yoga
• Vella godhuma yoga (peenasa)
• Sarjakadi ghrita (nasapaka)
• Patadi taila (peenasa)
• Navasadara-Kalika churna (pratishyaya resulted
shirovedana)
• Kumudadi bandhana
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 49
19th PRAKARANA (Gulma roga)
• Pararadi vatika
• Lashunadi Kashaya
• Vidyadhara rasa
• Shanmukha shola rasa (amaja shola)
• Shankha dravaka (Ekanni dose)
• Maha shankha dravaka
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 50
20th PRAKARANA (Unmada roga)
• Bhootha bhairava rasa
• Apasmara gajankusa rasa
• Gandhaka pisti
• Shweta aparajitha nasya
• Maheshwara dhoopa
28 Arista
lakshanas are
explained
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 51
21st PRAKARANA (Bhagandhara)
.
• Rasa karpoora (in case of bhagandhara)
• Visyandana taila
• Matulundai lepa (vataja vrana)
• Abhayadi lepa in gambeera (vrana)
• Hastidanta lepana (vrana)
• Vipareetakamalla taila
• Saptavimshatika guggulu
• Narasthi taila (oil prepared from human bone used in fractured
wounds)
• Guggulwadi lepa
• Madhucchishtadi ghrita (burn wounds)
• Explanation about luta visha
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 52
….Contd
• Tambyadhi taila (galaganda)
• Bhallatakyadi taila (ear disorders with worm and foul
smell)
• Samudra phena choorna (ear discharge)
• Amradi taila (Puthi karna)
• Raladi lepa (oshta parushya, pooyasra srava)
• 7th month garbini stri is advised to do fasting on every
Saturday. Thereafter on sundays bringaraja swarasa
mixed with eranda taila and Shuddha gandhaka is
administered internally.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 53
22nd PRAKARANA (Kshudra roga)
• Darunaka – khaskhas seeds are rubbed with cow milk applied
on scalp.
• Arumshika – kukkuta pureesha, purana tila kalka rubbed with
cow urine paste is applied on scalp.
• Valiya – palithya – Hemadri rasa.
• Various treatment remedies for indralupta is mentioned.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 54
23rd PRAKARANA (Visha roga)
• Gara visha – Bheema rudra rasa
• Sacred hymn in scorpion bite.
• Incompatible star signs in serpent bite - Mula,
makha, aslesha, ardra, krittika nakshatras will
surely lead to death
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 55
24th PRAKARANA (Jwaradhi roga
krama vipaka shanti uthpatti)
• Various dhaiva vyapashraya chikitsas are
mentioned.
• Mentioned different homas, mantras, japas,
dana for various diseases.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 56
25th PRAKARANA
(Rasa gandhakadi Dravya Shuddhi nirupana)
8 parada doshas (Natural
impurities)
• Undina
• Koutilya
• Anavarta
• Sankara
• Shandha
• Pangu
• Mala
• Visha
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 57
….Contd
PARADA SHODANA
Parada
triturated with
istika churna
1/16 th part of
triphala choorna,
kataka beeja
churna &
gokshura churna
are added –
Triturated with
nimbu swarasa
Washed with
warm water
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 58
….Contd
Ashuddha Apakva parada sevana upaaya
• Karpasa patra swarasa/ tanduleeyaka swarasa, abhraka
Bhasma, jeeraka, loha Bhasma, kanda sarkara are
administered together.
• Maricha churna.
• Karpasa patra swarasa with ghee and sugar candy.
• Various external treatment measures are mentioned.
(Rasatapahara lepa).
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 59
….Contd
GANDHAKA
FEATURES OF SUPERIOR VARIETY OF GANDHAKA
Should possess lustre of kapikachu seeds
HINGULA –
• Triturated with breast milk/jambeera phala
swarasa for one day.
• Used in loha marana or bhasmikarana.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 60
….Contd
GOURIPASHANA
SHODHANA
• Swedana in shilakshordaka for one day in
dolayantra later once again boiled with honey with
one yama.
• Swedana with gomutra for 3 days in dolayantra.
VIMALA
• Swedana in dolayantra using Punarnava swarasa or
nirgundi swarasa for 1 yama.
• Swedana with avi mutra for 4 yama.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 61
….Contd
GAIRIKA
SATWAPATANA
• Bhavana with rakta and peeta varga drugs one after the
other for 7 days. Later mixed with mitrapanchaka drugs
and rubbed for one This is rolled into chakrikas and dried.
• Chakrikas are placed in musha subjected to heat using
ishtika yantra. This yields gairika satva.
SHODHANA OF TANKANA, SHANKHA, VARATIKA,
ANJANA, GAIRIKA, KASISA, BHUNAGA
• Soaked in jambeera swarasa and kept in 1 day in
sunshine.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 62
….Contd
SADHARANA RASA
EIGHT TYPES-
Kampillaka, saidhava lavana, gauripashana, navasadara, darada
(hingula), agnijara, girisindura, kedarishringa (mriddrashringa)
KAMPILLAKA
SHODHANA
• Swedana in dolayantra with haritaki Kashaya.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 63
….Contd
TUTTHA
SHODHANA
• Rubbed with curd, made into Chakrika.
• Placed over an earthen plate and heated well.
SARJAKSHARA
SHODHANA
• Triturated with kanjika or gomutra for 2 ghatika
period.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 64
….Contd
YAVAKSHARA
SHODHANA
• Triturated with tandulodaka and subjected
to severe sunshine for 1 gatika
SHODHANA OF GAJAPIPPALI
• Triturated with kanjika or gomutra for 2
ghatika period.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 65
Drug Method of purification
SHUNTI OR
ADRAKA
Peel is removed, soaked in churnodaka. Kept in
sunshine for 1 yama.
PIPPALI Soaked in chitramoola Kashaya under sunshine.
MARICHA Soaked in amla takra for 3 gatikas.
GAJAPIPPALI Soaked in kanji or kanji aja mutra for 1 yama.
JIRAKA Soaked in kanjika for 2 yama and kept in sunshine.
ERANDA BEEJA
& DANTI BEEJA
De husked and cooked in narikela jala for 1 yama.
HINGU Soaked in kamala patra swarasa for 1 yama. Kept in
sunshine.
….Contd
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 66
• Swarna and rajata sindura
• Swarna and rajata druti
• Various sindura and druti Kalpana’s are mentioned for all
metals
• Manashila guna - Varnya
Test for Bhasma and sindura Kalpana
• Avaivarnya
• Nirgandhatwa
• Guru
….Contd
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 67
….Contd
BHASMAS SPECIFIC TEST
Swarna Bhasma Kapota kantabha varna
Abhraka Bhasma Nishchandratva
Loha Bhasma Vaartitara
Tamra Bhasma Vanti, bhrantihara
SPECIFIC TEST FOR VARIOUS BHASMAS
• Suitable anupana of abhraka bhasma in various diseases
are mentioned
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 68
….Contd
ASHTADASHA SAMSKARA OF PARADA
1. Swedana
2. Mardana
3. Murchana
4. Uttapana
5. Adha Patana
6. Tiryak patana
7. Bhodhana
8. Niyama
9. Deepana
10. Anuvasana
11. Marana
12. Jarana
13. Sarana
14. Pratisarana
15. Kramana
16. Vedhana
17. Deha
18. Yoga
• 5 methods of preparation for parada bhasma are
mentioned
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 69
RACHANA
SHARIRA
• Sira
• Srotas
• Marma - 14
KRIYA
SHARIRA
• Mana dosha
• Kaya dosha
• Prakrithi
• Kala
• Desha
• Lina
• Mala
CLINICALS
• Nadi
• Taila bindu
pareeksha
• Arista - 28
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 70
SHALYA
• Makati roga
• Kupa janita
raja vrana
SHALAKYA
• Sitagola roga
• Krishna
golaka raja
roga
AGADA
TANTRA
• Bhayankara
sarpa visha
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 71
PRASUTI &
STRI ROGA
• Pushpa
avarodha
GRAHA
CHIKITSA
• Shareerashrita
graha dusti
karana
• Daivadi
grahana kala
• Karma vipaka
janya roga
Rasashastra &
bhaishajya
kalpana
• Ghrita, lehya,
taila etc
• Aushada
yoga - 1150
• Rasaoushadis
- 1400
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 72
GRANTHASYA VISESHA
• Nadi pareeksha, Roganusara nadi
• Karma vipakajanya nadi
• Daiva vyapashraya pratisara.
• Pathya and apathya for each roga is mentioned.
• Description of newer diseases e.g.Firang, Upadamsha
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 73
….Contd
• Mostly uses Rasa Dravyas in treatment.
• Pioneered Dhatu Druti
• Discovered several life saving drugs like
brahamaastarasam, suchikamukharasam,
suchikaabharanam etc.
• Basavaraju was the pioneer of introducing
“Poornachandrodayam’.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 74
GRANTHASYA PHALAM
• Nidana
• Siddhi
• Kaliyuga - solution
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 75
RESEARCH ARTICLES
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 76
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 77
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 78
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 79
300 drugs were
explained
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 80
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 81
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 82
LACUNAS
• Name of the formulations are not present for few remedies.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 83
OWN VIEWS
• Basavarajeeyam is great medical book for diagnosis and
treatment of many diseases.
• Research works (clinical & drug standardisation) can be
carried out on various rasaoushadis.
• A great hand book for clinician’s.
4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 84
THANK YOU

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Basavarajeeyam - Ayurvedic heritage book of Andhra pradesh

  • 1. CLASSICAL TEXT REVIEW BASAVARAJYEEYAM Dr. Madduru Muni Haritha 2nd year M.D Scholar Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana KLE SHRI B.M.K Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Belagavi 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 1
  • 2. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 2 CONTENTS • Introduction • Author • Commentaries • Books • Chapters • Uniqueness of the text • Research work • Lacuna‘s • Own views • Summary • Conclusion
  • 3. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 3 INTRODUCTION • Basavarajeeyam is a sreshta sangraha granthi (compiled book). • In this book along with Sanskrit slokas – Telugu gadhyas and padyas are present. • One of the most popular text among rasashastra book those after 8th century.
  • 4. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 4 OBJECTIVE • To review and critically analyse the contributions of the text “BASAVARAJEEYAM” in the field of rasashastra.
  • 6. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 6 AUTHOR BASAVA RAJA • Resident of Karnataka. • Founder and preacher of lingayaths (veera Shaiva). • Son of Namah shivaya. • Student of Aradhya ramadeshika from Andhra pradesh. • Well versed in poetry. TIME PERIOD 15th and 16th Century
  • 7. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 7 Various opinions of time period of text TIME PERIOD 15th and 16th Century • Acc to Changaniji & P.V Sharma- end of 12th Century. • Acc to Author of Telugu Itihas book Dr. Vaituri Shankar shastri is 15th Century. • Acc to Dr.K.Nishtishwar- 18th Century.
  • 9. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 9 ABOUT THE BOOK • Chapters are called as “PRAKARANAS” 25 CHAPTERS • References about Charaka, Madhava, Vagbhata, Rasarnava, Bhairav Kalpa etc found in the text. • Includes some of Yogas pioneered by Nityanatha. • References about Hemadri found, hence the time period.
  • 10. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 10 • This book Containes 25 Chapters. • 1st to 23rd Chapters- Nadipareeksha in detail, Jwara, Roga Nidana, Types, Lakshana, Chikitsa, Pathya &Apathya. . • 24th Chapter- Jwaradi roga karma vipaka & Shamanopaya. • 25th Chapter- Explain about Shodhana, Marana, Guna, Dosha of Paradi-Gandhaka etc Famous Rasadravyas. CONTENTS OF THE TEXT
  • 11. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 11 EVOLVED CLASSICAL TEXT ACCORDING TO GEOGRAPHICALAREA • KERALA SAHASRAYOGAM • KARNATAKA VAIDYA SARA SANGRAHA • MAHARASHTRA RASACHANDAMSHU BASAVARAJEEYAM • ANDHRA PRADESH
  • 12. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 12 PUBLISHERS The original text was written in Telugu PUBLISHERS - • By shri govardhana sharma chaganni in Nagpur. 1930 • Published by Chaukhamba Sanskrit prakashana, New Delhi. 2005 • Shri Balakrishna rao hindu Ratnakar press, Chennai. 1913
  • 13. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 13 Translation Hindi translation published by Indian Institute of History of Medicine, CCRAS, New Delhi. English translation published by Dr.Nishteshwar Dr. M.S. Krishnamurthy
  • 14. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 14 • Sree puvvada surya Narayana rao completed his translation of basavarajeeyam text into Telugu from the palm leaves manuscripts. • This book nearly has 12,000 pages and was 1st time published by A.B.S publications, Rajamundry. TRANSLATION FROM PALM LEAVES TO PAPER
  • 15. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 15 RELEVANCE OF TEXT ACCORDING TO ERA According to the author of the text : •SATYUGA – CHARAKA •TRETA YUGA – RASARNAVA •DWAPARA YUGA – SIDDHA •KALI YUGA - BASAVARAJEEYAM
  • 16. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 16 THEME OF THE TEXT AYU RAKSHA Dharma Artha Kama Moksha
  • 17. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 17 EACH CHAPTER BEGINS WITH
  • 18. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 18 1st PRAKARANA (Basavarajeeyam) • As yuga changes bala, lifestyle, life span decreases. • Vital capacities as per yuga – Krita yuga – Asthi Tretayuga – Majja Dwapara yuga – Mamsa Kali yuga - Anna paana • Improper intake of water causes pitta vriddhi, leading to vishamagni. • Various anupana for agnikumara rasa (12 disease conditions).
  • 19. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 19 ….Contd . • Nadi Pareeksha:- Hastagalanadi, Sreepurusha nadi, Hasta, Kanta, Nasa etc. • Nadi Lakshana- V, P, K, VP, VK, PK, S, Asadya, Mrithyunadi • Sheetajwara- Paashupatasra Rasa, Maha Paashupatasra Rasa • Triratrajwara- Rasa prathapamarthanda Rasa, Jwarankusha Rasa(Dwithiya) • Krimiroga & Janthujwara- Keetamardana Rasa
  • 20. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 20 2nd PRAKARANA (Sannipata nidana lakshana) • Detailed description about Sannipata jwara has been given.13 types of sannipataja jwara are mentioned. • Sandika, Tandrika, Chittavibrama, Kanthakubja, Karnika, Jihvaka, rugdhaha, Antaka, Bhagnanetra, Raktastheevi, Seetaka, Pralapa, seetanga, Abhinyasa. • Good and bad star signs related to sannipataja jwara. • Aputagni kumara rasa, Rasagni kumara rasa.
  • 21. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 21 ….Contd • Navalohani kumara rasa, Divyagni kumara rasa. • Maha tarunarka rasa, Samagarala tarunaka rasa. • Bramhastra rasa, Sheetamshu rasa. • Maha gandhaka soorya rasa - (kajjali + lashuna swarasa) - Nasya
  • 22. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 22 3rd PRAKARANA (kaya dosha mano dosha mutra pareeksha krama lashana) • Sareerak and manashik dosha have been described. • After that a detailed description about mutrapariksha has been given. • Different types of Taila bindu pariksha for different types of diseases have been dealt.
  • 23. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 23 • Stana,Vikara& Chikitsa:- V, P, K • Shudha/Ashudha Chikitsa • Sadhya asadhyata of different diseases by testing the urine has been described. ….Contd
  • 24. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 24 4th PRAKARANA (Kshaya roga) . • Agni kumara rasa – kupipakwa rasayana – In case of daha lakshana Chandana lepa, sheeta jala snana. • Jeerna mandura rasa • Kanta Vallabha rasa • Lokanatha rasa (Lord shiva narrated this formulation)
  • 25. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 25 5th PRAKARANA (Pandu roga) • Rasa sindhura booshana rasa • Hamsa mandura • Swayamagni mukha mandura • Chincha Kashaya - (By dipping mandura in chinch Kashaya repeatedly) • Laghu chinchadi leha – 1, 2 • Maha chinchadi leha
  • 26. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 26 ….Contd Rukshana karma in pandu - • Cauterisation 2 angulas below the kurpara sandhi followed by chinchadi lehya. • Triphala yasa choorna • Sopha mudgara rasa • Kala vidhwamsana rasa (sushka padu) • Anantaguna mandora (kshayaja pandu) Pathya – In all kinds of ghee mahisha ghrita is beneficial
  • 27. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 27 • Vajra mandoragh rasa • Kittadi Kashaya • Tintrini mandura • Rasabhoopati rasa (modified form of agni kumara rasa) SOPHA KAMALA • Panchasya rasa (kumbha kamala) • Haleemaka kulanatka rasa
  • 28. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 28 6th PRAKARANA (Vata roga) Dhooma vata Vidhooma vata Kapha vata Skandha vata Madhu vata Visphota vata Kshuta vata Shrinkhala vata Pamshu vata Shukla vata Nasta veerya Twak vata Bhoga vata Kikkisa vata Malabaddha vata Timira vata Bahukampa vata Sheeta vata Nayana vata Amla vata Anuloma vata Viloma vata Badirya vata Atapa vata Agni vata Kala vata Avayava vata Kaka vata Dadhi vata
  • 29. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 29 • Sparshari rasa (ekanga vata & khanja vata - administered for a period 6 months) • Vatamudgara rasa • Indravarunika gutika (skandha vata) • Panchana kalpa • Bhujagaraja chooorna • Phanipati rasa • Vatantaka rasa (explained by Ashwini kumaras use in all rogas) • Badavanala rasa • Rasakarpoora (cure 80 types of vata rogas) • Maha karpoora rasa ….Contd
  • 30. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 30 ….Contd • Vata vidravana rasa • Vijaya bhairava rasa • Agni kumara rasa (medicine is placed over the scalp on incision, few mg of quantity - cure sheeta & sannipataja jwara instantly) • Chaturmukha rasa • Kalagni rudra rasa( explained by acharya poojyapada) • Vata sammohana rasa • Simhanadha rasa • Vata shardoola rasa
  • 31. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 31 ….Contd • Vishnu parakrama rasa (explained by lord Vishnu) • Vatakulantaka taila • Vatavajra rasa • Gandhaka kalpa • Dadhivatari rasa • Veerabadhra rasa • Features of taila paka siddhi
  • 32. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 32 7th PRAKARANA (Pitta roga) • Amriteshvara rasa • Chanda bhairava rasa • Viswamurthi rasa • Naracha rasa • Pitta vidhwamsha rasa • Maha chandrabala rasa • Alakta kalpa (raktapitta) • Leelavilasa rasa (amlapitta) • Praneshwara rasa &Maha praneshwara rasa (amlapitta) • Khand ardraka lehya • NOTE – Mayura piccha Bhasma + ash of kushta + varatika Bhasma applied over throat (chardi) 24 types of paittika rogas are mentioned like avarana, vivarana, Suryavarna, kamila, karpada, amla, rakta sveda etc.
  • 33. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 33 8th PRAKARANA (Sleshma roga) . • Tiladi lehya • Kasakartari rasa • Rudra parpati rasa • Soorya rasa • Kasa samharana rasa • Shilatalaka rasa • Kasa kesari rasa • Swarna bhoopathi rasa • Agni rasa (kaphaja kasa & kushta) • Megharanjana rasa • Sukthi kasa • Ama kasa • Chippika kasa • Krishna kasa • Dadi kasa • Jijwaka kasa • Upajihwaka kasa • Kushta kasa
  • 34. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 34 Shwasa • Udaya bhaskara rasa • Shwasa kaleshwara rasa Hikka • Megha sambara rasa • Yogavahaka rasa • Mayurapiccha yoga • Dhupana with madhuchista (manahshila, sarja rasa, bee wax, ghee)
  • 35. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 35 9th PRAKARANA (Meha roga) • Description of “14 marmas sthanas” • Meha kulantaka rasa • Haragouri Srishti rasa • Vidya vaageshwara rasa (manjista meha) • Harishankara rasa (neela meha) • Veda vidhya vati (rakta meha) • Mehabaddha rasa • Nagendra gutika (sheeta meha) • Mehari rasa (pishta meha) • Mehadwirada simha rasa (sukra meha)
  • 36. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 36 • Talakeshwara rasa (bahumutra) • Mrigamala rasa (surameha) • Nityaarogyeshwara rasa (lala meha) • Vanga avaleha • Akulyadi putapaka Mutrakricchra • Laghu lokeshwara rasa (pittaja mutrakricchra) • Chakradhara rasa (kaphaja mutrakricchra) • Shiladi churna • Pashana vajra rasa • Tiladi kshara ….Contd
  • 37. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 37 10th PRAKARANA (Grahani roga) • Use of ahiphena in atisara & grahani • Vajra kavata rasa ( vataja grahani) • Chitrambara rasa (pittaja rasa) • Arka lokeshwara rasa (kaphaja rasa) • Maricha vataka
  • 38. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 38 11th PRAKARANA (Udara roga) • Vyoshadi gana churna (vatodara) • Phala churna • Tumburu churna • Chitrakadi leha (vata vidradhi) • Trivritadi taila (kaphaja vidradhi) • Irimedadi ghrita.
  • 39. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 39 12th PRAKARANA (Trishna roga) • Parpataka vataka • Valukadya leha • Dadhi mastu kalka • Tamradhika rasa • Kshoudradi gandusha • Punarnavadi taila (Daha) • Ksharadi vati (Ajeerna) • Aditya rasa (agnideepana) • Ajeerna balakalanala rasa
  • 40. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 40 13th PRAKARANA (Kushta roga) Swarna karana vidhi – (conversion into gold) • Shoditha gandhaka triturated with beeja dravyas for a day. • This is placed in andha musha & placed beneath the ground for 1 month. • This is heated & melted along with silver. • By this silver is converted into gold. • Prasutika kushta • Kakana kushta • Kaccha twak kushta • Galat kushta • Shatarushya kushta
  • 41. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 41 Swarna karana vidhi (conversion into gold) - 1 ….Contd SWARNA GAIRIKA + SHUDDHA GANDHAKA Equal quantity Triturated with devadali swarasa Shuddha rajata placed in it Kept in musha and heated
  • 42. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 42 • Shobhanjanadi lepa (visarpa) • Prapunnatadi lepa (visarpa) • Prasutika kushta • Kakana kushta • Kaccha twak kushta • Galat kushta • Shatarushya kushta
  • 43. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 43 14th PRAKARANA (Arsha roga) Arsha roga 5 types Jaluka Plaksha Odumbara sankasha Shuka jihva Koukkuta • Sooranadi lepa, Sooranadi vati • Vaikrantakhyarasa • Jeeraka lepa (linga arshas) • Pancharavinda ghrita (linga roga) • Tuttadi lepa (linga roga)
  • 44. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 44 ….Contd • Upadamsha kutara rasa • Ajajyadi lepa (antra vriddhi) • Lakshadi lepa (antra vriddhi) • Ardraka swarasa (antra vriddhi)
  • 45. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 45 15th PRAKARANA (Vandhya roga) • 8 types of vandhyatva, 9th type in men i.e shukra heenata. • Lakshmana moola kalka • Vishnukranta yoga (kakavandhyata) • Maha drakshadi churna • Lajjalu yoga (abortion) • Shanka dravaka (yoni shula)
  • 46. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 46 16th PRAKARANA (Asrigdhara) . • Vasudha Vishnu krantha rasa (Kusuma roga) • Pishta jambuka lepa (yoni kandu) • Ikshumuladhi bandha (northen direction root of ikshu is collected tied around waist of garbhini for easy delivery) • Apamarga bandhana • Vajra kanjiki
  • 47. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 47 17th PRAKARANA (Netra roga) • Narikela Anjana • Godantadya Anjana • Ardha chandrdodaya Anjana
  • 48. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 48 18th PRAKARANA (Sthoulya roga) • Badavagni rasa • Karshyakapota rasa (karshya) • Shukta shringyadi yoga • Vella godhuma yoga (peenasa) • Sarjakadi ghrita (nasapaka) • Patadi taila (peenasa) • Navasadara-Kalika churna (pratishyaya resulted shirovedana) • Kumudadi bandhana
  • 49. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 49 19th PRAKARANA (Gulma roga) • Pararadi vatika • Lashunadi Kashaya • Vidyadhara rasa • Shanmukha shola rasa (amaja shola) • Shankha dravaka (Ekanni dose) • Maha shankha dravaka
  • 50. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 50 20th PRAKARANA (Unmada roga) • Bhootha bhairava rasa • Apasmara gajankusa rasa • Gandhaka pisti • Shweta aparajitha nasya • Maheshwara dhoopa 28 Arista lakshanas are explained
  • 51. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 51 21st PRAKARANA (Bhagandhara) . • Rasa karpoora (in case of bhagandhara) • Visyandana taila • Matulundai lepa (vataja vrana) • Abhayadi lepa in gambeera (vrana) • Hastidanta lepana (vrana) • Vipareetakamalla taila • Saptavimshatika guggulu • Narasthi taila (oil prepared from human bone used in fractured wounds) • Guggulwadi lepa • Madhucchishtadi ghrita (burn wounds) • Explanation about luta visha
  • 52. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 52 ….Contd • Tambyadhi taila (galaganda) • Bhallatakyadi taila (ear disorders with worm and foul smell) • Samudra phena choorna (ear discharge) • Amradi taila (Puthi karna) • Raladi lepa (oshta parushya, pooyasra srava) • 7th month garbini stri is advised to do fasting on every Saturday. Thereafter on sundays bringaraja swarasa mixed with eranda taila and Shuddha gandhaka is administered internally.
  • 53. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 53 22nd PRAKARANA (Kshudra roga) • Darunaka – khaskhas seeds are rubbed with cow milk applied on scalp. • Arumshika – kukkuta pureesha, purana tila kalka rubbed with cow urine paste is applied on scalp. • Valiya – palithya – Hemadri rasa. • Various treatment remedies for indralupta is mentioned.
  • 54. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 54 23rd PRAKARANA (Visha roga) • Gara visha – Bheema rudra rasa • Sacred hymn in scorpion bite. • Incompatible star signs in serpent bite - Mula, makha, aslesha, ardra, krittika nakshatras will surely lead to death
  • 55. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 55 24th PRAKARANA (Jwaradhi roga krama vipaka shanti uthpatti) • Various dhaiva vyapashraya chikitsas are mentioned. • Mentioned different homas, mantras, japas, dana for various diseases.
  • 56. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 56 25th PRAKARANA (Rasa gandhakadi Dravya Shuddhi nirupana) 8 parada doshas (Natural impurities) • Undina • Koutilya • Anavarta • Sankara • Shandha • Pangu • Mala • Visha
  • 57. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 57 ….Contd PARADA SHODANA Parada triturated with istika churna 1/16 th part of triphala choorna, kataka beeja churna & gokshura churna are added – Triturated with nimbu swarasa Washed with warm water
  • 58. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 58 ….Contd Ashuddha Apakva parada sevana upaaya • Karpasa patra swarasa/ tanduleeyaka swarasa, abhraka Bhasma, jeeraka, loha Bhasma, kanda sarkara are administered together. • Maricha churna. • Karpasa patra swarasa with ghee and sugar candy. • Various external treatment measures are mentioned. (Rasatapahara lepa).
  • 59. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 59 ….Contd GANDHAKA FEATURES OF SUPERIOR VARIETY OF GANDHAKA Should possess lustre of kapikachu seeds HINGULA – • Triturated with breast milk/jambeera phala swarasa for one day. • Used in loha marana or bhasmikarana.
  • 60. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 60 ….Contd GOURIPASHANA SHODHANA • Swedana in shilakshordaka for one day in dolayantra later once again boiled with honey with one yama. • Swedana with gomutra for 3 days in dolayantra. VIMALA • Swedana in dolayantra using Punarnava swarasa or nirgundi swarasa for 1 yama. • Swedana with avi mutra for 4 yama.
  • 61. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 61 ….Contd GAIRIKA SATWAPATANA • Bhavana with rakta and peeta varga drugs one after the other for 7 days. Later mixed with mitrapanchaka drugs and rubbed for one This is rolled into chakrikas and dried. • Chakrikas are placed in musha subjected to heat using ishtika yantra. This yields gairika satva. SHODHANA OF TANKANA, SHANKHA, VARATIKA, ANJANA, GAIRIKA, KASISA, BHUNAGA • Soaked in jambeera swarasa and kept in 1 day in sunshine.
  • 62. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 62 ….Contd SADHARANA RASA EIGHT TYPES- Kampillaka, saidhava lavana, gauripashana, navasadara, darada (hingula), agnijara, girisindura, kedarishringa (mriddrashringa) KAMPILLAKA SHODHANA • Swedana in dolayantra with haritaki Kashaya.
  • 63. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 63 ….Contd TUTTHA SHODHANA • Rubbed with curd, made into Chakrika. • Placed over an earthen plate and heated well. SARJAKSHARA SHODHANA • Triturated with kanjika or gomutra for 2 ghatika period.
  • 64. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 64 ….Contd YAVAKSHARA SHODHANA • Triturated with tandulodaka and subjected to severe sunshine for 1 gatika SHODHANA OF GAJAPIPPALI • Triturated with kanjika or gomutra for 2 ghatika period.
  • 65. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 65 Drug Method of purification SHUNTI OR ADRAKA Peel is removed, soaked in churnodaka. Kept in sunshine for 1 yama. PIPPALI Soaked in chitramoola Kashaya under sunshine. MARICHA Soaked in amla takra for 3 gatikas. GAJAPIPPALI Soaked in kanji or kanji aja mutra for 1 yama. JIRAKA Soaked in kanjika for 2 yama and kept in sunshine. ERANDA BEEJA & DANTI BEEJA De husked and cooked in narikela jala for 1 yama. HINGU Soaked in kamala patra swarasa for 1 yama. Kept in sunshine. ….Contd
  • 66. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 66 • Swarna and rajata sindura • Swarna and rajata druti • Various sindura and druti Kalpana’s are mentioned for all metals • Manashila guna - Varnya Test for Bhasma and sindura Kalpana • Avaivarnya • Nirgandhatwa • Guru ….Contd
  • 67. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 67 ….Contd BHASMAS SPECIFIC TEST Swarna Bhasma Kapota kantabha varna Abhraka Bhasma Nishchandratva Loha Bhasma Vaartitara Tamra Bhasma Vanti, bhrantihara SPECIFIC TEST FOR VARIOUS BHASMAS • Suitable anupana of abhraka bhasma in various diseases are mentioned
  • 68. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 68 ….Contd ASHTADASHA SAMSKARA OF PARADA 1. Swedana 2. Mardana 3. Murchana 4. Uttapana 5. Adha Patana 6. Tiryak patana 7. Bhodhana 8. Niyama 9. Deepana 10. Anuvasana 11. Marana 12. Jarana 13. Sarana 14. Pratisarana 15. Kramana 16. Vedhana 17. Deha 18. Yoga • 5 methods of preparation for parada bhasma are mentioned
  • 69. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 69 RACHANA SHARIRA • Sira • Srotas • Marma - 14 KRIYA SHARIRA • Mana dosha • Kaya dosha • Prakrithi • Kala • Desha • Lina • Mala CLINICALS • Nadi • Taila bindu pareeksha • Arista - 28
  • 70. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 70 SHALYA • Makati roga • Kupa janita raja vrana SHALAKYA • Sitagola roga • Krishna golaka raja roga AGADA TANTRA • Bhayankara sarpa visha
  • 71. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 71 PRASUTI & STRI ROGA • Pushpa avarodha GRAHA CHIKITSA • Shareerashrita graha dusti karana • Daivadi grahana kala • Karma vipaka janya roga Rasashastra & bhaishajya kalpana • Ghrita, lehya, taila etc • Aushada yoga - 1150 • Rasaoushadis - 1400
  • 72. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 72 GRANTHASYA VISESHA • Nadi pareeksha, Roganusara nadi • Karma vipakajanya nadi • Daiva vyapashraya pratisara. • Pathya and apathya for each roga is mentioned. • Description of newer diseases e.g.Firang, Upadamsha
  • 73. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 73 ….Contd • Mostly uses Rasa Dravyas in treatment. • Pioneered Dhatu Druti • Discovered several life saving drugs like brahamaastarasam, suchikamukharasam, suchikaabharanam etc. • Basavaraju was the pioneer of introducing “Poornachandrodayam’.
  • 74. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 74 GRANTHASYA PHALAM • Nidana • Siddhi • Kaliyuga - solution
  • 79. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 79 300 drugs were explained
  • 82. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 82 LACUNAS • Name of the formulations are not present for few remedies.
  • 83. 4-Jun-24 Basavarajeeyam 83 OWN VIEWS • Basavarajeeyam is great medical book for diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. • Research works (clinical & drug standardisation) can be carried out on various rasaoushadis. • A great hand book for clinician’s.