SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 34
Download to read offline
Machine Learning
What it is and why you should care
Dr. Christian Wiele
@christian_wiele
©2017 gezeitenraum
What is Machine Learning?
2
©2017 gezeitenraum
Machine Learning is the
predominant area of
artificial Intelligence
(often AI and ML are used interchangeably)
3
©2017 gezeitenraum
Machine Learning
=
autonomous pattern
identification and detection
4
©2017 gezeitenraum
Will we soon be dominated by
super-human machines?
5
©2017 gezeitenraum
There are absolutely no
indications of a nearby
singularity!
6
©2017 gezeitenraum
Why should you care about
Machine Learning?
7
Is it more than a hype?
©2017 gezeitenraum 8
ML gets the Value out of Data
©2017 gezeitenraum
Computer vision
➡e.g. autonomous driving, cancer detection
Speech recognition
➡e.g. Siri
Natural language processing (NLP)
➡machine translation, chat bots
General patterns
➡click stream analysis, fraud detection, security, recommender
systems
9
AI might be over in EU before it starts
©2017 gezeitenraum 10
http://www.techzone360.com/topics/techzone/articles/2017/01/25/429101-eus-right-explanation-harmful-restriction-artificial-intelligence.htm
Skill Levels of Machine Learning
©2017 gezeitenraum 11
apply ML as
black box understand research
©2017 gezeitenraum
So, What is Machine learning
about?
12
Core Challenge of Machine learning
©2017 gezeitenraum 13
What
humans are
good at
What
Machines
are good at
(73492.232 +
2049.3827) *
883792.45
Learning approaches
©2017 gezeitenraum 14
supervised learning unsupervised learning
BananA
Grape
Banana
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X X
XX
X
X
X
AIpoly
©2017 gezeitenraum 15
©2017 gezeitenraum
How it works
16
Classical programming paradigm
©2017 gezeitenraum 17
If (pixel1 == … And Pixel2 == …)
Then …
Else IF …
Goal: minimize the error
©2017 gezeitenraum 18
error
{Parameter 1
Parameter 2
The fruit fly of ML: MNIST
©2017 gezeitenraum 19
55.000 handwritten digits 28x28 pixels
Neural Net: digit recognition
©2017 gezeitenraum 20
Input
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
output neurons
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
12
2
3
17
18
1
25
24
………
…
…
hidden neurons
output
Artificial Neuron: Internal view
©2017 gezeitenraum 21
logic:
result = one number
Output:
1 = activate
0 = not activate
Activation
©2017 gezeitenraum 22
hidden neuron 12:
red dominantes —> fire
input mask / weights weighted input
hidden neuron 13:
blue dominantes —> don’t fire
Neural Net: digit recognition
©2017 gezeitenraum 23
Input
Output-Neuronen
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
…
12
2
3
17
18
1
25
24
………
…
Innere-Neuronen
Output
What are relevant pixel structures?
©2017 gezeitenraum 24
neuron 12 neuron 18 neuron 25
©2017 gezeitenraum
So, how does learning work?
25
learning process
©2017 gezeitenraum 26
Neural Net: Learning Process
©2017 gezeitenraum 27
Input
Output-Neuronen
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
12
2
3
17
18
1
25
24
………
…
…
Innere-Neuronen
Output
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
error
error
error
slightly
change
parameters
©2017 gezeitenraum
How to get stared with
Machine Learning?
28
Skill Levels of Machine Learning
©2017 gezeitenraum 29
apply ML as
black box understand research
©2017 gezeitenraum 30
https://www.coursera.org/learn/machine-learning/
fast.ai
©2017 gezeitenraum 31
http://fast.ai
Toolset
©2017 gezeitenraum
Python
➡Theano, Tensorflow, Keras, NumPy, …
➡Jupyter notebook
Linear algebra
Access to GPU
➡AWS, Google, or your own …
Time and motivation for experimenting
32
The machine learning expert
©2017 gezeitenraum 33
Geschafft
©2016 gezeitenraum 34
Vielen Dank!
Dr. Christian Wiele
christian@gezeitenraum.com
@christian_wiele
@gezeitenraum

More Related Content

Similar to Machine Learning - What it is and why you should care

Fighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligence
Fighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligenceFighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligence
Fighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligence
Ron Bodkin
 
Slides galvin-widjaja
Slides galvin-widjajaSlides galvin-widjaja
Slides galvin-widjaja
CodePolitan
 
Synpulse - MondoBrain Flyer
Synpulse - MondoBrain FlyerSynpulse - MondoBrain Flyer
Synpulse - MondoBrain Flyer
Marc Intrator
 

Similar to Machine Learning - What it is and why you should care (20)

Fighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligence
Fighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligenceFighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligence
Fighting financial fraud at Danske Bank with artificial intelligence
 
Fighting Financial Crime with Artificial Intelligence
Fighting Financial Crime with Artificial IntelligenceFighting Financial Crime with Artificial Intelligence
Fighting Financial Crime with Artificial Intelligence
 
Development of Real Time Face Recognition System using OpenCV
Development of Real Time Face Recognition System using OpenCVDevelopment of Real Time Face Recognition System using OpenCV
Development of Real Time Face Recognition System using OpenCV
 
Beyond hype why artificial intelligence is the real deal - evanta nyc
Beyond hype why artificial intelligence is the real deal  - evanta nycBeyond hype why artificial intelligence is the real deal  - evanta nyc
Beyond hype why artificial intelligence is the real deal - evanta nyc
 
Ai revolution for human capital for individuals 2nd feb 2018
Ai revolution for human capital for individuals 2nd feb 2018Ai revolution for human capital for individuals 2nd feb 2018
Ai revolution for human capital for individuals 2nd feb 2018
 
How to Operationalize Big Data Security Analytics
How to Operationalize Big Data Security AnalyticsHow to Operationalize Big Data Security Analytics
How to Operationalize Big Data Security Analytics
 
How to Operationalize Big Data Security Analytics
How to Operationalize Big Data Security AnalyticsHow to Operationalize Big Data Security Analytics
How to Operationalize Big Data Security Analytics
 
Robotesting at Tricentis Accelerate 2017 by Rik Marselis
Robotesting at Tricentis Accelerate 2017 by Rik MarselisRobotesting at Tricentis Accelerate 2017 by Rik Marselis
Robotesting at Tricentis Accelerate 2017 by Rik Marselis
 
Automatski - How We Reinvented Machine Learning, Solved NP-Complete ML Proble...
Automatski - How We Reinvented Machine Learning, Solved NP-Complete ML Proble...Automatski - How We Reinvented Machine Learning, Solved NP-Complete ML Proble...
Automatski - How We Reinvented Machine Learning, Solved NP-Complete ML Proble...
 
CWIN17 Toulouse / Discover TechnoVision 2017 to boost innovation - Ron Tolido
CWIN17 Toulouse / Discover TechnoVision 2017 to boost innovation - Ron TolidoCWIN17 Toulouse / Discover TechnoVision 2017 to boost innovation - Ron Tolido
CWIN17 Toulouse / Discover TechnoVision 2017 to boost innovation - Ron Tolido
 
The 2018 Threatscape
The 2018 ThreatscapeThe 2018 Threatscape
The 2018 Threatscape
 
User and Entity Behavioral Analytics
User and Entity Behavioral AnalyticsUser and Entity Behavioral Analytics
User and Entity Behavioral Analytics
 
The future Proof Financial: Fintech
The future Proof Financial: FintechThe future Proof Financial: Fintech
The future Proof Financial: Fintech
 
What you will take away from this session
What you will take away from this sessionWhat you will take away from this session
What you will take away from this session
 
Slides galvin-widjaja
Slides galvin-widjajaSlides galvin-widjaja
Slides galvin-widjaja
 
Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation on Multi-Modal MRI with Deep Neural Networks
Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation on Multi-Modal MRI with Deep Neural NetworksAutomatic Brain Tumor Segmentation on Multi-Modal MRI with Deep Neural Networks
Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation on Multi-Modal MRI with Deep Neural Networks
 
Big Data LDN 2017: Your flight is boarding now!
Big Data LDN 2017: Your flight is boarding now!Big Data LDN 2017: Your flight is boarding now!
Big Data LDN 2017: Your flight is boarding now!
 
Synpulse - MondoBrain Flyer
Synpulse - MondoBrain FlyerSynpulse - MondoBrain Flyer
Synpulse - MondoBrain Flyer
 
Smart, Big Data Analytics for Insurance
Smart, Big Data Analytics for InsuranceSmart, Big Data Analytics for Insurance
Smart, Big Data Analytics for Insurance
 
3D Face Recognition Technology in Network Security Applications
3D Face Recognition Technology in Network Security Applications3D Face Recognition Technology in Network Security Applications
3D Face Recognition Technology in Network Security Applications
 

More from gezeitenraum gbr

Lerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein Praxisbeispiel
Lerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein PraxisbeispielLerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein Praxisbeispiel
Lerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein Praxisbeispiel
gezeitenraum gbr
 

More from gezeitenraum gbr (12)

Wie Maschinen lernen - Ein Überblick
Wie Maschinen lernen - Ein ÜberblickWie Maschinen lernen - Ein Überblick
Wie Maschinen lernen - Ein Überblick
 
Landlust
LandlustLandlust
Landlust
 
Machine Learning
Machine LearningMachine Learning
Machine Learning
 
Design Thinking - Die zentrale Herausforderung bei der Digitalisierung von Or...
Design Thinking - Die zentrale Herausforderung bei der Digitalisierung von Or...Design Thinking - Die zentrale Herausforderung bei der Digitalisierung von Or...
Design Thinking - Die zentrale Herausforderung bei der Digitalisierung von Or...
 
Design Thinking - The best way to kill your brilliant idea
Design Thinking - The best way to kill your brilliant ideaDesign Thinking - The best way to kill your brilliant idea
Design Thinking - The best way to kill your brilliant idea
 
Vortrag Objektspektrum Information Days 20. April 2016
Vortrag Objektspektrum Information Days 20. April 2016Vortrag Objektspektrum Information Days 20. April 2016
Vortrag Objektspektrum Information Days 20. April 2016
 
Design Thinking - Arbeitsform für den Wandel
Design Thinking - Arbeitsform für den WandelDesign Thinking - Arbeitsform für den Wandel
Design Thinking - Arbeitsform für den Wandel
 
Physik, Perspektivwechsel & Empathie - Impuls Innovation Camp Schleswig-Holst...
Physik, Perspektivwechsel & Empathie - Impuls Innovation Camp Schleswig-Holst...Physik, Perspektivwechsel & Empathie - Impuls Innovation Camp Schleswig-Holst...
Physik, Perspektivwechsel & Empathie - Impuls Innovation Camp Schleswig-Holst...
 
Lerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein Praxisbeispiel
Lerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein PraxisbeispielLerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein Praxisbeispiel
Lerntrends, Empathie und die Sache mit der Nerf Pistole - Ein Praxisbeispiel
 
Wie können Lernerfahrungen gestaltet werden?
Wie können Lernerfahrungen gestaltet werden?Wie können Lernerfahrungen gestaltet werden?
Wie können Lernerfahrungen gestaltet werden?
 
design thinking - das kleingedruckte
design thinking - das kleingedrucktedesign thinking - das kleingedruckte
design thinking - das kleingedruckte
 
design thinking - ein überblick
design thinking - ein überblickdesign thinking - ein überblick
design thinking - ein überblick
 

Recently uploaded

1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
ppy8zfkfm
 
如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证
ju0dztxtn
 
一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
pyhepag
 
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
acoha1
 
NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...
NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...
NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...
Amil baba
 
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
pwgnohujw
 
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptxAudience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Stephen266013
 

Recently uploaded (20)

1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
 
Predictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting Techniques
Predictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting TechniquesPredictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting Techniques
Predictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting Techniques
 
Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...
Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...
Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...
 
如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理英国卡迪夫大学毕业证(Cardiff毕业证书)成绩单留信学历认证
 
Northern New England Tableau User Group (TUG) May 2024
Northern New England Tableau User Group (TUG) May 2024Northern New England Tableau User Group (TUG) May 2024
Northern New England Tableau User Group (TUG) May 2024
 
How to Transform Clinical Trial Management with Advanced Data Analytics
How to Transform Clinical Trial Management with Advanced Data AnalyticsHow to Transform Clinical Trial Management with Advanced Data Analytics
How to Transform Clinical Trial Management with Advanced Data Analytics
 
Seven tools of quality control.slideshare
Seven tools of quality control.slideshareSeven tools of quality control.slideshare
Seven tools of quality control.slideshare
 
一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
 
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
 
NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...
NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...
NO1 Best Kala Jadu Expert Specialist In Germany Kala Jadu Expert Specialist I...
 
Credit Card Fraud Detection: Safeguarding Transactions in the Digital Age
Credit Card Fraud Detection: Safeguarding Transactions in the Digital AgeCredit Card Fraud Detection: Safeguarding Transactions in the Digital Age
Credit Card Fraud Detection: Safeguarding Transactions in the Digital Age
 
Formulas dax para power bI de microsoft.pdf
Formulas dax para power bI de microsoft.pdfFormulas dax para power bI de microsoft.pdf
Formulas dax para power bI de microsoft.pdf
 
NOAM AAUG Adobe Summit 2024: Summit Slam Dunks
NOAM AAUG Adobe Summit 2024: Summit Slam DunksNOAM AAUG Adobe Summit 2024: Summit Slam Dunks
NOAM AAUG Adobe Summit 2024: Summit Slam Dunks
 
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
 
Atlantic Grupa Case Study (Mintec Data AI)
Atlantic Grupa Case Study (Mintec Data AI)Atlantic Grupa Case Study (Mintec Data AI)
Atlantic Grupa Case Study (Mintec Data AI)
 
The Significance of Transliteration Enhancing
The Significance of Transliteration EnhancingThe Significance of Transliteration Enhancing
The Significance of Transliteration Enhancing
 
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
 
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptxAudience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
 
Digital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae Coolbeth
Digital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae CoolbethDigital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae Coolbeth
Digital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae Coolbeth
 
Statistics Informed Decisions Using Data 5th edition by Michael Sullivan solu...
Statistics Informed Decisions Using Data 5th edition by Michael Sullivan solu...Statistics Informed Decisions Using Data 5th edition by Michael Sullivan solu...
Statistics Informed Decisions Using Data 5th edition by Michael Sullivan solu...
 

Machine Learning - What it is and why you should care