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Writing a Literature
Review
General Guidelines to
Writing a Literature Review
 Introduce the literature review by pointing
out the major research topic that will be
discussed
 Identify the broad problem area but don’t
be too global (for example, discussing the history of
education when the topic is on specific instructional
strategy)
 Discuss the general importance of your
topic for those in your field
General Guidelines to
Writing a Literature Review
 Don’t attempt to cover everything written
on your topic
 You will need to pick out the research
most relevant to the topic you are
studying
 You will use the studies in your literature
review as “evidence” that your research
question is an important one
General Guidelines to
Writing a Literature Review
 It is important to cover research
relevant to all the variables being
studied.
 Research that explains the relationship
between these variables is a top
priority.
 You will need to plan how you will
structure your literature review and
write from this plan.
Organizing Your Literature
Review
 Topical Order—organize by main topics
or issues; emphasize the relationship of
the issues to the main “problem”
 Chronological Order—organize the
literature by the dates the research was
published
 Problem-Cause-Solution Order—
Organize the review so that it moves
from the problem to the solution
Organizing Your Literature
Review
 General-to-Specific Order—(Also called the
funnel approach) Examine broad-based
research first and then focus on specific
studies that relate to the topic
 Specific-to-General Order—Try to make
discuss specific research studies so
conclusions can be drawn
 After reviewing the literature,
summarize what has been done, what
has not been done, and what needs to
be done
 Remember you are arguing your point
of why your study is important!
 Then pose a formal research question
or state a hypothesis—be sure this is
clearly linked to your literature review
Literature Review
Literature Review
 All sources cited in the literature review
should be listed in the references
 To sum, a literature review should
include introduction, summary and
critique of journal articles, justifications
for your research project and the
hypothesis for your research project
Common Errors Made in Lit
Reviews
 Review isn’t logically organized
 Review isn’t focused on most important
facets of the study
 Review doesn’t relate literature to the study
 Too few references or outdated references
cited
 Review isn’t written in author’s own words
 Review reads like a series of disjointed
summaries
 Review doesn’t argue a point
 Recent references are omitted
Writing the Literature Review
Plagiarism includes (Galvan, pg. 89):
1. Using another writer’s words without proper citation
2. Using another writer’s ideas without proper citation
3. Citing a source but reproducing the exact word without
quotation marks
4. Borrowing the structure of another author’s
phrases/sentences without giving the source
5. Borrowing all or part of another student’s paper
6. Using paper-writing service or having a friend write the
paper

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LiteratureReview.ppt

  • 2. General Guidelines to Writing a Literature Review  Introduce the literature review by pointing out the major research topic that will be discussed  Identify the broad problem area but don’t be too global (for example, discussing the history of education when the topic is on specific instructional strategy)  Discuss the general importance of your topic for those in your field
  • 3. General Guidelines to Writing a Literature Review  Don’t attempt to cover everything written on your topic  You will need to pick out the research most relevant to the topic you are studying  You will use the studies in your literature review as “evidence” that your research question is an important one
  • 4. General Guidelines to Writing a Literature Review  It is important to cover research relevant to all the variables being studied.  Research that explains the relationship between these variables is a top priority.  You will need to plan how you will structure your literature review and write from this plan.
  • 5. Organizing Your Literature Review  Topical Order—organize by main topics or issues; emphasize the relationship of the issues to the main “problem”  Chronological Order—organize the literature by the dates the research was published  Problem-Cause-Solution Order— Organize the review so that it moves from the problem to the solution
  • 6. Organizing Your Literature Review  General-to-Specific Order—(Also called the funnel approach) Examine broad-based research first and then focus on specific studies that relate to the topic  Specific-to-General Order—Try to make discuss specific research studies so conclusions can be drawn
  • 7.  After reviewing the literature, summarize what has been done, what has not been done, and what needs to be done  Remember you are arguing your point of why your study is important!  Then pose a formal research question or state a hypothesis—be sure this is clearly linked to your literature review Literature Review
  • 8. Literature Review  All sources cited in the literature review should be listed in the references  To sum, a literature review should include introduction, summary and critique of journal articles, justifications for your research project and the hypothesis for your research project
  • 9. Common Errors Made in Lit Reviews  Review isn’t logically organized  Review isn’t focused on most important facets of the study  Review doesn’t relate literature to the study  Too few references or outdated references cited  Review isn’t written in author’s own words  Review reads like a series of disjointed summaries  Review doesn’t argue a point  Recent references are omitted
  • 10. Writing the Literature Review Plagiarism includes (Galvan, pg. 89): 1. Using another writer’s words without proper citation 2. Using another writer’s ideas without proper citation 3. Citing a source but reproducing the exact word without quotation marks 4. Borrowing the structure of another author’s phrases/sentences without giving the source 5. Borrowing all or part of another student’s paper 6. Using paper-writing service or having a friend write the paper