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Linking books RDA – FRBR - LOD Lukas Koster Library Systems Coordinator Library of the University of Amsterdam http://www.uba.uva.nl @lukask RDA Seminar, Ingressus/OCLC, Rotterdam, November 2, 2011
http://xkcd.com/971/
Agenda RDA/FRBR – User Tasks Functions of library/catalogue Changing user needs Examples/use cases Linked Open Data and user needs RDA/FRBR/LOD? Options for libraries ‘ Recommendations’
RDA Resource Description and  Access
FRBR F unctional  R equirements for  B ibliographic  R ecords Defined in relation to  tasks performed by users  when  searching  and making use of national bibliographies and  library catalogues http://archive.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr_current2.htm#2.2
FRBR User Tasks Find Identify Select Obtain Navigate
Original objective of libraries Gateways to information Printed material Physical objects On location Bibliotheken en leeszalen in beeld, 1990
Focus on physical copies at hand  Books Journal issues
FRBR Group 1:  What?   W ork  E xpression  M anifestation  I tem Group 2:  By who?   P erson  C orporate Body FRAD   Functional Requirements for Authority Data  Group 3:  About what?   C oncept  O bject  E vent  P lace FRSAD   Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data  Title – Author - Subject
http://www.loc.gov/cds/downloads/FRBR.PDF   © Library of Congress/Barbara Tillett
FRBR for books Editions Copies Original Adaptation Translation
FRBR Group 1 Entities - WEMI Manifestation Item Work Expression Catalogue
FRBR for journals Issues Articles Journal
FRBR Group 1 Entities - WEMI Issues Copies Catalogue Manifestation Item Work Expression Articles Journal ?
Changing information world WWW
People  Objects  Newspapers Museums Publishers Books  Files  Archives  Libraries   Digital  Physical Images Text Memories Movies  Music  Sound  Statistics  Research Journals Data  Maps  Metadata  Collections   Buildings  History Art  Science  Government Societies  Stories  Photos  Reports  Private Public Games  Shows  Education Nature Speech War  Schools  Love Theatre  Poetry  Location  Fiction  Facts  Fantasy  Animals
Changing user needs Let’s explore….
 
Fiction Literature Painting Music Theatre Philosophy Archives History Images
Fiction
Fiction ISBN search
Fiction With fiction, customer mostly not interested in specific edition Just a copy in their language Movie? Da Vinci’s painting? FRBR? Samarcande – French/Belgian Union Catalogue project
Fiction Editions…. Movie? Only 1 dvd!
FRBR – Movie Work Expression An Expression of the Work A new Work
 
RDA – Movie (as Work) … Form of work :  motion picture … Content type :  two-dimensional moving image   … Type of recording :  digital Media type :  video Carrier type :  videodisc Encoding format :  DVD video … Work Expression Manifestation Physical copy
RDA – Movie (relations) Related work :  Remake based on the screenplay written by ‘ Based on novel written by Dan Brown’ Uniform resource locator :  <web address, streaming video>  Related manifestation :  Originally broadcast <date, media, ….> Source consulted :  IMDB <Title, Date, Description> Source consulted :  Wikipedia <Titel, Date, Description> + URL
And then there’s the painting
Fiction
Fiction ? No FRBR here ?
Literature Short descriptions of other Works Many authors Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library
Literature Content?
Literature Online exhibition Not linked from Catalogue http://www.kb.nl/galerie/literatuur/index.html
Literature Link back  to catalogue record for compilation Link to original Work in catalogue
Philoso phy Reprints of original texts by Spinoza Biographic notes (original work by editor) Edition information
Philosophy Content? No information about  Spinoza, historical, cultural background, influences
Painting Music Archives History Images People are interested in information, subject areas Not necessarily in traditional library items (publications, documents)
FRBR – so far so good? Improvement: relations between editions, authors, subjects. But: still focused on traditional library material Publications (physical and digital) Only library’s own holdings Journals/articles? Hierarchical, no horizontal relations Document centric, not information centric
Linked (Open) Data – Why? Make introverted systems extroverted Combine information from different sources Add value for users
Linked (Open) Data – How? Make implicit links explicit Add links to/from other sources Use URIs Use RDF/Triples Use Open License
URIs Unique identifiers on the web Instead of internal database primary key http://viaf.org/viaf/102403515  (Dan Brown) http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W  (The Da Vinci Code)
Triples Subject - Predicate – Object Thing – Relation - Thing written by painted by is about author of painter of is subject of uri uri uri uri uri uri
Two sides Publish Consume
Theatre First edition More  editions Authority info Theatre performance information!
Pilot project Linking library catalogue data to theatre performance data Dutch Digital Cultural Heritage Foundation DEN as instigator http://den.nl/ Library of the University  of Amsterdam Theatre Institute of The Netherlands http://tin.nl/ http://www.uba.uva.nl/
Catalogue results No FRBR here ( yet )
Catalogue results
Theatre play Samuel Beckett En attendant Godot (1949) Waiting for Godot – a tragicomedy in two acts (1952)  A country road A tree Evening Men in bowler hats
Theatre context PARADOX Key concept: The Performance Nothing remains, except ‘residuals’/’waste products’: Memories Souvenir brochures Recordings Objects Texts Reviews Metadata
Theatre context
Theatre context
A theatre play data model ‘ Play ’
Theatre Things (Entities) Authors, actors, producers, etc. ( persons ) Plays  (shows) Productions Performances Digital objects Photos, posters, sound, video Physical objects Costumes, scenery, models, posters, photos, sound, video …
Library Things (Entities) Authors ( persons ) Books/holdings/items ( plays )
Matching Library catalogue results – Theatre production database results
What we made
How we did it - URIs < base-url >/person/Beckett, Samuel < base-url >/title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot JavaScript/JQuery HTML
How we did it – JavaScript/JQuery < base-url >/person/Beckett, Samuel < base-url >/title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot <base-url>/ production/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot/1988-11-22/6750 JavaScript/JQuery
Problems No common identifiers Aleph key  ≠  key No internal links to common entity No central “ Work ” String matching Author: ‘ Samuel Beckett ’- ‘ Beckett, Samuel ’ Title: ‘ Waiting for Godot ’ – ’En attendant  Godot ’ Copyright Photos, videos, audio, artwork
Identifiers/URIs/String matching /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot : a tragicomedy in two acts /title/Beckett, Samuel/En attendant Godot : pièce en deux actes /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting For Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachtend op Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot (De favorieten) /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot (eerste bedrijf) /title/Beckett, Samuel/En attendant Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Warten auf Godot
Ideally…. FRBR
Current situation Implicit relations
Can RDA help Library Linked Data? In theory:  yes But with  links/URIs  instead of text strings Internally:  FRBR Externally:  Authority files
Can Linked Data help Libraries? Linked Data  in terms of FRBR: Entry point, mainly: Group 2: Who? FRAD -  People Group 3: About? FRSAD-  Subject Things associated with People/Subject: Group 1: Publications … and there is more…
Linked data options for libraries Consume Traditional cataloguing Enrichment of existing catalogue data Create new information aggregates  (new!) Publish   (unique stuff) Holdings/usage data Special collections
Linked data options for libraries Traditional cataloguing
‘ 1st edition 1956, 1st print of this edition 1965’ ‘ Original title: En attendant Godot’ Links as text strings
MARC In MARC record: Identifiers to Dutch union catalogue record  Author Title
Triples written by painted by is about author of painter of is subject of uri uri uri uri uri uri
LOD and cataloguing written by painted by author of painter of is subject of http://permalink.opc.uva.nl/item/001665446 is about Manifestation Item Work Expression http://viaf.org/viaf/102403515 Dan Brown http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W The Da Vinci Code http://viaf.org/viaf/24604287   Leonardo da Vinci http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Supper_(Leonardo_da_Vinci)   The Last Supper Dutch translation De Da Vinci Code Holding OBA http://www.worldcat.org/libraries/57394  http://<expression-uri> http://<manifestation-uri> Library
Work Expression Manifestation http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W URI 650 $a 100 $a 245 $a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Supper_(Leonardo_da_Vinci)   Subject http ://viaf.org/viaf/102403515 Author The Da Vinci Code Original Title http://<expression-uri> URI 245 $a De Da Vinci Code Title 546 $a dut (or: URI to language code) Language http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W Work 260 $c 2006 Date 260 $b http://isbndb.com/d/publisher/anchor_books.html   Publisher http://<expression-uri> Expression http://<manifestation-uri> URI
Work Expression Manifestation Holding Item(s) Global bibliographic data Local holdings data http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W URI http://<expression-uri> URI http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W Work http://<expression-uri> Expression http://<manifestation-uri> URI http://<holding-uri> URI http://<manifestation-uri> Manifestation http://www.worldcat.org/libraries/57394  Library Availability http://<holding-uri> Holding http://<item-uri> URI
Unfortunately Existing circumstances not suited for moving to Linked Cataloguing - RDA/FRBR/LOD: Bibliographic formats  (MARC) Local library systems
What’s needed Global Shared Bibliographic Metadata Store(s) Global Shared Authority Files Open Cataloguing systems Supporting for linking with URIs
Manifestation Item Work Expression FRBR Group 1 FRBR Group 2 FRAD FRBR Group 3 FRSAD Holding Publishers Libraries
Linked data options for libraries Enrichment of existing data
FRBR Links
http://search.obvsg.at/OBV   FRBR
http://search.obvsg.at/OBV   Text about author Embedded from DBPedia (Wikipedia Linked Data engine) Uses German National Library Author ID’s
Enrichment - Discovery front ends Examples use Discovery front ends Extra layer on top of processed catalogue metadata Metadata are FRBRised, based on string matching Linked data embedded using scripts/programming, manipulating HTML front end
Linked data options for libraries Create new information aggregates
Subject: Anne Frank The girl The war The house The diary The book The movie The play About Library catalogue FRBR
New aggregations http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Timeline/#
LOCAH – Linking Lives Linked Open Copac Archives Hub   http://blogs.ukoln.ac.uk/locah/   http://data.archiveshub.ac.uk/   Publish linked data Archives+libraries Using Linked Data to create biographical resources   http://archiveshub.ac.uk/linkinglives
Library options Develop your own systems/communities/open source Use existing commercial systems
Requirements/recommendations System development skills/staff Ask library systems vendors to adapt (next gen) systems to add: FRBR/RDA/Linking architecture/infrastructure LOD/RDF/URI Publishing options LOD/RDF/URI Consuming options W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group, Report:  http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/XGR-lld-20111025/   IGeLU 2011 session Linked Data and Ex Libris products, Summary slides:  http://igelu.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Linked-data-and-Ex-Libris-products-Summary.pdf
Photo credits http:// www.flickr.com/photos/mihaibojin/3472311814/ http:// www.flickr.com/photos/morville/84894874/ http:// www.flickr.com/photos/yolaleah/2243898496/ http:// www.flickr.com/photos/elenaromera/353826561/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/simona_/ 4068354970/

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Linking books: rda-frbr-lod

  • 1. Linking books RDA – FRBR - LOD Lukas Koster Library Systems Coordinator Library of the University of Amsterdam http://www.uba.uva.nl @lukask RDA Seminar, Ingressus/OCLC, Rotterdam, November 2, 2011
  • 3. Agenda RDA/FRBR – User Tasks Functions of library/catalogue Changing user needs Examples/use cases Linked Open Data and user needs RDA/FRBR/LOD? Options for libraries ‘ Recommendations’
  • 5. FRBR F unctional R equirements for B ibliographic R ecords Defined in relation to tasks performed by users when searching and making use of national bibliographies and library catalogues http://archive.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr_current2.htm#2.2
  • 6. FRBR User Tasks Find Identify Select Obtain Navigate
  • 7. Original objective of libraries Gateways to information Printed material Physical objects On location Bibliotheken en leeszalen in beeld, 1990
  • 8. Focus on physical copies at hand Books Journal issues
  • 9. FRBR Group 1: What? W ork E xpression M anifestation I tem Group 2: By who? P erson C orporate Body FRAD Functional Requirements for Authority Data Group 3: About what? C oncept O bject E vent P lace FRSAD Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data Title – Author - Subject
  • 10. http://www.loc.gov/cds/downloads/FRBR.PDF © Library of Congress/Barbara Tillett
  • 11. FRBR for books Editions Copies Original Adaptation Translation
  • 12. FRBR Group 1 Entities - WEMI Manifestation Item Work Expression Catalogue
  • 13. FRBR for journals Issues Articles Journal
  • 14. FRBR Group 1 Entities - WEMI Issues Copies Catalogue Manifestation Item Work Expression Articles Journal ?
  • 16. People Objects Newspapers Museums Publishers Books Files Archives Libraries Digital Physical Images Text Memories Movies Music Sound Statistics Research Journals Data Maps Metadata Collections Buildings History Art Science Government Societies Stories Photos Reports Private Public Games Shows Education Nature Speech War Schools Love Theatre Poetry Location Fiction Facts Fantasy Animals
  • 17. Changing user needs Let’s explore….
  • 18.  
  • 19. Fiction Literature Painting Music Theatre Philosophy Archives History Images
  • 22. Fiction With fiction, customer mostly not interested in specific edition Just a copy in their language Movie? Da Vinci’s painting? FRBR? Samarcande – French/Belgian Union Catalogue project
  • 24. FRBR – Movie Work Expression An Expression of the Work A new Work
  • 25.  
  • 26. RDA – Movie (as Work) … Form of work : motion picture … Content type : two-dimensional moving image … Type of recording : digital Media type : video Carrier type : videodisc Encoding format : DVD video … Work Expression Manifestation Physical copy
  • 27. RDA – Movie (relations) Related work : Remake based on the screenplay written by ‘ Based on novel written by Dan Brown’ Uniform resource locator : <web address, streaming video> Related manifestation : Originally broadcast <date, media, ….> Source consulted : IMDB <Title, Date, Description> Source consulted : Wikipedia <Titel, Date, Description> + URL
  • 28. And then there’s the painting
  • 30. Fiction ? No FRBR here ?
  • 31. Literature Short descriptions of other Works Many authors Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library
  • 33. Literature Online exhibition Not linked from Catalogue http://www.kb.nl/galerie/literatuur/index.html
  • 34. Literature Link back to catalogue record for compilation Link to original Work in catalogue
  • 35. Philoso phy Reprints of original texts by Spinoza Biographic notes (original work by editor) Edition information
  • 36. Philosophy Content? No information about Spinoza, historical, cultural background, influences
  • 37. Painting Music Archives History Images People are interested in information, subject areas Not necessarily in traditional library items (publications, documents)
  • 38. FRBR – so far so good? Improvement: relations between editions, authors, subjects. But: still focused on traditional library material Publications (physical and digital) Only library’s own holdings Journals/articles? Hierarchical, no horizontal relations Document centric, not information centric
  • 39. Linked (Open) Data – Why? Make introverted systems extroverted Combine information from different sources Add value for users
  • 40. Linked (Open) Data – How? Make implicit links explicit Add links to/from other sources Use URIs Use RDF/Triples Use Open License
  • 41. URIs Unique identifiers on the web Instead of internal database primary key http://viaf.org/viaf/102403515 (Dan Brown) http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W (The Da Vinci Code)
  • 42. Triples Subject - Predicate – Object Thing – Relation - Thing written by painted by is about author of painter of is subject of uri uri uri uri uri uri
  • 43. Two sides Publish Consume
  • 44. Theatre First edition More editions Authority info Theatre performance information!
  • 45. Pilot project Linking library catalogue data to theatre performance data Dutch Digital Cultural Heritage Foundation DEN as instigator http://den.nl/ Library of the University of Amsterdam Theatre Institute of The Netherlands http://tin.nl/ http://www.uba.uva.nl/
  • 46. Catalogue results No FRBR here ( yet )
  • 48. Theatre play Samuel Beckett En attendant Godot (1949) Waiting for Godot – a tragicomedy in two acts (1952) A country road A tree Evening Men in bowler hats
  • 49. Theatre context PARADOX Key concept: The Performance Nothing remains, except ‘residuals’/’waste products’: Memories Souvenir brochures Recordings Objects Texts Reviews Metadata
  • 52. A theatre play data model ‘ Play ’
  • 53. Theatre Things (Entities) Authors, actors, producers, etc. ( persons ) Plays (shows) Productions Performances Digital objects Photos, posters, sound, video Physical objects Costumes, scenery, models, posters, photos, sound, video …
  • 54. Library Things (Entities) Authors ( persons ) Books/holdings/items ( plays )
  • 55. Matching Library catalogue results – Theatre production database results
  • 57. How we did it - URIs < base-url >/person/Beckett, Samuel < base-url >/title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot JavaScript/JQuery HTML
  • 58. How we did it – JavaScript/JQuery < base-url >/person/Beckett, Samuel < base-url >/title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot <base-url>/ production/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot/1988-11-22/6750 JavaScript/JQuery
  • 59. Problems No common identifiers Aleph key ≠ key No internal links to common entity No central “ Work ” String matching Author: ‘ Samuel Beckett ’- ‘ Beckett, Samuel ’ Title: ‘ Waiting for Godot ’ – ’En attendant Godot ’ Copyright Photos, videos, audio, artwork
  • 60. Identifiers/URIs/String matching /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot : a tragicomedy in two acts /title/Beckett, Samuel/En attendant Godot : pièce en deux actes /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting for Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Waiting For Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachtend op Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot (De favorieten) /title/Beckett, Samuel/Wachten op Godot (eerste bedrijf) /title/Beckett, Samuel/En attendant Godot /title/Beckett, Samuel/Warten auf Godot
  • 63. Can RDA help Library Linked Data? In theory: yes But with links/URIs instead of text strings Internally: FRBR Externally: Authority files
  • 64. Can Linked Data help Libraries? Linked Data in terms of FRBR: Entry point, mainly: Group 2: Who? FRAD - People Group 3: About? FRSAD- Subject Things associated with People/Subject: Group 1: Publications … and there is more…
  • 65. Linked data options for libraries Consume Traditional cataloguing Enrichment of existing catalogue data Create new information aggregates (new!) Publish (unique stuff) Holdings/usage data Special collections
  • 66. Linked data options for libraries Traditional cataloguing
  • 67. ‘ 1st edition 1956, 1st print of this edition 1965’ ‘ Original title: En attendant Godot’ Links as text strings
  • 68. MARC In MARC record: Identifiers to Dutch union catalogue record Author Title
  • 69. Triples written by painted by is about author of painter of is subject of uri uri uri uri uri uri
  • 70. LOD and cataloguing written by painted by author of painter of is subject of http://permalink.opc.uva.nl/item/001665446 is about Manifestation Item Work Expression http://viaf.org/viaf/102403515 Dan Brown http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W The Da Vinci Code http://viaf.org/viaf/24604287 Leonardo da Vinci http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Supper_(Leonardo_da_Vinci) The Last Supper Dutch translation De Da Vinci Code Holding OBA http://www.worldcat.org/libraries/57394 http://<expression-uri> http://<manifestation-uri> Library
  • 71. Work Expression Manifestation http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W URI 650 $a 100 $a 245 $a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Supper_(Leonardo_da_Vinci) Subject http ://viaf.org/viaf/102403515 Author The Da Vinci Code Original Title http://<expression-uri> URI 245 $a De Da Vinci Code Title 546 $a dut (or: URI to language code) Language http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W Work 260 $c 2006 Date 260 $b http://isbndb.com/d/publisher/anchor_books.html Publisher http://<expression-uri> Expression http://<manifestation-uri> URI
  • 72. Work Expression Manifestation Holding Item(s) Global bibliographic data Local holdings data http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W URI http://<expression-uri> URI http://openlibrary.org/works/OL76837W Work http://<expression-uri> Expression http://<manifestation-uri> URI http://<holding-uri> URI http://<manifestation-uri> Manifestation http://www.worldcat.org/libraries/57394 Library Availability http://<holding-uri> Holding http://<item-uri> URI
  • 73. Unfortunately Existing circumstances not suited for moving to Linked Cataloguing - RDA/FRBR/LOD: Bibliographic formats (MARC) Local library systems
  • 74. What’s needed Global Shared Bibliographic Metadata Store(s) Global Shared Authority Files Open Cataloguing systems Supporting for linking with URIs
  • 75. Manifestation Item Work Expression FRBR Group 1 FRBR Group 2 FRAD FRBR Group 3 FRSAD Holding Publishers Libraries
  • 76. Linked data options for libraries Enrichment of existing data
  • 79. http://search.obvsg.at/OBV Text about author Embedded from DBPedia (Wikipedia Linked Data engine) Uses German National Library Author ID’s
  • 80. Enrichment - Discovery front ends Examples use Discovery front ends Extra layer on top of processed catalogue metadata Metadata are FRBRised, based on string matching Linked data embedded using scripts/programming, manipulating HTML front end
  • 81. Linked data options for libraries Create new information aggregates
  • 82. Subject: Anne Frank The girl The war The house The diary The book The movie The play About Library catalogue FRBR
  • 84. LOCAH – Linking Lives Linked Open Copac Archives Hub http://blogs.ukoln.ac.uk/locah/ http://data.archiveshub.ac.uk/ Publish linked data Archives+libraries Using Linked Data to create biographical resources http://archiveshub.ac.uk/linkinglives
  • 85. Library options Develop your own systems/communities/open source Use existing commercial systems
  • 86. Requirements/recommendations System development skills/staff Ask library systems vendors to adapt (next gen) systems to add: FRBR/RDA/Linking architecture/infrastructure LOD/RDF/URI Publishing options LOD/RDF/URI Consuming options W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group, Report: http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/XGR-lld-20111025/ IGeLU 2011 session Linked Data and Ex Libris products, Summary slides: http://igelu.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Linked-data-and-Ex-Libris-products-Summary.pdf
  • 87. Photo credits http:// www.flickr.com/photos/mihaibojin/3472311814/ http:// www.flickr.com/photos/morville/84894874/ http:// www.flickr.com/photos/yolaleah/2243898496/ http:// www.flickr.com/photos/elenaromera/353826561/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/simona_/ 4068354970/

Editor's Notes

  1. Information is outside the library walls, anywhere.
  2. Principles of linked open data