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LACHESIS
TRIGONOCEPHALUS
Muhammad Zahid
4th Semester FHMC
Synonym Names
•South American Bushmaster
• Surukuku
•Lachesis Muta
•Lachesis Mutus
Common synonym names
• adder, anaconda, asp, black racer, blacksnake, blue racer, boa, bull
snake, chicken snake, cobra, constrictor, copperhead, coral snake,
cottonmouth moccasin, diamondback rattlesnake, fer-de-lance, garter
snake, gopher snake, green snake, hognose snake, horned viper, indigo
snake, king cobra, king snake, krait, mamba, milk snake, moccasin, pine
snake, pit viper, puff adder, python, racer, rat snake, rattlesnake, sea
serpent, sea snake, sidewinder, taipan, water moccasin, water snake,
worm snake
• serpent, snake, viper
Origin of
Substance
including
natural order
and species
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chrodata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Lachesis
Species: Lachesis
muta
Proving era
and
contributors
Dr Hering proved it on July
28th, 1828.
The first case was published in
the Archives, in 1835.
Stapf, Bute, Bauer, Behlert,
Detwiller, Gross, Kummer,
Reichhelm, Roehrig,
Wesselhoeft, Kehr, Koth,
Matlack, De Young, Herfrich,
Schmole, and Lingen.
Later provings were made by
Robinson, Fellows (Fincke, not
contained in Encyclopedia),
Bartlett, Metcalf and Berridge.
Form and
potency
used in the
process of
proving.
Drug Power:1/100
10gm Venom+990gm
Sugar of Milk
Dr Hering felt
symptoms during first
and 2nd trituration.
While the other
contributors used 30th
potency
Active
constituents
of drug
Sarcodes-
>Animal
sarcode
Other animals-
>Venom-
>Snake
PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF DRUG
•SPHERE OF ACTION
•This has a powerful action upon the cerebro-spinal
system, especially centering upon the pneumogastric
nerve; has a special affinity for the outlets of the
body, throat and rectum, also affects the genito-
urinary organs, and intestinal tract.
PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF DRUG
•- Brain-Congestion, coma, sensory nerve life
destroyed.
•- Cord-Spasms, convulsions, sudden prostration.
•- Vagii-Spasms of throat, emesis.
•- Blood-Rapid decomposition.
•- Haemorrhage.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN LACHESIS
VENOM ENTER THE HUMAN
• A 28-year-old man, bitten by a 1.82 m long L. m.
muta in Brazil, developed pain and oedema at the
bite site, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and sweating.
There was peripheral neutrophil leucocytosis and
evidence of fibrinogen consumption with secondary
activation of the fibrinolytic system
PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF DRUG
• - Asthenic fever.
• -Circulation-Vasomotor paralysis.
• -Asthenia.
• -Paralysis of the heart.
• - Skin-Ecchymosis, gangrene, haemorrhages, jaundice.
• - Glands-Congestion, fatty degeneration.
• - Female-Uterian atony, scanty delayed menses.
ECCYMOSIS
ECCYMOSIS IN BREAST ECCYMOSIS IN BOTH EYES
PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION
• STUDY PROVED HYPOTENTION IN RATS AFTER THE USE OF 5 MINUTES
• ALSO MECHANISM OF INHIBITORY ACTION ON PLATELET ACTIVATION OF A
PHOSPHOLIPASE A2 ISOLATED FROM LACHESIS MUTA.
• The bushmaster (Lachesis muta) of Central and South America, the world's longest pit
viper, is capable of injecting a large dose of potent venom when it bites.
DRUG PICTURE
•Like all snake poisons, Lachesis decomposes the
blood, rendering it more fluid; hence a haemorrhagic
tendency is marked. Purpura, septic states, diphtheria,
and other low forms of disease, when the system is
thoroughly poisoned and the prostration is profound.
The modalities are most important in guiding to the
remedy.
DRUG PICTURE
•Delirium tremens with much trembling and confusion.
•Very important during the climacteric and for patients of
a melancholic disposition.
•Ill effects of suppressed discharges.
• Diphtheritic paralysis. [BOTULINUM.] Diphtheria carriers.
Sensation of tension in various parts. Cannot bear
anything tight anywhere.
DIPHTHERIA
INITIAL STAGE ADVANCED STAGE
AILMENTS FROM
• -Long lasting grief, sorrow, fright, jealousy, vexation, disappointed love
• -Suppression with quinine, climacteric
• -Bad effect of poison wounds
• -Suppressed discharges
POISON
WOUND
Lachesis
indicated in
such type of
wounds
associated with
confirmatory
modalities
MIND
• Great LOQUACITY. Amative. Sad in the morning; no desire to
mix with the world. Restless and uneasy; does not wish to
attend to business; wants to be off somewhere all the time.
Jealous. [HYOS.] Mental labor best performed at night.
Euthanasia. Suspicious; nightly delusion of fire. Religious
insanity. [VERAT.; STRAM.] Derangement of the TIME SENSE.
(SCHEMATIC)HEAD
• Pain through head on awaking. Pain at root of nose. Pressure
and burning on vertex. Waves of pain; worse after moving.
Sun headaches. With headache, flickerings, dim vision, very
pale face. Vertigo. Relieved by onset of a discharge (menses
or nasal catarrh).
EYES AND EARS
• Eyes
• Defective vision after diphtheria, extrinsic muscles too weak
to maintain focus. Sensation as if eyes were drawn together
by cords which were tied in a knot at root of nose.
• Ears
• Tearing pain from zygoma into ear; also with sore throat. Ear-
wax hard, dry.
NOSE,FACE AND MOUTH
• Nose
• Bleeding, nostrils sensitive. Coryza, preceded by headache. Hay asthma; paroxysms of sneezing.
[SILICA.; SABAD.]
• Face
• Pale. Trifacial neuralgia, left side, heat running up into head. [PHOS.] Tearing pain in jaw-bones.
Purple, mottled, puffed; looks swollen, bloated, jaundiced, chlorotic.
• Mouth
• Gums swollen, spongy, bleed. Tongue swollen, burns, trembles, red, dry and cracked at tip,
catches on teeth. APHTHOUS AND DENUDED SPOTS with burning and rawness. Nauseous taste.
TEETH ACHE, PAIN EXTENDS TO EARS. Pain in facial bones.
THROAT
• Sore, WORSE LEFT SIDE, SWALLOWING LIQUIDS. QUINSY. Septic
parotiditis. Dry, intensely swollen, externally and internally. Diphtheria;
membrane dusky, blackish; PAIN AGGRAVATED BY HOT DRINKS; chronic
sore throat, with much hawking; mucus sticks, AND CANNOT BE
FORCED UP OR DOWN. VERY PAINFUL; WORSE SLIGHTEST PRESSURE,
TOUCH IS EVEN MORE ANNOYING. In diphtheria, etc., the trouble
BEGAN on the left side. Tonsils purplish. Purple, livid color of throat.
Feeling as if something was swollen which must be swallowed; WORSE,
SWALLOWING SALIVA OR LIQUIDS. PAIN INTO EAR. COLLAR AND
NECK-BAND MUST BE VERY LOOSE.
STOMACH
•Craving for alcohol, oysters. Any food causes distress.
Pit of stomach painful to touch. Hungry, cannot wait
for food. Gnawing pressure MADE BETTER BY EATING,
but returning in a few hours. Perceptible trembling
movement in the epigastric region. Empty swallowing
more painful than swallowing solids.
ABDOMEN AND STOOL
• Abdomen
• Liver region sensitive, CANNOT BEAR ANYTHING AROUND WAIST. Especially suitable
to drunkards. Abdomen tympanitic, sensitive, painful. [BELL.]
• Stool
• Constipated, OFFENSIVE STOOL. Anus FEELS TIGHT, as if nothing could go through it.
Pain darting up the rectum every time he sneezes or coughs. Haemorrhage from
bowels like charred straw, BLACK PARTICLES. Haemorrhoids protrude, become
CONSTRICTED, PURPLISH. Stitches in them on sneezing or coughing. Constant urging
in rectum, not for stool.
FEMALE
• Climacteric troubles, palpitation, flashes of heat,
haemorrhages, vertex headache, fainting spells; worse,
pressure of clothes. Menses too short, too feeble; PAINS ALL
RELIEVED BY THE FLOW. [EUPION.] Left ovary very painful and
swollen, indurated. Mammae inflamed, bluish. Coccyx and
sacrum pain, especially on RISING from sitting posture. Acts
especially well at beginning and close of menstruation.
MALE
• Great excitement of sexual desire.
• Epilepsy after suffering by lewdness, or morbid excitement of sexual organs, onanism, frequent
emissions of semen, or jealousy.
• Nocturnal emissions, with thrill of delight.
• Sore pain in urethra, in forepart of penis.
• Indurated foreskin, after chancres.
• Mercurial syphilitic ulcers on penis.
• Scrotum swollen to enormous size. Scarlatinal dropsy.
• Sycotic ulcers, with bluish areola..
• Gangrene of glans.
• Phagedenic chancres.
RESPIRATORY
• Upper part of windpipe very susceptible to touch. Sensation of
suffocation and strangulation on lying down, particularly WHEN
ANYTHING IS AROUND THROAT; compels patient to spring from bed
and rush for open window. Spasm of glottis; feels as if something ran
from neck to larynx. Feels HE MUST TAKE A DEEP BREATH. Cramp-like
distress in praecordial region. Cough; dry, suffocative fits, tickling. Little
secretion and much sensitiveness; worse, pressure on larynx, AFTER
SLEEP, open air. BREATHING ALMOST STOPS ON FALLING ASLEEP.
[GRIND.] Larynx painful to touch. Sensation as of a plug [ANAC.] which
moves up and down, with a short cough.
HEART
• Palpitation, with fainting spells, especially during climacteric.
Constricted feeling causing palpitation, with anxiety.
Cyanosis. Irregular beats.
BACK
• Neuralgia of coccyx, WORSE RISING FROM SITTING POSTURE;
must sit perfectly still. Pain in neck, worse cervical region.
Sensation of threads stretched from back to arms, legs, eyes,
etc.
EXTREMITIES
• Cold, from excitement or mental exertion, or, legs and feet constipated
while walking in sun; hamstrings contacted after abscess; pustules in
palms; purple felon; heat in knees as from hot air blowing on them;
pain in joints with amenorrhoea; pain in hip, 3 p.m.; burning pain in
palms and soles at night; gangrenous ulcer on toe. Mottled forearms
and hands; heat of palms at night and of soles p.m. and night;
rheumatic pain, left side to right, reverse of Lyc.; bluish swelling of
upper limbs; varices ulcerate. Pain in shin bones, aching in character,
specifically if pain occurs with throat affections.
SLEEP AND FEVER
• SLEEP
• Patient SLEEPS INTO AN AGGRAVATION. Sudden starting when
falling asleep. Sleepiness, yet cannot sleep. [BELL.; OP.] W
• FEVER
• Chilly in back; feet icy cold; hot flushes and hot perspiration.
Paroxysm returns after acids. Intermittent fever every spring.ide-
awake in evening.
SKIN
•Hot perspiration, BLUISH, PURPLISH APPEARANCE.
Boils, Carbuncles, ulcers, with bluish, purple
surroundings. Dark blisters. Bed-sores, with black
edges. Blue-black swellings. Pyaemia; dissecting
wounds. Purpura, with intense prostration. SENILE
ERYSIPELAS. Wens. Cellulitis. Varicose ulcers.
MODALITIES
•WORSE, after sleep. (KALI BICH.) Lachesis sleeps INTO
aggravation; ailments that come on during sleep
[CALC.]; left side, in the spring, warm bath, pressure or
constriction, hot drinks. Closing eyes. BETTER,
appearance of discharges, warm applications.Open
air.
CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT
• Lachesis, although it may be indicated anywhere and when indicated
should be prescribed for all types of conditions and constitutions, is
adapted to thin emaciated persons or to those who have changed
physically and mentally through their illness. These patients are
generally choleric in their temperament and have a vivid imagination.
Their complexion is generally of a sickly hue. This remedy is particularly
suited to drunkards, who suffer from bad head and hemorrhoids and
are prone to erysipelatoid inflammations.
CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT
• Pain on swallowing going up into the ear, the course of the pain is along the parotid
gland externally.
• Deglutition painful, with regurgitation through the nose.(Left sided Paralysis cured)
• Diseases of the throat that commence on the left side.
• Cannot put out the tongue but with difficulty; trying it, the tongue trembles.
• The throat is so sensitive she cannot bear the least touch of the finger.
• Organic lesions of the stomach or bowels, with vomiting of bilious matter.
• Diarrhoea in warm weather, aggravated by acid fruits, worse at night and after sleep.
CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT
• Excessive offensive stools, the child always awakes in distress.appearance and
form of perfectly charred wheat straw, in longer or shorter flat pieces.
• Hemorrhage from the bowels in typhoid fever. Flakes of decomposed blood, ,
Regard as a never failing key- note, given high.
• Valuable for drunkards, choleric, the hypochondriacal, or those who are
melancholic, of spare habit or exhausted constitution; drowsiness or loss of
consciousness, lividity, or paleness and puffiness of the face, convulsive
movements or tremor in the extremities; stupor, or paralysis, especially on the
left side; pulse weak and slow.
CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT
• Persons of a less melancholy temperament, dark eyes, and a disposition to low spirits
and indolence. Women of choleric temperament, with freckles and red hair [Phos.].
Better adapted to thin and emaciated than to fleshy persons; to those who have been
changed, both mentally and physically, by their illnes
• Lachesis is especially suitable for people of dark complexion (88) and
bilious temperament, to ailments associated with the menopause and, as Hering
says, it is "better adapted to thin and emaciated than to fat persons.
• Two important polychrests which are the ground remedies and remedies of
morbid temperaments: Sepia and Lachesis. Both are remedies of person who are
perhaps the carriers of warts, but the sycotic condition in both of them is not pure
and not of the first importance
TEMPERAMENT
•CHOLERIC3;
• SANGUINE3;
•MELANCHOLIC1;
• NERVOUS1;
MIASMATIC BACKGROUND
• Psoric,
• Sycotic,
• Tubercular,
• Syphilitic
DURATION OF ACTION
• Lachesis 200, you apply 1,000,
the duration of action will be 15 days of positive
phase and next you will have one month with another
dose of M and you will obtain a positive phase for 2
to 3 months with Lachesis 10,000
Korsakow.BERNOVILE
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
• Dr Kent Clinical tip
• Disorders of the cardio vascular system
• The most lovely of all uses of Lachesis is in producing Euthanasia. When there is genuine heart
failure, Lachesis will kill, but so placidly, so pleasantly, without a pain or discomfort. The patient
will go to sleep and never wake up. When the dyspnea is of the lungs and there is not a true
heart failure, there will be a wonderful relief. In true cardiac cases with vital failure, Lachesis will
hasten away the patient
• Condition
• Euthanasia
• Cardiac Failure
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
Case 42 - Lachesis
Epithelioma
1885. Mr ------- clergyman. Epithelioma of several years standing on the left upper
lid.
The scale that comes at about once in three or four weeks is dark red.
It fissures and bleeds in the spring of the year. Sometimes it pulsates. The lid is
thick and indurated.
No constitutional symptom obtained.
Lachesis 4M cured in six months.
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
Epithelioma is
an abnormal
growth of the
epithelium,
which is the
layer of tissue
that covers the
surfaces of
organs and
other structures
of the body.
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
• Case 47 - Lachesis
• Hemophilia
• History
Has been a bleeder since birth. Just before he was born his mother had a tooth extracted, and the bleeding from the gum
could not be stopped for a long time.
Every scratch or little cut he had would keep on bleeding until he was almost exsanguinated and then the wound would
heal. Had smallpox when a year old.
At 12 years of age he sustained a small cut on forearm, the haemorrhage from which could not be stopped. Suturing was
attempted in Pennsylvania Hospital, but this only increased the bleeding points.
Was in Hospital for 5 weeks, and when he was "bled out" the wound healed. Fracture of right thigh bone and delayed
union-8 weeks before any union was observed.
Every slight bruise followed by extensive ecchymosis. Epistaxis continued for 3 or 4 days once. Rheumatism for the past
two years, since the development of which the bleedings have not been so troublesome.
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
• Just before coming here he has been in bed for two months suffering from "inflammation of bowels" and haemorrhage till
he was "bled out."
• June 2, 1896.
• Present symptoms. Rheumatic pain in knees and elbows; can hardly stand. Swelling of the knees. Pale from bleeding.
Bleeding from gums constantly. Small wounds bleed much. Small bruise makes him black and blue. Great thirst for, water;
hydrant water satisfied.
• Lach 41M, one dose.
• July 29.-
• Felt first rate until July 2d. Rheumatism returned to elbows-left first.
• Lach 41M, one dose.
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
• Aug. 22. Improving constantly.
Dec. 7. Stiffness in knees and elbows.
Lach 41M, one dose.
Jan. 30, 1897. Some stiffness returning.
Lach CM, one dose.
Sept. 6. No symptoms.
Oct. 5. Some bleeding. Rheumatic swelling in right elbow; only lasted a short time.
Lach CM.
Dec. 15. Bleeding again.
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
• Lach CM.
• March 19, 1898. Bleeding again. Rheumatic symptoms returning. Stiffness in elbow.
• Lach MM.
• July 16. Only some stiffness in left elbow
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
• Dr Robert Wood clinical tip
• Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system
• In the new born, after a hard labour ,when there is the possibility that some degree of cerebral
haemorrhage is present, even though it does not produce local symptoms, Lachesis will serve to
clear up the blood clot
• Condition
• Cerebral Hemorrhage
• Organ
• Brain
• Blood vessels
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
Bronchial asthma
Migraine
Upper respiratory tract infection with fever
Non-specific cervical lymphadenitis (in children)
Warts
Tinea capitis
Tinea cruris
Vitiligo
Acne vulgaris
Seborrhoeic dermatitis
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
Amoebic colitis
Irritable bowel syndrome
Hypothyroidism
Diabetes mellitus
Hypertension
Rheumatoid arthritis
Alopecia areata
Molluscum contagiosum
COPD
LRTI with fever
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
Ovarian cyst
Uterine fibroids
DUB
ASOM
Glue ear
CSOM
Thyrotoxicosis
Melasma
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Dengue fever
CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS
THERAPEUTIC USE
Chikungunya fever
Post chikungunya chronic arthritis
Anal fissure
Hemorrhoids
Psoriasis
Epidermolysis bullosa
DOSAGE AND POTENCY
• 200TH Potency to 1000th potency usually recommended by majority homeopaths
• Dr Kent started 1000th and preferred higher potency with less repetition.
• Dr Kashi Ram advised in acute diseases 1000th potency with frequent repetition if
needed.
• Dr E.B Nash 30th potency and also recommended in higher potencies.
• Dr Hahneman used 30th.(JHC)
• .8th to 200th potency (WB)
• In Raynaud’s disease,Dr George Royal recommends the 500th or 1000th advising to
give time for its action.
RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE
STUDIES
• Antidoted by: Radiate heat outwardly, alcohol inwardly; salt.
• The dilutions are antidoted by: Alum., Ars., Bell., Coccul., Coffea, Hepar, Merc., Nit-ac., Nux-v.,
Ph-ac., according to effects.
• It antidotes: effects of Bufo, Crotal., Rhus-t.
• Compatible: Acon., Ars., Bell., Bromium, Carb-v., Chinchona, Hepar, Hyos., Kali-bi., Lac-c., Lyc.,
Merc., Nit-ac., Nux-v., Olean., Phos., Puls., Silica, Sulphur, Tarent.
• Incompatible: Acet-ac.
• Complementary: Hepar, Lyc., Nit-ac.
RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE
STUDIES
• Compare: Crotal., Naja trip., Elaps. Cor. and Bothrops can., in their general effects on
the blood and nervous system;
• Sulphur and Lyc. in aphasia;
• Theridion and Moschus, vertigo agg. closing eyes, sun headaches;
• Ars., Hydr-ac., Laur., Digit. and Verat., fainting from cardiac weakness;
• Kali-c., heart hangs by a thread;
• Glonoin, Bell., Camphor, Nat-c., and Therid., effects from heat of the sun;
• Stram., Agaric., Mephitis, Act.rae. and Paris quad., loquacity; Opium, Hyosc., Arnica,
Alum., Lyc., Rhus-t., typhoid fever;
RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE
STUDIES
• Merc., China, Puls., Bryon., Gels., catarrhal and rheumatic
headache;
• Silica, desire to have head wrapped up;
• Crotal., Phos. and Arnica in retinal apoplexy;
• Crotal. and Elaps, otorrhoea; Apis, Ars., and Kali-c., oedema of
face;
• Cicut., dyspnoea from spasm; Apis, Rhus-t. and Euphorb.,
erysipelas, herpes, etc.;,
RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE
STUDIES
• Phytol.sore throat, debility, etc.;
• Lac-c., Crotal. and Naja, diphtheria;
• China, Carb-v., Hepar, Kreos., Kali-bi., Nux-v. and Lyc., dyspepsias and
abdominal diseases;
• Colchic. and Elaps, cold feeling in stomach;
• Bell., Caustic., Nat-m., Nit-ac., Ign., Kali-bi., Opium, Plumbum, Mez. and
Coccul., constriction of anus, anal tenesmus and dysentery;
• Anacard., sensation of plug in rectum;
RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE
STUDIES
• Hepar, Asaf., Lyc., Mur. ac., Silica Sul-ac. and Ars., ulcerations;
• Apis, Arg- m., Platin., Murex, Pallad., Lyc., and Graph., ovarian and uterine
diseases;
• Crotal., Hell., Digit., Tereb., Apis and Colchic., vesical and renal affections, with
hematuria;
• Calc- ostr., gall stones;
• Phos. and Thuja fungus hematodes;
• Nat-m. and Ledum, effects of bee sting;
• Lact-ac., fullness of throat and constriction;
• Tarent-c., painful carbuncles.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
• The majority of physicians make a mistake in beginning their treatment of scarlatina. A
mistake in the beginning means one of two things, either a long, tedious illness, or a
short one, ending with death. The mistake made is to give Belladonna in every case.
Let us look for a moment at the differences between Belladonna and Lachesis. Both
remedies have the strawberry tongue, the throbbing headache, the red face and the
high fever. Belladonna is indicated only in the sthenic type when there is an active
delirium, the throat is bright red in color, the pulse is full and bounding, the rash is
bright red and smooth. Lachesis on the other hand, is suitable where asthenia
predominates, with purplish, tardily-appearing rash, drowsiness, marked swelling of
the cervical glands, and other symptoms of malignancy above enumerated.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
• Lachesis: Similar symptoms-Congestive headache, better in open air and menstrual
flow, pain in ovaries before menstruation and disturbed sleep.
• Differentiating symptoms-Menses regular and scanty, having lot of premenstrual
complaints and chiefly left sided, talkative. Suspicious and dominant personality.
• Nat mur,: Similar symptoms Unilateral headache of reflex uterine origin, congestive
nature better in open air with pain in eye balls nasal catarrh with anosmia, obstinate
constipation.
• Differentiating symptoms-Left sided headache. Very sensitive personality with
cachetic constitution and desire for salt.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
•Pulsatilla: Similar symptoms- Delayed irregular
menses, menstrual colic, amenorrhea, leucorrhoea,
nasal catarrh.
•Differentiating symptoms-No thirst, intolerance to fat
causing diarrhea, hot patient but pain accompanied
with chilliness
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
• Act, Racemosa: Similar symptoms-Reflex uterine headache, intense
aching in eye balls, pain from eyes to top of head, amenorrhoea and
ovarian neuralgia.
• Differentiating symptoms- Great depression with dream of impending
evil, menses profuse, dark, clotted, offensive with backache and pain
across pelvis from hip to hip.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
• Comparison of Lach and Nux-v
• Lach.
• Not only feels that he is going to receive the injury but also feels that he is being injured and
that too by the surroundings for which first he complains, communicates expansively and finally
laments about his sickness and condition.
• Lach. feels he has suffered wrong, for which he complaints and laments. Is careful and cautious
in his approach but very positive and objective. He feels whatever he is doing is right.
• Lach. does not believe in yielding and is not contented, keeps making complaints and keeps on
lamenting.
• At other times he may be playful and frivolous, may desire amusement and traveling.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
• Lach. has all the three states: despair recovery, of, doubtful recovery, of and hopeful.
During the stage of hopefulness he is frivolous and playful and in the state of despair
and doubt he complains and laments. Has a desire to be magnetized, which he can
easily be (MAGNETIZED, desire to, MAGNETIZE, easy to magnetized.) And being
magnetized amel. him. In the frivolous state he may refuse to take the medicine.
• DELUSIONS, die about to, he is, exhaustion, from (Single lach.)
• DELUSIONS, imagination, die, about to, he wishes someone would help her off. (lach.)
• Nux. Vom.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES
NAJA
• . Naja is distinctly left-sided .
• Naja has unbearable heat sensations but
not always do you get the "hot iron"
sensation so often mentioned in the books
LACHESIS
• Lachesis is left to right.
• Lachesis has sensation of constriction
around the neck and waist.
TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS
TRIGONOCEPHALUS
• Low grades of Inflammation
• As well as Suppuration,
• Cutaneous hyperesthesia seizes,
• Harassing the subjects of diseases:
• Erysipelas Diphtheria too:
• Scarlatina, all purple in hue.
TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS
• In Fevers running an asthenic course,
• Sleeping, he wakes with symptoms much worse,
• Tongue black, and trembling, Delirious Brain,
• Raves of his death and his funeral train,
• Imagines his nurses to poison him seek,
• Glands swollen and pulse intermittent and week;
TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS
• On the left side the troubles are often begun,
• Next over to right side their course they will run,
• After fall cinchonizing the Ague, suppressed,
• Comes back in the spring with augmented zest;
• Evening will find him with symptoms all worse;
• Pneumonia or Asthma existence may curse.
TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS
• Hemorrhage is black and does not congeal.
• Apoplexy for cause will to whisky appeal.
• Likewise in Gangrene with moist or dry rot;
• Ulcers, when either in aged or not;
• Spasmus Glottidis, Hysterical or not.
LAST BUT NOT LEAST
• CLINICAL:
• -Circulation. High blood pressure. Strokes. Dark haemorrhages.
• -Hormonal disturbances. Menopause. Pregnancy.
• -Faintness during climacteric.
• -LACHESIS, PHOS & SILICEA are very dangerous remedies if there is pretubercular tendency-Dr.
Elizabeth Hubbard
TRICK TO MEMORIZE LACHESIS
Lachesis
• Loquacity
• Long last grief
• Left sided remedy
• Ailments from love disappointment&(CSS)
• Alcohol agg
• Constriction especially of throat
• Cold drinks desire
Lachesis
• Hemorrhage as hemotoxic
• Heat of summer agg
• Epilepsy during sleep
• Suspicious
• Intolerent of heat
• Sleep agg during and after

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  • 2. Synonym Names •South American Bushmaster • Surukuku •Lachesis Muta •Lachesis Mutus
  • 3. Common synonym names • adder, anaconda, asp, black racer, blacksnake, blue racer, boa, bull snake, chicken snake, cobra, constrictor, copperhead, coral snake, cottonmouth moccasin, diamondback rattlesnake, fer-de-lance, garter snake, gopher snake, green snake, hognose snake, horned viper, indigo snake, king cobra, king snake, krait, mamba, milk snake, moccasin, pine snake, pit viper, puff adder, python, racer, rat snake, rattlesnake, sea serpent, sea snake, sidewinder, taipan, water moccasin, water snake, worm snake • serpent, snake, viper
  • 4. Origin of Substance including natural order and species Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chrodata Class: Reptilia Order: Squamata Suborder: Serpentes Family: Viperidae Genus: Lachesis Species: Lachesis muta
  • 5. Proving era and contributors Dr Hering proved it on July 28th, 1828. The first case was published in the Archives, in 1835. Stapf, Bute, Bauer, Behlert, Detwiller, Gross, Kummer, Reichhelm, Roehrig, Wesselhoeft, Kehr, Koth, Matlack, De Young, Herfrich, Schmole, and Lingen. Later provings were made by Robinson, Fellows (Fincke, not contained in Encyclopedia), Bartlett, Metcalf and Berridge.
  • 6. Form and potency used in the process of proving. Drug Power:1/100 10gm Venom+990gm Sugar of Milk Dr Hering felt symptoms during first and 2nd trituration. While the other contributors used 30th potency
  • 8. PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF DRUG •SPHERE OF ACTION •This has a powerful action upon the cerebro-spinal system, especially centering upon the pneumogastric nerve; has a special affinity for the outlets of the body, throat and rectum, also affects the genito- urinary organs, and intestinal tract.
  • 9. PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF DRUG •- Brain-Congestion, coma, sensory nerve life destroyed. •- Cord-Spasms, convulsions, sudden prostration. •- Vagii-Spasms of throat, emesis. •- Blood-Rapid decomposition. •- Haemorrhage.
  • 10. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN LACHESIS VENOM ENTER THE HUMAN • A 28-year-old man, bitten by a 1.82 m long L. m. muta in Brazil, developed pain and oedema at the bite site, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and sweating. There was peripheral neutrophil leucocytosis and evidence of fibrinogen consumption with secondary activation of the fibrinolytic system
  • 11. PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF DRUG • - Asthenic fever. • -Circulation-Vasomotor paralysis. • -Asthenia. • -Paralysis of the heart. • - Skin-Ecchymosis, gangrene, haemorrhages, jaundice. • - Glands-Congestion, fatty degeneration. • - Female-Uterian atony, scanty delayed menses.
  • 12. ECCYMOSIS ECCYMOSIS IN BREAST ECCYMOSIS IN BOTH EYES
  • 13. PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION • STUDY PROVED HYPOTENTION IN RATS AFTER THE USE OF 5 MINUTES • ALSO MECHANISM OF INHIBITORY ACTION ON PLATELET ACTIVATION OF A PHOSPHOLIPASE A2 ISOLATED FROM LACHESIS MUTA. • The bushmaster (Lachesis muta) of Central and South America, the world's longest pit viper, is capable of injecting a large dose of potent venom when it bites.
  • 14. DRUG PICTURE •Like all snake poisons, Lachesis decomposes the blood, rendering it more fluid; hence a haemorrhagic tendency is marked. Purpura, septic states, diphtheria, and other low forms of disease, when the system is thoroughly poisoned and the prostration is profound. The modalities are most important in guiding to the remedy.
  • 15. DRUG PICTURE •Delirium tremens with much trembling and confusion. •Very important during the climacteric and for patients of a melancholic disposition. •Ill effects of suppressed discharges. • Diphtheritic paralysis. [BOTULINUM.] Diphtheria carriers. Sensation of tension in various parts. Cannot bear anything tight anywhere.
  • 17. AILMENTS FROM • -Long lasting grief, sorrow, fright, jealousy, vexation, disappointed love • -Suppression with quinine, climacteric • -Bad effect of poison wounds • -Suppressed discharges
  • 18. POISON WOUND Lachesis indicated in such type of wounds associated with confirmatory modalities
  • 19. MIND • Great LOQUACITY. Amative. Sad in the morning; no desire to mix with the world. Restless and uneasy; does not wish to attend to business; wants to be off somewhere all the time. Jealous. [HYOS.] Mental labor best performed at night. Euthanasia. Suspicious; nightly delusion of fire. Religious insanity. [VERAT.; STRAM.] Derangement of the TIME SENSE.
  • 20. (SCHEMATIC)HEAD • Pain through head on awaking. Pain at root of nose. Pressure and burning on vertex. Waves of pain; worse after moving. Sun headaches. With headache, flickerings, dim vision, very pale face. Vertigo. Relieved by onset of a discharge (menses or nasal catarrh).
  • 21. EYES AND EARS • Eyes • Defective vision after diphtheria, extrinsic muscles too weak to maintain focus. Sensation as if eyes were drawn together by cords which were tied in a knot at root of nose. • Ears • Tearing pain from zygoma into ear; also with sore throat. Ear- wax hard, dry.
  • 22. NOSE,FACE AND MOUTH • Nose • Bleeding, nostrils sensitive. Coryza, preceded by headache. Hay asthma; paroxysms of sneezing. [SILICA.; SABAD.] • Face • Pale. Trifacial neuralgia, left side, heat running up into head. [PHOS.] Tearing pain in jaw-bones. Purple, mottled, puffed; looks swollen, bloated, jaundiced, chlorotic. • Mouth • Gums swollen, spongy, bleed. Tongue swollen, burns, trembles, red, dry and cracked at tip, catches on teeth. APHTHOUS AND DENUDED SPOTS with burning and rawness. Nauseous taste. TEETH ACHE, PAIN EXTENDS TO EARS. Pain in facial bones.
  • 23. THROAT • Sore, WORSE LEFT SIDE, SWALLOWING LIQUIDS. QUINSY. Septic parotiditis. Dry, intensely swollen, externally and internally. Diphtheria; membrane dusky, blackish; PAIN AGGRAVATED BY HOT DRINKS; chronic sore throat, with much hawking; mucus sticks, AND CANNOT BE FORCED UP OR DOWN. VERY PAINFUL; WORSE SLIGHTEST PRESSURE, TOUCH IS EVEN MORE ANNOYING. In diphtheria, etc., the trouble BEGAN on the left side. Tonsils purplish. Purple, livid color of throat. Feeling as if something was swollen which must be swallowed; WORSE, SWALLOWING SALIVA OR LIQUIDS. PAIN INTO EAR. COLLAR AND NECK-BAND MUST BE VERY LOOSE.
  • 24. STOMACH •Craving for alcohol, oysters. Any food causes distress. Pit of stomach painful to touch. Hungry, cannot wait for food. Gnawing pressure MADE BETTER BY EATING, but returning in a few hours. Perceptible trembling movement in the epigastric region. Empty swallowing more painful than swallowing solids.
  • 25. ABDOMEN AND STOOL • Abdomen • Liver region sensitive, CANNOT BEAR ANYTHING AROUND WAIST. Especially suitable to drunkards. Abdomen tympanitic, sensitive, painful. [BELL.] • Stool • Constipated, OFFENSIVE STOOL. Anus FEELS TIGHT, as if nothing could go through it. Pain darting up the rectum every time he sneezes or coughs. Haemorrhage from bowels like charred straw, BLACK PARTICLES. Haemorrhoids protrude, become CONSTRICTED, PURPLISH. Stitches in them on sneezing or coughing. Constant urging in rectum, not for stool.
  • 26. FEMALE • Climacteric troubles, palpitation, flashes of heat, haemorrhages, vertex headache, fainting spells; worse, pressure of clothes. Menses too short, too feeble; PAINS ALL RELIEVED BY THE FLOW. [EUPION.] Left ovary very painful and swollen, indurated. Mammae inflamed, bluish. Coccyx and sacrum pain, especially on RISING from sitting posture. Acts especially well at beginning and close of menstruation.
  • 27. MALE • Great excitement of sexual desire. • Epilepsy after suffering by lewdness, or morbid excitement of sexual organs, onanism, frequent emissions of semen, or jealousy. • Nocturnal emissions, with thrill of delight. • Sore pain in urethra, in forepart of penis. • Indurated foreskin, after chancres. • Mercurial syphilitic ulcers on penis. • Scrotum swollen to enormous size. Scarlatinal dropsy. • Sycotic ulcers, with bluish areola.. • Gangrene of glans. • Phagedenic chancres.
  • 28. RESPIRATORY • Upper part of windpipe very susceptible to touch. Sensation of suffocation and strangulation on lying down, particularly WHEN ANYTHING IS AROUND THROAT; compels patient to spring from bed and rush for open window. Spasm of glottis; feels as if something ran from neck to larynx. Feels HE MUST TAKE A DEEP BREATH. Cramp-like distress in praecordial region. Cough; dry, suffocative fits, tickling. Little secretion and much sensitiveness; worse, pressure on larynx, AFTER SLEEP, open air. BREATHING ALMOST STOPS ON FALLING ASLEEP. [GRIND.] Larynx painful to touch. Sensation as of a plug [ANAC.] which moves up and down, with a short cough.
  • 29. HEART • Palpitation, with fainting spells, especially during climacteric. Constricted feeling causing palpitation, with anxiety. Cyanosis. Irregular beats.
  • 30. BACK • Neuralgia of coccyx, WORSE RISING FROM SITTING POSTURE; must sit perfectly still. Pain in neck, worse cervical region. Sensation of threads stretched from back to arms, legs, eyes, etc.
  • 31. EXTREMITIES • Cold, from excitement or mental exertion, or, legs and feet constipated while walking in sun; hamstrings contacted after abscess; pustules in palms; purple felon; heat in knees as from hot air blowing on them; pain in joints with amenorrhoea; pain in hip, 3 p.m.; burning pain in palms and soles at night; gangrenous ulcer on toe. Mottled forearms and hands; heat of palms at night and of soles p.m. and night; rheumatic pain, left side to right, reverse of Lyc.; bluish swelling of upper limbs; varices ulcerate. Pain in shin bones, aching in character, specifically if pain occurs with throat affections.
  • 32. SLEEP AND FEVER • SLEEP • Patient SLEEPS INTO AN AGGRAVATION. Sudden starting when falling asleep. Sleepiness, yet cannot sleep. [BELL.; OP.] W • FEVER • Chilly in back; feet icy cold; hot flushes and hot perspiration. Paroxysm returns after acids. Intermittent fever every spring.ide- awake in evening.
  • 33. SKIN •Hot perspiration, BLUISH, PURPLISH APPEARANCE. Boils, Carbuncles, ulcers, with bluish, purple surroundings. Dark blisters. Bed-sores, with black edges. Blue-black swellings. Pyaemia; dissecting wounds. Purpura, with intense prostration. SENILE ERYSIPELAS. Wens. Cellulitis. Varicose ulcers.
  • 34. MODALITIES •WORSE, after sleep. (KALI BICH.) Lachesis sleeps INTO aggravation; ailments that come on during sleep [CALC.]; left side, in the spring, warm bath, pressure or constriction, hot drinks. Closing eyes. BETTER, appearance of discharges, warm applications.Open air.
  • 35. CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT • Lachesis, although it may be indicated anywhere and when indicated should be prescribed for all types of conditions and constitutions, is adapted to thin emaciated persons or to those who have changed physically and mentally through their illness. These patients are generally choleric in their temperament and have a vivid imagination. Their complexion is generally of a sickly hue. This remedy is particularly suited to drunkards, who suffer from bad head and hemorrhoids and are prone to erysipelatoid inflammations.
  • 36. CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT • Pain on swallowing going up into the ear, the course of the pain is along the parotid gland externally. • Deglutition painful, with regurgitation through the nose.(Left sided Paralysis cured) • Diseases of the throat that commence on the left side. • Cannot put out the tongue but with difficulty; trying it, the tongue trembles. • The throat is so sensitive she cannot bear the least touch of the finger. • Organic lesions of the stomach or bowels, with vomiting of bilious matter. • Diarrhoea in warm weather, aggravated by acid fruits, worse at night and after sleep.
  • 37. CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT • Excessive offensive stools, the child always awakes in distress.appearance and form of perfectly charred wheat straw, in longer or shorter flat pieces. • Hemorrhage from the bowels in typhoid fever. Flakes of decomposed blood, , Regard as a never failing key- note, given high. • Valuable for drunkards, choleric, the hypochondriacal, or those who are melancholic, of spare habit or exhausted constitution; drowsiness or loss of consciousness, lividity, or paleness and puffiness of the face, convulsive movements or tremor in the extremities; stupor, or paralysis, especially on the left side; pulse weak and slow.
  • 38. CONSTITUTION AND TEMPERAMENT • Persons of a less melancholy temperament, dark eyes, and a disposition to low spirits and indolence. Women of choleric temperament, with freckles and red hair [Phos.]. Better adapted to thin and emaciated than to fleshy persons; to those who have been changed, both mentally and physically, by their illnes • Lachesis is especially suitable for people of dark complexion (88) and bilious temperament, to ailments associated with the menopause and, as Hering says, it is "better adapted to thin and emaciated than to fat persons. • Two important polychrests which are the ground remedies and remedies of morbid temperaments: Sepia and Lachesis. Both are remedies of person who are perhaps the carriers of warts, but the sycotic condition in both of them is not pure and not of the first importance
  • 40. MIASMATIC BACKGROUND • Psoric, • Sycotic, • Tubercular, • Syphilitic
  • 41. DURATION OF ACTION • Lachesis 200, you apply 1,000, the duration of action will be 15 days of positive phase and next you will have one month with another dose of M and you will obtain a positive phase for 2 to 3 months with Lachesis 10,000 Korsakow.BERNOVILE
  • 42. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE • Dr Kent Clinical tip • Disorders of the cardio vascular system • The most lovely of all uses of Lachesis is in producing Euthanasia. When there is genuine heart failure, Lachesis will kill, but so placidly, so pleasantly, without a pain or discomfort. The patient will go to sleep and never wake up. When the dyspnea is of the lungs and there is not a true heart failure, there will be a wonderful relief. In true cardiac cases with vital failure, Lachesis will hasten away the patient • Condition • Euthanasia • Cardiac Failure
  • 43. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE Case 42 - Lachesis Epithelioma 1885. Mr ------- clergyman. Epithelioma of several years standing on the left upper lid. The scale that comes at about once in three or four weeks is dark red. It fissures and bleeds in the spring of the year. Sometimes it pulsates. The lid is thick and indurated. No constitutional symptom obtained. Lachesis 4M cured in six months.
  • 44. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE Epithelioma is an abnormal growth of the epithelium, which is the layer of tissue that covers the surfaces of organs and other structures of the body.
  • 45. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE • Case 47 - Lachesis • Hemophilia • History Has been a bleeder since birth. Just before he was born his mother had a tooth extracted, and the bleeding from the gum could not be stopped for a long time. Every scratch or little cut he had would keep on bleeding until he was almost exsanguinated and then the wound would heal. Had smallpox when a year old. At 12 years of age he sustained a small cut on forearm, the haemorrhage from which could not be stopped. Suturing was attempted in Pennsylvania Hospital, but this only increased the bleeding points. Was in Hospital for 5 weeks, and when he was "bled out" the wound healed. Fracture of right thigh bone and delayed union-8 weeks before any union was observed. Every slight bruise followed by extensive ecchymosis. Epistaxis continued for 3 or 4 days once. Rheumatism for the past two years, since the development of which the bleedings have not been so troublesome.
  • 46. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE • Just before coming here he has been in bed for two months suffering from "inflammation of bowels" and haemorrhage till he was "bled out." • June 2, 1896. • Present symptoms. Rheumatic pain in knees and elbows; can hardly stand. Swelling of the knees. Pale from bleeding. Bleeding from gums constantly. Small wounds bleed much. Small bruise makes him black and blue. Great thirst for, water; hydrant water satisfied. • Lach 41M, one dose. • July 29.- • Felt first rate until July 2d. Rheumatism returned to elbows-left first. • Lach 41M, one dose.
  • 47. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE • Aug. 22. Improving constantly. Dec. 7. Stiffness in knees and elbows. Lach 41M, one dose. Jan. 30, 1897. Some stiffness returning. Lach CM, one dose. Sept. 6. No symptoms. Oct. 5. Some bleeding. Rheumatic swelling in right elbow; only lasted a short time. Lach CM. Dec. 15. Bleeding again.
  • 48. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE • Lach CM. • March 19, 1898. Bleeding again. Rheumatic symptoms returning. Stiffness in elbow. • Lach MM. • July 16. Only some stiffness in left elbow
  • 49. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE • Dr Robert Wood clinical tip • Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system • In the new born, after a hard labour ,when there is the possibility that some degree of cerebral haemorrhage is present, even though it does not produce local symptoms, Lachesis will serve to clear up the blood clot • Condition • Cerebral Hemorrhage • Organ • Brain • Blood vessels
  • 50. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE Bronchial asthma Migraine Upper respiratory tract infection with fever Non-specific cervical lymphadenitis (in children) Warts Tinea capitis Tinea cruris Vitiligo Acne vulgaris Seborrhoeic dermatitis
  • 51. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE Amoebic colitis Irritable bowel syndrome Hypothyroidism Diabetes mellitus Hypertension Rheumatoid arthritis Alopecia areata Molluscum contagiosum COPD LRTI with fever
  • 52. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE Ovarian cyst Uterine fibroids DUB ASOM Glue ear CSOM Thyrotoxicosis Melasma Carpal tunnel syndrome Dengue fever
  • 53. CLINICAL IMPORTANCE AND ITS THERAPEUTIC USE Chikungunya fever Post chikungunya chronic arthritis Anal fissure Hemorrhoids Psoriasis Epidermolysis bullosa
  • 54. DOSAGE AND POTENCY • 200TH Potency to 1000th potency usually recommended by majority homeopaths • Dr Kent started 1000th and preferred higher potency with less repetition. • Dr Kashi Ram advised in acute diseases 1000th potency with frequent repetition if needed. • Dr E.B Nash 30th potency and also recommended in higher potencies. • Dr Hahneman used 30th.(JHC) • .8th to 200th potency (WB) • In Raynaud’s disease,Dr George Royal recommends the 500th or 1000th advising to give time for its action.
  • 55. RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES • Antidoted by: Radiate heat outwardly, alcohol inwardly; salt. • The dilutions are antidoted by: Alum., Ars., Bell., Coccul., Coffea, Hepar, Merc., Nit-ac., Nux-v., Ph-ac., according to effects. • It antidotes: effects of Bufo, Crotal., Rhus-t. • Compatible: Acon., Ars., Bell., Bromium, Carb-v., Chinchona, Hepar, Hyos., Kali-bi., Lac-c., Lyc., Merc., Nit-ac., Nux-v., Olean., Phos., Puls., Silica, Sulphur, Tarent. • Incompatible: Acet-ac. • Complementary: Hepar, Lyc., Nit-ac.
  • 56. RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES • Compare: Crotal., Naja trip., Elaps. Cor. and Bothrops can., in their general effects on the blood and nervous system; • Sulphur and Lyc. in aphasia; • Theridion and Moschus, vertigo agg. closing eyes, sun headaches; • Ars., Hydr-ac., Laur., Digit. and Verat., fainting from cardiac weakness; • Kali-c., heart hangs by a thread; • Glonoin, Bell., Camphor, Nat-c., and Therid., effects from heat of the sun; • Stram., Agaric., Mephitis, Act.rae. and Paris quad., loquacity; Opium, Hyosc., Arnica, Alum., Lyc., Rhus-t., typhoid fever;
  • 57. RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES • Merc., China, Puls., Bryon., Gels., catarrhal and rheumatic headache; • Silica, desire to have head wrapped up; • Crotal., Phos. and Arnica in retinal apoplexy; • Crotal. and Elaps, otorrhoea; Apis, Ars., and Kali-c., oedema of face; • Cicut., dyspnoea from spasm; Apis, Rhus-t. and Euphorb., erysipelas, herpes, etc.;,
  • 58. RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES • Phytol.sore throat, debility, etc.; • Lac-c., Crotal. and Naja, diphtheria; • China, Carb-v., Hepar, Kreos., Kali-bi., Nux-v. and Lyc., dyspepsias and abdominal diseases; • Colchic. and Elaps, cold feeling in stomach; • Bell., Caustic., Nat-m., Nit-ac., Ign., Kali-bi., Opium, Plumbum, Mez. and Coccul., constriction of anus, anal tenesmus and dysentery; • Anacard., sensation of plug in rectum;
  • 59. RELATIONSHIP AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES • Hepar, Asaf., Lyc., Mur. ac., Silica Sul-ac. and Ars., ulcerations; • Apis, Arg- m., Platin., Murex, Pallad., Lyc., and Graph., ovarian and uterine diseases; • Crotal., Hell., Digit., Tereb., Apis and Colchic., vesical and renal affections, with hematuria; • Calc- ostr., gall stones; • Phos. and Thuja fungus hematodes; • Nat-m. and Ledum, effects of bee sting; • Lact-ac., fullness of throat and constriction; • Tarent-c., painful carbuncles.
  • 60. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES • The majority of physicians make a mistake in beginning their treatment of scarlatina. A mistake in the beginning means one of two things, either a long, tedious illness, or a short one, ending with death. The mistake made is to give Belladonna in every case. Let us look for a moment at the differences between Belladonna and Lachesis. Both remedies have the strawberry tongue, the throbbing headache, the red face and the high fever. Belladonna is indicated only in the sthenic type when there is an active delirium, the throat is bright red in color, the pulse is full and bounding, the rash is bright red and smooth. Lachesis on the other hand, is suitable where asthenia predominates, with purplish, tardily-appearing rash, drowsiness, marked swelling of the cervical glands, and other symptoms of malignancy above enumerated.
  • 61. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES • Lachesis: Similar symptoms-Congestive headache, better in open air and menstrual flow, pain in ovaries before menstruation and disturbed sleep. • Differentiating symptoms-Menses regular and scanty, having lot of premenstrual complaints and chiefly left sided, talkative. Suspicious and dominant personality. • Nat mur,: Similar symptoms Unilateral headache of reflex uterine origin, congestive nature better in open air with pain in eye balls nasal catarrh with anosmia, obstinate constipation. • Differentiating symptoms-Left sided headache. Very sensitive personality with cachetic constitution and desire for salt.
  • 62. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES •Pulsatilla: Similar symptoms- Delayed irregular menses, menstrual colic, amenorrhea, leucorrhoea, nasal catarrh. •Differentiating symptoms-No thirst, intolerance to fat causing diarrhea, hot patient but pain accompanied with chilliness
  • 63. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES • Act, Racemosa: Similar symptoms-Reflex uterine headache, intense aching in eye balls, pain from eyes to top of head, amenorrhoea and ovarian neuralgia. • Differentiating symptoms- Great depression with dream of impending evil, menses profuse, dark, clotted, offensive with backache and pain across pelvis from hip to hip.
  • 64. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES • Comparison of Lach and Nux-v • Lach. • Not only feels that he is going to receive the injury but also feels that he is being injured and that too by the surroundings for which first he complains, communicates expansively and finally laments about his sickness and condition. • Lach. feels he has suffered wrong, for which he complaints and laments. Is careful and cautious in his approach but very positive and objective. He feels whatever he is doing is right. • Lach. does not believe in yielding and is not contented, keeps making complaints and keeps on lamenting. • At other times he may be playful and frivolous, may desire amusement and traveling.
  • 65. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES • Lach. has all the three states: despair recovery, of, doubtful recovery, of and hopeful. During the stage of hopefulness he is frivolous and playful and in the state of despair and doubt he complains and laments. Has a desire to be magnetized, which he can easily be (MAGNETIZED, desire to, MAGNETIZE, easy to magnetized.) And being magnetized amel. him. In the frivolous state he may refuse to take the medicine. • DELUSIONS, die about to, he is, exhaustion, from (Single lach.) • DELUSIONS, imagination, die, about to, he wishes someone would help her off. (lach.) • Nux. Vom.
  • 66. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WITH OTHER HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES NAJA • . Naja is distinctly left-sided . • Naja has unbearable heat sensations but not always do you get the "hot iron" sensation so often mentioned in the books LACHESIS • Lachesis is left to right. • Lachesis has sensation of constriction around the neck and waist.
  • 67. TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS TRIGONOCEPHALUS • Low grades of Inflammation • As well as Suppuration, • Cutaneous hyperesthesia seizes, • Harassing the subjects of diseases: • Erysipelas Diphtheria too: • Scarlatina, all purple in hue.
  • 68. TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS • In Fevers running an asthenic course, • Sleeping, he wakes with symptoms much worse, • Tongue black, and trembling, Delirious Brain, • Raves of his death and his funeral train, • Imagines his nurses to poison him seek, • Glands swollen and pulse intermittent and week;
  • 69. TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS • On the left side the troubles are often begun, • Next over to right side their course they will run, • After fall cinchonizing the Ague, suppressed, • Comes back in the spring with augmented zest; • Evening will find him with symptoms all worse; • Pneumonia or Asthma existence may curse.
  • 70. TRICK TO MEMORISE LACHESIS • Hemorrhage is black and does not congeal. • Apoplexy for cause will to whisky appeal. • Likewise in Gangrene with moist or dry rot; • Ulcers, when either in aged or not; • Spasmus Glottidis, Hysterical or not.
  • 71. LAST BUT NOT LEAST • CLINICAL: • -Circulation. High blood pressure. Strokes. Dark haemorrhages. • -Hormonal disturbances. Menopause. Pregnancy. • -Faintness during climacteric. • -LACHESIS, PHOS & SILICEA are very dangerous remedies if there is pretubercular tendency-Dr. Elizabeth Hubbard
  • 72. TRICK TO MEMORIZE LACHESIS Lachesis • Loquacity • Long last grief • Left sided remedy • Ailments from love disappointment&(CSS) • Alcohol agg • Constriction especially of throat • Cold drinks desire Lachesis • Hemorrhage as hemotoxic • Heat of summer agg • Epilepsy during sleep • Suspicious • Intolerent of heat • Sleep agg during and after