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Internet Measurement
Networks
Sunny Chendi
bdNOG 1, Dhaka, Bangladesh
23 May 2014
01
What is Internet Measurement
Networks?
• A global network of “probes” anyone can participate
• Potentially the world's largest internet measurement
network
• Measure Internet connectivity and reachability
• Provides an unprecedented understanding of the state of
the Internet in real time
2
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Statistics as of April 2014
• 5,300+ active probes
• 7,000+ active users
https://atlas.ripe.net/results/maps/network-coverage
3
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Coverage
4
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document to verify that this is the current version.
Participation and Benefits
• Anyone can become a probe host
• Major personal and operational benefit:
– See your network from the outside!
– Have at your fingertips ~5,000 external vantage points to do
customized measurements towards the destination of your choice
• Built-in measurements data available to everyone
– Maps, data from public probes, API to download raw data
• Analyses and Use Cases
https://atlas.ripe.net/results/analyses/
5
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Security and Privacy
• Many built-in safeguards to prevent anyone from taking
over the system
– don't have any open ports that one can connect to (even locally)
– only support outgoing connections
• Use mutual authentication between the probes and the
infrastructure components
• It only talks to central infrastructure and executes active
measurement commands towards the public Internet.
• you can put it behind a firewall, as long as that firewall does
not prevent the probe from talking to the outside world
6
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Security and Privacy
• Your personal information such as Mac address and email
address will never be shown
– Only your IP address will be displayed
• Hosts can see all available information about their own
probes
• The public can see some information about the public
probes in the Atlas network, including probe IDs,
connection history and user-defined measurements.
7
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document to verify that this is the current version.
Atlas Credit System
• Allows to recognise participants' contributions and consumption
of resources in the Atlas system
• Credit system introduced to ensure fairness and protect system
from overload
• By hosting a probe, you earn credits
• Receives 15 credits for each minute probe is connected to Atlas
network,
– you should earn roughly 21,600 credits every 24 hours, if connected
continuously
• To perform measurements, you spend credits
– Ping costs 10 credits, trace route costs 20 credits, etc.
• More details: https://atlas.ripe.net/doc/credits
8
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
User-Defined Measurements
• Probe hosts perform customized measurements using the
targets and frequency of their choice
• API available for creating measurements
https://atlas.ripe.net/docs/measurement-creation-api/
• REST APIs for analyzing measurements
https://labs.ripe.net/Members/wilhelm/ripe-atlas-code-for-analysis-and-
statistics-reporting
9
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
How to Schedule a Measurement
• Log in to atlas.ripe.net
• Go to “My Atlas” and “My Measurements”
• Choose “New Measurement” or “One-off”
– Most measurements are periodic & last a long time
– Choose type, target, frequency, # of probes, region...
– You will spend credits (next slides)
• To see results: “My Measurements”
• More details: https://atlas.ripe.net/doc/udm
10
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document to verify that this is the current version.
Dashboard
11
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document to verify that this is the current version.
Integration with Monitoring Systems
• Steps for Status Checks:
– Create a Atlas ping measurement
• You can use up to 1,024 probes
https://atlas.ripe.net/api/v1/status-checks/MEASUREMENT_ID/
– Come back later to see whether anything has changed
– Define your alerts accordingly
• Creating Alerts in “Icinga”:
– Make use of the built-in check_http plugin
• Documentation and examples:
https://atlas.ripe.net/docs/status-checks/
12
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Plans For The Future
• Integrating DNSMON into Atlas
• Tagging probes and measurements as “My Favorites” for
easy viewing
• More IPv6-related features
• Feedback for feature requests
http://roadmap.ripe.net/ripe-atlas/
13
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Useful links
• Homepage: https://atlas.ripe.net/
• Internet maps: https://atlas.ripe.net/results/maps/
• Use cases: https://atlas.ripe.net/results/analyses/
• Security: https://atlas.ripe.net/docs/security/
• Widgets:
https://stat.ripe.net/widgets/demo/atlas_probe_widgets.html
• Mailing list for active users: ripe-atlas@ripe.net
• Articles & updates: https://labs.ripe.net/atlas
• Questions: atlas@ripe.net
• Twitter: @RIPE_Atlas and #RIPEAtlas
14
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
RIPE Atlas Probe
• Small hardware device that runs measurements in the RIPE
Atlas system
• Reports results to the data collection components
• TP-Link TL-MR3020 powered from USB port
• Does not work as a wireless router!
15
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
16
This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master
document to verify that this is the current version.
Interested in hosting a Probe?
Sunny@apnic.net

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Internet Measurement Network

  • 1. Issue Date: Revision: Internet Measurement Networks Sunny Chendi bdNOG 1, Dhaka, Bangladesh 23 May 2014 01
  • 2. What is Internet Measurement Networks? • A global network of “probes” anyone can participate • Potentially the world's largest internet measurement network • Measure Internet connectivity and reachability • Provides an unprecedented understanding of the state of the Internet in real time 2 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 3. Statistics as of April 2014 • 5,300+ active probes • 7,000+ active users https://atlas.ripe.net/results/maps/network-coverage 3 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 4. Coverage 4 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 5. Participation and Benefits • Anyone can become a probe host • Major personal and operational benefit: – See your network from the outside! – Have at your fingertips ~5,000 external vantage points to do customized measurements towards the destination of your choice • Built-in measurements data available to everyone – Maps, data from public probes, API to download raw data • Analyses and Use Cases https://atlas.ripe.net/results/analyses/ 5 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 6. Security and Privacy • Many built-in safeguards to prevent anyone from taking over the system – don't have any open ports that one can connect to (even locally) – only support outgoing connections • Use mutual authentication between the probes and the infrastructure components • It only talks to central infrastructure and executes active measurement commands towards the public Internet. • you can put it behind a firewall, as long as that firewall does not prevent the probe from talking to the outside world 6 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 7. Security and Privacy • Your personal information such as Mac address and email address will never be shown – Only your IP address will be displayed • Hosts can see all available information about their own probes • The public can see some information about the public probes in the Atlas network, including probe IDs, connection history and user-defined measurements. 7 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 8. Atlas Credit System • Allows to recognise participants' contributions and consumption of resources in the Atlas system • Credit system introduced to ensure fairness and protect system from overload • By hosting a probe, you earn credits • Receives 15 credits for each minute probe is connected to Atlas network, – you should earn roughly 21,600 credits every 24 hours, if connected continuously • To perform measurements, you spend credits – Ping costs 10 credits, trace route costs 20 credits, etc. • More details: https://atlas.ripe.net/doc/credits 8 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 9. User-Defined Measurements • Probe hosts perform customized measurements using the targets and frequency of their choice • API available for creating measurements https://atlas.ripe.net/docs/measurement-creation-api/ • REST APIs for analyzing measurements https://labs.ripe.net/Members/wilhelm/ripe-atlas-code-for-analysis-and- statistics-reporting 9 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 10. How to Schedule a Measurement • Log in to atlas.ripe.net • Go to “My Atlas” and “My Measurements” • Choose “New Measurement” or “One-off” – Most measurements are periodic & last a long time – Choose type, target, frequency, # of probes, region... – You will spend credits (next slides) • To see results: “My Measurements” • More details: https://atlas.ripe.net/doc/udm 10 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 11. Dashboard 11 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 12. Integration with Monitoring Systems • Steps for Status Checks: – Create a Atlas ping measurement • You can use up to 1,024 probes https://atlas.ripe.net/api/v1/status-checks/MEASUREMENT_ID/ – Come back later to see whether anything has changed – Define your alerts accordingly • Creating Alerts in “Icinga”: – Make use of the built-in check_http plugin • Documentation and examples: https://atlas.ripe.net/docs/status-checks/ 12 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 13. Plans For The Future • Integrating DNSMON into Atlas • Tagging probes and measurements as “My Favorites” for easy viewing • More IPv6-related features • Feedback for feature requests http://roadmap.ripe.net/ripe-atlas/ 13 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 14. Useful links • Homepage: https://atlas.ripe.net/ • Internet maps: https://atlas.ripe.net/results/maps/ • Use cases: https://atlas.ripe.net/results/analyses/ • Security: https://atlas.ripe.net/docs/security/ • Widgets: https://stat.ripe.net/widgets/demo/atlas_probe_widgets.html • Mailing list for active users: ripe-atlas@ripe.net • Articles & updates: https://labs.ripe.net/atlas • Questions: atlas@ripe.net • Twitter: @RIPE_Atlas and #RIPEAtlas 14 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 15. RIPE Atlas Probe • Small hardware device that runs measurements in the RIPE Atlas system • Reports results to the data collection components • TP-Link TL-MR3020 powered from USB port • Does not work as a wireless router! 15 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version.
  • 16. 16 This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version. Interested in hosting a Probe? Sunny@apnic.net