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Driver  Distrac+on  Management  
Using  Sensor  Data  Cloud
Funded	
  by:	
  
Informa0on	
  Society	
  Innova0on	
  Fund	
  (ISIF)	
  Asia,	
  2013-­‐2014	
  
	
  
	
  
Presented	
  by	
  
Dr.	
  Md.	
  Abdur	
  Razzaque	
  
Associate	
  Professor,	
  Dept.	
  of	
  Computer	
  Science	
  and	
  Engineering	
  &	
  
Group	
  Leader,	
  Green	
  Networking	
  Research	
  Group,	
  CSE,	
  University	
  of	
  Dhaka	
  
Email:	
  razzaque@cse.univdhaka.edu	
  
Web:	
  hWp://gnr.cse.univdhaka.edu	
  	
  
	
  
Contents
• Introduc)on	
  to	
  Driver	
  Distrac)on	
  
• Driver	
  Distrac)on	
  Types,	
  Trends,	
  and	
  Effects	
  
• What	
  can	
  be	
  done	
  to	
  address	
  it?	
  
• Death	
  rates	
  around	
  the	
  world	
  due	
  to	
  road	
  accidents	
  
• Bangladesh	
  Scenario	
  
• Our	
  solu)on	
  methodology	
  
• Implementa)ons	
  and	
  benefits	
  
• Conclusion	
  
2	
  
Introduc)on	
  	
  
Driver  Distrac+on
Distracted	
   driving	
   is	
   any	
   ac)vity	
   that	
   could	
   divert	
   a	
  
person's	
   aFen)on	
   away	
   from	
   the	
   primary	
   task	
   of	
  
driving.	
   All	
   distrac)ons	
   endanger	
   driver,	
   passenger,	
  
and	
  vehicle	
  safety.	
  	
  
4	
  
These	
  types	
  of	
  distrac)ons	
  include:	
  
Ø Tex)ng	
  
Ø Using	
  a	
  cell	
  phone	
  or	
  Smartphone	
  
Ø Ea)ng	
  and	
  drinking	
  
Ø Talking	
  to	
  passengers	
  
Ø 	
  Sickness,	
  Tiredness	
  and	
  Micro	
  sleep	
  states	
  	
  
Ø Grooming	
  
Ø Reading,	
  including	
  maps	
  
Ø Using	
  a	
  naviga)on	
  system	
  
Ø Watching	
  a	
  video,	
  Adjus)ng	
  a	
  radio,	
  CD	
  player,	
  or	
  MP3	
  player	
  
	
  
Driver  Distrac+on  Types
5	
  
Driver  Distrac+on  Trend
6	
  
Source:	
  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/	
  ,	
  	
  
Accessed	
  	
  on	
  April	
  12,	
  2014	
  
Effects  of  Distracted  Driving
7	
  
Young  drivers  are  more  risky
Source:	
  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/	
  ,	
  	
  
Accessed	
  	
  on	
  April	
  12,	
  2014	
   8	
  
Young  drivers  are  more  risky
Source:	
  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/	
  ,	
  Accessed	
  	
  on	
  April	
  12,	
  2014	
   9	
  
Death  Tolls  (in  USA)
Source:	
  hFp://ar)cles.la)mes.com/2010/sep/24/news/la-­‐heb-­‐distracted-­‐driving-­‐20100924	
   10	
  
Ø 	
  Approximately	
  0.5%	
  increase	
  per	
  year	
  
What	
  can	
  be	
  done?	
  	
  
What  can  be  done  about  it?
Source:	
  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/	
  ,	
  	
  
Accessed	
  	
  on	
  April	
  12,	
  2014	
  
12	
  
What  can  be  done  about  it?
13	
  
Effects  of  Driver  Health  Condi+on
Source:	
  Na)onal	
  Highway	
  Traffic	
  Safety	
  Administra)on.	
  Facts	
  and	
  Sta)s)cs.	
  Available	
  from	
  
hFp://www.distrac)on.gov/content/get-­‐the-­‐facts/facts-­‐and-­‐sta)s)cs.html.	
  	
  Accessed	
  April	
  2,	
  2014	
  
14	
  
Death  Rates  per  100K  Vehicles
Rank	
   Country	
   Death	
  Rate	
  
1	
   Namibia	
   53.4	
  
6	
   Thailand	
   42.9	
  
20	
   Malaysia	
   34.5	
  
67	
   China	
   20.8	
  
77	
   India	
   18.7	
  
90	
   Bangladesh	
   16.4	
  
107	
   United	
  States	
   13.9	
  
109	
   South	
  Korea	
   13.7	
  
175	
   Singapore	
   5.3	
  
180	
   United	
  Kingdom	
   4.8	
  
189	
   Japan	
   3.8	
  
192	
   Maldives	
   2.4	
  
Source:	
  	
  World	
  Health	
  Organiza)on	
  -­‐	
  2011	
  	
   15	
  
Bangladesh	
  Scenario	
  	
  
Bangladesh  Scenario
• 	
  Poor	
  level	
  of	
  study	
  and	
  analysis	
  
• 	
  Poor	
  measures	
  to	
  mi)gate	
  road	
  accidents	
  
• 	
  3000	
  kilometer-­‐long	
  na)onal	
  highways	
  	
  
• 	
  100	
  kilometers	
  path	
  is	
  earmarked	
  as	
  high	
  
risk	
  zone	
  for	
  accidents.	
  	
  
• 	
  37%	
  of	
  the	
  accidents	
  take	
  place	
  in	
  the	
  
na)onal	
  highways	
  and	
  12%	
  of	
  the	
  accidents	
  
occurred	
  in	
  the	
  regional	
  highways	
  
• 	
  Virtually	
  no	
  measures	
  have	
  been	
  taken	
  to	
  
make	
  the	
  highways	
  safe	
  
Source:	
  	
  H.M.	
  Ahsan,	
  M.A.	
  Raihan	
  &	
  M.	
  Rahman,	
  ”A	
  study	
  on	
  car	
  involvement	
  in	
  road	
  traffic	
  accidents	
  in	
  Bangladesh”,	
  	
  
1st	
  Civil	
  Engineering	
  Congress,	
  December	
  22-­‐24,	
  2011,	
  Dhaka,	
  Bangladesh	
  .	
  
17	
  
Annual  Road  Fatali+es  in  BD
Source:	
  3.	
  ARI	
  database,	
  BUET	
   18	
  
Death  Tolls  in  BD  Road  Accidents
	
  	
  We	
  are	
  concerned	
  of	
  every	
  vic)m	
  who	
  has	
  lost	
  their	
  lives	
  in	
  road	
  
accidents.	
  But	
  fatali)es	
  include	
  some	
  of	
  the	
  most	
  influen)al	
  
persons	
  and	
  celebri)es.	
  Some	
  glimpse	
  of	
  them	
  are…	
  
• On	
  October,	
  1993,	
  Jahanara	
  Kanchan,	
  the	
  wife	
  of	
  a	
  salient	
  actor	
  
Ilias	
  Kanchan	
  had	
  been	
  killed	
  in	
  a	
  road	
  crash.	
  	
  
• On	
  March,	
  2007,	
  Manjarul	
  Islam	
  Rana,	
  a	
  na)onal	
  cricketer	
  was	
  
killed	
  in	
  a	
  motor	
  bike	
  accident.	
  	
  
• On	
  August,	
  2011,	
  a	
  severe	
  road	
  accident	
  took	
  lives	
  of	
  Mishuk	
  
Munier,	
  a	
  prominent	
  producer	
  and	
  Tareq	
  Masud,	
  one	
  the	
  
greatest	
  director	
  and	
  film-­‐maker	
  along	
  with	
  other	
  three	
  people.	
  
19	
  
Death  Tolls  in  BD  Road  Accidents…
• On	
  October,	
  2012,	
  South	
  Asian	
  Games	
  gold-­‐winning	
  shooter	
  
and	
  na)onal	
  shoo)ng	
  coach	
  Firoz	
  Hossain	
  was	
  killed	
  in	
  a	
  
fatal	
  road	
  accident	
  along	
  with	
  his	
  family.	
  
• On	
  July	
  11,	
  2011,	
  44	
  school	
  children	
  were	
  killed	
  in	
  road	
  
accident	
  in	
  ChiFagong.	
  
• On	
  February	
  15,	
  2014,	
  7	
  school	
  children	
  were	
  killed	
  and	
  50	
  
others	
  were	
  injured	
  in	
  a	
  bus	
  accident	
  in	
  Jessore.	
  
• Almost	
  every	
  year	
  minibus	
  accidents	
  take	
  several	
  lives	
  of	
  the	
  
students	
  of	
  DU,	
  BUET	
  and	
  many	
  other	
  universi)es.	
  
• The	
  death	
  toll	
  is	
  so	
  severe	
  in	
  Bangladesh,	
  the	
  newspaper	
  
contains	
  several	
  reports	
  on	
  road	
  accidents	
  almost	
  everyday.	
  
20	
  
21	
  
Our	
  Solu)on	
  	
  
Driver  Distrac+on  Management  
Using  Sensor  Data  Cloud
Objec+ves
• Design	
  and	
  development	
  of	
  bio-­‐signal	
  monitoring	
  
system	
  for	
  drivers	
  
• Develop	
  driver’s	
  physical	
  movement	
  &	
  driving	
  
performance	
  monitoring	
  system	
  
• Real-­‐)me	
  sensing	
  data	
  collec)on	
  to	
  server	
  system	
  
• Develop	
  cloud	
  compu)ng	
  system	
  for	
  processing	
  
data	
  and	
  making	
  intelligent	
  decisions	
  
• Build	
  user	
  friendly	
  cloud	
  data	
  access	
  interface	
  
	
  
23	
  
Sensed  Data
• 	
  Driver’s	
  drunken	
  status	
  
• 	
  Blood	
  pressure	
  
• 	
  Body	
  temperature	
  	
  
• 	
  Heart	
  rate	
  
• 	
  Drowsiness/Sleepy	
  status	
  
• 	
  Talking	
  behavior	
  
• 	
  Car	
  loca)on	
  and	
  speed	
  
• 	
  Engine	
  status	
  and	
  control	
  
	
  
24	
  
Technologies  Used  
• Sensors	
  and	
  sensing	
  systems	
  
• Embedded	
  systems	
  
• Wireless	
  communica)on	
  systems	
  
• Cloud	
  Compu)ng	
  systems	
  
• Web	
  services	
  
• Mobile	
  Applica)ons	
  
25	
  
System  Architecture
Alcohol	
  sensor	
  
Camera	
  
	
  sensor	
  
Temperature	
  sensor	
  
Embedded	
  
Controller	
  	
  
System	
  
26	
  
Blood	
  	
  
pressure	
  
Heart	
  	
  
Rate	
  
Contactless  Temperature  Sensor  Module  
(TMP006)
27	
  
• Working	
  principle	
  
	
   This	
   sensor	
   uses	
   a	
   thermopile	
   to	
   absorb	
   the	
  
infrared	
   energy	
   emiFed	
   from	
   the	
   object	
   being	
  
measured	
  and	
  uses	
  the	
  corresponding	
  change	
  in	
  
thermopile	
   voltage	
   to	
   determine	
   the	
   object	
  
temperature	
  
• Features	
  
1)	
  Sensor	
  Voltage:	
  7	
  uV/C	
  
	
  
2)	
  Local	
  Temperature:	
  -­‐40	
  C	
  to	
  +125	
  C	
  
	
  
3)	
  Supply	
  Current:	
  3.7V	
  ~	
  5.0V	
  
	
  
4)	
  Temp	
  Resolu)on	
  (Max)	
  (bits):	
  14	
  
	
  
5)	
  Interface:	
  I2C,SMBus	
  
	
  
6)	
  Remote	
  Sensor	
  Accuracy	
  (Max)	
  (+/-­‐	
  C):	
  3	
  
	
  
7)	
  Local	
  Sensor	
  Accuracy	
  (Max)	
  (+/-­‐	
  C):	
  1	
  
MQ-­‐3  Alcohol  level  detector  sensor
• Opera)ng	
  voltage:	
  DC	
  3-­‐5V	
  
• Dual	
  signal	
  output	
  (analog	
  and	
  TTL	
  o/p	
  	
  
• High	
  sensi)vity	
  and	
  good	
  selec)vity	
  for	
  
ethanol	
  vapor	
  
• Long	
  service	
  life	
  and	
  reliable	
  stability	
  
• Rapid	
  response	
  and	
  recovery	
  
characteris)cs	
  	
  
• Size:	
  32mm	
  x	
  22mm	
  x	
  22mm(L	
  *	
  W	
  *	
  H)	
  
• Applica)on:	
  
For	
  motor	
  vehicle	
  drivers	
  and	
  the	
  other	
  
non-­‐drinking	
  workers	
  on-­‐site	
  inspec)on,	
  
also	
  for	
  other	
  places	
  of	
  ethanol	
  vapor	
  
detec)on,	
  alcohol	
  detec)on	
  range:	
  10	
  ~	
  
1000ppm.	
  
28	
  
High  Defini+on  Camera
• 	
  Captures	
  frames	
  of	
  images	
  to	
  
scru)nize	
  the	
  driver’s	
  lip	
  
movements	
  to	
  detect	
  if	
  the	
  
driver	
  is	
  talking	
  
• 	
  We	
  analyze	
  driver’s	
  eye	
  blink	
  
rate	
  to	
  detect	
  if	
  the	
  driver	
  is	
  
drowsy	
  or	
  looking	
  out	
  of	
  the	
  
road	
  
	
  
29	
  
Blood  Pressure  and  Heart  Rate
• 	
  Blip	
  care	
  is	
  a	
  digital	
  blood	
  
pressure	
  monitoring	
  device	
  
with	
  great	
  precision	
  
• 	
  It	
  is	
  the	
  world’s	
  first	
  Wi-­‐Fi	
  
enabled	
  BP	
  monitoring	
  device	
  	
  
• 	
  Paired	
  with	
  a	
  Smartphone/
RPi	
  hotspot	
  it	
  can	
  upload	
  live	
  
data	
  to	
  its	
  website	
  	
  
30	
  
Signal  Condi+oning  and  Data  Acquisi+on  
System
• Collects	
  and	
  formats	
  the	
  data	
  from	
  sensors	
  
• Sends	
  the	
  data	
  to	
  Raspberry	
  PI	
  
31	
  
LCD	
  Out	
  
Level	
  3	
  Shiser	
  
Output	
  to	
  
Raspberry	
  PI	
  
Input	
  from	
  	
  
TEMP	
  and	
  
ALCOHOL	
  
sensors	
  
Power	
  
Microcontroller	
  
Raspberry  PI
32	
  
Wireless  Communica+on  Systems
• 3G/	
  HSPA	
  Modem:	
  
• 	
  We	
  use	
  it	
  to	
  transmit	
  the	
  
data	
  to	
  cloud	
  database	
  
from	
  Raspberry	
  PI.	
  
• 	
  We	
  u)lize	
  the	
  faster	
  HSPA	
  
technology	
  to	
  ensure	
  
beFer	
  connec)vity.	
  
	
  	
  
33	
  
System
• Lab	
  experiment	
  at	
  R&D	
  phase:	
  
34	
  
GPS  Module
• Loca)on	
  
• Speed	
  
• Direc)on	
  
• Engine	
  Control	
  
• SOS	
  Alarm	
  
• Area	
  binding	
  
	
  
35	
  
System
• The	
  module	
  in	
  real	
  driving:	
  
36	
  
Data	
  Storage	
  and	
  Cloud	
  Services	
  	
  
Data  Storage  and  Cloud  Services
• Our	
  Requirements	
  are:	
  
• Getng	
  compu)ng	
  facili)es	
  for	
  large	
  amount	
  of	
  
sensory	
  data.	
  
• Getng	
  secured,	
  available	
  and	
  durable	
  data	
  storage	
  for	
  
the	
  collected	
  data.	
  
• Getng	
  automated	
  management	
  facili)es	
  of	
  the	
  data	
  
storage	
  and	
  compu)ng	
  units.	
  
	
  
38	
  
Data  Storage  and  Cloud  Services
• We	
  have	
  employed…	
  
	
  
Deployment	
  Manager	
  
39	
  
User	
  Interfaces	
  and	
  Web	
  Services	
  	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
•  Project	
  website	
  :	
  hFp://driverdistrac)on.gnrbd.net/	
  
41	
  
Login	
  Here	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
•  Project	
  website	
  :	
  hFp://driverdistrac)on.gnrbd.net/	
  
42	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
Driver	
  status	
  Dashboard:	
  
	
  
43	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
44	
  
•  Car	
  Posi)on	
  and	
  speed	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
45	
  
•  Body	
  Temperature	
  Graph	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
46	
  
•  Body	
  Temperature	
  Graph	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
47	
  
•  Blood	
  pressure	
  graph:	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
48	
  
•  Alcohol	
  graph:	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
49	
  
•  Eye	
  status:	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
50	
  
•  Speaking	
  or	
  not	
  speaking:	
  
User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services
51	
  
•  Speaking	
  or	
  not	
  speaking:	
  
Mobile	
  Applica)on	
  	
  
Screenshot  of  User  Applica+on
53	
  
Detec+ng  drunken  driver  using  Mobile  App
54	
  
55	
  
Detec+ng  drunken  driver  using  Mobile  App
Feasibility	
  
• 	
  Technical	
  Feasibility	
  
• 	
  Further	
  improvements	
  in	
  accuracy,	
  reliability	
  and	
  
robustness	
  would	
  make	
  the	
  system	
  technically	
  feasible	
  
• 	
  Economic	
  Feasibility	
  
• 	
  Reasonable	
  CAPEX	
  and	
  OPEX	
  for	
  driver	
  distrac)on	
  
management	
  unit	
  
• 	
  The	
  system	
  would	
  ensure	
  efficient	
  vehicle	
  resource	
  
management	
  of	
  a	
  company	
  or	
  organiza)on,	
  and	
  thus	
  it	
  
achieves	
  economic	
  benefits	
  for	
  them	
  	
  
• 	
  Behavioral	
  Feasibility	
  
• 	
  Awareness	
  and	
  mo)va)on	
  programs	
  are	
  required	
  to	
  
make	
  users	
  understand	
  the	
  effec)veness	
  of	
  the	
  driver	
  
distrac)on	
  management	
  unit	
  
56	
  
Prospec+ve  Usage  of  Our  System
• Bus	
  companies	
  
• Transport	
  pool	
  management	
  for	
  company	
  
vehicles	
  
• Personal	
  vehicle	
  monitoring	
  
• Parental	
  control	
  on	
  young	
  drivers	
  
• Precision	
  insurance	
  supports	
  
• Driver	
  performance	
  database	
  
• Security	
  and	
  threat	
  controls	
  by	
  Police	
  
	
  
57	
  
Benefits  for  Drivers
• In	
  case	
  of	
  emergency,	
  a	
  driver	
  can	
  press	
  the	
  
red	
  buFon	
  beneath	
  the	
  dashboard	
  and	
  the	
  
owner	
   of	
   the	
   vehicle	
   will	
   be	
   informed	
  
through	
  SMS.	
  	
  
• Insurance	
  companies	
  won’t	
  be	
  able	
  to	
  deny	
  
insurance	
   support	
   showing	
   false	
  
acquisi)ons.	
  	
  
• The	
   driver	
   distrac)on	
   management	
   system	
  
keeps	
  driving	
  records	
  of	
  a	
  driver,	
  which	
  will	
  
help	
  him	
  to	
  find	
  a	
  beFer	
  job	
  in	
  the	
  future.	
  
58	
  
Benefits  for  Drivers  (cont…)
• Our	
   system	
   will	
   provide	
   drivers	
   current	
  
health	
   condi)on.	
   As	
   a	
   result,	
   the	
   owners	
  
won’t	
   enforce	
   drivers	
   to	
   drive	
   vehicles	
  
whenever	
  the	
  driver	
  is	
  physically	
  distracted.	
  
• The	
   system	
   will	
   help	
   drivers	
   avoid	
  
unexpected	
   legal	
   problems	
   whenever	
  
accidents	
   occur	
   and	
   the	
   drivers	
   are	
   not	
  
responsible.	
  
• Finally,	
  the	
  system	
  will	
  contribute	
  greatly	
  to	
  
provide	
  safety	
  of	
  driver’s	
  life	
  and	
  property.	
  
59	
  
Project  Team  Members
60	
  
Dr.	
  Md.	
  Abdur	
  Razzaque	
  
Principal	
  Inves)gator	
  
Muhammad	
  Enamul	
  Hoque	
  	
  
Chowdhury,	
  Consultant	
  
Amit	
  Kumar	
  Das	
  
Research	
  Assistant	
  
Tamal	
  Adhikary	
  
Research	
  Assistant	
  
Md.	
  Nazmus	
  Sakib	
  Miazi	
  
Research	
  Assistant	
  
Nusrat	
  Mehajabin	
  
Research	
  Assistant	
  
Shuvra	
  Chakrabarty	
  
Programmer	
  
Media  Coverage
61	
  
Media  Coverage
62	
  
Our  Projects
Completed	
  Projects:	
  
• Design	
  and	
  Development	
  of	
  Precision	
  Agriculture	
  
Management	
  Informa0on	
  System	
  in	
  Bangladesh	
  
•  Funded	
  by:	
  Ministry	
  of	
  Science	
  and	
  Technology	
  (FY:	
  2012-­‐2013),	
  
Government	
  of	
  Bangladesh	
  
• Driver	
  Distrac0on	
  Management	
  Using	
  Sensor	
  Data	
  Cloud	
  
•  Funded	
  by:	
  Informa)on	
  Society	
  Innova)on	
  Fund	
  Asia	
  (2013-­‐2014)	
  
• A	
  Rule	
  Based	
  Bengali	
  Stemmer	
  
•  Funded	
  by:	
  Code	
  Crasers	
  Interna)onal,	
  Dhaka	
  (2013)	
  
Current	
  Project:	
  
• Real	
  Time	
  Monitoring	
  of	
  Crop	
  Diseases	
  and	
  Pests	
  Using	
  
Image	
  Sensor	
  Network	
  Technology	
  
•  Funded	
  by:	
  Ministry	
  of	
  Science	
  and	
  Technology	
  (MoST),	
  Government	
  
of	
  Bangladesh	
  (FY:	
  2013-­‐2014)	
  
63	
  
Award  giving  ceremony  in  8th  IGF    
at  Bali,  Indonesia  (Oct  2013)
64	
  
Publica+ons
In	
  last	
  two	
  and	
  half	
  years,	
  GNR	
  group	
  has	
  a	
  number	
  
of	
  publica)ons	
  
• 12	
  interna)onal	
  journal	
  papers	
  (SCI/SCIE)	
  with	
  good	
  
impact	
  factors	
  
• Seven	
  IEEE/ACM	
  conference	
  papers	
  
• Seven	
  manuscripts	
  are	
  now	
  under	
  review	
  in	
  
reputed	
  interna)onal	
  journals	
  and	
  conferences.	
  
	
  
The	
  detailed	
  ac0vi0es	
  of	
  the	
  group	
  is	
  available	
  at	
  
hWp://gnr.cse.univdhaka.edu	
  	
  
65	
  
Conclusion
• In	
  this	
  work,	
  we	
  have	
  developed	
  a	
  prototype	
  for	
  the	
  
proposed	
  solu)on	
  architecture.	
  However,	
  there	
  are	
  
addi)onal	
  challenges	
  –	
  
• Efficient	
  )mescale	
  determina)on	
  of	
  sensory	
  data	
  collec)on	
  
• Ensuring	
  accuracy,	
  product	
  reliability	
  and	
  availability	
  
• Deployment	
  of	
  driving	
  performance	
  monitoring	
  sensor	
  
devices	
  
• Integra)ng	
  all	
  the	
  components	
  into	
  a	
  single	
  product	
  unit	
  that	
  
can	
  be	
  delivered	
  to	
  the	
  users	
  
• Test	
  deployments	
  of	
  a	
  good	
  number	
  of	
  units	
  in	
  real	
  fields	
  	
  
• Fine	
  tuning	
  the	
  hardware	
  and	
  sosware	
  performances	
  
• We	
  need	
  more	
  grants/funds	
  to	
  carry	
  out	
  rest	
  of	
  the	
  ac)vi)es	
  
66	
  
Driver Distraction Management Using Sensor Data Cloud

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Driver Distraction Management Using Sensor Data Cloud

  • 1. Driver  Distrac+on  Management   Using  Sensor  Data  Cloud Funded  by:   Informa0on  Society  Innova0on  Fund  (ISIF)  Asia,  2013-­‐2014       Presented  by   Dr.  Md.  Abdur  Razzaque   Associate  Professor,  Dept.  of  Computer  Science  and  Engineering  &   Group  Leader,  Green  Networking  Research  Group,  CSE,  University  of  Dhaka   Email:  razzaque@cse.univdhaka.edu   Web:  hWp://gnr.cse.univdhaka.edu      
  • 2. Contents • Introduc)on  to  Driver  Distrac)on   • Driver  Distrac)on  Types,  Trends,  and  Effects   • What  can  be  done  to  address  it?   • Death  rates  around  the  world  due  to  road  accidents   • Bangladesh  Scenario   • Our  solu)on  methodology   • Implementa)ons  and  benefits   • Conclusion   2  
  • 4. Driver  Distrac+on Distracted   driving   is   any   ac)vity   that   could   divert   a   person's   aFen)on   away   from   the   primary   task   of   driving.   All   distrac)ons   endanger   driver,   passenger,   and  vehicle  safety.     4   These  types  of  distrac)ons  include:   Ø Tex)ng   Ø Using  a  cell  phone  or  Smartphone   Ø Ea)ng  and  drinking   Ø Talking  to  passengers   Ø   Sickness,  Tiredness  and  Micro  sleep  states     Ø Grooming   Ø Reading,  including  maps   Ø Using  a  naviga)on  system   Ø Watching  a  video,  Adjus)ng  a  radio,  CD  player,  or  MP3  player    
  • 7. Source:  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/  ,     Accessed    on  April  12,  2014   Effects  of  Distracted  Driving 7  
  • 8. Young  drivers  are  more  risky Source:  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/  ,     Accessed    on  April  12,  2014   8  
  • 9. Young  drivers  are  more  risky Source:  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/  ,  Accessed    on  April  12,  2014   9  
  • 10. Death  Tolls  (in  USA) Source:  hFp://ar)cles.la)mes.com/2010/sep/24/news/la-­‐heb-­‐distracted-­‐driving-­‐20100924   10   Ø   Approximately  0.5%  increase  per  year  
  • 11. What  can  be  done?    
  • 12. What  can  be  done  about  it? Source:  hFp://www.tex)nganddrivingsafety.com/tex)ng-­‐and-­‐driving-­‐stats/  ,     Accessed    on  April  12,  2014   12  
  • 13. What  can  be  done  about  it? 13  
  • 14. Effects  of  Driver  Health  Condi+on Source:  Na)onal  Highway  Traffic  Safety  Administra)on.  Facts  and  Sta)s)cs.  Available  from   hFp://www.distrac)on.gov/content/get-­‐the-­‐facts/facts-­‐and-­‐sta)s)cs.html.    Accessed  April  2,  2014   14  
  • 15. Death  Rates  per  100K  Vehicles Rank   Country   Death  Rate   1   Namibia   53.4   6   Thailand   42.9   20   Malaysia   34.5   67   China   20.8   77   India   18.7   90   Bangladesh   16.4   107   United  States   13.9   109   South  Korea   13.7   175   Singapore   5.3   180   United  Kingdom   4.8   189   Japan   3.8   192   Maldives   2.4   Source:    World  Health  Organiza)on  -­‐  2011     15  
  • 17. Bangladesh  Scenario •   Poor  level  of  study  and  analysis   •   Poor  measures  to  mi)gate  road  accidents   •   3000  kilometer-­‐long  na)onal  highways     •   100  kilometers  path  is  earmarked  as  high   risk  zone  for  accidents.     •   37%  of  the  accidents  take  place  in  the   na)onal  highways  and  12%  of  the  accidents   occurred  in  the  regional  highways   •   Virtually  no  measures  have  been  taken  to   make  the  highways  safe   Source:    H.M.  Ahsan,  M.A.  Raihan  &  M.  Rahman,  ”A  study  on  car  involvement  in  road  traffic  accidents  in  Bangladesh”,     1st  Civil  Engineering  Congress,  December  22-­‐24,  2011,  Dhaka,  Bangladesh  .   17  
  • 18. Annual  Road  Fatali+es  in  BD Source:  3.  ARI  database,  BUET   18  
  • 19. Death  Tolls  in  BD  Road  Accidents    We  are  concerned  of  every  vic)m  who  has  lost  their  lives  in  road   accidents.  But  fatali)es  include  some  of  the  most  influen)al   persons  and  celebri)es.  Some  glimpse  of  them  are…   • On  October,  1993,  Jahanara  Kanchan,  the  wife  of  a  salient  actor   Ilias  Kanchan  had  been  killed  in  a  road  crash.     • On  March,  2007,  Manjarul  Islam  Rana,  a  na)onal  cricketer  was   killed  in  a  motor  bike  accident.     • On  August,  2011,  a  severe  road  accident  took  lives  of  Mishuk   Munier,  a  prominent  producer  and  Tareq  Masud,  one  the   greatest  director  and  film-­‐maker  along  with  other  three  people.   19  
  • 20. Death  Tolls  in  BD  Road  Accidents… • On  October,  2012,  South  Asian  Games  gold-­‐winning  shooter   and  na)onal  shoo)ng  coach  Firoz  Hossain  was  killed  in  a   fatal  road  accident  along  with  his  family.   • On  July  11,  2011,  44  school  children  were  killed  in  road   accident  in  ChiFagong.   • On  February  15,  2014,  7  school  children  were  killed  and  50   others  were  injured  in  a  bus  accident  in  Jessore.   • Almost  every  year  minibus  accidents  take  several  lives  of  the   students  of  DU,  BUET  and  many  other  universi)es.   • The  death  toll  is  so  severe  in  Bangladesh,  the  newspaper   contains  several  reports  on  road  accidents  almost  everyday.   20  
  • 21. 21  
  • 22. Our  Solu)on     Driver  Distrac+on  Management   Using  Sensor  Data  Cloud
  • 23. Objec+ves • Design  and  development  of  bio-­‐signal  monitoring   system  for  drivers   • Develop  driver’s  physical  movement  &  driving   performance  monitoring  system   • Real-­‐)me  sensing  data  collec)on  to  server  system   • Develop  cloud  compu)ng  system  for  processing   data  and  making  intelligent  decisions   • Build  user  friendly  cloud  data  access  interface     23  
  • 24. Sensed  Data •   Driver’s  drunken  status   •   Blood  pressure   •   Body  temperature     •   Heart  rate   •   Drowsiness/Sleepy  status   •   Talking  behavior   •   Car  loca)on  and  speed   •   Engine  status  and  control     24  
  • 25. Technologies  Used   • Sensors  and  sensing  systems   • Embedded  systems   • Wireless  communica)on  systems   • Cloud  Compu)ng  systems   • Web  services   • Mobile  Applica)ons   25  
  • 26. System  Architecture Alcohol  sensor   Camera    sensor   Temperature  sensor   Embedded   Controller     System   26   Blood     pressure   Heart     Rate  
  • 27. Contactless  Temperature  Sensor  Module   (TMP006) 27   • Working  principle     This   sensor   uses   a   thermopile   to   absorb   the   infrared   energy   emiFed   from   the   object   being   measured  and  uses  the  corresponding  change  in   thermopile   voltage   to   determine   the   object   temperature   • Features   1)  Sensor  Voltage:  7  uV/C     2)  Local  Temperature:  -­‐40  C  to  +125  C     3)  Supply  Current:  3.7V  ~  5.0V     4)  Temp  Resolu)on  (Max)  (bits):  14     5)  Interface:  I2C,SMBus     6)  Remote  Sensor  Accuracy  (Max)  (+/-­‐  C):  3     7)  Local  Sensor  Accuracy  (Max)  (+/-­‐  C):  1  
  • 28. MQ-­‐3  Alcohol  level  detector  sensor • Opera)ng  voltage:  DC  3-­‐5V   • Dual  signal  output  (analog  and  TTL  o/p     • High  sensi)vity  and  good  selec)vity  for   ethanol  vapor   • Long  service  life  and  reliable  stability   • Rapid  response  and  recovery   characteris)cs     • Size:  32mm  x  22mm  x  22mm(L  *  W  *  H)   • Applica)on:   For  motor  vehicle  drivers  and  the  other   non-­‐drinking  workers  on-­‐site  inspec)on,   also  for  other  places  of  ethanol  vapor   detec)on,  alcohol  detec)on  range:  10  ~   1000ppm.   28  
  • 29. High  Defini+on  Camera •   Captures  frames  of  images  to   scru)nize  the  driver’s  lip   movements  to  detect  if  the   driver  is  talking   •   We  analyze  driver’s  eye  blink   rate  to  detect  if  the  driver  is   drowsy  or  looking  out  of  the   road     29  
  • 30. Blood  Pressure  and  Heart  Rate •   Blip  care  is  a  digital  blood   pressure  monitoring  device   with  great  precision   •   It  is  the  world’s  first  Wi-­‐Fi   enabled  BP  monitoring  device     •   Paired  with  a  Smartphone/ RPi  hotspot  it  can  upload  live   data  to  its  website     30  
  • 31. Signal  Condi+oning  and  Data  Acquisi+on   System • Collects  and  formats  the  data  from  sensors   • Sends  the  data  to  Raspberry  PI   31   LCD  Out   Level  3  Shiser   Output  to   Raspberry  PI   Input  from     TEMP  and   ALCOHOL   sensors   Power   Microcontroller  
  • 33. Wireless  Communica+on  Systems • 3G/  HSPA  Modem:   •   We  use  it  to  transmit  the   data  to  cloud  database   from  Raspberry  PI.   •   We  u)lize  the  faster  HSPA   technology  to  ensure   beFer  connec)vity.       33  
  • 34. System • Lab  experiment  at  R&D  phase:   34  
  • 35. GPS  Module • Loca)on   • Speed   • Direc)on   • Engine  Control   • SOS  Alarm   • Area  binding     35  
  • 36. System • The  module  in  real  driving:   36  
  • 37. Data  Storage  and  Cloud  Services    
  • 38. Data  Storage  and  Cloud  Services • Our  Requirements  are:   • Getng  compu)ng  facili)es  for  large  amount  of   sensory  data.   • Getng  secured,  available  and  durable  data  storage  for   the  collected  data.   • Getng  automated  management  facili)es  of  the  data   storage  and  compu)ng  units.     38  
  • 39. Data  Storage  and  Cloud  Services • We  have  employed…     Deployment  Manager   39  
  • 40. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services    
  • 41. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services •  Project  website  :  hFp://driverdistrac)on.gnrbd.net/   41   Login  Here  
  • 42. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services •  Project  website  :  hFp://driverdistrac)on.gnrbd.net/   42  
  • 43. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services Driver  status  Dashboard:     43  
  • 44. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 44   •  Car  Posi)on  and  speed  
  • 45. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 45   •  Body  Temperature  Graph  
  • 46. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 46   •  Body  Temperature  Graph  
  • 47. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 47   •  Blood  pressure  graph:  
  • 48. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 48   •  Alcohol  graph:  
  • 49. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 49   •  Eye  status:  
  • 50. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 50   •  Speaking  or  not  speaking:  
  • 51. User  Interfaces  and  Web  Services 51   •  Speaking  or  not  speaking:  
  • 53. Screenshot  of  User  Applica+on 53  
  • 54. Detec+ng  drunken  driver  using  Mobile  App 54  
  • 55. 55   Detec+ng  drunken  driver  using  Mobile  App
  • 56. Feasibility   •   Technical  Feasibility   •   Further  improvements  in  accuracy,  reliability  and   robustness  would  make  the  system  technically  feasible   •   Economic  Feasibility   •   Reasonable  CAPEX  and  OPEX  for  driver  distrac)on   management  unit   •   The  system  would  ensure  efficient  vehicle  resource   management  of  a  company  or  organiza)on,  and  thus  it   achieves  economic  benefits  for  them     •   Behavioral  Feasibility   •   Awareness  and  mo)va)on  programs  are  required  to   make  users  understand  the  effec)veness  of  the  driver   distrac)on  management  unit   56  
  • 57. Prospec+ve  Usage  of  Our  System • Bus  companies   • Transport  pool  management  for  company   vehicles   • Personal  vehicle  monitoring   • Parental  control  on  young  drivers   • Precision  insurance  supports   • Driver  performance  database   • Security  and  threat  controls  by  Police     57  
  • 58. Benefits  for  Drivers • In  case  of  emergency,  a  driver  can  press  the   red  buFon  beneath  the  dashboard  and  the   owner   of   the   vehicle   will   be   informed   through  SMS.     • Insurance  companies  won’t  be  able  to  deny   insurance   support   showing   false   acquisi)ons.     • The   driver   distrac)on   management   system   keeps  driving  records  of  a  driver,  which  will   help  him  to  find  a  beFer  job  in  the  future.   58  
  • 59. Benefits  for  Drivers  (cont…) • Our   system   will   provide   drivers   current   health   condi)on.   As   a   result,   the   owners   won’t   enforce   drivers   to   drive   vehicles   whenever  the  driver  is  physically  distracted.   • The   system   will   help   drivers   avoid   unexpected   legal   problems   whenever   accidents   occur   and   the   drivers   are   not   responsible.   • Finally,  the  system  will  contribute  greatly  to   provide  safety  of  driver’s  life  and  property.   59  
  • 60. Project  Team  Members 60   Dr.  Md.  Abdur  Razzaque   Principal  Inves)gator   Muhammad  Enamul  Hoque     Chowdhury,  Consultant   Amit  Kumar  Das   Research  Assistant   Tamal  Adhikary   Research  Assistant   Md.  Nazmus  Sakib  Miazi   Research  Assistant   Nusrat  Mehajabin   Research  Assistant   Shuvra  Chakrabarty   Programmer  
  • 63. Our  Projects Completed  Projects:   • Design  and  Development  of  Precision  Agriculture   Management  Informa0on  System  in  Bangladesh   •  Funded  by:  Ministry  of  Science  and  Technology  (FY:  2012-­‐2013),   Government  of  Bangladesh   • Driver  Distrac0on  Management  Using  Sensor  Data  Cloud   •  Funded  by:  Informa)on  Society  Innova)on  Fund  Asia  (2013-­‐2014)   • A  Rule  Based  Bengali  Stemmer   •  Funded  by:  Code  Crasers  Interna)onal,  Dhaka  (2013)   Current  Project:   • Real  Time  Monitoring  of  Crop  Diseases  and  Pests  Using   Image  Sensor  Network  Technology   •  Funded  by:  Ministry  of  Science  and  Technology  (MoST),  Government   of  Bangladesh  (FY:  2013-­‐2014)   63  
  • 64. Award  giving  ceremony  in  8th  IGF     at  Bali,  Indonesia  (Oct  2013) 64  
  • 65. Publica+ons In  last  two  and  half  years,  GNR  group  has  a  number   of  publica)ons   • 12  interna)onal  journal  papers  (SCI/SCIE)  with  good   impact  factors   • Seven  IEEE/ACM  conference  papers   • Seven  manuscripts  are  now  under  review  in   reputed  interna)onal  journals  and  conferences.     The  detailed  ac0vi0es  of  the  group  is  available  at   hWp://gnr.cse.univdhaka.edu     65  
  • 66. Conclusion • In  this  work,  we  have  developed  a  prototype  for  the   proposed  solu)on  architecture.  However,  there  are   addi)onal  challenges  –   • Efficient  )mescale  determina)on  of  sensory  data  collec)on   • Ensuring  accuracy,  product  reliability  and  availability   • Deployment  of  driving  performance  monitoring  sensor   devices   • Integra)ng  all  the  components  into  a  single  product  unit  that   can  be  delivered  to  the  users   • Test  deployments  of  a  good  number  of  units  in  real  fields     • Fine  tuning  the  hardware  and  sosware  performances   • We  need  more  grants/funds  to  carry  out  rest  of  the  ac)vi)es   66