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Identify Everything:
The role of standard identifiers in
communicating science
Todd A. Carpenter
Executive Director, NISO
November 15, 2017
2
National Information Standards Organization
(NISO)
Independent non-profit industry trade association accredited by
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to
information, documentation, discovery and distribution of
published materials and media
More than 230 members worldwide
Staff led but work is done by 500+ volunteers spread across the
world
Standards which we create/manage/support:
ISBN Dublin Core Altmetrics/Usage Data
ISSN OpenURL Resource Access/Authentication
DOI Licensing E-resource management
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
3
So many types of outputs
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/pubtypes.html
Research outputs of all sort
Class: Basic Science
Class: Capacity
Class: Code and Software
Class: Communications
Class: Data
Class: Education and Training Materials
Class: Event
Class: Grey Literature
Class: Images, Diagrams, and Video
Class: Industry
Class: Instruments, Devices, and Inventions
Class: Methodologies
Class: Other
Class: Publications
Class: Regulatory, Compliance, and Legislation
Class: Standards
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
4
Persistent ID in each of these domains
5November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
computing
general
government
lifesciences
locations
mathematics
media
personid
physicalsciences
publishing
standards
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
6
“The nice thing about standards is that there are
so many of them to choose from…”
Andrew S. Tanenbaum
7
Hypothesis /
Idea
Generation
Research /
Discovery
Methodology
Design
Data
Collection
Data AnalysisDrafting
Publication
Outreach
Assessment
8
Research
Workflow
Hypothesis /
Idea
Generation
Research /
Discovery
Methodology
Design
Data
Collection
Data AnalysisDrafting
Publication
Outreach
Assessment
9
Research
Workflow
Outputs
DOI
IBSN
ISSN
ArXiv
ISMN
DataCite
People
ORCID
SCOPUS
ResearcherID
VIAF
ISNI
FunderID
Objects
IGSN
PDB
CASRN
DIN
CASRN
Workflow
NCT – Clinical Trial I
Organizations
FunderID
Ringgold/ISNI
GRID
Hypothesis /
Idea
Generation
Research /
Discovery
Methodology
Design
Data
Collection
Data AnalysisDrafting
Publication
Outreach
Assessment
10
Research
Workflow
Outputs
DOI
IBSN
ISSN
ArXiv
ISMN
DataCite
People
ORCID
SCOPUS
ResearcherID
VIAF
ISNI
FunderID
Objects
IGSN
PDB
CASRN
DIN
CASRN
Workflow
NCT – Clinical Trial I
Organizations
FunderID
Ringgold/ISNI
GRID
????
????
Methods
???? Analytical
Models
????
Presentations
/Posters
????
Software
????
Devices/Sensors
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
11
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
12
What is the real
value of
identifiers?
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
13
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
14
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
15
A Word of Caution About Identifiers
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
16
Identification means more than
disambiguation
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#page-4
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
17
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8320-0491
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
18
It is not the disambiguation
of the identifier that is
valuable.
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
19
It is not the disambiguation
of the identifier that is
valuable.
It is the infrastructure that
supports the ID that creates
value
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
20
Managing identifiers and
metadata well
is difficult and expensive
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research
Objects in an Expanding Science
Ecosystem
21
Managing identifiers and
metadata poorly
can be more expensive
and probably in ways you
can’t track.
Thank you!
Todd A. Carpenter
Executive Director
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
SECRETARY, ISO Technical Committee 46, Subcommittee 9,
Information & Documentation - Identification & Description
3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302
Baltimore, MD 21211-1950 U.S.A.
(301) 654-2512
tcarpenter@niso.org
tc46sc9@niso.org
www.niso.org
November 15, 2017
Managing Digital Research Objects in an
Expanding Science Ecosystem
22

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Identify Everything: Role of standard identifiers in communicating science

  • 1. Identify Everything: The role of standard identifiers in communicating science Todd A. Carpenter Executive Director, NISO November 15, 2017
  • 2. 2 National Information Standards Organization (NISO) Independent non-profit industry trade association accredited by American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media More than 230 members worldwide Staff led but work is done by 500+ volunteers spread across the world Standards which we create/manage/support: ISBN Dublin Core Altmetrics/Usage Data ISSN OpenURL Resource Access/Authentication DOI Licensing E-resource management
  • 3. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 3 So many types of outputs https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/pubtypes.html
  • 4. Research outputs of all sort Class: Basic Science Class: Capacity Class: Code and Software Class: Communications Class: Data Class: Education and Training Materials Class: Event Class: Grey Literature Class: Images, Diagrams, and Video Class: Industry Class: Instruments, Devices, and Inventions Class: Methodologies Class: Other Class: Publications Class: Regulatory, Compliance, and Legislation Class: Standards November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 4
  • 5. Persistent ID in each of these domains 5November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem computing general government lifesciences locations mathematics media personid physicalsciences publishing standards
  • 6. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 6
  • 7. “The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of them to choose from…” Andrew S. Tanenbaum 7
  • 8. Hypothesis / Idea Generation Research / Discovery Methodology Design Data Collection Data AnalysisDrafting Publication Outreach Assessment 8 Research Workflow
  • 9. Hypothesis / Idea Generation Research / Discovery Methodology Design Data Collection Data AnalysisDrafting Publication Outreach Assessment 9 Research Workflow Outputs DOI IBSN ISSN ArXiv ISMN DataCite People ORCID SCOPUS ResearcherID VIAF ISNI FunderID Objects IGSN PDB CASRN DIN CASRN Workflow NCT – Clinical Trial I Organizations FunderID Ringgold/ISNI GRID
  • 10. Hypothesis / Idea Generation Research / Discovery Methodology Design Data Collection Data AnalysisDrafting Publication Outreach Assessment 10 Research Workflow Outputs DOI IBSN ISSN ArXiv ISMN DataCite People ORCID SCOPUS ResearcherID VIAF ISNI FunderID Objects IGSN PDB CASRN DIN CASRN Workflow NCT – Clinical Trial I Organizations FunderID Ringgold/ISNI GRID ???? ???? Methods ???? Analytical Models ???? Presentations /Posters ???? Software ???? Devices/Sensors
  • 11. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 11
  • 12. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 12 What is the real value of identifiers?
  • 13. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 13
  • 14. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 14
  • 15. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 15 A Word of Caution About Identifiers
  • 16. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 16 Identification means more than disambiguation https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#page-4
  • 17. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 17 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8320-0491
  • 18. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 18 It is not the disambiguation of the identifier that is valuable.
  • 19. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 19 It is not the disambiguation of the identifier that is valuable. It is the infrastructure that supports the ID that creates value
  • 20. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 20 Managing identifiers and metadata well is difficult and expensive
  • 21. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 21 Managing identifiers and metadata poorly can be more expensive and probably in ways you can’t track.
  • 22. Thank you! Todd A. Carpenter Executive Director National Information Standards Organization (NISO) SECRETARY, ISO Technical Committee 46, Subcommittee 9, Information & Documentation - Identification & Description 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211-1950 U.S.A. (301) 654-2512 tcarpenter@niso.org tc46sc9@niso.org www.niso.org November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 22