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Health
Benefits
of
Turnips
Turning up the
nutritional value!
kitchaissance.blog
Table of
Cotent
Turnip plant
Anti-cancer
Anti-aging
Flavonoids
Carbs and
Indoles
Fiber and
Vitamins
Antioxidant
Antidiabetic
Nephroprotective
Cruciferous
vegetables
Recipes
Turnip Plant
Turnips belong to the brassica
genus, same classification as broccoli
and Brussels sprouts
Originated in Europe, Russia, Central
Asia, and the Near East
Commonly cultivated as vegetable
and oil source all over the world
Great roasted along with beets
Healthy spring vegetable
Anti-Cancer
Turnips contain glucosinolates and isothiocyanates such as 2-phenylethyl, 4-pentenyl,
and 3-butenyl derivatives that protect against cancer.
Isothiocyanates can induce apoptosis (process by which the body rids itself of
abnormal cells) in various cancer cell lines.
The 2-Phenylethyl isothiocyanate in turnip root has demonstrated a tendency to
prevent the growth of human-derived hepatoma (liver tumor) cells. Possible inhibitor
of DNA oxidative damage and mutagens.
Isiothiocyanates 2-phenylethyl and benzyl may reduce the formation of lung cancer
caused by benzo(a) pyrene (a chemical emitted by certain substances when not burned
completely).
Study on three cancer cell lines (Hep-2, AMN-3 and Hela) in vitro (in the lab, not the
body) found that the aqueous (in water) extract of turnip showed significant inhibition
against ANM-3 (63%) and Hep-2 (42%) cells at a concentration of 1250 μg/mL, and
against Hela cells (64%) at a concentration of 10 mg/mL.
Anti-
Aging
Sulforaphane - anti-
aging compound
preventing stress-
induced inflammation
from continuing to occur
long-term in the body
Glucosinolates in turnips transform into sulforaphane
when broken down during the chewing process
Sulforaphane in turnips and other brassica vegetables
may combat leukemia
Sulforaphane may also minimize damage inflicted by
UV exposure
Flavonoids
Flavonoids are present in turnips as glycosides (compounds containing a sugar
where the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an
alcoholic, phenolic, or other group)
Kaempferol, quercetin, and isorhamnetin are the most common aglycones (non-
carbohydrate compounds that result when the glycosyl group in a glycoside
molecule is replaced by a hydrogen atom)
While present in multiple parts of the turnip, flavonoids were most prevalent in
the turnip greens
Flavonoids protect against UV, pigmentation, stimulate nitrogen-fixing nodules
and resist diseases
CARBS AND INDOLES
Carbohydrates in turnips act as enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitors, which permanently
deactivate an enzyme by bonding covalently to a particular group at the active site.
Carbs in turnips also regulate the body’s inflammatory response to irritants to reduce chronic
redness, swelling, etc. that is detrimental to one’s health
Hepatoprotective agents, preventing damage to the liver, and potential therapeutic agents
against HIV, diabetes, and cancers.
Arvelexin, an indole derivative in turnip, may yield the following benefits:
reduce inflammation (anti-inflammatory)
1.
lower blood pressure (anti-hypertensive)
2.
lessen the concentrations of lipoproteins, which transport cholesterol and triglycerides in
blood (hypolipidemic)
3.
FIBER AND VITAMINS
Fiber to keep you
feeling full and
detoxify
High in vitamin C
Turnip greens have
lots of vitamin C, as
well as vitamin A and
calcium
ANTIOXIDANT
Turnip sprouts have been found to
demonstrate higher DPPH free radical
scavenging activity than cauliflower or
mustard sprouts
Flowers and leaves of the turnip plant
were found to have the highest
antioxidant activity
Antidiabetic
Turnip extract has been found to demonstrate anti-
diabetic effects such as the following:
Improved glucose and lipid metabolism
1.
Lower levels of serum biomarkers (AST, ALT, and LDH)
2.
A reduction in harmful effects of free radicals
3.
Improved levels of antioxidant enzymes
4.
Better glucose and insulin tolerance
5.
Nephroprotective
Nephroprotective effects - protecting the kidneys from damage
Cisplatin, a drug often used in cancer treatment, unfortunately is known to have
harmful effects on the kidney
Turnip extract may combat this harm by minimizing the following
oxidative stress, - Process under which oxidants such as free radicals attack lipids such
as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that may damage cells, tissues, and organs.
1.
lipid peroxidation - Type of unstable molecule containing oxygen and that easily reacts
with other cellular molecules, aka free radicals or oxygen radicals. High volumes may
result in damage to DNA, RNA, and proteins, and may cause cell death.
2.
production of reactive oxygen species - Result of too many damaging free radicals in
the body and insufficient amount of antioxidants. Can lead to cell and tissue damage,
aging, chronic inflammation, cancer, and other diseases.
3.
glutathione depletion - Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant and detoxifying agent,
and reacts with free radicals to form harmless products.
4.
Cruciferous Vegetables
As noted in Dr. Mark Hyman’s Book The Ultramind Solution,
turnips belong to the family of cruciferous vegetables, full of
detoxifying compounds.
Cruciferous vegetables are from the Brassica genus of plants
Known for their detoxifying properties and other nutrients, such
as the glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, and indoles
Recipes
with
Turnips
Mashed Turnips
with Brown Sugar
and Cinnamon
Blog
Article
Click here to read the
full article about
health benefits of
turnips on my blog,
The Kitchaissance
The Kitchaissance Blog
Find more articles like this at kitchaissance.blog
Subscribe for nutrition articles, healthy recipes,
cookware recommendations, and more!

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Health Benefits of Turnips - Turning up the Nutritional Value.pdf

  • 2. Table of Cotent Turnip plant Anti-cancer Anti-aging Flavonoids Carbs and Indoles Fiber and Vitamins Antioxidant Antidiabetic Nephroprotective Cruciferous vegetables Recipes
  • 3. Turnip Plant Turnips belong to the brassica genus, same classification as broccoli and Brussels sprouts Originated in Europe, Russia, Central Asia, and the Near East Commonly cultivated as vegetable and oil source all over the world Great roasted along with beets Healthy spring vegetable
  • 4. Anti-Cancer Turnips contain glucosinolates and isothiocyanates such as 2-phenylethyl, 4-pentenyl, and 3-butenyl derivatives that protect against cancer. Isothiocyanates can induce apoptosis (process by which the body rids itself of abnormal cells) in various cancer cell lines. The 2-Phenylethyl isothiocyanate in turnip root has demonstrated a tendency to prevent the growth of human-derived hepatoma (liver tumor) cells. Possible inhibitor of DNA oxidative damage and mutagens. Isiothiocyanates 2-phenylethyl and benzyl may reduce the formation of lung cancer caused by benzo(a) pyrene (a chemical emitted by certain substances when not burned completely). Study on three cancer cell lines (Hep-2, AMN-3 and Hela) in vitro (in the lab, not the body) found that the aqueous (in water) extract of turnip showed significant inhibition against ANM-3 (63%) and Hep-2 (42%) cells at a concentration of 1250 μg/mL, and against Hela cells (64%) at a concentration of 10 mg/mL.
  • 5. Anti- Aging Sulforaphane - anti- aging compound preventing stress- induced inflammation from continuing to occur long-term in the body Glucosinolates in turnips transform into sulforaphane when broken down during the chewing process Sulforaphane in turnips and other brassica vegetables may combat leukemia Sulforaphane may also minimize damage inflicted by UV exposure
  • 6. Flavonoids Flavonoids are present in turnips as glycosides (compounds containing a sugar where the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group) Kaempferol, quercetin, and isorhamnetin are the most common aglycones (non- carbohydrate compounds that result when the glycosyl group in a glycoside molecule is replaced by a hydrogen atom) While present in multiple parts of the turnip, flavonoids were most prevalent in the turnip greens Flavonoids protect against UV, pigmentation, stimulate nitrogen-fixing nodules and resist diseases
  • 7. CARBS AND INDOLES Carbohydrates in turnips act as enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitors, which permanently deactivate an enzyme by bonding covalently to a particular group at the active site. Carbs in turnips also regulate the body’s inflammatory response to irritants to reduce chronic redness, swelling, etc. that is detrimental to one’s health Hepatoprotective agents, preventing damage to the liver, and potential therapeutic agents against HIV, diabetes, and cancers. Arvelexin, an indole derivative in turnip, may yield the following benefits: reduce inflammation (anti-inflammatory) 1. lower blood pressure (anti-hypertensive) 2. lessen the concentrations of lipoproteins, which transport cholesterol and triglycerides in blood (hypolipidemic) 3.
  • 8. FIBER AND VITAMINS Fiber to keep you feeling full and detoxify High in vitamin C Turnip greens have lots of vitamin C, as well as vitamin A and calcium
  • 9. ANTIOXIDANT Turnip sprouts have been found to demonstrate higher DPPH free radical scavenging activity than cauliflower or mustard sprouts Flowers and leaves of the turnip plant were found to have the highest antioxidant activity
  • 10. Antidiabetic Turnip extract has been found to demonstrate anti- diabetic effects such as the following: Improved glucose and lipid metabolism 1. Lower levels of serum biomarkers (AST, ALT, and LDH) 2. A reduction in harmful effects of free radicals 3. Improved levels of antioxidant enzymes 4. Better glucose and insulin tolerance 5.
  • 11. Nephroprotective Nephroprotective effects - protecting the kidneys from damage Cisplatin, a drug often used in cancer treatment, unfortunately is known to have harmful effects on the kidney Turnip extract may combat this harm by minimizing the following oxidative stress, - Process under which oxidants such as free radicals attack lipids such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that may damage cells, tissues, and organs. 1. lipid peroxidation - Type of unstable molecule containing oxygen and that easily reacts with other cellular molecules, aka free radicals or oxygen radicals. High volumes may result in damage to DNA, RNA, and proteins, and may cause cell death. 2. production of reactive oxygen species - Result of too many damaging free radicals in the body and insufficient amount of antioxidants. Can lead to cell and tissue damage, aging, chronic inflammation, cancer, and other diseases. 3. glutathione depletion - Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant and detoxifying agent, and reacts with free radicals to form harmless products. 4.
  • 12. Cruciferous Vegetables As noted in Dr. Mark Hyman’s Book The Ultramind Solution, turnips belong to the family of cruciferous vegetables, full of detoxifying compounds. Cruciferous vegetables are from the Brassica genus of plants Known for their detoxifying properties and other nutrients, such as the glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, and indoles
  • 14. Blog Article Click here to read the full article about health benefits of turnips on my blog, The Kitchaissance
  • 15. The Kitchaissance Blog Find more articles like this at kitchaissance.blog Subscribe for nutrition articles, healthy recipes, cookware recommendations, and more!