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Open Data Licensing and PSI
Brussels, 11 May 2011

Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM

Board of Directors, Open Knowledge Foundation
Co-founder, Open Data Commons

www.jordanhatcher.com




                                                1
Open Knowledge Foundation
    http://www.okfn.org




                            2
We promote open knowledge




                            3
4
“genes to geo-data and sonnets to statistics”




                                                5
6
OKF work
           • Standards - Open Definition; Open Government Data
             Principles; Open Data Commons


           • Infrastructure & Tools – CKAN; kforge; datapkg


           • Open Knowledge Production – PSI, Public Domain
             Works, WDMMG


           • Events, Workshops, and Working Groups – OKcon;
             open data workshops; EU Open Data WG; Open
             Government Data WG


           • Community Support – very active


           • Propose your own!

                                                                7
8
9
OpenDataCommons.org
    Legal tools for Open Data




                                10
interoperability + standards




                               11
Step 1. Defining the boundaries of the licenses




                                                 12
13
• Use
             • Reuse
             • Redistribute
“open”
             • Commercial use allowed
             • Attribution & Share Alike
                 requirements = okay


         www.opendefinition.org

                                           14
15
Step 2. Established a preferred license type




                                               16
1. Public Domain Dedications
                  • CC0; PDDL or US gov
open            2. Attribution licenses
definition         • CC-BY; ODC-Attribution; or UK -
compliant             OGL

                3. Copyleft / Share alike
                   licenses
                  • ODbL or CC-BY-SA

            www.opendefinition.org

                                                      17
1. Public Domain Dedications
       PSI
                   • CC0; PDDL or US gov
open             2. Attribution licenses
definition          • CC-BY; ODC-Attribution; or UK -
compliant              OGL

                 3. Copyleft / Share alike
                    licenses
                   • ODbL or CC-BY-SA

             www.opendefinition.org

                                                       18
19
20
Only PD or BY
Licensing Standard = open definition
                     compliant licenses




                                          21
Plays well with others
(wide interoperability)




                          22
Step 3. Make it easy for both licensors and
                 licensees




                                              23
Open Licenses

                                                  CC-BY-NC
                                                   CC-BY-NC-ND
                                                    CC-BY-NC-SA
UK - OGL              PDDL
Norway -
            ODC
                      ODbL
 NLOD
           ODC-Attribution          CC-BY-SA
                                     CC-BY
                                       CC-0


                                                 Public Licenses

                      http://www.jordanhatcher.com/2010/open-licenses-vs-public-licenses/

                                                                                            24
Focus on IP:

copyright + database rights




                              25
OpenDataCommons.org
    Legal tools for Open Data




                                26
ODbL              CC-BY-SA

                  PDDL

ODC
                  CC-0

ODC-Attribution           CC-BY




                                    27
Step 1. Defining the boundaries of the
        licenses
Step 2. Established a preferred license
        type
Step 3. Make it easy for both licensors
        and licensees




                                          28
Next Step: International common principles for
           open government data licensing

           (suggest opendefinition, plus PD or BY)




                                                    29
Thanks!

www.okfn.org/
www.publicdata.eu
www.opengovernmentdata.org/
Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM

Email: jordan DOT hatcher ]at[ okfn DOT org
Will be available on slideshare at: http://www.slideshare.net/jordanhatcher
www.jordanhatcher.com



              Original material Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- Alike 2.5 UK: Scotland
              Licence
              http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/scotland/


                                                                                                        30
The Elect. Not the elected.
CC-BY-SA by Steve Punter
http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/2907555506/

Farmhouse with Silos HDR by ajagendorf25
Available here under a CC-BY license
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajagendorf25/3033960008/

The original Tux, the official Linux mascot created by Larry Ewing in 1996: Permission to use
and/or modify this image is granted provided you acknowledge lewing@isc.tamu.edu and The
GIMP if someone asks.


All other trademarks are copyright / trademark their respective owners. Some works, such as
screenshots, may appear here under exceptions or exclusions to copyright and trademark law
such as fair use / fair dealing and are not covered by the CC license over this work. These
exclusions or exceptions may not apply to you.




                                                                                               31
Thanks!

www.okfn.org/

Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM

Email: jordan DOT hatcher ]at[ okfn DOT org
Avaliable on slideshare at: http://www.slideshare.net/jordanhatcher
www.jordanhatcher.com




              Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence
              http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/scotland/


                                                                                       32
Open
              Data




Diffusion of Innovations / Technology Adoption Curve


                                                       33
34

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Hatcher

  • 1. Share PSI Workshop Open Data Licensing and PSI Brussels, 11 May 2011 Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM Board of Directors, Open Knowledge Foundation Co-founder, Open Data Commons www.jordanhatcher.com 1
  • 2. Open Knowledge Foundation http://www.okfn.org 2
  • 3. We promote open knowledge 3
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  • 5. “genes to geo-data and sonnets to statistics” 5
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  • 7. OKF work • Standards - Open Definition; Open Government Data Principles; Open Data Commons • Infrastructure & Tools – CKAN; kforge; datapkg • Open Knowledge Production – PSI, Public Domain Works, WDMMG • Events, Workshops, and Working Groups – OKcon; open data workshops; EU Open Data WG; Open Government Data WG • Community Support – very active • Propose your own! 7
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  • 10. OpenDataCommons.org Legal tools for Open Data 10
  • 12. Step 1. Defining the boundaries of the licenses 12
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  • 14. • Use • Reuse • Redistribute “open” • Commercial use allowed • Attribution & Share Alike requirements = okay www.opendefinition.org 14
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  • 16. Step 2. Established a preferred license type 16
  • 17. 1. Public Domain Dedications • CC0; PDDL or US gov open 2. Attribution licenses definition • CC-BY; ODC-Attribution; or UK - compliant OGL 3. Copyleft / Share alike licenses • ODbL or CC-BY-SA www.opendefinition.org 17
  • 18. 1. Public Domain Dedications PSI • CC0; PDDL or US gov open 2. Attribution licenses definition • CC-BY; ODC-Attribution; or UK - compliant OGL 3. Copyleft / Share alike licenses • ODbL or CC-BY-SA www.opendefinition.org 18
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  • 21. Only PD or BY Licensing Standard = open definition compliant licenses 21
  • 22. Plays well with others (wide interoperability) 22
  • 23. Step 3. Make it easy for both licensors and licensees 23
  • 24. Open Licenses CC-BY-NC CC-BY-NC-ND CC-BY-NC-SA UK - OGL PDDL Norway - ODC ODbL NLOD ODC-Attribution CC-BY-SA CC-BY CC-0 Public Licenses http://www.jordanhatcher.com/2010/open-licenses-vs-public-licenses/ 24
  • 25. Focus on IP: copyright + database rights 25
  • 26. OpenDataCommons.org Legal tools for Open Data 26
  • 27. ODbL CC-BY-SA PDDL ODC CC-0 ODC-Attribution CC-BY 27
  • 28. Step 1. Defining the boundaries of the licenses Step 2. Established a preferred license type Step 3. Make it easy for both licensors and licensees 28
  • 29. Next Step: International common principles for open government data licensing (suggest opendefinition, plus PD or BY) 29
  • 30. Thanks! www.okfn.org/ www.publicdata.eu www.opengovernmentdata.org/ Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM Email: jordan DOT hatcher ]at[ okfn DOT org Will be available on slideshare at: http://www.slideshare.net/jordanhatcher www.jordanhatcher.com Original material Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- Alike 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/scotland/ 30
  • 31. The Elect. Not the elected. CC-BY-SA by Steve Punter http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/2907555506/ Farmhouse with Silos HDR by ajagendorf25 Available here under a CC-BY license http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajagendorf25/3033960008/ The original Tux, the official Linux mascot created by Larry Ewing in 1996: Permission to use and/or modify this image is granted provided you acknowledge lewing@isc.tamu.edu and The GIMP if someone asks. All other trademarks are copyright / trademark their respective owners. Some works, such as screenshots, may appear here under exceptions or exclusions to copyright and trademark law such as fair use / fair dealing and are not covered by the CC license over this work. These exclusions or exceptions may not apply to you. 31
  • 32. Thanks! www.okfn.org/ Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM Email: jordan DOT hatcher ]at[ okfn DOT org Avaliable on slideshare at: http://www.slideshare.net/jordanhatcher www.jordanhatcher.com Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/scotland/ 32
  • 33. Open Data Diffusion of Innovations / Technology Adoption Curve 33
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