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ED 713 CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT & INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION
CURRICULUM PROCEDURE
CURRICULUM EVALUATION
Reporter:
Nancy G. Largado
Unit V – CURRICULUM PROCEDURE
C. Adaptive Curriculum & Instruction
- Instruction
- Mastery Learning
- Cooperative Learning
* Computer – Assisted Instruction
* Other Research on Grouping, Learning Styles
* Content Option and Self-Posed Instruction
CURRICULUM
What is curriculum adaptation?
Curriculum adaptation
• is an ongoing dynamic process that modifies and adapts the prescribed
program of studies to meet the learning requirements of a student with
special needs.
• it enables the teaching team to welcome learners of all abilities and
ensures that every student is challenged to learn
What does curriculum and instruction mean?
• Curriculum and instruction is a rapidly growing field that
strives to transform the educational landscape through
improved curriculum design and teaching best practices.
• Curriculum development and instruction is a popular
career option for licensed teachers and other working
professionals with their bachelor's degrees.
• Instructional adaptations are changes that teachers make to the
classroom environment that provide students with equal access to
the curriculum. Adaptations include accommodations, or
changes made to the way a student learns, as well as
modifications, which are changes to the actual learning content.
Adapting Curriculum
vIn inclusive schools, the focus is not exclusively on how
to help students fit into the existing, standard curriculum
of the school.
vThe curriculum in the regular education classroom is
adapted, when necessary, to meet the needs of any student
from whom the standard curriculum is inappropriate or
could be better served through adaptation
Types of Curriculum
• Overt, explicit, or written curriculum - usually confined to those written
understanding and directions formally designated and reviewed by administrators,
curriculum directors and teachers
• Societal curriculum or social curricula – this type of curricula ca now be
expanded to include the powerful effects of social media
• The hidden or covert curriculum – that which is implied by the very structure
and nature of schools, much of what revolve around daily or established routines
• The null curriculum - that which we do not teach, thus giving students the
message that these elements are not important in their educational experiences or
in our society
• Phantom curriculum - the messages prevalent in and through exposure to any type of media.
• Concomitant curriculum - What is taught, or emphasized at home, or those experiences that
are part of a family’s experiences, or related experiences sanctioned by the family.
• Rhetorical curriculum - This curriculum may also come from those professionals involved
in concept formation and content changes; or from those educational initiatives resulting from
decisions based on national and state reports, public speeches, or from texts critiquing
outdated educational practices.
• Curriculum-in-use - The curriculum-in-use is the actual curriculum that is delivered and
presented by each teacher.
• Received curriculum - those things that students actually take out of classrooms; those
concepts and content that are truly learned and remembered.
• The internal curriculum - educators can explore this curricula by using instructional
assessments like “exit slips,” reflective exercises, or debriefing discussions to see what
students really remember from a lesson.
• The electronic curriculum - these types of curriculum may be either formal or informal,
and inherent lessons may be overt or covert, good or bad, correct or incorrect depending on
ones’ views.
- students who use the Internet and electronic media on a regular basis, both for
recreational and informational purposes, are bombarded with all types of media and messages.
Learning to Build Your Curriculum
• Describe your vision, focus, objectives, and student needs.
• Identify resources.
• Develop experiences that meet your objectives.
• Collect and devise materials.
• Lock down the specifics of your task.
• Develop plans, methods, and processes.
• Create your students' experience.
• Go!
Stages in Curriculum Development
• Planning
• Content and Methods
• Implementation
• Evaluation and Reporting
Checklist for curriculum alignment:
vAlignment to standard
- clear objectives
- sufficient coverage
vFlexibility of delivery
- whole class/smartboard
- individual/tablets and laptops
- group work/interactive
- station-rotation/self-contained
- technically accessible/range of needs
vEngagement
- learner autonomy
- age-appropriate use of multimedia
- storylines
- characters
- real world scenarios
vRelevance
- a hook
- a sense of the importance of the topic
- the everyday life of the learner
- realistic settings
- topics of relevance to learners
vInstructional Approach
- direct instruction
- flipped classroom
- problem-based
- constructivist
vRigor
- accurate content
- an appropriate depth of understanding
- links to quality assessments
- clear feedback
- a cycle of revision and maintenance
INSTRUCTION
Instructional materials - provide the core information that students will
experience, learn, and apply during a course.
• they hold the power to either engage or demotivate students.
• therefore, such materials must be carefully planned, selected, organized, refined,
and used in a course for the maximum effect.
Effective instructional explanations should:
• be adaptive. ...
• focus on concepts and principles. ...
• take into account the student's ongoing cognitive activities. ...
• not replace the student's ongoing cognitive activities. ...
• striking a balance.
How to make instructional materials attractive to the
learners?
• Relevance – the materials have to be relevant to the needs
and characteristics of the learner.
• Timely - the materials have to reflect what is happening
currently in the community.
• Attention-grabber - the materials should catch the eyes of
the students.
MASTERY LEARNING
WHAT IS MASTERY LEARNING?
- is the transformational education innovation of our time.
- a mastery approach is characterized by whole class teaching.
- depth of knowledge is valued over speed of learning.
- high expectations are crucial – mastery is built on the belief that all
children can achieve.
Mastery learning is a set of group-based,
individualized, teaching and learning strategies based on the premise
that students will achieve a high level of understanding in a given
domain if they are given enough time.
Why is mastery learning important?
• At its core, mastery learning enables students to move forward at their own pace
as they master knowledge, skills, and dispositions. Effective implementation at
scale will completely change how students learn, how teachers teach, and how
schools work.
Who invented mastery learning?
- Benjamin Bloom
- Mastery learning (or, as it was initially called, "learning for mastery") is an
instructional strategy and educational philosophy, first formally proposed
by Benjamin Bloom in 1968.
ØMastery learning aims to change that, primarily by letting go of the concept that
everyone is on the same time schedule.
- It requires more differentiated learning, giving students more time to go over
the learning material, giving them extra explanation and support.
ØMastery learning focusses on mastering a topic before you move on to a more
advanced one.
ØIn Mastery learning, "the students are helped to master each learning unit before
proceeding to a more advanced learning task"
COOPERATIVE LEARNING
- Computer-Assisted Instruction
- Other Research on Grouping, Learning Styles
- Content Option and Self-Posed Instruction
Cooperative Learning
- is the instructional use of small groups so that students work together to maximize their own and
each other’s learning.
- it may be contrasted with competitive (students work against each other to achieve an academic
goal such as a grade of “A” that only one or a few students can attain) and individualistic (students
work by themselves to accomplish learning goals unrelated to those of the other students) learning.
- is the process of breaking a classroom of students into small groups so they can discover a
new concept together and help each other learn.
- the idea of cooperative learning has been around for decades, but it never got to the same
prominence as blended learning or differentiated instruction.
ØThe purpose of cooperative learning groups
- is to make each member a stronger individual in his or her right.
- students learn together so that they can subsequently perform higher as individuals.
- cooperative learning is promotive interaction, preferably face-to-face.
ØAccording to researchers cooperative learning can be conducive to academic success.
-Yamarik (2007) noted that “students taught by cooperative learning achieved greater
academic performance” (p. 261).
- Yamarik found that cooperative learning had a positive effect on student achievement.
ØThe basic elements are positive interdependence, individual and group accountability, face
to face interaction, interpersonal and small group social skills and group interaction
processing.
A. COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION
"Computer-assisted instruction" (CAI) refers to instruction or remediation
presented on a computer.
- Computers provide immediate feedback, letting students know
whether their answer is correct.
- if the answer is not correct, the program shows students how to
correctly answer the question
- the three major types of CAI: drill and practice, tutorials, and
simulations
- in the early stages of development, computers were involved only in
simple tasks such as performing calculations.
5 Advantages of Computer Assisted Learning
- It Caters to the Individual. ...
- It Promotes Active Interaction and Use of Target Language. ...
- It Lets Students See Their Progress. ...
- It Breaks Down Complex Topics into Smaller Pieces. ...
- It's Interesting and Engaging.
Disadvantages of Computer Assisted Instruction
- A programmer cannot cater for every possible response and may give
unexpected and unhelpful responses to unusual input.
- A few students are intimidated by the strangeness of a computer terminal.
- Packages can become boring if a student is alone at a terminal for too long.
B. OTHER RESEARCH ON GROUPING, LEARNING STYLES
vBenefits of students from learning in groups
• Higher academic achievement.
• Greater persistence through graduation.
• Better high-level reasoning and critical thinking skills.
• Deeper understanding of learned material.
• Lower levels of anxiety and stress.
• Greater intrinsic motivation to learn and achieve.
• Greater ability to view situations from others' perspectives
What are the 4 types of learning styles?
• These different learning styles—visual, auditory, reading/writing and kinesthetic—were
identified after thousands of hours of classroom observation
What is Honey and Mumford Learning Style?
• Learning styles were developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford, based upon the work
of Kolb, and they identified four distinct learning styles or preferences: Activist, Theorist;
Pragmatist and Reflector. understand their learning style. ... seek out opportunities
to learn using that style.
Who created learning styles?
• David Kolb published his learning styles model in 1984 from which he developed his
learning style inventory.
Research Study:
The impact of learning styles on student grouping for collaborative
learning: a case study
Abstract : Learning style models constitute a valuable tool for improving individual
learning by the use of adaptation techniques based on them. In this paper, we present
how the benefit of considering learning styles with adaptation purposes, as part of the
user model, can be extended to the context of collaborative learning as a key feature
for group formation. We explore the effects that the combination of students with
different learning styles in specific groups may have in the final results of the tasks
accomplished by them collaboratively. With this aim, a case study with 166 students
of computer science has been carried out, from which conclusions are drawn. We also
describe how an existing web-based system can take advantage of learning style
information in order to form more productive groups. Our ongoing work concerning
the automatic extraction of grouping rules starting from data about previous
interactions within the system is also outlined. Finally, we present our challenges,
related to the continuous improvement of collaboration by the use and dynamic
modification of automatic grouping rules
AUTHORS: ENRIQUE ALFONSICA, ET AL
C. CONTENT OPTION AND SELF-POSED INSTRUCTION
- Content-Based Instruction is an approach to language teaching that focuses not on the
language itself, but rather on what is being taught through the language; that is, the language
becomes the medium through which something new is learned.
- The goal of CBI: prepare students to acquire the language while using the context of
any subject matter so that students learn the language by using it within that specific context.
Rather than learning a language out of context, it is learned within the context of a specific
academic subject.
What are the advantages of content-based instruction?
- It can make learning a language more interesting and motivating. Students can use
the language to fulfil a real purpose, which can make students both more independent and
confident.
CHAPTER 6
CURRICULUM EVALUATION
F. Perspective on Curriculum Evaluation
G. Using the Result of Evaluation
H. Practicum
PERSPECTIVE ON CURRICULUM EVALUATION
What is curriculum evaluation?
• it is the process of measuring and judging the extent to which the planned courses,
programs, learning activities and opportunities as expressed in the
formal curriculum actually produce the expected results.
• it is a competent of curriculum development that responds to public accountability.
• it looks into educational reforms or innovations that happen in the teacher’s
classrooms, the school, district division or the whole educational system as well
What is the importance of curriculum evaluation?
• The goal of curriculum evaluation is to ensure that the curriculum is effective in
promoting improved quality of student learning.
• Student assessment connotes assessment of student learning.
STEPS IN CONDUCTING A CURRICULUM EVALUATION
Steps What to Consider
1. Identifying primary audiences Ø Curriculum Program Sponsors, Managers and
Administrators, School Heads, Participants (Teacher and
Students) Content Specialist; other stakeholders
2. Identifying critical issues/problems Ø Outcomes (expected, desired, intended) Process
(Implementation) Resources (Inputs)
3. Identifying data source Ø People (teachers, students, parents, curriculum developers)
Existing documents: Available records; evaluation studies
4. Identifying techniques for collecting data Ø Standardized Test, Informal tests: Samples of Students Work;
Interviews; Participant Observations, Checklist, Anecdotal
records
5. Identifying established standards and criteria Ø Standards previously set by agency: DepEd, CHED,
Professional Organization
6. Identifying techniques in data analysis Ø Content Analysis, Process Analysis, Statistics, Comparison,
Evaluation Process
7. Preparing evaluation report Ø Written; Oral; Progress; Final; Summary;
Descriptive; Graphic, Evaluation and
Judgmental; List of Recommendation
8. Preparing modes of display Ø Case Studies; Test Scores Summary;
Testimonies; Multi media representation;
Product Display (exhibits); Technical Report
USING THE RESULT IN EVALUATION
What is result evaluation?
• Process Evaluation determines whether program activities have been
implemented as intended and resulted in certain outputs.
• Outcome Evaluation measures program effects in the target population by
assessing the progress in the outcomes that the program is to address.
7 New ways to present evaluation findings
1. Summary sheets
2. Finding tables
3. Scorecards
4. Interactive web page
5. Photo story
6. Blogs
7. Multimedia video report
PRACTICUM
ØPracticums (also called internships or work placement programs)
- designed to provide students with practical work experience.
- they emphasize the importance of learning by doing.
- students can transfer their knowledge to actual work.
- to provide an opportunity for you to synthesize, integrate, and apply practical skills,
knowledge, and training learned through courses, to gain professional experience in a professional
public health work environment, and to work on public health practice projects that are of
particular .
REFERENCES
• https://thesecondprinciple.com/instructional-design/types-of-curriculum/
• https://www.bookwidgets.com/blog/2017/03/what-is-mastery-learning-a-different-approach-to-
learning
• https://www.google.com/search?q=Adopting+instruction&sxsrf=ALeKk01vPAw-
w5fypC3XvK0LlOpqj0qwsA:1615036912498&ei=8IFDYMnzHdDR-
QaVoqGwDg&start=0&sa=N&ved=2ahUKEwjJq9-
r4ZvvAhXQaN4KHRVRCOY4ChDy0wN6BAgEEDU&biw=755&bih=699
• http://www.co-operation.org/what-is-cooperative-learning
• https://www.google.com/search?q=what+is+coperative+learning&oq=what+is+coperative+learning
&aqs=chrome..69i57j0i10l9.9017j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
• https://www.google.com/search?q=The+impact+of+learning+styles+on+student+grouping+for+col
laborative+learning%3A+a+case+study&oq=The+impact+of+learning+styles+on+student+groupin
g+for+collaborative+learning%3A+a+case+study&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i60.1536j0j7&sourceid=c
hrome&ie=UTF-8
• https://www.slideshare.net/goneil/communication-evaluation-challenges-and-
complexities?next_slideshow=1
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!
GOD BLESS!

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Curriculum procedure and curriculum evaluation

  • 1. ED 713 CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT & INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION CURRICULUM PROCEDURE CURRICULUM EVALUATION Reporter: Nancy G. Largado
  • 2. Unit V – CURRICULUM PROCEDURE C. Adaptive Curriculum & Instruction - Instruction - Mastery Learning - Cooperative Learning * Computer – Assisted Instruction * Other Research on Grouping, Learning Styles * Content Option and Self-Posed Instruction
  • 4. What is curriculum adaptation? Curriculum adaptation • is an ongoing dynamic process that modifies and adapts the prescribed program of studies to meet the learning requirements of a student with special needs. • it enables the teaching team to welcome learners of all abilities and ensures that every student is challenged to learn
  • 5. What does curriculum and instruction mean? • Curriculum and instruction is a rapidly growing field that strives to transform the educational landscape through improved curriculum design and teaching best practices. • Curriculum development and instruction is a popular career option for licensed teachers and other working professionals with their bachelor's degrees.
  • 6. • Instructional adaptations are changes that teachers make to the classroom environment that provide students with equal access to the curriculum. Adaptations include accommodations, or changes made to the way a student learns, as well as modifications, which are changes to the actual learning content.
  • 7. Adapting Curriculum vIn inclusive schools, the focus is not exclusively on how to help students fit into the existing, standard curriculum of the school. vThe curriculum in the regular education classroom is adapted, when necessary, to meet the needs of any student from whom the standard curriculum is inappropriate or could be better served through adaptation
  • 8. Types of Curriculum • Overt, explicit, or written curriculum - usually confined to those written understanding and directions formally designated and reviewed by administrators, curriculum directors and teachers • Societal curriculum or social curricula – this type of curricula ca now be expanded to include the powerful effects of social media • The hidden or covert curriculum – that which is implied by the very structure and nature of schools, much of what revolve around daily or established routines • The null curriculum - that which we do not teach, thus giving students the message that these elements are not important in their educational experiences or in our society
  • 9. • Phantom curriculum - the messages prevalent in and through exposure to any type of media. • Concomitant curriculum - What is taught, or emphasized at home, or those experiences that are part of a family’s experiences, or related experiences sanctioned by the family. • Rhetorical curriculum - This curriculum may also come from those professionals involved in concept formation and content changes; or from those educational initiatives resulting from decisions based on national and state reports, public speeches, or from texts critiquing outdated educational practices. • Curriculum-in-use - The curriculum-in-use is the actual curriculum that is delivered and presented by each teacher.
  • 10. • Received curriculum - those things that students actually take out of classrooms; those concepts and content that are truly learned and remembered. • The internal curriculum - educators can explore this curricula by using instructional assessments like “exit slips,” reflective exercises, or debriefing discussions to see what students really remember from a lesson. • The electronic curriculum - these types of curriculum may be either formal or informal, and inherent lessons may be overt or covert, good or bad, correct or incorrect depending on ones’ views. - students who use the Internet and electronic media on a regular basis, both for recreational and informational purposes, are bombarded with all types of media and messages.
  • 11. Learning to Build Your Curriculum • Describe your vision, focus, objectives, and student needs. • Identify resources. • Develop experiences that meet your objectives. • Collect and devise materials. • Lock down the specifics of your task. • Develop plans, methods, and processes. • Create your students' experience. • Go!
  • 12. Stages in Curriculum Development • Planning • Content and Methods • Implementation • Evaluation and Reporting
  • 13. Checklist for curriculum alignment: vAlignment to standard - clear objectives - sufficient coverage vFlexibility of delivery - whole class/smartboard - individual/tablets and laptops - group work/interactive - station-rotation/self-contained - technically accessible/range of needs vEngagement - learner autonomy - age-appropriate use of multimedia - storylines - characters - real world scenarios
  • 14. vRelevance - a hook - a sense of the importance of the topic - the everyday life of the learner - realistic settings - topics of relevance to learners vInstructional Approach - direct instruction - flipped classroom - problem-based - constructivist
  • 15. vRigor - accurate content - an appropriate depth of understanding - links to quality assessments - clear feedback - a cycle of revision and maintenance
  • 17. Instructional materials - provide the core information that students will experience, learn, and apply during a course. • they hold the power to either engage or demotivate students. • therefore, such materials must be carefully planned, selected, organized, refined, and used in a course for the maximum effect. Effective instructional explanations should: • be adaptive. ... • focus on concepts and principles. ... • take into account the student's ongoing cognitive activities. ... • not replace the student's ongoing cognitive activities. ... • striking a balance.
  • 18. How to make instructional materials attractive to the learners? • Relevance – the materials have to be relevant to the needs and characteristics of the learner. • Timely - the materials have to reflect what is happening currently in the community. • Attention-grabber - the materials should catch the eyes of the students.
  • 20. WHAT IS MASTERY LEARNING? - is the transformational education innovation of our time. - a mastery approach is characterized by whole class teaching. - depth of knowledge is valued over speed of learning. - high expectations are crucial – mastery is built on the belief that all children can achieve. Mastery learning is a set of group-based, individualized, teaching and learning strategies based on the premise that students will achieve a high level of understanding in a given domain if they are given enough time.
  • 21. Why is mastery learning important? • At its core, mastery learning enables students to move forward at their own pace as they master knowledge, skills, and dispositions. Effective implementation at scale will completely change how students learn, how teachers teach, and how schools work. Who invented mastery learning? - Benjamin Bloom - Mastery learning (or, as it was initially called, "learning for mastery") is an instructional strategy and educational philosophy, first formally proposed by Benjamin Bloom in 1968.
  • 22. ØMastery learning aims to change that, primarily by letting go of the concept that everyone is on the same time schedule. - It requires more differentiated learning, giving students more time to go over the learning material, giving them extra explanation and support. ØMastery learning focusses on mastering a topic before you move on to a more advanced one. ØIn Mastery learning, "the students are helped to master each learning unit before proceeding to a more advanced learning task"
  • 23. COOPERATIVE LEARNING - Computer-Assisted Instruction - Other Research on Grouping, Learning Styles - Content Option and Self-Posed Instruction
  • 24. Cooperative Learning - is the instructional use of small groups so that students work together to maximize their own and each other’s learning. - it may be contrasted with competitive (students work against each other to achieve an academic goal such as a grade of “A” that only one or a few students can attain) and individualistic (students work by themselves to accomplish learning goals unrelated to those of the other students) learning. - is the process of breaking a classroom of students into small groups so they can discover a new concept together and help each other learn. - the idea of cooperative learning has been around for decades, but it never got to the same prominence as blended learning or differentiated instruction.
  • 25. ØThe purpose of cooperative learning groups - is to make each member a stronger individual in his or her right. - students learn together so that they can subsequently perform higher as individuals. - cooperative learning is promotive interaction, preferably face-to-face. ØAccording to researchers cooperative learning can be conducive to academic success. -Yamarik (2007) noted that “students taught by cooperative learning achieved greater academic performance” (p. 261). - Yamarik found that cooperative learning had a positive effect on student achievement. ØThe basic elements are positive interdependence, individual and group accountability, face to face interaction, interpersonal and small group social skills and group interaction processing.
  • 26. A. COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION "Computer-assisted instruction" (CAI) refers to instruction or remediation presented on a computer. - Computers provide immediate feedback, letting students know whether their answer is correct. - if the answer is not correct, the program shows students how to correctly answer the question - the three major types of CAI: drill and practice, tutorials, and simulations - in the early stages of development, computers were involved only in simple tasks such as performing calculations.
  • 27. 5 Advantages of Computer Assisted Learning - It Caters to the Individual. ... - It Promotes Active Interaction and Use of Target Language. ... - It Lets Students See Their Progress. ... - It Breaks Down Complex Topics into Smaller Pieces. ... - It's Interesting and Engaging.
  • 28. Disadvantages of Computer Assisted Instruction - A programmer cannot cater for every possible response and may give unexpected and unhelpful responses to unusual input. - A few students are intimidated by the strangeness of a computer terminal. - Packages can become boring if a student is alone at a terminal for too long.
  • 29. B. OTHER RESEARCH ON GROUPING, LEARNING STYLES vBenefits of students from learning in groups • Higher academic achievement. • Greater persistence through graduation. • Better high-level reasoning and critical thinking skills. • Deeper understanding of learned material. • Lower levels of anxiety and stress. • Greater intrinsic motivation to learn and achieve. • Greater ability to view situations from others' perspectives
  • 30. What are the 4 types of learning styles? • These different learning styles—visual, auditory, reading/writing and kinesthetic—were identified after thousands of hours of classroom observation What is Honey and Mumford Learning Style? • Learning styles were developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford, based upon the work of Kolb, and they identified four distinct learning styles or preferences: Activist, Theorist; Pragmatist and Reflector. understand their learning style. ... seek out opportunities to learn using that style. Who created learning styles? • David Kolb published his learning styles model in 1984 from which he developed his learning style inventory.
  • 31. Research Study: The impact of learning styles on student grouping for collaborative learning: a case study Abstract : Learning style models constitute a valuable tool for improving individual learning by the use of adaptation techniques based on them. In this paper, we present how the benefit of considering learning styles with adaptation purposes, as part of the user model, can be extended to the context of collaborative learning as a key feature for group formation. We explore the effects that the combination of students with different learning styles in specific groups may have in the final results of the tasks accomplished by them collaboratively. With this aim, a case study with 166 students of computer science has been carried out, from which conclusions are drawn. We also describe how an existing web-based system can take advantage of learning style information in order to form more productive groups. Our ongoing work concerning the automatic extraction of grouping rules starting from data about previous interactions within the system is also outlined. Finally, we present our challenges, related to the continuous improvement of collaboration by the use and dynamic modification of automatic grouping rules AUTHORS: ENRIQUE ALFONSICA, ET AL
  • 32. C. CONTENT OPTION AND SELF-POSED INSTRUCTION - Content-Based Instruction is an approach to language teaching that focuses not on the language itself, but rather on what is being taught through the language; that is, the language becomes the medium through which something new is learned. - The goal of CBI: prepare students to acquire the language while using the context of any subject matter so that students learn the language by using it within that specific context. Rather than learning a language out of context, it is learned within the context of a specific academic subject. What are the advantages of content-based instruction? - It can make learning a language more interesting and motivating. Students can use the language to fulfil a real purpose, which can make students both more independent and confident.
  • 33. CHAPTER 6 CURRICULUM EVALUATION F. Perspective on Curriculum Evaluation G. Using the Result of Evaluation H. Practicum
  • 34. PERSPECTIVE ON CURRICULUM EVALUATION What is curriculum evaluation? • it is the process of measuring and judging the extent to which the planned courses, programs, learning activities and opportunities as expressed in the formal curriculum actually produce the expected results. • it is a competent of curriculum development that responds to public accountability. • it looks into educational reforms or innovations that happen in the teacher’s classrooms, the school, district division or the whole educational system as well What is the importance of curriculum evaluation? • The goal of curriculum evaluation is to ensure that the curriculum is effective in promoting improved quality of student learning. • Student assessment connotes assessment of student learning.
  • 35. STEPS IN CONDUCTING A CURRICULUM EVALUATION Steps What to Consider 1. Identifying primary audiences Ø Curriculum Program Sponsors, Managers and Administrators, School Heads, Participants (Teacher and Students) Content Specialist; other stakeholders 2. Identifying critical issues/problems Ø Outcomes (expected, desired, intended) Process (Implementation) Resources (Inputs) 3. Identifying data source Ø People (teachers, students, parents, curriculum developers) Existing documents: Available records; evaluation studies 4. Identifying techniques for collecting data Ø Standardized Test, Informal tests: Samples of Students Work; Interviews; Participant Observations, Checklist, Anecdotal records 5. Identifying established standards and criteria Ø Standards previously set by agency: DepEd, CHED, Professional Organization 6. Identifying techniques in data analysis Ø Content Analysis, Process Analysis, Statistics, Comparison, Evaluation Process
  • 36. 7. Preparing evaluation report Ø Written; Oral; Progress; Final; Summary; Descriptive; Graphic, Evaluation and Judgmental; List of Recommendation 8. Preparing modes of display Ø Case Studies; Test Scores Summary; Testimonies; Multi media representation; Product Display (exhibits); Technical Report
  • 37. USING THE RESULT IN EVALUATION What is result evaluation? • Process Evaluation determines whether program activities have been implemented as intended and resulted in certain outputs. • Outcome Evaluation measures program effects in the target population by assessing the progress in the outcomes that the program is to address.
  • 38. 7 New ways to present evaluation findings 1. Summary sheets 2. Finding tables 3. Scorecards 4. Interactive web page 5. Photo story 6. Blogs 7. Multimedia video report
  • 39. PRACTICUM ØPracticums (also called internships or work placement programs) - designed to provide students with practical work experience. - they emphasize the importance of learning by doing. - students can transfer their knowledge to actual work. - to provide an opportunity for you to synthesize, integrate, and apply practical skills, knowledge, and training learned through courses, to gain professional experience in a professional public health work environment, and to work on public health practice projects that are of particular .
  • 40. REFERENCES • https://thesecondprinciple.com/instructional-design/types-of-curriculum/ • https://www.bookwidgets.com/blog/2017/03/what-is-mastery-learning-a-different-approach-to- learning • https://www.google.com/search?q=Adopting+instruction&sxsrf=ALeKk01vPAw- w5fypC3XvK0LlOpqj0qwsA:1615036912498&ei=8IFDYMnzHdDR- QaVoqGwDg&start=0&sa=N&ved=2ahUKEwjJq9- r4ZvvAhXQaN4KHRVRCOY4ChDy0wN6BAgEEDU&biw=755&bih=699 • http://www.co-operation.org/what-is-cooperative-learning • https://www.google.com/search?q=what+is+coperative+learning&oq=what+is+coperative+learning &aqs=chrome..69i57j0i10l9.9017j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 • https://www.google.com/search?q=The+impact+of+learning+styles+on+student+grouping+for+col laborative+learning%3A+a+case+study&oq=The+impact+of+learning+styles+on+student+groupin g+for+collaborative+learning%3A+a+case+study&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i60.1536j0j7&sourceid=c hrome&ie=UTF-8 • https://www.slideshare.net/goneil/communication-evaluation-challenges-and- complexities?next_slideshow=1
  • 41. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! GOD BLESS!