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Codex Alimentarius
Prepared by –
Ravi shankar
College of fisheries kawardha (c.g)
1
INTRODUCTION
• Codex Alimentarius is a group of international food
standards, adopted by the Codex Alimentarius
Commission and uniformly presented.
• The very term Codex Alimentarius is taken from the
Latin term Codex Alimentarius, meaning Food Law
or Legal Food Code.
• The Codex Alimentarius standards cover all basic food
types, raw, semi-processed and processed, that are
intended for distribution to the costumers.
2
Cont..
• The regulations of the Codex refer to food
hygiene and quality, including microbiological
standards, food additives, pesticides and
residues from veterinary drugs, contaminants, food
labeling and marketing, methods for sampling
and hazard analysis, food import and
export, certification system, etc.
3
Codex Alimentarius
• Ensures that products complying with Codex standards
can be sold on the international market without
compromising health or interests of consumers.
• Codex standards ensure product is safe internationally.
• Review of member laws based in internationally
accepted scientific and technological standards.
4
Codex Commission
• Developed Codex in 1962.
• Subsidiary of Food and Agriculture Organization
(FAO), United Nations (UN)and World Health
Organization (WHO).
• Joint venture between FAO and WHO to
formulate internationally accepted food safety
standards for protection of human health and to
ensure fair trade practices.
5
Codex Commission
• Coordination of all food standards.
• Initiation and supervision of draft standards
• Finalization of food standards.
• Publication of standards worldwide.
• Amend standards in face of new technology.
6
Structure of Codex Commission
• Inter-governmental body
• Open to all UN member nations
• Currently 165 members.
• Executive Committee oversees Commission
activities (Chair, 3 vice chairs and 7others)
• Secretariat oversees Executive Committee
– Located at FAO in Rome
7
Purpose of the Codex Alimentarius
8
“ To protect consumer health and
economic interests and to secure
fair trade practices in the food
industry ”
Codex Objectives
• To protect the health of consumers.
• To ensure fair practices in the food trade.
• To coordinate all work regarding food standards.
• To determinate the priorities.
• To initiate the preparation of standards.
• To publish the standards.
9
Scope
• The Codex Alimentarius covers all foods, whether
processed, semi-processed or raw. In addition to standards for
specific foods, the Codex Alimentarius contains general
standards covering matters such as food labeling, food
hygiene, food additives and pesticide residues, and
procedures for assessing the safety of foods derived from
modern biotechnology.
• It also contains guidelines for the management of official i.e.
governmental import and export inspection and certification
systems for foods.
10
Structure of the Codex Alimentarius
Commission
11
Executive Committee Secretariat
General Committees
(9)
Committees adjourned
(4)
ad hoc Task Forces
(3)
Active Committees
(7)
Commodity Committees
and Task Forces
Regional Committees
(6)
Codex
Alimentarius Commission
Codex Alimentarius Commission – structure and
management
1- The Executive Committee
2- The Regional Coordinating
Committees
3- The Secretariat of the
Commission
12
1- The Executive Committee
• Chairperson
• 3 Vice-Chairpersons
• 7 Regional Representatives
• 6 Regional Coordinators
13
2- Regional Coordinating Committees:
• 6 Regional Committees – for
Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America&Caribbean, North
America & Southwest Pacific, Near East.
• Responsible for defining the problems and needs of
the region.
• Responsible for coordination of activities.
14
3- The Secretariat of the Commission:
Responsible for:
• Formulation and development of FAO/ WHO
standards.
• Administrative support to the Commission.
• Relations with the National Codex Contact
Point.
15
Codex Committees
• Commodities Committees
– Fats and Oils
• General Subject Committees
– Food Additives
• Regional Committees
– Intra-regional matters and trade
• Regional Coordinating Committees
– Africa, Europe, South West Pacific,
Latin America, Caribbean, Near East, North America
16
Codex Committees on general
issues
Codex Committee on General Principles,
2. Codex Committee on Food Labelling.
3. Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis
and Sampling.
4. Codex Committee on Food Hygiene.
5. Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues.
6. Codex Committee on Food Additives and
Contaminants.
17
Cont..
7. Codex Committee on Import - Export
Inspection and Certification systems.
8. Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for
Special Dietary Uses.
9. Codex Committee on Residues of Veterinary
Drugs in Foods.
18
“Food” under the Codex:
• Any substance, whether processed, partly
processed or raw, which is intended for human
consumption and includes drink, chewing gum and
any substance which has been used in the
manufacture, preparation or treatment of food but
does not include cosmetics, tobacco or substances
used solely as drugs.
19
Codex Legal Tools:
• Codex Standards
• Codes of Practices
• Guidelines and Recommendations
20
Codex Standards
• Food requirements intended to provide
consumers with a sound, wholesome food
product free from adulteration, correctly
labeled and presented.
• International acceptance most importance
consideration next to safety.
21
Codex Standards
• Prescribed format used to develop each
standard. Must include:
– Name, scope, description, essential
composition and quality factors, food
additives, contaminants, hygiene, weights and
measures, labeling and methods of analysis
and sampling.
22
Codes of Practice
• Advisory text issued to all members.
• Designed to assist members in achieving
purposes of Codex.
• Individual members decide how to use code
• Typically describe “hygiene” requirements
– “Adequate” / “Acceptable”.
• Considered “checklist” of requirements for
enforcement authorities (Jurisdictional
Prerequisites).
23
Guidelines and Recommendations
• Basic tool used to help member nations in
elaboration of their standards to conform to Codex.
• Not binding but accepted worldwide.
• Very useful to developing countries.
• Example: “Code of Ethics for International Trade in
Food”.
• Commission can make guidelines “quasi-binding”
– i.e. SPS Agreement guidelines.
24
Food Additives under the Codex:
• Codex General Standard for Food Additives
“Any substance not normally consumed as a food on
its own and normally constituting a typical food
ingredient, whether or not it has any nutritional
value, the intentional additional of which to food for
a technological purpose in the manufacturing…..or
may reasonably be expected to result…in it or its
byproducts becoming a component of or otherwise
affecting the characteristics of such foods.
25
Food Labeling Under the Codex
• Codex General Standard for the Labeling
of Prepackaged Foods.
• Recognized labeling as important to both
objectives of Codex.
• Label = “Any tag, brand, mark, pictorial or
other descriptive
matter, written, printed, stenciled …to a
container of a food”.
26
Food Labeling Requirements under
Codex Alimentarius
• Name of the food
• List of ingredients (in descending order)
• Net content and drained weight
• Name and address of manufacturer
• Country of origin
• Lot identification
• Date marking and storage instructions
• Instructions for use
27
Achievements:
• 237 Food Standards
• 43 Codes of Practice
• 33 Guidelines
• 197 Pesticides evaluated
• 3274 Limits for pesticides residues
• 289 Limits of veterinary drug residues
• 1300 Food additives evaluated.
28
THANKS
29

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Codex alimentarius ppt

  • 1. Codex Alimentarius Prepared by – Ravi shankar College of fisheries kawardha (c.g) 1
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • Codex Alimentarius is a group of international food standards, adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission and uniformly presented. • The very term Codex Alimentarius is taken from the Latin term Codex Alimentarius, meaning Food Law or Legal Food Code. • The Codex Alimentarius standards cover all basic food types, raw, semi-processed and processed, that are intended for distribution to the costumers. 2
  • 3. Cont.. • The regulations of the Codex refer to food hygiene and quality, including microbiological standards, food additives, pesticides and residues from veterinary drugs, contaminants, food labeling and marketing, methods for sampling and hazard analysis, food import and export, certification system, etc. 3
  • 4. Codex Alimentarius • Ensures that products complying with Codex standards can be sold on the international market without compromising health or interests of consumers. • Codex standards ensure product is safe internationally. • Review of member laws based in internationally accepted scientific and technological standards. 4
  • 5. Codex Commission • Developed Codex in 1962. • Subsidiary of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations (UN)and World Health Organization (WHO). • Joint venture between FAO and WHO to formulate internationally accepted food safety standards for protection of human health and to ensure fair trade practices. 5
  • 6. Codex Commission • Coordination of all food standards. • Initiation and supervision of draft standards • Finalization of food standards. • Publication of standards worldwide. • Amend standards in face of new technology. 6
  • 7. Structure of Codex Commission • Inter-governmental body • Open to all UN member nations • Currently 165 members. • Executive Committee oversees Commission activities (Chair, 3 vice chairs and 7others) • Secretariat oversees Executive Committee – Located at FAO in Rome 7
  • 8. Purpose of the Codex Alimentarius 8 “ To protect consumer health and economic interests and to secure fair trade practices in the food industry ”
  • 9. Codex Objectives • To protect the health of consumers. • To ensure fair practices in the food trade. • To coordinate all work regarding food standards. • To determinate the priorities. • To initiate the preparation of standards. • To publish the standards. 9
  • 10. Scope • The Codex Alimentarius covers all foods, whether processed, semi-processed or raw. In addition to standards for specific foods, the Codex Alimentarius contains general standards covering matters such as food labeling, food hygiene, food additives and pesticide residues, and procedures for assessing the safety of foods derived from modern biotechnology. • It also contains guidelines for the management of official i.e. governmental import and export inspection and certification systems for foods. 10
  • 11. Structure of the Codex Alimentarius Commission 11 Executive Committee Secretariat General Committees (9) Committees adjourned (4) ad hoc Task Forces (3) Active Committees (7) Commodity Committees and Task Forces Regional Committees (6) Codex Alimentarius Commission
  • 12. Codex Alimentarius Commission – structure and management 1- The Executive Committee 2- The Regional Coordinating Committees 3- The Secretariat of the Commission 12
  • 13. 1- The Executive Committee • Chairperson • 3 Vice-Chairpersons • 7 Regional Representatives • 6 Regional Coordinators 13
  • 14. 2- Regional Coordinating Committees: • 6 Regional Committees – for Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America&Caribbean, North America & Southwest Pacific, Near East. • Responsible for defining the problems and needs of the region. • Responsible for coordination of activities. 14
  • 15. 3- The Secretariat of the Commission: Responsible for: • Formulation and development of FAO/ WHO standards. • Administrative support to the Commission. • Relations with the National Codex Contact Point. 15
  • 16. Codex Committees • Commodities Committees – Fats and Oils • General Subject Committees – Food Additives • Regional Committees – Intra-regional matters and trade • Regional Coordinating Committees – Africa, Europe, South West Pacific, Latin America, Caribbean, Near East, North America 16
  • 17. Codex Committees on general issues Codex Committee on General Principles, 2. Codex Committee on Food Labelling. 3. Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling. 4. Codex Committee on Food Hygiene. 5. Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues. 6. Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants. 17
  • 18. Cont.. 7. Codex Committee on Import - Export Inspection and Certification systems. 8. Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses. 9. Codex Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods. 18
  • 19. “Food” under the Codex: • Any substance, whether processed, partly processed or raw, which is intended for human consumption and includes drink, chewing gum and any substance which has been used in the manufacture, preparation or treatment of food but does not include cosmetics, tobacco or substances used solely as drugs. 19
  • 20. Codex Legal Tools: • Codex Standards • Codes of Practices • Guidelines and Recommendations 20
  • 21. Codex Standards • Food requirements intended to provide consumers with a sound, wholesome food product free from adulteration, correctly labeled and presented. • International acceptance most importance consideration next to safety. 21
  • 22. Codex Standards • Prescribed format used to develop each standard. Must include: – Name, scope, description, essential composition and quality factors, food additives, contaminants, hygiene, weights and measures, labeling and methods of analysis and sampling. 22
  • 23. Codes of Practice • Advisory text issued to all members. • Designed to assist members in achieving purposes of Codex. • Individual members decide how to use code • Typically describe “hygiene” requirements – “Adequate” / “Acceptable”. • Considered “checklist” of requirements for enforcement authorities (Jurisdictional Prerequisites). 23
  • 24. Guidelines and Recommendations • Basic tool used to help member nations in elaboration of their standards to conform to Codex. • Not binding but accepted worldwide. • Very useful to developing countries. • Example: “Code of Ethics for International Trade in Food”. • Commission can make guidelines “quasi-binding” – i.e. SPS Agreement guidelines. 24
  • 25. Food Additives under the Codex: • Codex General Standard for Food Additives “Any substance not normally consumed as a food on its own and normally constituting a typical food ingredient, whether or not it has any nutritional value, the intentional additional of which to food for a technological purpose in the manufacturing…..or may reasonably be expected to result…in it or its byproducts becoming a component of or otherwise affecting the characteristics of such foods. 25
  • 26. Food Labeling Under the Codex • Codex General Standard for the Labeling of Prepackaged Foods. • Recognized labeling as important to both objectives of Codex. • Label = “Any tag, brand, mark, pictorial or other descriptive matter, written, printed, stenciled …to a container of a food”. 26
  • 27. Food Labeling Requirements under Codex Alimentarius • Name of the food • List of ingredients (in descending order) • Net content and drained weight • Name and address of manufacturer • Country of origin • Lot identification • Date marking and storage instructions • Instructions for use 27
  • 28. Achievements: • 237 Food Standards • 43 Codes of Practice • 33 Guidelines • 197 Pesticides evaluated • 3274 Limits for pesticides residues • 289 Limits of veterinary drug residues • 1300 Food additives evaluated. 28