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By
Vijay M.Sc., Ph.D
Chemical Bonding
 Chemical bonding provides the energy necessary to
hold two different atoms together as part of a chemical
compound.
 Strength of the bond depends the molecules or atoms
involved in the process of bond formation.
Ionic Bond
It is when an electron leaves one atom and
exothermally enters into orbit around another.
These to oppositely charged ions now attracteach
other.
These bond are generally formed between
Metals and Non-Metals
e.g.
Na(+)+Cl(-)
Covalent bond
The mutual sharing off electrons between two
atoms is called Covalent bond.
It is further classified into single, Double, and
Trible covalent bond with respect to mutual sharing of
one, two or three bonds respectively
Hydrogen Bond
It is an electrostatic attraction between Hydrogen
atoms bonded to small, Strongly Electronegative
atoms(N, O & F) and the lone pair electrons on the
electronegative atoms
Metallic Bond
Bonding of metal atoms to metal atoms
Metals lose valence electrons to become positive
ions.
Positive ions vibrate about a fixed position while
lost elctron free to more around Positive(+)ions
E.g.,
cu2+, Al3+,etc…

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Chemical Bonding and it's Types 001.pptx

  • 2. Chemical Bonding  Chemical bonding provides the energy necessary to hold two different atoms together as part of a chemical compound.  Strength of the bond depends the molecules or atoms involved in the process of bond formation.
  • 3. Ionic Bond It is when an electron leaves one atom and exothermally enters into orbit around another. These to oppositely charged ions now attracteach other. These bond are generally formed between Metals and Non-Metals e.g. Na(+)+Cl(-)
  • 4. Covalent bond The mutual sharing off electrons between two atoms is called Covalent bond. It is further classified into single, Double, and Trible covalent bond with respect to mutual sharing of one, two or three bonds respectively
  • 5. Hydrogen Bond It is an electrostatic attraction between Hydrogen atoms bonded to small, Strongly Electronegative atoms(N, O & F) and the lone pair electrons on the electronegative atoms
  • 6. Metallic Bond Bonding of metal atoms to metal atoms Metals lose valence electrons to become positive ions. Positive ions vibrate about a fixed position while lost elctron free to more around Positive(+)ions E.g., cu2+, Al3+,etc…