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Sparta and Athens
Chapter 9
Section 3
Spartan Society
• Build a military society
• Valued a strong military to provide security
and protection
– Daily life reflected this belief
Sparta and Men
• Boys began military training at the age of
7
– Stayed until they were 60
• All males were in the army
• Valued physical fitness
• No luxuries- a plain, simple life
Sparta and Women
• Had more rights than other Greek women
– Could own property
– Ran their own households
• Due to the men in the military
Government
• Ruled by two kings: OLIGARCHY
– Led the military
• Elected officials had more power
– Dealt with the day-to-day activities
Slaves in Sparta
• Slaves were called
Helots
• Did most of the tasks
– Making clothes
– Farming
• Had more slaves than
citizens
Athens
• Sparta’s main rival
• Democracy
• Valued:
– Education
– Clear thinking
– The arts
– Physical Fitness
Athens and Men
• Only served in the
army from 18-20
– Older men only during
times of war
• Rich boys went to
school
• Poor boys became
farmers or learned a
trade
Athens and Women
• Received little to no education
• Had little to no rights
– Could NOT serve in government
– Could NOT leave their houses except special
occasions
– Could NOT buy anything or own property
– Could NOT disobey their husbands or fathers

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Ch9 sect2 000 (2)

  • 2.
  • 3. Spartan Society • Build a military society • Valued a strong military to provide security and protection – Daily life reflected this belief
  • 4. Sparta and Men • Boys began military training at the age of 7 – Stayed until they were 60 • All males were in the army • Valued physical fitness • No luxuries- a plain, simple life
  • 5. Sparta and Women • Had more rights than other Greek women – Could own property – Ran their own households • Due to the men in the military
  • 6. Government • Ruled by two kings: OLIGARCHY – Led the military • Elected officials had more power – Dealt with the day-to-day activities
  • 7. Slaves in Sparta • Slaves were called Helots • Did most of the tasks – Making clothes – Farming • Had more slaves than citizens
  • 8. Athens • Sparta’s main rival • Democracy • Valued: – Education – Clear thinking – The arts – Physical Fitness
  • 9.
  • 10. Athens and Men • Only served in the army from 18-20 – Older men only during times of war • Rich boys went to school • Poor boys became farmers or learned a trade
  • 11. Athens and Women • Received little to no education • Had little to no rights – Could NOT serve in government – Could NOT leave their houses except special occasions – Could NOT buy anything or own property – Could NOT disobey their husbands or fathers