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CARAT’S
TOP 10 TRENDS
FOR 2016
We have been producing trend reports for over 5
years, looking at new technologies that will
become more important and relevant to clients.
We’ve covered issues such as:
WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY
LOCATION AND LOCAL
PAYMENTS
BEACONS
Like these, the trends for 2016 are all growing in
importance, and will all have implications for
clients.
TRENDS IN
CONTEXT
2016 Trends2
BIG
THEMES
This year’s trends involve two big themes:
Trends for 2016
1
2
THE RISE OF CLOSED,
COMPETING ECOSYSTEMS
THE DEVELOPMENT OF
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
AND ACTIONABLE
MEASUREMENT
3
TRENDS
FOR 2016
ECOSYSTEMS
A.I.
1. Walled gardens
2. New challenges in advertising
3. The evolution of search
4. Messaging & notifications
5. Algorithms vs. curation
6. Maps & location
7. Recognition
8. Sentiment
9. Dynamic Pricing
10.‘Telepathy’
Trends for 20164
ECOSYSTEMS
1
Trends for 20165
WALLED
GARDENS
Digital media is becoming less open, and more like
the ‘walled gardens’ and portals of the early 2000s.
A ‘walled garden’ is a safe, controlled publisher
ecosystem - often within apps – instead of links to the
wide web.
2016 Trends6
2016 Trends7
WALLED
GARDENS
This has happened because it’s a faster experience than
moving between apps and sites on mobile, and large
publishers want to keep their audience for longer.
Examples include Snapchat’s Discover, Facebook’s
Instant Articles, Twitter’s Moments, and the YouTube for
Kids app.
Walled gardens often have content & adverts native to
the platform, rather than adverts like banners which can
run across multiple publishers.
The impact of walled gardens has already been seen in
lots of ways.
For example Snapchat has insisted that advertisers in its
Discovery section use vertical video, as that format works
best within its content.
Buy Buttons, where people can click on a button to buy
immediately rather than go to a third party page, are
safer within apps like Pinterest and Google Search, than
the web at large – which is why these buttons generally
only exist in apps.
The threat of ad blocking can be seen as an incentive to
publishers to move to walled gardens – on the web (&
mobile web) it’s easier to identify and block ads; within
walled gardens publishers have more control over how
adverts appear, thus making them more difficult to block
with ad blocking technology.
WALLED
GARDENS
2016 Trends8
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends9
Walled gardens are likely to continue to proliferate at
the expense of the more open web.
Brands need to choose major partners, and work
within these walled gardens, including making
specific content and adverts.
To do this brands need to set rigorous KPIs and be
clear on the most appropriate ones.
In some ways this is beneficial to brands – it’s
easier to guarantee a brand-friendly advertising
environment.
There are two major downsides:
I. Brands need to produce more formats to fit into
different ecosystems.
II. Bespoke formats mean that programmatic
advertising is harder, and the data tracking delivery
and performance will be more silo-ed.
There are a lot of new challenges in how advertising
works, how advertising pays for free content, and the
perceived value exchange between consuming ads
and getting free content.
Trends for 201610 Trends for 201610
NEW CHALLENGES
IN ADVERTISING
2016 Trends11
NEW CHALLENGES
IN ADVERTISING
These challenges have emerged for two reasons:
1) Netflix, which now has over 69 million paying
subscribers, has popularised the idea of paying for
ad-free video content rather than have it free,
subsidised by advertising.
The average subscriber household now watches over
2 hours of ad-free content per day.
This model is now being adopted by other services,
most notably Amazon Prime and Sky’s Now TV and
YouTube Red.
2) Ad blockers are free to access and install. Usage
estimates vary, but millions are using them around
the world, easily blocking ads on the web.
People generally use ad blockers to improve their
experience (no pre-roll videos), to speed up load
times, to avoid being tracked, and, on mobile, to
reduce the amount of data they are paying to
receive.
NEW CHALLENGES
IN ADVERTISING
2016 Trends12
Limit visual clutter Speed up browsing
Control Privacy Reduce Bandwidth
Reduce Battery Use
WHY DO YOU WANT TO BLOCK MOBILE ADS?
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends13
It’s important to state that adverts which aren’t delivered
aren’t paid for, but brands need to develop strategies
that ensure that their messages are still seen by relevant
consumers.
Adverts in apps, and native ads, or adverts that are
more closely integrated with publisher content, are
less likely to be blockable.
Brands also need to be confident that people want
to see their messages, and if they do, develop a
content strategy and use sponsorship &
partnerships more.
Brands can also experiment with being publishers
themselves.
THE EVOLUTION
OF SEARCH
Search is becoming more specific to platforms
particularly mobile (and voice), more personalised and
tailored to the user, and it’s now possible to search
within apps, and not just content on the web.
Trends for 201614
2016 Trends15
THE EVOLUTION
OF SEARCH
Mobile searches now outnumber desktop searches
globally. Mobile means more voice search, more visual
search, and more location-based search, creating more
opportunity for the results to be personalised.
Google now offers demographic targeting for search
ads.
‘Personal Assistant’ apps are starting to replace search
by anticipating needs and providing prompts.
The Google Now app acts as a personal assistant,
providing notifications tailored to the user and
context (location, time of day) to anticipate future
needs and searches. Similar services are offered, or
coming soon, from Bing, Facebook, Baidu and
others.
Google is also testing searches within apps, even
those not on the searcher’s device, and will stream
in search results from apps without requiring a
download.
Siri and Cortana are both driving more search
through voice, providing more competition for
Google.
THE EVOLUTION
OF SEARCH
2016 Trends16
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends17
Ensure that your brands are visible to as many search
technologies as possible.
Organic search will become harder to get right as
different providers look for different attributes in
content.
It may be harder for new brands to cut through on
search, which will be an issue if their strategies are
driven by search.
MESSAGING &
NOTIFICATIONS
Messaging apps now have very high levels of users – WhatsApp, Facebook
Messenger and WeChat now all have more than 600m active users.
In 2015 more messages will be sent than emails, according to Juniper Research.
New battle lines being drawn between these popular messaging platforms - as well
as others like iMessage, Kik, Line and Jott - as separate ecosystems.
Messaging apps are also trying to replace the notification alerts and app stores of
the major operating systems.
Trends for 201618
2016 Trends19
MESSAGING &
NOTIFICATIONS
Messaging apps aren’t just for sending text between
friends, they’re for sharing everything from pictures to
videos to music, and can integrate with other apps and
services.
WeChat pioneered the integration of other apps – for
example you can integrate the Didi Kuaidi taxi-booking
app to call a cab quickly, and pay through AliPay, which is
also integrated – and we expect this to become the model
for the others.
WeChat is now powering communication in some towns in
China, letting users book doctor’s appointments, reporting
incidents to the police, booking flights and more.
Facebook started integrating apps and games into
Messenger in March, including Giphy, Memes, and
Doodle Draw.
Integrating into Messenger gives 3rd party apps a
way of reaching millions of people easily.
Facebook has been testing its ‘personal assistant’ M
within Messenger, allowing people to ask it to do
specific tasks, for example getting a refund from
Amazon.
Messenger can also be used to contact companies
securely.
MESSAGING &
NOTIFICATIONS
2016 Trends20
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends21
Brands need to make their content fits into the new
world of messaging, from ‘share’ buttons to full
integration.
It’s not just a case of producing content that works
in different mobile operating systems, it has to
work with the ecosystems and protocols of different
app platforms too.
There is also potential for brands to consider
offering customer support on the new platforms in
addition to existing channels.
ALGORITHMS VS
CURATION
Algorithms are becoming smarter, making newsfeeds
more nuanced and giving search results more context,
but there is also now a trend towards human curation
in key areas providing greater value to ecosystems.
Trends for 201622
2016 Trends23
ALGORITHMS VS
CURATION
There is now a belief that human curation can
produce better results for the end user in certain
areas, specifically music discovery, commerce and
news, where a sense of context or taste is important.
ALGORITHMS VS
CURATION
Twitter Moments has editors who create ‘moments’ of
connected tweets, to make it easier to explore major events.
Apple Music’s Beats One radio station has DJs to help people
discover the best new music, rather than relying on algorithms
as Spotify does.
Pinterest has a curated store within its app, with taste-makers
selecting the most interesting products, rather than the most
liked or pinned.
YouTube channels like Eton Messy are creating compilations of
music.
Within podcasts, RadioTopia is a curated collection of shows.
Long Reads shares a collection of the best journalism every
week.
2016 Trends24
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends25
The skill involved in curation costs money, so there will
be opportunities to advertise in, or sponsor curated
content.
Brands need to learn to work with curators – for
example you can see this as a new alternative to
SEO for gaining popularity and traction.
This is particularly important for new brands –
curators are very important for bringing attention
to new products.
Curation makes trust and authenticity even more
important.
MAPS &
LOCATION
As the world becomes more mobile, location and maps have become
increasingly important.
Maps can be seen as their own ecosystems – users can create their own
maps with tools from Google, but they can’t alter the data that the maps
are based on.
Creating your own mapping ecosystem can give companies a special
advantage – it can have features tailored to precise needs, and act as a
differentiator.
Trends for 201626
https://contently.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/shutterstock_263399828_copy-1000x500.jpg
2016 Trends27
MAPS &
LOCATION
A quarter of cars made now have in-built navigation
systems and this will continue to grow. Mapping will also
be vital for self-driving cars, if and when they appear.
A consortium of German car manufacturers, Daimler,
BMW and Audi, bought Nokia’s mapping technology in
August, seeing it as a crucial way to compete with
Google for mobile advertising, and also develop their
own points of difference.
Other bidders included Facebook, Baidu and Uber.
MAPS &
LOCATION
Uber has signed a multi-year deal with TomTom for access to
its maps and traffic data.
Apple is buying mapping companies and also creating its own
maps, as Google did with streetview. On Apple devices, Apple’s
own maps are used 3.5 times more than Google Maps.
Google is letting developers integrate with Google maps to add
predictive travel times.
What3Words is trying to map the world with easy to
remember names for precise places.
Trends for 201628
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends29
Maps are becoming even less open, so brands need to
make sure that they are as visible as possible on as
many platforms as possible.
People look at maps when planning shopping
trips. Brands should see journey planning as part
of a communications strategy - consider geo-
targeted prompts for example.
A.I
2
Trends for 201630
RECOGNITION
Technology is starting to allow people and things to be
recognised in broad ways, like gender and (approximate) age,
but also in more precise ways.
Trends for 201631
RECOGNITION
Lots of future technologies like self-driving cars depend on
visual recognition, and just as voice recognition has become a
lot more reliable and usable over the past few years, visual
recognition is also improving.
Google can now recognise features in photos e.g. ‘Find the
picture of me sitting on a boat’.
Pinterest has introduced visual search to help users find
‘visually similar results’.
Blippar can recognise some brands (& breeds of dog, and
fruit), not just logos.
2016 Trends32
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends33
As recognition improves, it’s more
important how things look, from distinctive
logos to distinctive products – a potential
consideration for new product development.
SENTIMENT
The social world is all about self-expression, so it’s more important than
ever to understand the sentiment of what people are saying.
Like images, sentiment has always been a hard thing to interpret –
automated tools have always struggled with context, slang, double
negatives and more.
New tools are starting to make sentiment easier to determine, and more
valuable.
Trends for 201634
Affectiva, a company that grew out of MIT’s Media
Lab, uses facial recognition to try to assess
emotional responses.
Microsoft has also launched an experimental site
where you can upload pictures and challenge it to
identify sentiment.
In media, emojis make it easy to read sentiment.
Emojis can now be searched for, for example on
Instagram posts, and the text descriptions of
YouTube videos.
Facebook is testing a new ‘reactions’ panel to
supplement it’s Like button. The 6 emoji reactions
are Love, Haha, Yay, Wow, Sad, and Angry, and
should make it easier to determine sentiment than
just the ‘Like’ button.
SENTIMENT
2016 Trends35
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends36
We’ve traditionally targeted by daypart as a proxy for
mood – people feel different in the morning to the
evening.
The opportunity for brands, is to identify what sort
of emotions people associate with them and what
they can learn from this in order to serve their
customers better, and create a deeper relationship.
Targeting based on emotion could supersede
this; targeting people based on how they are
actually feeling.
DYNAMIC
PRICING
The pricing of goods and services is becoming increasingly flexible
and dynamic, based on real time data use.
Companies like Uber are using real-time pricing based on demand &
supply, and retailers are starting to use data to influence pricing in
innovative ways.
Trends for 201637
DYNAMIC
PRICING
Dynamic pricing has become a big issue in retail and
ecommerce, because it is now possible to factor in competitor
prices and other data to vary prices quickly and in real time
across multiple stores and platforms.
Retailers are able to price match at tills, and also give
customers control over their choice of special offers.
Online it is possible to see a lot of information about a shopper
– purchase history, location, operating system and more – and
this data could be used to offer different prices, or promotions.
2016 Trends38
Uber can vary prices minute by minute based on
supply and demand; higher prices attract more
drivers to the streets, and discourage passengers
until a new equilibrium is met.
Airlines have always varied prices based on multiple
factors, but recently Iberia has experimented with
auctioning airline tickets.
DYNAMIC
PRICING
2016 Trends39
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends40
Brands need to know that this is happening and work
out if any of the strategies could be applicable to them.
This needs both ecommerce and retail systems
capable of responding.
Brands need to make sure that they can measure
and act on the most relevant customer and
external data.
It also needs a mobile strategy to integrate with live
prices and drive footfall.
‘TELEPATHY’ Mark Zuckerberg has joked that the future of communication is telepathy, but
there are already services that you can communicate with without giving written or
spoken commands.
For some services the future will be interaction via brain signals, or their reading of
signs like a pulse or heartbeat.
Trends for 201641
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6InBob3RvLzIyNzQ1MjQ2NS9tZWRpdW0uanBnIiwibSI6IjEiLCJkIjoic2h1dHRlcnN0b2NrLW1lZGlhIn0sIitmaU5UVXVvY01Uak0xUGlWeHpuL0J0WWUzb
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41 Trends for 201641
‘TELEPATHY’
Wearable devices like smart watches are already collecting this
data, and it’s likely that 3rd party services will find ways to
interpret these cues.
Uniqlo had an installation in a Sydney store that analysed
customers’ brain signals to suggest a perfect shirt.
An agency created a ‘hands-free’ Tinder for the Apple Watch
that swiped left or right depending on the user’s heartbeat.
Researchers at Telefonica were able to show when people were
bored or stressed on their phones, based on frequency of
opening apps, and intensity of use.
2016 Trends42
IMPLICATIONS
2016 Trends43
‘Telepathy’ examples like this show the nascent power
of sensors, and of different services and devices working
together.
This could be used in the future to make services
more intuitive and personalised to customers.
Together with image and sentiment recognition,
plus dynamic pricing, it shows how AI is starting
to be used to remove conscious human
instructions and provide an understanding
between technology and people.
APPENDIX
3
Trends for 201644
APPENDIX 1
LINKS
2016 Trends45
THE EVOLUTION
OF SEARCH
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed_platform
http://blog.snapchat.com/post/109302961090/introducing
-discover
https://instantarticles.fb.com/
https://blog.twitter.com/2015/moments-the-best-of-twitter-
in-an-instant-0
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/youtube-
kids/id936971630?mt=8
http://www.adweek.com/news/technology/snapchat-
persuades-brands-go-vertical-their-video-164305
https://blog.pinterest.com/en/buyable-pins-rolling-out-
today
http://techcrunch.com/2015/07/15/purchases-on-google/
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/04/16/us-netflix-
results-idUSKBN0N62HC20150416
http://techcrunch.com/2015/10/21/youtube-red/
https://blog.pagefair.com/2015/ad-blocking-report/
http://digiday.com/publishers/ad-blocking-crystal/
http://fortune.com/2015/08/18/facebook-google/
http://searchengineland.com/half-of-google-search-is-
mobile-232994
https://www.google.co.uk/landing/now/
http://searchengineland.com/meet-rankbrain-google-
search-results-234386
http://www.macworld.co.uk/how-to/iphone/how-use-
search-in-ios-9-3618792/
http://marketingland.com/google-app-streaming-web-of-
apps-152449
http://www.microsoft.com/en-
gb/mobile/experiences/campaign-cortana/
http://www.engadget.com/2015/08/26/facebook-
messenger-m-assistant/
WALLED
GARDENS
NEW CHALLENGES
IN ADVERTISING
APPENDIX 1
LINKS
2016 Trends46
https://stratechery.com/2015/curation-and-algorithms/
http://www.buzzfeed.com/about/news-app
http://www.computerworld.com/article/2943645/apple-
ios/the-surprising-genius-of-apples-beats-1-radio.html
http://www.wired.com/2015/11/pinterest-now-has-a-shop-
so-more-shoppers-shop-on-pinterest/
https://www.youtube.com/user/Etonmessy
http://www.radiotopia.fm/radiotopia/
http://longreads.com/
https://atlas.qz.com/charts/NyCDQIG6
http://www.v3.co.uk/v3-uk/news/2416558/instant-
messaging-to-overtake-email-as-biggest-digital-
communication-platform
http://a16z.com/2015/08/06/wechat-china-mobile-first/
http://techcrunch.com/2015/04/24/why-wechat-city-
services-is-a-game-changing-move-for-smartphone-
adoption/
http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2015/11/features
/inside-facebook-messenger
http://recode.net/2015/09/16/apple-acquires-mapsense-a-
mapping-visualization-startup/
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/08/daimler-nokia-
standoff-idUSL8N0ZO2VD20150708
http://venturebeat.com/2015/11/11/google-maps-now-lets-
third-party-developers-add-predictive-travel-times-to-their-
own-apps/
MESSAGING &
NOTIFICATIONS
ALGORITHMS VS.
CURATION
MAPS &
LOCATION
APPENDIX 1
LINKS
2016 Trends47
http://www.affectiva.com/technology/
http://qz.com/546885/microsoft-wants-to-guess-how-
youre-feeling/
http://blog.instagram.com/post/117527615957/three-new-
filters-and-emoji-hashtags
http://mashable.com/2015/10/08/facebook-reactions-how-
to/#V_8yMYiquqqb
http://www.marketingmagazine.co.uk/article/1372151/info
graphic-does-monty-compare-manonthemoon-twitter-plus-
emoji-count
http://thenextweb.com/creativity/2015/03/15/blippar-app-
visual-overhaul-aims-to-identify-everything-around-you/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-30100184
https://www.facebook.com/help/122175507864081
http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/self-driving-car-tech-lets-
computers-see-our-world/
https://help.uber.com/h/6c8065cf-5535-4a8b-9940-
d292ffdce119
http://www.geekwire.com/2015/its-official-amazon-is-
opening-its-first-ever-bookstore-in-seattle/
http://www.waitrose.com/home/mywaitrose/pick-your-
own.html
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB100014241278873237772
04578189391813881534
http://elpais.com/elpais/2015/05/19/inenglish/1432043086
_517289.html
RECOGNITION SENTIMENT
DYNAMIC
PRICING
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatec
hnologyandtelecoms/digital-media/11709665/The-future-
of-Facebook-is-
telepathy-reveals-Mark-Zuckerberg.html
http://mashable.com/2015/10/06/uniqlo-neuroscience-
australia-tshirts/#k4lXtGcpu5qU
http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/internet/entries/cd1e4242-
3dd2-4e48-8556-8a5ecec6b056
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/07/13/hands-free-
tinder-app_n_7784892.html
http://www.technologyreview.com/news/540906/your-
smartphone-can-tell-if-youre-bored/
APPENDIX 1
LINKS
2016 Trends48
‘TELEPATHY’
APPENDIX 2
2015 TRENDS REVISITED
2016 Trends49
APP SIMPLIFICATION AND
INTEGRATION
2015 saw lots of app integration & deep
linking, especially into messaging apps, such
as Giphy integrating into Facebook
Messenger - and it’s possible to order a Lyft
taxi in Slack. Single shot apps continued to
be launched, for example Instagram’s
Boomerang video app.
VIDEO ADS
Online video continued to grow, with
Facebook reporting 8bn ad views a day,
and Snapchat 6bn. Snapchat persuaded
advertisers to make ‘vertical’ adverts, and
Twitter now offers pre-rolls.
CONNECTED TV
The rise of connected TV has been seen
through Netflix’s continued growth and
popularity. Plus Amazon’s reported payment
of $7m an episode for Top Gear, shows how
seriously they are taking it. Amazon also
introduced the Fire Stick and may be
launching a built in shopping channel.
PAYING TO GO AD-FREE
This has continued, with all services gaining
users, and YouTube launching Red. But there’s
also been a big rise in ad-blocking use, so
we’ve adapted this to become the second trend
for this year, showing these two combining to
make reaching some audiences with advertising
harder.
NEW NEWS SITES
BuzzFeed, continues to grow, and new
services like Snapchat’s Discover, Facebook’s
Instant Articles and Google News effectively
put new sites on a par with long established
newspapers on mobile.
APPENDIX 2
2015 TRENDS REVISITED
2016 Trends50
START-UPS GOING FULL STACK
The diversification continues with Uber getting
more involved with delivery (food and more),
Snapchat becoming a media channel, and
Pinterest becoming a store.
VOICE
Voice search has continued to grow, with
Google reporting that voice recognition is now
93% accurate – in English at least. New voice
services launched, for example Microsoft’s
Cortana, and Facebook’s M assistant will also
be able to respond to voice. As we saw with
this year’s trends, we’re now moving beyond
voice into brain pattern communication.
SYMBOLS & EMOJIS
Emojis were everywhere, from paid campaigns
on Twitter (#ShareACoke), emojis for Star
Wars, to Facebook’s emoji reaction buttons.
Universal pictures bought the rights to make an
emoji movie.
VIRTUAL REALITY
Oculus Rift did not launch, but Google’s ‘Oculus
Thrift’ Cardboard was used by lots of brands, for
example the NYT who are sending over 1m to
subscribers, and making special films for them to
watch. Meanwhile both Facebook and YouTube
introduced 360 degree videos that don’t need
special viewing apparatus.
ROBOTS
Amazon proposed drone channels in the sky,
Google showed how self-driving cars would be
far safer, and lots of other companies like
Apple, Uber and Mercedes are working on self-
driving cars.
CONTACT
DAN CALLADINE
GLOBAL HEAD OF MEDIA FUTURES
WWW.CARAT.COM
@CARATGLOBAL
WWW.LINKEDIN.COM/COMPANY/CARAT

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Carat's 10 Trends for 2016

  • 2. We have been producing trend reports for over 5 years, looking at new technologies that will become more important and relevant to clients. We’ve covered issues such as: WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY LOCATION AND LOCAL PAYMENTS BEACONS Like these, the trends for 2016 are all growing in importance, and will all have implications for clients. TRENDS IN CONTEXT 2016 Trends2
  • 3. BIG THEMES This year’s trends involve two big themes: Trends for 2016 1 2 THE RISE OF CLOSED, COMPETING ECOSYSTEMS THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, AND ACTIONABLE MEASUREMENT 3
  • 4. TRENDS FOR 2016 ECOSYSTEMS A.I. 1. Walled gardens 2. New challenges in advertising 3. The evolution of search 4. Messaging & notifications 5. Algorithms vs. curation 6. Maps & location 7. Recognition 8. Sentiment 9. Dynamic Pricing 10.‘Telepathy’ Trends for 20164
  • 6. WALLED GARDENS Digital media is becoming less open, and more like the ‘walled gardens’ and portals of the early 2000s. A ‘walled garden’ is a safe, controlled publisher ecosystem - often within apps – instead of links to the wide web. 2016 Trends6
  • 7. 2016 Trends7 WALLED GARDENS This has happened because it’s a faster experience than moving between apps and sites on mobile, and large publishers want to keep their audience for longer. Examples include Snapchat’s Discover, Facebook’s Instant Articles, Twitter’s Moments, and the YouTube for Kids app. Walled gardens often have content & adverts native to the platform, rather than adverts like banners which can run across multiple publishers.
  • 8. The impact of walled gardens has already been seen in lots of ways. For example Snapchat has insisted that advertisers in its Discovery section use vertical video, as that format works best within its content. Buy Buttons, where people can click on a button to buy immediately rather than go to a third party page, are safer within apps like Pinterest and Google Search, than the web at large – which is why these buttons generally only exist in apps. The threat of ad blocking can be seen as an incentive to publishers to move to walled gardens – on the web (& mobile web) it’s easier to identify and block ads; within walled gardens publishers have more control over how adverts appear, thus making them more difficult to block with ad blocking technology. WALLED GARDENS 2016 Trends8
  • 9. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends9 Walled gardens are likely to continue to proliferate at the expense of the more open web. Brands need to choose major partners, and work within these walled gardens, including making specific content and adverts. To do this brands need to set rigorous KPIs and be clear on the most appropriate ones. In some ways this is beneficial to brands – it’s easier to guarantee a brand-friendly advertising environment. There are two major downsides: I. Brands need to produce more formats to fit into different ecosystems. II. Bespoke formats mean that programmatic advertising is harder, and the data tracking delivery and performance will be more silo-ed.
  • 10. There are a lot of new challenges in how advertising works, how advertising pays for free content, and the perceived value exchange between consuming ads and getting free content. Trends for 201610 Trends for 201610 NEW CHALLENGES IN ADVERTISING
  • 11. 2016 Trends11 NEW CHALLENGES IN ADVERTISING These challenges have emerged for two reasons: 1) Netflix, which now has over 69 million paying subscribers, has popularised the idea of paying for ad-free video content rather than have it free, subsidised by advertising. The average subscriber household now watches over 2 hours of ad-free content per day. This model is now being adopted by other services, most notably Amazon Prime and Sky’s Now TV and YouTube Red.
  • 12. 2) Ad blockers are free to access and install. Usage estimates vary, but millions are using them around the world, easily blocking ads on the web. People generally use ad blockers to improve their experience (no pre-roll videos), to speed up load times, to avoid being tracked, and, on mobile, to reduce the amount of data they are paying to receive. NEW CHALLENGES IN ADVERTISING 2016 Trends12 Limit visual clutter Speed up browsing Control Privacy Reduce Bandwidth Reduce Battery Use WHY DO YOU WANT TO BLOCK MOBILE ADS?
  • 13. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends13 It’s important to state that adverts which aren’t delivered aren’t paid for, but brands need to develop strategies that ensure that their messages are still seen by relevant consumers. Adverts in apps, and native ads, or adverts that are more closely integrated with publisher content, are less likely to be blockable. Brands also need to be confident that people want to see their messages, and if they do, develop a content strategy and use sponsorship & partnerships more. Brands can also experiment with being publishers themselves.
  • 14. THE EVOLUTION OF SEARCH Search is becoming more specific to platforms particularly mobile (and voice), more personalised and tailored to the user, and it’s now possible to search within apps, and not just content on the web. Trends for 201614
  • 15. 2016 Trends15 THE EVOLUTION OF SEARCH Mobile searches now outnumber desktop searches globally. Mobile means more voice search, more visual search, and more location-based search, creating more opportunity for the results to be personalised. Google now offers demographic targeting for search ads. ‘Personal Assistant’ apps are starting to replace search by anticipating needs and providing prompts.
  • 16. The Google Now app acts as a personal assistant, providing notifications tailored to the user and context (location, time of day) to anticipate future needs and searches. Similar services are offered, or coming soon, from Bing, Facebook, Baidu and others. Google is also testing searches within apps, even those not on the searcher’s device, and will stream in search results from apps without requiring a download. Siri and Cortana are both driving more search through voice, providing more competition for Google. THE EVOLUTION OF SEARCH 2016 Trends16
  • 17. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends17 Ensure that your brands are visible to as many search technologies as possible. Organic search will become harder to get right as different providers look for different attributes in content. It may be harder for new brands to cut through on search, which will be an issue if their strategies are driven by search.
  • 18. MESSAGING & NOTIFICATIONS Messaging apps now have very high levels of users – WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger and WeChat now all have more than 600m active users. In 2015 more messages will be sent than emails, according to Juniper Research. New battle lines being drawn between these popular messaging platforms - as well as others like iMessage, Kik, Line and Jott - as separate ecosystems. Messaging apps are also trying to replace the notification alerts and app stores of the major operating systems. Trends for 201618
  • 19. 2016 Trends19 MESSAGING & NOTIFICATIONS Messaging apps aren’t just for sending text between friends, they’re for sharing everything from pictures to videos to music, and can integrate with other apps and services. WeChat pioneered the integration of other apps – for example you can integrate the Didi Kuaidi taxi-booking app to call a cab quickly, and pay through AliPay, which is also integrated – and we expect this to become the model for the others. WeChat is now powering communication in some towns in China, letting users book doctor’s appointments, reporting incidents to the police, booking flights and more.
  • 20. Facebook started integrating apps and games into Messenger in March, including Giphy, Memes, and Doodle Draw. Integrating into Messenger gives 3rd party apps a way of reaching millions of people easily. Facebook has been testing its ‘personal assistant’ M within Messenger, allowing people to ask it to do specific tasks, for example getting a refund from Amazon. Messenger can also be used to contact companies securely. MESSAGING & NOTIFICATIONS 2016 Trends20
  • 21. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends21 Brands need to make their content fits into the new world of messaging, from ‘share’ buttons to full integration. It’s not just a case of producing content that works in different mobile operating systems, it has to work with the ecosystems and protocols of different app platforms too. There is also potential for brands to consider offering customer support on the new platforms in addition to existing channels.
  • 22. ALGORITHMS VS CURATION Algorithms are becoming smarter, making newsfeeds more nuanced and giving search results more context, but there is also now a trend towards human curation in key areas providing greater value to ecosystems. Trends for 201622
  • 23. 2016 Trends23 ALGORITHMS VS CURATION There is now a belief that human curation can produce better results for the end user in certain areas, specifically music discovery, commerce and news, where a sense of context or taste is important.
  • 24. ALGORITHMS VS CURATION Twitter Moments has editors who create ‘moments’ of connected tweets, to make it easier to explore major events. Apple Music’s Beats One radio station has DJs to help people discover the best new music, rather than relying on algorithms as Spotify does. Pinterest has a curated store within its app, with taste-makers selecting the most interesting products, rather than the most liked or pinned. YouTube channels like Eton Messy are creating compilations of music. Within podcasts, RadioTopia is a curated collection of shows. Long Reads shares a collection of the best journalism every week. 2016 Trends24
  • 25. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends25 The skill involved in curation costs money, so there will be opportunities to advertise in, or sponsor curated content. Brands need to learn to work with curators – for example you can see this as a new alternative to SEO for gaining popularity and traction. This is particularly important for new brands – curators are very important for bringing attention to new products. Curation makes trust and authenticity even more important.
  • 26. MAPS & LOCATION As the world becomes more mobile, location and maps have become increasingly important. Maps can be seen as their own ecosystems – users can create their own maps with tools from Google, but they can’t alter the data that the maps are based on. Creating your own mapping ecosystem can give companies a special advantage – it can have features tailored to precise needs, and act as a differentiator. Trends for 201626 https://contently.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/shutterstock_263399828_copy-1000x500.jpg
  • 27. 2016 Trends27 MAPS & LOCATION A quarter of cars made now have in-built navigation systems and this will continue to grow. Mapping will also be vital for self-driving cars, if and when they appear. A consortium of German car manufacturers, Daimler, BMW and Audi, bought Nokia’s mapping technology in August, seeing it as a crucial way to compete with Google for mobile advertising, and also develop their own points of difference. Other bidders included Facebook, Baidu and Uber.
  • 28. MAPS & LOCATION Uber has signed a multi-year deal with TomTom for access to its maps and traffic data. Apple is buying mapping companies and also creating its own maps, as Google did with streetview. On Apple devices, Apple’s own maps are used 3.5 times more than Google Maps. Google is letting developers integrate with Google maps to add predictive travel times. What3Words is trying to map the world with easy to remember names for precise places. Trends for 201628
  • 29. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends29 Maps are becoming even less open, so brands need to make sure that they are as visible as possible on as many platforms as possible. People look at maps when planning shopping trips. Brands should see journey planning as part of a communications strategy - consider geo- targeted prompts for example.
  • 31. RECOGNITION Technology is starting to allow people and things to be recognised in broad ways, like gender and (approximate) age, but also in more precise ways. Trends for 201631
  • 32. RECOGNITION Lots of future technologies like self-driving cars depend on visual recognition, and just as voice recognition has become a lot more reliable and usable over the past few years, visual recognition is also improving. Google can now recognise features in photos e.g. ‘Find the picture of me sitting on a boat’. Pinterest has introduced visual search to help users find ‘visually similar results’. Blippar can recognise some brands (& breeds of dog, and fruit), not just logos. 2016 Trends32
  • 33. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends33 As recognition improves, it’s more important how things look, from distinctive logos to distinctive products – a potential consideration for new product development.
  • 34. SENTIMENT The social world is all about self-expression, so it’s more important than ever to understand the sentiment of what people are saying. Like images, sentiment has always been a hard thing to interpret – automated tools have always struggled with context, slang, double negatives and more. New tools are starting to make sentiment easier to determine, and more valuable. Trends for 201634
  • 35. Affectiva, a company that grew out of MIT’s Media Lab, uses facial recognition to try to assess emotional responses. Microsoft has also launched an experimental site where you can upload pictures and challenge it to identify sentiment. In media, emojis make it easy to read sentiment. Emojis can now be searched for, for example on Instagram posts, and the text descriptions of YouTube videos. Facebook is testing a new ‘reactions’ panel to supplement it’s Like button. The 6 emoji reactions are Love, Haha, Yay, Wow, Sad, and Angry, and should make it easier to determine sentiment than just the ‘Like’ button. SENTIMENT 2016 Trends35
  • 36. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends36 We’ve traditionally targeted by daypart as a proxy for mood – people feel different in the morning to the evening. The opportunity for brands, is to identify what sort of emotions people associate with them and what they can learn from this in order to serve their customers better, and create a deeper relationship. Targeting based on emotion could supersede this; targeting people based on how they are actually feeling.
  • 37. DYNAMIC PRICING The pricing of goods and services is becoming increasingly flexible and dynamic, based on real time data use. Companies like Uber are using real-time pricing based on demand & supply, and retailers are starting to use data to influence pricing in innovative ways. Trends for 201637
  • 38. DYNAMIC PRICING Dynamic pricing has become a big issue in retail and ecommerce, because it is now possible to factor in competitor prices and other data to vary prices quickly and in real time across multiple stores and platforms. Retailers are able to price match at tills, and also give customers control over their choice of special offers. Online it is possible to see a lot of information about a shopper – purchase history, location, operating system and more – and this data could be used to offer different prices, or promotions. 2016 Trends38
  • 39. Uber can vary prices minute by minute based on supply and demand; higher prices attract more drivers to the streets, and discourage passengers until a new equilibrium is met. Airlines have always varied prices based on multiple factors, but recently Iberia has experimented with auctioning airline tickets. DYNAMIC PRICING 2016 Trends39
  • 40. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends40 Brands need to know that this is happening and work out if any of the strategies could be applicable to them. This needs both ecommerce and retail systems capable of responding. Brands need to make sure that they can measure and act on the most relevant customer and external data. It also needs a mobile strategy to integrate with live prices and drive footfall.
  • 41. ‘TELEPATHY’ Mark Zuckerberg has joked that the future of communication is telepathy, but there are already services that you can communicate with without giving written or spoken commands. For some services the future will be interaction via brain signals, or their reading of signs like a pulse or heartbeat. Trends for 201641 http://www.shutterstock.com/downloading_tips.mhtml?code=&id=227452465&size=medium&image_format=jpg&method=download&super_url=http F%2Fdownload.shutterstock.com%2Fgatekeeper%2FW3siZSI6MTQ0OTcxNTI3NywiYyI6Il9waG90b19zZXNzaW9uX2lkIiwiZGMiOiJpZGxfMjI3NDUyNDY 6InBob3RvLzIyNzQ1MjQ2NS9tZWRpdW0uanBnIiwibSI6IjEiLCJkIjoic2h1dHRlcnN0b2NrLW1lZGlhIn0sIitmaU5UVXVvY01Uak0xUGlWeHpuL0J0WWUzb hutterstock_227452465.jpg&racksite_id=ny&chosen_subscription=44&license=multi_share&src=eQ1DtPAYMFOeM6EVFvBRhQ-1-16 41 Trends for 201641
  • 42. ‘TELEPATHY’ Wearable devices like smart watches are already collecting this data, and it’s likely that 3rd party services will find ways to interpret these cues. Uniqlo had an installation in a Sydney store that analysed customers’ brain signals to suggest a perfect shirt. An agency created a ‘hands-free’ Tinder for the Apple Watch that swiped left or right depending on the user’s heartbeat. Researchers at Telefonica were able to show when people were bored or stressed on their phones, based on frequency of opening apps, and intensity of use. 2016 Trends42
  • 43. IMPLICATIONS 2016 Trends43 ‘Telepathy’ examples like this show the nascent power of sensors, and of different services and devices working together. This could be used in the future to make services more intuitive and personalised to customers. Together with image and sentiment recognition, plus dynamic pricing, it shows how AI is starting to be used to remove conscious human instructions and provide an understanding between technology and people.
  • 45. APPENDIX 1 LINKS 2016 Trends45 THE EVOLUTION OF SEARCH https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed_platform http://blog.snapchat.com/post/109302961090/introducing -discover https://instantarticles.fb.com/ https://blog.twitter.com/2015/moments-the-best-of-twitter- in-an-instant-0 https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/youtube- kids/id936971630?mt=8 http://www.adweek.com/news/technology/snapchat- persuades-brands-go-vertical-their-video-164305 https://blog.pinterest.com/en/buyable-pins-rolling-out- today http://techcrunch.com/2015/07/15/purchases-on-google/ http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/04/16/us-netflix- results-idUSKBN0N62HC20150416 http://techcrunch.com/2015/10/21/youtube-red/ https://blog.pagefair.com/2015/ad-blocking-report/ http://digiday.com/publishers/ad-blocking-crystal/ http://fortune.com/2015/08/18/facebook-google/ http://searchengineland.com/half-of-google-search-is- mobile-232994 https://www.google.co.uk/landing/now/ http://searchengineland.com/meet-rankbrain-google- search-results-234386 http://www.macworld.co.uk/how-to/iphone/how-use- search-in-ios-9-3618792/ http://marketingland.com/google-app-streaming-web-of- apps-152449 http://www.microsoft.com/en- gb/mobile/experiences/campaign-cortana/ http://www.engadget.com/2015/08/26/facebook- messenger-m-assistant/ WALLED GARDENS NEW CHALLENGES IN ADVERTISING
  • 46. APPENDIX 1 LINKS 2016 Trends46 https://stratechery.com/2015/curation-and-algorithms/ http://www.buzzfeed.com/about/news-app http://www.computerworld.com/article/2943645/apple- ios/the-surprising-genius-of-apples-beats-1-radio.html http://www.wired.com/2015/11/pinterest-now-has-a-shop- so-more-shoppers-shop-on-pinterest/ https://www.youtube.com/user/Etonmessy http://www.radiotopia.fm/radiotopia/ http://longreads.com/ https://atlas.qz.com/charts/NyCDQIG6 http://www.v3.co.uk/v3-uk/news/2416558/instant- messaging-to-overtake-email-as-biggest-digital- communication-platform http://a16z.com/2015/08/06/wechat-china-mobile-first/ http://techcrunch.com/2015/04/24/why-wechat-city- services-is-a-game-changing-move-for-smartphone- adoption/ http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2015/11/features /inside-facebook-messenger http://recode.net/2015/09/16/apple-acquires-mapsense-a- mapping-visualization-startup/ http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/08/daimler-nokia- standoff-idUSL8N0ZO2VD20150708 http://venturebeat.com/2015/11/11/google-maps-now-lets- third-party-developers-add-predictive-travel-times-to-their- own-apps/ MESSAGING & NOTIFICATIONS ALGORITHMS VS. CURATION MAPS & LOCATION
  • 47. APPENDIX 1 LINKS 2016 Trends47 http://www.affectiva.com/technology/ http://qz.com/546885/microsoft-wants-to-guess-how- youre-feeling/ http://blog.instagram.com/post/117527615957/three-new- filters-and-emoji-hashtags http://mashable.com/2015/10/08/facebook-reactions-how- to/#V_8yMYiquqqb http://www.marketingmagazine.co.uk/article/1372151/info graphic-does-monty-compare-manonthemoon-twitter-plus- emoji-count http://thenextweb.com/creativity/2015/03/15/blippar-app- visual-overhaul-aims-to-identify-everything-around-you/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-30100184 https://www.facebook.com/help/122175507864081 http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/self-driving-car-tech-lets- computers-see-our-world/ https://help.uber.com/h/6c8065cf-5535-4a8b-9940- d292ffdce119 http://www.geekwire.com/2015/its-official-amazon-is- opening-its-first-ever-bookstore-in-seattle/ http://www.waitrose.com/home/mywaitrose/pick-your- own.html http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB100014241278873237772 04578189391813881534 http://elpais.com/elpais/2015/05/19/inenglish/1432043086 _517289.html RECOGNITION SENTIMENT DYNAMIC PRICING
  • 49. APPENDIX 2 2015 TRENDS REVISITED 2016 Trends49 APP SIMPLIFICATION AND INTEGRATION 2015 saw lots of app integration & deep linking, especially into messaging apps, such as Giphy integrating into Facebook Messenger - and it’s possible to order a Lyft taxi in Slack. Single shot apps continued to be launched, for example Instagram’s Boomerang video app. VIDEO ADS Online video continued to grow, with Facebook reporting 8bn ad views a day, and Snapchat 6bn. Snapchat persuaded advertisers to make ‘vertical’ adverts, and Twitter now offers pre-rolls. CONNECTED TV The rise of connected TV has been seen through Netflix’s continued growth and popularity. Plus Amazon’s reported payment of $7m an episode for Top Gear, shows how seriously they are taking it. Amazon also introduced the Fire Stick and may be launching a built in shopping channel. PAYING TO GO AD-FREE This has continued, with all services gaining users, and YouTube launching Red. But there’s also been a big rise in ad-blocking use, so we’ve adapted this to become the second trend for this year, showing these two combining to make reaching some audiences with advertising harder. NEW NEWS SITES BuzzFeed, continues to grow, and new services like Snapchat’s Discover, Facebook’s Instant Articles and Google News effectively put new sites on a par with long established newspapers on mobile.
  • 50. APPENDIX 2 2015 TRENDS REVISITED 2016 Trends50 START-UPS GOING FULL STACK The diversification continues with Uber getting more involved with delivery (food and more), Snapchat becoming a media channel, and Pinterest becoming a store. VOICE Voice search has continued to grow, with Google reporting that voice recognition is now 93% accurate – in English at least. New voice services launched, for example Microsoft’s Cortana, and Facebook’s M assistant will also be able to respond to voice. As we saw with this year’s trends, we’re now moving beyond voice into brain pattern communication. SYMBOLS & EMOJIS Emojis were everywhere, from paid campaigns on Twitter (#ShareACoke), emojis for Star Wars, to Facebook’s emoji reaction buttons. Universal pictures bought the rights to make an emoji movie. VIRTUAL REALITY Oculus Rift did not launch, but Google’s ‘Oculus Thrift’ Cardboard was used by lots of brands, for example the NYT who are sending over 1m to subscribers, and making special films for them to watch. Meanwhile both Facebook and YouTube introduced 360 degree videos that don’t need special viewing apparatus. ROBOTS Amazon proposed drone channels in the sky, Google showed how self-driving cars would be far safer, and lots of other companies like Apple, Uber and Mercedes are working on self- driving cars.
  • 51. CONTACT DAN CALLADINE GLOBAL HEAD OF MEDIA FUTURES WWW.CARAT.COM @CARATGLOBAL WWW.LINKEDIN.COM/COMPANY/CARAT