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BUSINESS CASE:
BUILDING INTEGRATED OPV
  Marc DIJK (ICIS)
  Ellen DE SCHEPPER (UHasselt)
  Sebastien LIZIN (UHasselt)
  Julie LEROY (Tweed)
  Catherine DELVENNE (Cide-Socran)
  Quentin BENFANTE (Cide-Socran)
  Raphaël DARIMONT (Cide-Socran)



                     Seminar Cide-Socran
                        05/06/2012
Introduction and methodology

1. Objective:
     To contribute to Organext Valorisation WP
2. Inputs:
     Common OPV technology advantages
3. Methodology:
    A. Desk research:
         Purpose: collect information about the current market and trends;
         Methodology: free and commercial DB (DialogPro, Profound, etc.).
    B. Qualitative interviews:
         Purpose: collect information about Current market; Needs; Existing
          products; Competitions; Regulations;
         Methodology: 15 face-to-face interviews
              Architects and engineering offices (10)
              PV vendors and integrators (5)




                                   Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                               3
                                      05/06/2012
Table of contents




     1. TECHNOLOGY

     2. MARKET

     3. INDUSTRY

     4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY




                     Seminar Cide-Socran
                                           4
                        05/06/2012
1. TECHNOLOGY
    PV overview
    OPV characteristics
    OPV & Organext




              Seminar Cide-Socran
                 05/06/2012
1. Technology: PV overview




                Seminar Cide-Socran
                                      6
                   05/06/2012
1. Technology: OPV characteristics

                    Acceptor examples




                           PCBM               PTCDI


                      Donor examples




                                  Pentacene




                Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                      7
                   05/06/2012
1. Technology: OPV characteristics


  Flexibility
  Low weight
  Colour tunability
  Low cost
  Diffuse light
  Semi-transparent




       Konarka


                               Heliatek


                       Seminar Cide-Socran
                                             8
                          05/06/2012
1. Technology: OPV and the Organext Project


WP                 Objectives                                           Last results

1. New             • N-type semiconductor:                              • Synthesis and characterization of
Nanomaterials       New fullerene derivatives                            copolymers and cross-linkable
                    Small molecules with acceptor groups                 copolymers
                   • Nanostructured polymers                             Better control of the morphology
                   • Highly absorbent conjugated polymers

2. Deposition      • Polymers                                           • Evaporation of different DPP
techniques          Spin-coating and printing                            monomers with thiophene units
                    Deposition of copolymers nanofibers by              Effect of the compound structure on the
                      electrospinning                                     film structure and the device efficiency
                   • Small molecules                                    • Spray Coating (can be used for
                    Organic phase vapor deposition (OPVD)                industrial process)
                    Vacuum thermal evaporation (VTE)                    As good as spin coating
                   • Hybrid systems                                     • High transmission coating
                    VTE applied on nanoparticules                      • Hybrid system pentacene/ GaN (gas
                    Interface optimization                               phase deposition)
                                                                        • Study of the degradation mechanism

3. Super Lab       List of techniques available in the different        This list is available on the website
                   partners group                                       www.organext.org
4. Demonstrators   Integration of organic solar cells in double glass   Set up of the climate chamber
                    Lifetime study


                                              Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                                                       9
                                                 05/06/2012
1. Technology: technological positioning

 Efficiency




                                                  Organext
                                                  Partners
 Lifetime: today, 3 to 5 years                    (≈7%)

                            Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                    10
                               05/06/2012
2. MARKET
  PV history
  Installed power & applications
  BIPV market evolution
  BIPV interview results


                Seminar Cide-Socran
                   05/06/2012
2. Market: PV history (Europe)




                 Seminar Cide-Socran
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                    05/06/2012
2. Market: installed power & applications

1. Volume (grid connected):
     Europe (2011, source EPIA):
         Installations: 8,5 GW (= 68 Mio m²)
         Cumulative installed PV: 21,9 GW (=175 Mio m²)  +63%
     World (2011, source EPIA):
         Installations volume: 12,9 GW (=103 Mio m²)
         Cumulative installed PV: 29,7 GW (=238 Mio m²)  +76%


2. Applications:
     BAPV (Building Applied PV)
     BIPV (Building Integrated PV)
     Ground mounted PV
     Consumer electronics




                             Seminar Cide-Socran
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                                05/06/2012
2. Market: installed power & applications




                 Seminar Cide-Socran
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                    05/06/2012
2. Market: BIPV in the market




             Source: BSW-Solar, June 2010

                    Seminar Cide-Socran
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                       05/06/2012
2. Market: BIPV market evolution




7.00

6.00

5.00

4.00
                                                  Commercial
3.00                                              Residential
                                                  Industrial
2.00

1.00

0.00
       2009   2010             2011        2016


                     Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                       16
                        05/06/2012
2. Market: BIPV market evolution



6.00


5.00


4.00
                                                  Roofing
                                                  Glass
3.00
                                                  Facades
                                                  Windows
2.00
                                                  Others

1.00


0.00
       2009   2010               2011      2016

                     Seminar Cide-Socran
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                        05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 10 architects in Wallonia, Brussels, Flanders and Netherlands:
     Minimum size: 4 collaborators;
     Public and professional buildings (residential < 20%): 8;
     Residential buildings (professional < 20%): 2.

 Large scope of projects:
       Surfaces: up to 40.000 m²;
       Budgets: up to 10 M€;
       Floors: up to 12 floors;
       Representing between 150 and 200 projects per year.

 Only 2 BIPV projects illustrated

 Architect implication, as purchasing advisor, is very contrasted:
     Depending on their own interest:
     Depending on customer portfolio.


                               Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                   18
                                  05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 PV use and customer objectives
     Use of PV more generalised in new residential buildings (before the
      review of the public subsidies) than in professional


     Very often, the architect is not involved in PV project but they
      propose it as an option in their quote.


     The customer consider the PV aspects at the end of the project, if
      still available budgets.


     Main customers objectives:
          6/10: finance (including price, lifetime, R.O.I, etc.);
          3/10: image and environment (mainly linked to public buildings);
          1/10: dislike PV products.



                                    Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                              19
                                       05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 Who is the project initiator?
     7/10: customer / end user is the initiator;
     3/10: active proposition of architect for a global energy approach.


 Who gives technical advise?
     Architects’ knowledge in PV (and energy technologies) is weak.
     So they need technical support:
          Small projects (residential, SME): directly with the vendor
          Bigger projects:
               Vendor (with “in-house” engineers): private markets
               Independent engineering office: multi-energy/complex projects or public
                markets




                                   Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                                          20
                                      05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 Main current PV selection criteria:
     Financial: T.C.O.O. (Total Cost Of Ownership: investment and
      maintenance), efficiency, revenues, lifetime  ROI
     Technical agreements and labels.
       Note: Materials used in construction must respect norms (ex: fire
       protection, etc.)


 Other criteria (for people concerned with environment and
  image):
     Aesthetics and discretion;
       Note: when discretion is a must, PV panels can be hidden.
     Environmental impact;
     Toxicity of components;
     Recycling.



                                Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                           21
                                   05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 Trends in building sector
     Zero energy buildings;
     Windows surfaces optimization;
      Note: windows = 35% of facades surface, with a lower insulation
      performance than walls.
     Facades renovations for old buildings;

     Development of “multi-functional” solutions: electricity production
       associated with walls, insulation, hermetic roofs, complex
       techniques, etc.




                               Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                            22
                                  05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 Windows :
     If OPV becomes almost fully transparent.
        Decrease natural light to produce electricity (used for artificial lighting)
        Note: 60% of the electricity consumption during the day is dedicated to
         lighting.
     If used as substitute to opaque glass.


 Roofs :
     If new urbanism rules (ex: listed buildings)
     Because lot of substitutes solutions
                                                 Advantages:
                                                  Vertical performances of OPV
 More probably:
                                                  Give originality to the wall and
     Curtain walls and canopies;                contribute to building/company identity
     Interior walls (i.e.: in sun lounge);       Curtain walls are ready to cable
     Facade renovation or construction


 First customers = public and large buildings
                                    Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                                        23
                                       05/06/2012
2. Demand: BIPV interview results

 Barriers:
     Current weak performances and prices of OPV
     Urbanism restrictions > first applications may concern commercial
      zonings
     Fear of deterioration (tags...)
     Competition:
             Colours are already available
             Thin films BIPV are improving
             ...
     Lack of budgets for the total project
     Reduction of PV subsidies
     Lack of regulation to constraint PV installation
     Today energy prices are relatively low if we consider environmental
      externalities.
     ...


                                    Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                       24
                                       05/06/2012
2. Market: sizing the market


        Window             Wall                            Roof
Total                      4.260 Mio m² (2008)
Steel                      World = 432 Mio m² (2008)        World = 1.000 Mio m² (2008)
                           EU = 93 Mio m²
Glass World = 6.400 Mio m²
      New construction: 2.400 Mio m²
      Renewal: 2.400 Mio m²
      Others (excl interior) : 1.600 Mio m² (inc. Solar PV)
Glass PV (100% front/ 50% back ) 10 à 12 Mio m² (2009)(mainly roof)

Building surface area potentially available = 3.700 Mio m² or 463 GWc
(Source, EPIA 2009)




                                   Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                               25
                                      05/06/2012
3. INDUSTRY


 BIPV products & suppliers
 BIPV value chain
 Global BIPV supply


                Seminar Cide-Socran
                                      26
                   05/06/2012
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers

BIPV products-solar cell type matrix




                            Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                  27
                               05/06/2012
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers

Roof




                 Seminar Cide-Socran
                                         28
                    05/06/2012
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers

Façade




                 Seminar Cide-Socran
                                         29
                    05/06/2012
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers

Windows




                 Seminar Cide-Socran
                                         30
                    05/06/2012
Industry: BIPV products & suppliers

2008: Konarka has introduced the Power
Plastics to the commercial Market.              March 2012: Heliatek GmbH
2012 : Konarka Technologies Advances Award      inaugurated its first production
Winning Power Plastic Solar Cell Efficiency     facility for the manufacture of
with 9% Certification                           flexible organic solar panels in
                                                Dresden




                               Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                          31
                                  05/06/2012
BIPV value chain


         (O)PV solar cell manufacturer
                                                      BIPV module manufacturer
              BOS manufacturer


                   Engineering office                            Architect
Policy




                                                                Contractor


                                                               Subcontractor


                                                               End consumer



                                         Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                                 32
                                            05/06/2012
3. Industry: Global BIPV supply

External environment - Current situation:


     Crisis in PV sector
         • Financial crisis
         • Decreasing solar subsidies
         • Dumping prices Chinese competitors


     Focus on BAPV/ground-mounted PV, rather than on (more
      expensive) BIPV
         • BIPV <5% of global installed PV power
         • Mostly in countries with BIPV support mechanisms
           Source   BIPV: An overview of the existing products and their fields of application




                                       Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                                                 33
                                          05/06/2012
3. Industry: Global BIPV supply

 Facade prices




                  Seminar Cide-Socran
                                        34
                     05/06/2012
3. Industry: Global BIPV supply

Forecast (Europe):
     Stabilization PV market (2013-2014)
     Legislation regarding energy requirements of (new) buildings
     Focus on custom-made high-end applications to compete with
      Chinese competitors




                              Seminar Cide-Socran    Source: Solar&Energy, BIPV Technology
                                                                              35
                                 05/06/2012          and Market Forecast 2009-2015
4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
STRATEGY
  Organext valorisation
  Tool proposal
  Examples
  Highlights

                   Seminar Cide-Socran
                      05/06/2012
4. Product development: Organext Valorisation

          Step                      Focus              Organext Progress
1. Characterisation of    Deliverable in terms of      High Level of
project deliverable       use and value creation       knowledge and
(functionalities)                                      expertise
2. Identification of                                   To be done
applications and
segments
3. Characterisation of    •State of the art in         In progress. Inputs
market segments           scientific and technical     for steps 1 and 2.
                          matters + IP
                          •Characteristics of market
                          •Determinants of demand
                          •Characteristics of industry
                          •Competition / substitutes
                          4. Strategy formulation

    Partnerships with Industrial Partners

                                Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                             37
                                   05/06/2012
4. Product development: tool Proposal
   (not exhaustive)

                      Substrates Processing                                            Capture oblique
                                              Integrability Curves Transparency Colour
                     compatibility techniques                                             sunbeam
Roofs
   Flat roof
   Hipped roof
      Tiles
      Roofing
      Metal siding
   Glass roof
Facades
   Glass facades
      Curtain wall
      Canopies
   Classical
      Wall siding
      Canopies
Windows




                                           Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                                           38
                                              05/06/2012
Example 1: PV Curtain Wall

Industry value chain:
PV panels + structure  façade contractors  general construction  client


Partnership example:
Reynaers (curtain wall) and Issol (PV)


Competitors:
Schuco, Reynaers, Kawneer, Hueck,
Wicona / Technal, SAPA, etc


Price:
Installed curtain wall (without PV) : 450€ / m²




                                 Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                       39
                                    05/06/2012
Example 2: Full Construction Solution

Partnership EDF ENR Solaire and Allouis Face InTec®


Micromorph®: upper layer made with amorphous silicium
and lower layer made with microcrystalline.




                       Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                        40
                          05/06/2012
Example 3: Facade Renovation

 Lot of building facades are old-fashion and damaged
 New OPV skin may be a good opportunity to mix energy
  preoccupations and aesthetics
 Ex: Gebrik’s solution




                           Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                         41
                              05/06/2012
To conclude: highlights

•   Construction and BIPV is a very demanding market:
     •   Strict Rules
     •   Lifetime
     •   Price
•   Construction market is very conservative.
•   Main criteria is €/Wp. Note: first solar panels have been sold with 12%
    efficiency.
•   Fierce competition.
•   BIPV is a large market with a lot of potential applications and segments.
•   OPV products are possible trough new materials with added
    functionalities
•   Valorisation perspectives must include industrial partnerships




                                Seminar Cide-Socran
                                                                              42
                                   05/06/2012
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION




           Seminar Cide-Socran
                                 43
              05/06/2012

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BIPV- Business Case - Organext

  • 1. BUSINESS CASE: BUILDING INTEGRATED OPV Marc DIJK (ICIS) Ellen DE SCHEPPER (UHasselt) Sebastien LIZIN (UHasselt) Julie LEROY (Tweed) Catherine DELVENNE (Cide-Socran) Quentin BENFANTE (Cide-Socran) Raphaël DARIMONT (Cide-Socran) Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
  • 2. Introduction and methodology 1. Objective:  To contribute to Organext Valorisation WP 2. Inputs:  Common OPV technology advantages 3. Methodology: A. Desk research:  Purpose: collect information about the current market and trends;  Methodology: free and commercial DB (DialogPro, Profound, etc.). B. Qualitative interviews:  Purpose: collect information about Current market; Needs; Existing products; Competitions; Regulations;  Methodology: 15 face-to-face interviews  Architects and engineering offices (10)  PV vendors and integrators (5) Seminar Cide-Socran 3 05/06/2012
  • 3. Table of contents 1. TECHNOLOGY 2. MARKET 3. INDUSTRY 4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Seminar Cide-Socran 4 05/06/2012
  • 4. 1. TECHNOLOGY  PV overview  OPV characteristics  OPV & Organext Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
  • 5. 1. Technology: PV overview Seminar Cide-Socran 6 05/06/2012
  • 6. 1. Technology: OPV characteristics Acceptor examples PCBM PTCDI Donor examples Pentacene Seminar Cide-Socran 7 05/06/2012
  • 7. 1. Technology: OPV characteristics  Flexibility  Low weight  Colour tunability  Low cost  Diffuse light  Semi-transparent Konarka Heliatek Seminar Cide-Socran 8 05/06/2012
  • 8. 1. Technology: OPV and the Organext Project WP Objectives Last results 1. New • N-type semiconductor: • Synthesis and characterization of Nanomaterials  New fullerene derivatives copolymers and cross-linkable  Small molecules with acceptor groups copolymers • Nanostructured polymers  Better control of the morphology • Highly absorbent conjugated polymers 2. Deposition • Polymers • Evaporation of different DPP techniques  Spin-coating and printing monomers with thiophene units  Deposition of copolymers nanofibers by  Effect of the compound structure on the electrospinning film structure and the device efficiency • Small molecules • Spray Coating (can be used for  Organic phase vapor deposition (OPVD) industrial process)  Vacuum thermal evaporation (VTE)  As good as spin coating • Hybrid systems • High transmission coating  VTE applied on nanoparticules • Hybrid system pentacene/ GaN (gas  Interface optimization phase deposition) • Study of the degradation mechanism 3. Super Lab List of techniques available in the different This list is available on the website partners group www.organext.org 4. Demonstrators Integration of organic solar cells in double glass Set up of the climate chamber  Lifetime study Seminar Cide-Socran 9 05/06/2012
  • 9. 1. Technology: technological positioning  Efficiency Organext Partners  Lifetime: today, 3 to 5 years (≈7%) Seminar Cide-Socran 10 05/06/2012
  • 10. 2. MARKET  PV history  Installed power & applications  BIPV market evolution  BIPV interview results Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
  • 11. 2. Market: PV history (Europe) Seminar Cide-Socran 12 05/06/2012
  • 12. 2. Market: installed power & applications 1. Volume (grid connected):  Europe (2011, source EPIA):  Installations: 8,5 GW (= 68 Mio m²)  Cumulative installed PV: 21,9 GW (=175 Mio m²)  +63%  World (2011, source EPIA):  Installations volume: 12,9 GW (=103 Mio m²)  Cumulative installed PV: 29,7 GW (=238 Mio m²)  +76% 2. Applications:  BAPV (Building Applied PV)  BIPV (Building Integrated PV)  Ground mounted PV  Consumer electronics Seminar Cide-Socran 13 05/06/2012
  • 13. 2. Market: installed power & applications Seminar Cide-Socran 14 05/06/2012
  • 14. 2. Market: BIPV in the market Source: BSW-Solar, June 2010 Seminar Cide-Socran 15 05/06/2012
  • 15. 2. Market: BIPV market evolution 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 Commercial 3.00 Residential Industrial 2.00 1.00 0.00 2009 2010 2011 2016 Seminar Cide-Socran 16 05/06/2012
  • 16. 2. Market: BIPV market evolution 6.00 5.00 4.00 Roofing Glass 3.00 Facades Windows 2.00 Others 1.00 0.00 2009 2010 2011 2016 Seminar Cide-Socran 17 05/06/2012
  • 17. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  10 architects in Wallonia, Brussels, Flanders and Netherlands:  Minimum size: 4 collaborators;  Public and professional buildings (residential < 20%): 8;  Residential buildings (professional < 20%): 2.  Large scope of projects:  Surfaces: up to 40.000 m²;  Budgets: up to 10 M€;  Floors: up to 12 floors;  Representing between 150 and 200 projects per year.  Only 2 BIPV projects illustrated  Architect implication, as purchasing advisor, is very contrasted:  Depending on their own interest:  Depending on customer portfolio. Seminar Cide-Socran 18 05/06/2012
  • 18. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  PV use and customer objectives  Use of PV more generalised in new residential buildings (before the review of the public subsidies) than in professional  Very often, the architect is not involved in PV project but they propose it as an option in their quote.  The customer consider the PV aspects at the end of the project, if still available budgets.  Main customers objectives:  6/10: finance (including price, lifetime, R.O.I, etc.);  3/10: image and environment (mainly linked to public buildings);  1/10: dislike PV products. Seminar Cide-Socran 19 05/06/2012
  • 19. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  Who is the project initiator?  7/10: customer / end user is the initiator;  3/10: active proposition of architect for a global energy approach.  Who gives technical advise?  Architects’ knowledge in PV (and energy technologies) is weak.  So they need technical support:  Small projects (residential, SME): directly with the vendor  Bigger projects:  Vendor (with “in-house” engineers): private markets  Independent engineering office: multi-energy/complex projects or public markets Seminar Cide-Socran 20 05/06/2012
  • 20. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  Main current PV selection criteria:  Financial: T.C.O.O. (Total Cost Of Ownership: investment and maintenance), efficiency, revenues, lifetime  ROI  Technical agreements and labels. Note: Materials used in construction must respect norms (ex: fire protection, etc.)  Other criteria (for people concerned with environment and image):  Aesthetics and discretion; Note: when discretion is a must, PV panels can be hidden.  Environmental impact;  Toxicity of components;  Recycling. Seminar Cide-Socran 21 05/06/2012
  • 21. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  Trends in building sector  Zero energy buildings;  Windows surfaces optimization; Note: windows = 35% of facades surface, with a lower insulation performance than walls.  Facades renovations for old buildings;  Development of “multi-functional” solutions: electricity production associated with walls, insulation, hermetic roofs, complex techniques, etc. Seminar Cide-Socran 22 05/06/2012
  • 22. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  Windows :  If OPV becomes almost fully transparent.  Decrease natural light to produce electricity (used for artificial lighting)  Note: 60% of the electricity consumption during the day is dedicated to lighting.  If used as substitute to opaque glass.  Roofs :  If new urbanism rules (ex: listed buildings)  Because lot of substitutes solutions Advantages:  Vertical performances of OPV  More probably:  Give originality to the wall and  Curtain walls and canopies; contribute to building/company identity  Interior walls (i.e.: in sun lounge);  Curtain walls are ready to cable  Facade renovation or construction  First customers = public and large buildings Seminar Cide-Socran 23 05/06/2012
  • 23. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results  Barriers:  Current weak performances and prices of OPV  Urbanism restrictions > first applications may concern commercial zonings  Fear of deterioration (tags...)  Competition:  Colours are already available  Thin films BIPV are improving  ...  Lack of budgets for the total project  Reduction of PV subsidies  Lack of regulation to constraint PV installation  Today energy prices are relatively low if we consider environmental externalities.  ... Seminar Cide-Socran 24 05/06/2012
  • 24. 2. Market: sizing the market Window Wall Roof Total 4.260 Mio m² (2008) Steel World = 432 Mio m² (2008) World = 1.000 Mio m² (2008) EU = 93 Mio m² Glass World = 6.400 Mio m² New construction: 2.400 Mio m² Renewal: 2.400 Mio m² Others (excl interior) : 1.600 Mio m² (inc. Solar PV) Glass PV (100% front/ 50% back ) 10 à 12 Mio m² (2009)(mainly roof) Building surface area potentially available = 3.700 Mio m² or 463 GWc (Source, EPIA 2009) Seminar Cide-Socran 25 05/06/2012
  • 25. 3. INDUSTRY  BIPV products & suppliers  BIPV value chain  Global BIPV supply Seminar Cide-Socran 26 05/06/2012
  • 26. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers BIPV products-solar cell type matrix Seminar Cide-Socran 27 05/06/2012
  • 27. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers Roof Seminar Cide-Socran 28 05/06/2012
  • 28. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers Façade Seminar Cide-Socran 29 05/06/2012
  • 29. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers Windows Seminar Cide-Socran 30 05/06/2012
  • 30. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers 2008: Konarka has introduced the Power Plastics to the commercial Market. March 2012: Heliatek GmbH 2012 : Konarka Technologies Advances Award inaugurated its first production Winning Power Plastic Solar Cell Efficiency facility for the manufacture of with 9% Certification flexible organic solar panels in Dresden Seminar Cide-Socran 31 05/06/2012
  • 31. BIPV value chain (O)PV solar cell manufacturer BIPV module manufacturer BOS manufacturer Engineering office Architect Policy Contractor Subcontractor End consumer Seminar Cide-Socran 32 05/06/2012
  • 32. 3. Industry: Global BIPV supply External environment - Current situation:  Crisis in PV sector • Financial crisis • Decreasing solar subsidies • Dumping prices Chinese competitors  Focus on BAPV/ground-mounted PV, rather than on (more expensive) BIPV • BIPV <5% of global installed PV power • Mostly in countries with BIPV support mechanisms Source BIPV: An overview of the existing products and their fields of application Seminar Cide-Socran 33 05/06/2012
  • 33. 3. Industry: Global BIPV supply  Facade prices Seminar Cide-Socran 34 05/06/2012
  • 34. 3. Industry: Global BIPV supply Forecast (Europe):  Stabilization PV market (2013-2014)  Legislation regarding energy requirements of (new) buildings  Focus on custom-made high-end applications to compete with Chinese competitors Seminar Cide-Socran Source: Solar&Energy, BIPV Technology 35 05/06/2012 and Market Forecast 2009-2015
  • 35. 4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY  Organext valorisation  Tool proposal  Examples  Highlights Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
  • 36. 4. Product development: Organext Valorisation Step Focus Organext Progress 1. Characterisation of Deliverable in terms of High Level of project deliverable use and value creation knowledge and (functionalities) expertise 2. Identification of To be done applications and segments 3. Characterisation of •State of the art in In progress. Inputs market segments scientific and technical for steps 1 and 2. matters + IP •Characteristics of market •Determinants of demand •Characteristics of industry •Competition / substitutes 4. Strategy formulation Partnerships with Industrial Partners Seminar Cide-Socran 37 05/06/2012
  • 37. 4. Product development: tool Proposal (not exhaustive) Substrates Processing Capture oblique Integrability Curves Transparency Colour compatibility techniques sunbeam Roofs Flat roof Hipped roof Tiles Roofing Metal siding Glass roof Facades Glass facades Curtain wall Canopies Classical Wall siding Canopies Windows Seminar Cide-Socran 38 05/06/2012
  • 38. Example 1: PV Curtain Wall Industry value chain: PV panels + structure  façade contractors  general construction  client Partnership example: Reynaers (curtain wall) and Issol (PV) Competitors: Schuco, Reynaers, Kawneer, Hueck, Wicona / Technal, SAPA, etc Price: Installed curtain wall (without PV) : 450€ / m² Seminar Cide-Socran 39 05/06/2012
  • 39. Example 2: Full Construction Solution Partnership EDF ENR Solaire and Allouis Face InTec® Micromorph®: upper layer made with amorphous silicium and lower layer made with microcrystalline. Seminar Cide-Socran 40 05/06/2012
  • 40. Example 3: Facade Renovation  Lot of building facades are old-fashion and damaged  New OPV skin may be a good opportunity to mix energy preoccupations and aesthetics  Ex: Gebrik’s solution Seminar Cide-Socran 41 05/06/2012
  • 41. To conclude: highlights • Construction and BIPV is a very demanding market: • Strict Rules • Lifetime • Price • Construction market is very conservative. • Main criteria is €/Wp. Note: first solar panels have been sold with 12% efficiency. • Fierce competition. • BIPV is a large market with a lot of potential applications and segments. • OPV products are possible trough new materials with added functionalities • Valorisation perspectives must include industrial partnerships Seminar Cide-Socran 42 05/06/2012
  • 42. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Seminar Cide-Socran 43 05/06/2012

Editor's Notes

  1. Standard in roof : (+) higher yield, less area needed (-) aesthetics, only rigid shapesSolar shingles/tiles: (+) aesthetics (-) lower yield, only rigid shapesMembranes: (+) flexible (-) lower yieldSolar steel cladding: dyesol/tata (dakbovendakomdaktebeschermen)
  2. 1ste twee is in het raam3de is cladding =ook in het raam, maarvormt 2de gebouwschil
  3. Sapa = serre
  4. Trend: BOS manfacturers (zoalsbijvsapa en reynaers aluminium) wordenook BIPV manufacturers