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imec ecoTips Bizzclub over duurzame energie en zonnecellen

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Bart Onsia van imec (Leuven) gaf een presentatie over de uitdagingen van de komende jaren. Energie is er daar zeker 1 van. Wat doet imec op dat vlak?

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imec ecoTips Bizzclub over duurzame energie en zonnecellen

  1. 1. CONFIDENTIAL BUILDING INTEGRATED PV A FUTURE FOR THE LOCAL INDUSTRY BART ONSIA, INNOVATION PROGRAM MANAGER FLANDERS
  2. 2. CONFIDENTIAL 1. Energy 2. Water 3. Food 4. Environment 5. Poverty 6. Terrorism & war 7. Disease 8. Education 9. Democracy 10. Population HUMANITY’S TOP 10 PROBLEMS FORTHE NEXT 50YEARS Source: Richard Smalley, nobel prize laureate, Rice University Finding sustainable sources of energy for the entire world will not only alleviate a growing energy crisis, but will also assist in the solution to many of the world's other problems, such as water, terrorism, and health. (c) Imec 2017
  3. 3. CONFIDENTIAL
  4. 4. CONFIDENTIAL WE HAVE A PROBLEM ... 4 (PWh) (Gt) Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2016
  5. 5. CONFIDENTIAL ... A FUTURE SCENARIO 5 Gt CO2 emissions Solar Technology Roadmap 2014.
  6. 6. CONFIDENTIAL RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL Global Energy Demand Based on data from EREC (www.erec.org) Wind 200x Biomass 20x Geothermal 5x Hydro /Tidal 3x Solar 2850x Crude oil 60x Natural gas 155x Coal 348x FiniteYearly (c) Imec 2014
  7. 7. CONFIDENTIAL We’re like tenant farmers chopping down the fence around our house for fuel when we should be using nature’s inexhaustible sources of energy – sun wind and tide. ... I’d put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we don’t have to wait until oil and coal run out before we tackle that. I wish I had more years left. Thomas Edison (1847 – 1931) In conversation with Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone (1931)
  8. 8. CONFIDENTIAL 200,000 - 150,000 - 100,000 - 50,000 - 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 - Cumulative Installed Solar Capacity (MW) 240 GW CAGR: > 40% 1% of World Electricity 250,000 -
  9. 9. CONFIDENTIAL Cumulative Installed Solar Capacity (TW) 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 5 - 4 - 3 - 2 - 1 - 0 - 2010 20202000
  10. 10. CONFIDENTIAL Expertise in sustainable energy and intelligent energy systems in the built environment
  11. 11. CONFIDENTIAL BUILDING,WE HAVE A PROBLEM ... of total EU energy consumption40% Share of GHG emissions in Europe 1/3
  12. 12. CONFIDENTIAL BUILDING + PV, A SOLUTION TO BOTH PROBLEMS 12 Roadmap BIPV - Berenschot • More available area for deployment (efficient land-use) • Higher energy efficiency reduced demand/supply mismatch through broadening the generation peak, generation close to consumption) • Reduced BoS (frame & installation amortized on building & PV)
  13. 13. CONFIDENTIAL BUILDING + PV, A SOLUTION TO BOTH PROBLEMS 13 Roadmap BIPV - Berenschot
  14. 14. TO BAPV
  15. 15. CONFIDENTIAL PHYSICAL INTEGRATION: KEY? technology only…
  16. 16. CONFIDENTIAL
  17. 17. CONFIDENTIAL PHYSICAL INTEGRATION: KEY? technology only…
  18. 18. CONFIDENTIAL
  19. 19. TO BAPV OR TO BIPV ?
  20. 20. CONFIDENTIAL Wienerberger + Soltech : KoraSun
  21. 21. CONFIDENTIAL SOLTECH + ETERNIT: SOLESIA Eternit + Soltech : Solesia
  22. 22. CONFIDENTIAL
  23. 23. CONFIDENTIAL AERspire
  24. 24. CONFIDENTIAL24
  25. 25. CONFIDENTIAL
  26. 26. CONFIDENTIAL SAPA + SOLTECH Sapa
  27. 27. CONFIDENTIAL Reynaers
  28. 28. BIPV - NOW
  29. 29. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM TO BAPV OR TO BIPV Especially for office buildings, BIPV facades provide a very interesting opportunity More available area for the integration of renewables Broadening of generation peak reduces supply/demand mismatch High available budget for facades “Greening” compensates for the additional budget High façade engineering capacity Match with esthetic demands for office buildings Export potential of the developments
  30. 30. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM BUILDING ENVELOPE PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS 1. Heat and mass 2. Acoustics 3. Light 4. Fire 5. Service life 6. Costs 7. Sustainability 8. Aesthetics 9. Structural stability 10. Energy production 1.1 Air tightness 1.2Thermal insulation 1.3Transient response 1.4 Energy demand 1.5 Moisture tolerance http://www.ecbcs.org/docs/annex_32_tsr_web.pdf IEA ECBCS Annex 32 IBEPA (2000) (integral building envelope performance assessment)
  31. 31. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM BIPV, A SOLUTION TO BOTH PROBLEMS • More available area for deployment (efficient land-use) • Higher energy efficiency reduced demand/supply mismatch through broadening the generation peak, generation close to consumption) • Reduced BoS (frame & installation amortized on building & PV) 31 • Meet building, PV (& BIPV) PV norms and functional requirements • Adapt to local building culture • Small modular or larger bespoke elements • Esthetics (color, transparency, graphics, texture, ...) • Efficiency (non-ideal exposure, ventilation, ...) • Cost: NRE, design of installation, ease of procurement, ease of installation • Lifetime: match the building product • Seamless integration BENEFITS CHALLENGES
  32. 32. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM BIPV, A SOLUTION TO BOTH PROBLEMS • More available area for deployment (efficient land-use) • Higher energy efficiency reduced demand/supply mismatch through broadening the generation peak, generation close to consumption) • Reduced BoS (frame & installation amortized on building & PV) 32 • Meet building, PV (& BIPV) PV norms and functional requirements • Adapt to local building culture • Small modular or larger bespoke elements • Esthetics (color, transparency, graphics, texture, ...) • Efficiency (non-ideal exposure, ventilation, ...) • Cost: NRE, design of installation, ease of procurement, ease of installation • Lifetime: match the building product • Seamless integration BENEFITS CHALLENGES
  33. 33. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM BIPV = NOT YOUR STANDARD PV PRODUCT 33 Non – Standard Order made One of a kind Esthetics €/m² Standard Mass produced Certified products ROI driven €/kWh MASS CUSTOMIZATION standardized, certified production processes & product families
  34. 34. MASS CUSTOMIZATION flexible processes for custom output postponing differentiation until the last possible point without trade-off in cost, quality, delivery
  35. 35. FLEXIBLE PROCESS  PRODUCT FAMILIES 35
  36. 36. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM glass cell surface tab *T. Söderström et al., EUPVSC 2013 • Record performance modules and cost savings by: • Reducing resistive losses (distributed current collection on the cell) • Reducing shading losses (light recycling from round wires) • Increased production yield (reduced local stress through homogeneous heating) • Improved reliability • Low topography interconnection • Redundancy in interconnection points • Improved aesthetics • Uniform look MULTIWIRE INTERCONNECTION ...
  37. 37. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM Encapsulation ribbon Solder coated copper wires ... IN A WOVEN FABRIC
  38. 38. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM ▸ Positioning of tissue on glass ▸ 1st cell on tissue ▸ Next tissue and cell, etc. ▸ Next tissue (perpendicular) (45°finger cell design) ▸ Repeat for whole module ▸ Connection of 3 cell strings ▸ Glass lay-up and lamination Bifacial busbarless cell Glass substrate Top glass Tissue perpendicular to cell string Connectors* Under investigation MODULE LEVEL INTERCONNECTION FLEXIBILITY = Cell (or sheet) rotated 90°
  39. 39. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM Glass washing Glass layup Module layup Backsheet layup Lamination Final assembly MODULE LEVEL INTERCONNECTION FLEXIBILITY & SIMPLICITY Glass washing Encapsulant cutting and glass layup Cell soldering String testing String layup and bussing Foil cutting and backsheet layup Lamination Final assembly Traditional module assembly: Module level interconnection with woven fabric:
  40. 40. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM + simplified module assembly + reduced cost: less metal + thermal stress relief (weaving bends) + bespoke spacing for transparency ... IN A WOVEN FABRIC • Record performance modules and cost savings by: • Reducing resistive losses (distributed current collection on the cell) • Reducing shading losses (light recycling from round wires) • Increased production yield (reduced local stress through homogeneous heating) • Improved reliability • Low topography interconnection • Redundancy in interconnection points • Improved aesthetics • Uniform look
  41. 41. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM ALSO FOR BACK CONTACT CELLS Solder paste Glass fibre BC cell Metallic wire WOVEN FABRIC MULTIWIRE INTERCONNECTION
  42. 42. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM FOR BACK CONTACT CELLS • Record performance modules and cost savings by: • Reducing resistive losses • Improved reliability • Low topography interconnection • Fit for BIPV? • Improved aesthetics: uniform look + simplified module assembly + reduced cost: less metal/solder paste + thermal stress relief (weaving bends) + bespoke spacing for transparency WOVEN FABRIC MULTIWIRE INTERCONNECTION
  43. 43. POSTPONING DIFFERENTIATION 43
  44. 44. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM Semi-transparent Striped absorber (30 – 50%) non-transparent Uniform absorber THIN FILM PV OPTIONS
  45. 45. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM Semi-transparent Striped absorber (30 – 50%) Transparent layers (OPV, Perovskite) non-transparent Uniform absorber THIN FILM PV OPTIONS
  46. 46. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM TUNINGTRANSPARENCY & ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS • Traditional module process 3x sequential layer deposition and scribing • Novel back-end module process First deposit all layers; afterwards interconnect by scribing and printing Deposit + scribe Deposit + scribe Deposit + scribe
  47. 47. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM Customized bespoke finishing Standardized mass production POSTPONING CUSTOMIZATION
  48. 48. ADAPTIVE PRODUCTS 48
  49. 49. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM SMART MODULES Module-level power conversion Integrated condition monitoring Shadow resistance Smart bypass, re-configuration,... Local power conversion RUN-TIME CUSTOMIZATION
  50. 50. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM Integrated condition monitoring Smart bypass, re-configuration,... Local power conversion UNDER THE HOOD OF SMART MODULES Shadow resistance Module-level power conversion
  51. 51. TO KNOW THE EFFECT OF CUSTOMIZATION
  52. 52. IMEC TECHNOLOGY FORUM ENERGY YIELD MODEL EVALUATE COLOR, INTERCONNECTION, BIPV HEAT TRANSFER, ...
  53. 53. 53 MASS CUSTOMIZATION DESIGN the custom BIPV product/system  E-yield model PRODUCE the custom BIPV product/system  Flexible dimensions  Transparency  Electrical characteristics RUN-TIME customization  Smart shadow-resistant modules
  54. 54. CONFIDENTIAL Money for nothin’
  55. 55. CONFIDENTIAL And PV for free
  56. 56. CONFIDENTIAL I want my BIPV
  57. 57. CONFIDENTIAL VALUE CHAIN FROM CRADLE TO GRAVE Decon- struction / Recycling Service • Maintenance • Monitoring • Operation Exploitation • Aggregators • Third party investing • Yieldco Installation BoS materials cabling, frames, inverters Modules Cells Materials Equipment Raw materials Equipment Consultancy + support from R&D From global to local through: higher technicity, adaptation to local standards, integration with end application
  58. 58. CONFIDENTIAL
  59. 59. CONFIDENTIAL PART OF THIS RESEARCH HAS BEEN CONDUCTEDWITHTHE EFRO-SALK: SOLSTHORE PROJECT. THIS PROJECT RECEIVESTHE SUPPORT OFTHE EUROPEAN UNION,THE EUROPEAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUND ERDF, FLANDERS INNOVATION & ENTREPRENEURSHIP ANDTHE PROVINCE OF LIMBURG. PART OFTHISWORK HAS ALSO BEEN CONDUCTEDWITHINTHE LENO PV PROJECT FUNDED BY FLANDERS INNOVATION & ENTREPRENEURSHIP. THE AUTHORS ACKNOWLEDGETHEVARIOUS FUNDING AGENCIES. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  60. 60. THANKYOU FORYOUR ATTENTION  BART.ONSIA@IMEC.BE  +32 (0)16 28 8030

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