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Topic
▪“HEALTH, FITNESS AND
NUTRITION”
Learning objectives
Fitness And Health
 Physical Fitness and its part
 health- Related physical fitness
Skill –Related Physical fitness
Steps to fitness
What To Eat To Be Healthy
Nutrition
Fitness and Health
▪ The word health is often associated only with physical fitness, but there
are other components of health.
▪ FITNESS means “readiness”. Fit people are better equipped than non-fit
people.
▪ The level of fitness includes all aspects of health and life.
▪ It affects physical, mental, and social health.
What is Physical Fitness?
Physical Fitness is the
ability of your body
systems to work efficiently.
A fit person is able to carry
out the typical activities of
living, such as work, and
still have enough energy to
respond to emergency
situations and to enjoy
leisure time activities.
Physical Activity and Exercise
▪ Physical activity is a general term that includes sports, dance, and
activities done at work or at home, such as walking, climbing stairs, or
mowing the lawn.
▪ When people do physical activity especially for the purpose of getting
fit, we say they are doing exercise.
The Parts of Physical Fitness
Health - Related
Physical Fitness
 It helps you stayIt helps you stay
healthyhealthy
Cont..
Skill - Related Physical
Fitness
It helps you perform well in sports and activitiesIt helps you perform well in sports and activities
that require certain skillsthat require certain skills
Health - Related Physical Fitness
 Cardiovascular fitness: the ability to exercise your entire body for long periods
of time.
 Strength: the amount of force your muscles can produce.
 Muscular endurance: the ability to use your muscles many times without tiring.
 Flexibility: the ability to use your joints fully through a wide range of motion.
Skill - Related Physical Fitness
Different sports require different parts of
skill -related fitness.
Many sports require several parts. For
example, a skater might have good agility,
but may not posses good power.
Some people have more natural ability in
skill areas than others.
Good health does not come from being good
in skill-related fitness.
Cont
Skill related physicals fitness attributes are;
♠ Agility
♠ Balance
♠ Power
♠ Reaction time
♠ Speed
Agility
Agility is the ability to change the position of your body
quickly and to control body’s movements. People with good
agility are most likely to be good at activities such as: diving,
soccer, ice skating, wrestling, etc.
Balance
Balance is the ability to keep an upright posture while
standing still or moving. People with good balance are most
likely to be good in activities such as gymnastics, ice skating,
ski-jumping, surfing, etc.
Power
Power is the ability to use
strength and speed. People with
good power might have the
ability to put the shot, high jump,
play football, speed swim, speed
skate,fight well etc.
Reaction Time
Reaction time is the
amount of time it takes to
move once you realize the
need to act. People with
good reaction time are able
to make fast starts in track
or swimming, or to dodge a
fast attack in fencing or
karate.
Speed
Speed is the ability to
perform a movement or
cover a distance in a short
period of time. People with
leg speed can run fast, while
people with good arm speed
can throw fast or hit a ball
that is thrown fast.
Steps to Fitness
Step 1: Doing Physical Activity
Step 2: Getting Fit
Step 3: Self-Assessment
Step 4: Self-Planning
Step 5: Lifetime Activity
What is Nutrition?
▪ Nutrition:
Materials and food necessary
to support life and growth
Examples: vitamins and
minerals found in fruit
Nutrition
Importance :
 As yourbody grows, it is important to take care of it by eating nutritious food
with the properamount of servings.
 If you eat and exercise well then yourbody would be in perfect shape.
Definition of Diet
▪ Diet:
Sum of food consumed by an
organismorgroup
What you eat everyday!
Basic Nutrition
▪ Food pyramid
Recommendation of what to
eat based on dietary
guidelines
▪ Food pyramid breakdown
Fats
Dairy
Meat
Fruits & Vegetables
Grains
Meat
▪ Primary source of protein in
the diet
Protein provides body with
dietary energy needed for
growth and repair
▪ Meat, poultry (chicken), fish,
eggs and nuts
Fruit and Vegetable Group
▪ Fruits & Vegetables
Packed with vitamins
Low in energy
Great source of minerals
Common fruit: apples, peaches, bananas
Dairy Group
Important sources of proteins,
vitamins and minerals
Rich in calcium
Important forteeth and
bones
Milk, yogurt, cheese
High in Fat
Good sources if vitamins A and D
Why do you need calcium?
Essential nutrient for children to help grow strong bones
Reduces the risk of bone disease when older
Increase amount of calcium by drinking milk!
Soda vs. Juice
Soda contains high levels
of caffeine and sugar
 Caffeine is a stimulant
 Increases blood pressure
Juices
 Contain nutrients and vitamins
 Need to drink in moderation
 Too much juice can have
negative effect because of high
sugar content
Water
Vital component of our diets
Makes up 50-70 percent of our
body
Need it for growth and body
maintenance
Why is it important to eat
healthy?
Best way to live a healthy life is to eat a balanced diet
To provide nutrients that your body needs to function
To give you more energy and alertness throughout the day
To prevents future disease and sickness
Diabetes and cancer
How you can eat healthier?
▪ Eat regular meals
Breakfast is the most important meal of the day
Keeps body filled with fuel to get through the day
▪ Eat a variety of foods
Fruits and vegetables
Try to eat more apples and grapes and less cookies and chips
▪ Cut down on high fat and sugar
Drink water or juice instead of soda
Why Good Protein?
▪ Eating foods with little fat and high protein having necessary
proteins can help with the following:
Healthy heart
Keeping a low cholesterol level
Reduce risk of heart disease when you are older
Conclusion
▪ A healthy body owes a healthy
mind. Take care of your
health.


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Babu fitness ppt

  • 1.
  • 3. Learning objectives Fitness And Health  Physical Fitness and its part  health- Related physical fitness Skill –Related Physical fitness Steps to fitness What To Eat To Be Healthy Nutrition
  • 4. Fitness and Health ▪ The word health is often associated only with physical fitness, but there are other components of health. ▪ FITNESS means “readiness”. Fit people are better equipped than non-fit people. ▪ The level of fitness includes all aspects of health and life. ▪ It affects physical, mental, and social health.
  • 5. What is Physical Fitness? Physical Fitness is the ability of your body systems to work efficiently. A fit person is able to carry out the typical activities of living, such as work, and still have enough energy to respond to emergency situations and to enjoy leisure time activities.
  • 6. Physical Activity and Exercise ▪ Physical activity is a general term that includes sports, dance, and activities done at work or at home, such as walking, climbing stairs, or mowing the lawn. ▪ When people do physical activity especially for the purpose of getting fit, we say they are doing exercise.
  • 7. The Parts of Physical Fitness Health - Related Physical Fitness  It helps you stayIt helps you stay healthyhealthy
  • 8. Cont.. Skill - Related Physical Fitness It helps you perform well in sports and activitiesIt helps you perform well in sports and activities that require certain skillsthat require certain skills
  • 9. Health - Related Physical Fitness  Cardiovascular fitness: the ability to exercise your entire body for long periods of time.  Strength: the amount of force your muscles can produce.  Muscular endurance: the ability to use your muscles many times without tiring.  Flexibility: the ability to use your joints fully through a wide range of motion.
  • 10. Skill - Related Physical Fitness Different sports require different parts of skill -related fitness. Many sports require several parts. For example, a skater might have good agility, but may not posses good power. Some people have more natural ability in skill areas than others. Good health does not come from being good in skill-related fitness.
  • 11. Cont Skill related physicals fitness attributes are; ♠ Agility ♠ Balance ♠ Power ♠ Reaction time ♠ Speed
  • 12. Agility Agility is the ability to change the position of your body quickly and to control body’s movements. People with good agility are most likely to be good at activities such as: diving, soccer, ice skating, wrestling, etc.
  • 13. Balance Balance is the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving. People with good balance are most likely to be good in activities such as gymnastics, ice skating, ski-jumping, surfing, etc.
  • 14. Power Power is the ability to use strength and speed. People with good power might have the ability to put the shot, high jump, play football, speed swim, speed skate,fight well etc.
  • 15. Reaction Time Reaction time is the amount of time it takes to move once you realize the need to act. People with good reaction time are able to make fast starts in track or swimming, or to dodge a fast attack in fencing or karate.
  • 16. Speed Speed is the ability to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of time. People with leg speed can run fast, while people with good arm speed can throw fast or hit a ball that is thrown fast.
  • 17. Steps to Fitness Step 1: Doing Physical Activity Step 2: Getting Fit Step 3: Self-Assessment Step 4: Self-Planning Step 5: Lifetime Activity
  • 18. What is Nutrition? ▪ Nutrition: Materials and food necessary to support life and growth Examples: vitamins and minerals found in fruit
  • 19. Nutrition Importance :  As yourbody grows, it is important to take care of it by eating nutritious food with the properamount of servings.  If you eat and exercise well then yourbody would be in perfect shape.
  • 20. Definition of Diet ▪ Diet: Sum of food consumed by an organismorgroup What you eat everyday!
  • 21. Basic Nutrition ▪ Food pyramid Recommendation of what to eat based on dietary guidelines ▪ Food pyramid breakdown Fats Dairy Meat Fruits & Vegetables Grains
  • 22. Meat ▪ Primary source of protein in the diet Protein provides body with dietary energy needed for growth and repair ▪ Meat, poultry (chicken), fish, eggs and nuts
  • 23. Fruit and Vegetable Group ▪ Fruits & Vegetables Packed with vitamins Low in energy Great source of minerals Common fruit: apples, peaches, bananas
  • 24. Dairy Group Important sources of proteins, vitamins and minerals Rich in calcium Important forteeth and bones Milk, yogurt, cheese High in Fat Good sources if vitamins A and D
  • 25. Why do you need calcium? Essential nutrient for children to help grow strong bones Reduces the risk of bone disease when older Increase amount of calcium by drinking milk!
  • 26. Soda vs. Juice Soda contains high levels of caffeine and sugar  Caffeine is a stimulant  Increases blood pressure Juices  Contain nutrients and vitamins  Need to drink in moderation  Too much juice can have negative effect because of high sugar content
  • 27. Water Vital component of our diets Makes up 50-70 percent of our body Need it for growth and body maintenance
  • 28. Why is it important to eat healthy? Best way to live a healthy life is to eat a balanced diet To provide nutrients that your body needs to function To give you more energy and alertness throughout the day To prevents future disease and sickness Diabetes and cancer
  • 29. How you can eat healthier? ▪ Eat regular meals Breakfast is the most important meal of the day Keeps body filled with fuel to get through the day ▪ Eat a variety of foods Fruits and vegetables Try to eat more apples and grapes and less cookies and chips ▪ Cut down on high fat and sugar Drink water or juice instead of soda
  • 30. Why Good Protein? ▪ Eating foods with little fat and high protein having necessary proteins can help with the following: Healthy heart Keeping a low cholesterol level Reduce risk of heart disease when you are older
  • 31. Conclusion ▪ A healthy body owes a healthy mind. Take care of your health. 