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Art Evolving into a Languange,
Discovering Lost Stories
Helena Malmivirta, City of Salo
Nelli Koivisto, Aalto University
FINLAND




                                   1
A National European Social Fund
Programme
”The Third Sector Art & Culture, Youth and Sport Organisations
Providing Wellbeing Services” 2007 – 2013


Ministry of Education and Culture
Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment in Lapland
Our presentation
Part One
Nelli Koivisto:
Overview of Service Models in the ESF programme:
Art & Culture for Wellbeing



Part Two
Helena Malmivirta:
Project DIMPLES
Inter-professional Companionships in Wellbeing Services




                                                          3
Overview of Service Models:
Art & Culture for Wellbeing
Nelli Koivisto, Master of Arts in Dance, Master of Education
Aalto University, Small Business Center
Project manager, Coordination project THE THIRD SOURCE




                                                               4
Art & Culture
for Wellbeing:
The Actors




                 5
Regional Dance and Film Centers
Art and Culture   Folk Music Association
                  CONCERT CENTER…     Music Institute
Associations      Performing Arts Associations

                  Word Art      Associations
                  Circus Schools and Centers
                  VISUAL ARTISTS’ ASSOCIATIONS
Voluntary associations




Professional artists’
associations
The Professional Artists
VISUAL artists… Media   artists…   WORD   artists…

MUSICIANS… Music educators

Circus instructors… Dancers and choreographers
THEATER professionals… Puppeteers
Together with…
                                   Intellectually
Immigrant Children and Youth     Disabled Children

                                                     Families in Social Care

                               People Suffering
  Hospital Patients            from Dementia


                                                      Young People
    Inter-Generational                                Recovering from
    Groups                        Seniors in
                                                      Substance Addiction
                                  Geriatric Care
Service Contents
and Methods




                   10
The Premise
In art & culture for wellbeing:
Art is a tool for achieving objectives that go beyond
artistic goals




                                                        11
Arts & Culture in Wellbeing Services
•   Music
•   Dance
•   Plays
•   Circus
•   Visual Arts
•   Stories and Poems
•   Radio Plays, Short Films, Audio-visual Recordings
•   Reminiscing
•   Handicrafts
•   Cooking
•   Traditional Plays and Games
Forms of Activities
Open activity                         Excursions
Group and club activities             Camps
Courses                               Performances
Workshops                             Communal productions
Events                                Visits
Discussions                           Occupational therapist – Artist creative
Artist mentors in care institutions   partnerships
The
Partnership
Model




              14
In Municipal Structures
HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE   •   Day care / kindergarten
                         •   Health centre / hospital
                         •   Home for the elderly
                         •   Family work
                         •   Foster care

EDUCATION                •   Basic and special education
                         •   Art education
                         •   Adult education centre

CULTURAL SERVICES        •   Children’s cultural network
                         •   Municipal cultural centre
                         •   Art education projects
                         •   Museum, Orchestra

YOUTH SERVICES           •   Youth centre
                         •   Searching youth work
FINANCER
                      Local Authority in
ART                   Education
                                           €
ASSOCIATION


      WELLBEING
       SERVICE:
        Circus for
      Children with
      Special Needs




                                               16
FINANCER
                      Local Authority in
ART                   Education
                                           €
ASSOCIATION

                      PARTNER
      WELLBEING       A Local School       €
       SERVICE:
        Circus for
      Children with
      Special Needs




                                               17
FINANCER
                      Local Authority in   €
ART                   Education
ASSOCIATION

                      PARTNER
      WELLBEING       A Local School       €
       SERVICE:
        Circus for
      Children with
      Special Needs   USERS
                      Student Group        €
                      Identified by the
                      School



                                               18
User
Experiences




              19
Dimensions in Art & Culture
for Wellbeing
                                                                 EFFECTS ON
                                   EXPERIENCES
                                                                   Self-esteem
              ACTIVITY                Insights                    Body control
                                      Success                    Self-knowledge
              Observing         Feeling of inclusion          Personal wellbeing
ART-BASED     Discussing                                    Atmosphere of equality
 METHODS                      Breaking down barriers
            Experimenting    Finding new perspectives     Having control on one’s life
            Making & Doing   Getting positive attention   Capacity for daily routines
              Performing      Cutting loose from roles     Ability to learn new skills
             Experiencing       Finding motivation          Re-organisation of roles
             Interpreting        Sense of Equality                Mutual trust
                                        Joy                        Social skills
HYMYKUOPAT - HANKE




    Tähän otsikkoa tähän otsikkoa
           tähän otsikkoa       Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….



Project DIMPLES
                                Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….
                                               Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta
                                               Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta
                                               Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta

                                               Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….Ja   sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta
                                               Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….Ja   sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta




Inter-professional Partnerships in Wellbeing Services
                                               Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….Ja   sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta
                                               Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta   tekstiä….Ja   sitten   muuta   tekstiä….   Ja sitten   muuta




October 2009 – September 2012

Helena Malmivirta, Doctor of Education
Project manager, City of Salo
Objective:
To strengthen third sector culture and art organisations’ capacities to develop and
deliver wellbeing services

Starting point:
To meet the needs of local authorities with art and culture based services and
service models

In Cooperation with:
Five Finnish cities: Salo, Turku, Kouvola, Forssa and Hankasalmi
Ten local and regional art and culture associations


A Pilot Project in the National ESF Programme:
The Third Sector Art & Culture, Youth and Sport Organisations Providing Wellbeing
Services 2007 - 2013
PROJECT DIMPLES




The project objectives have taken shape
in four service models

- Emerging from the methods of art and culture
- To be applied by the arts and culture sector
- To complement the service supply of public authorities
  (municipalities)
PROJECT DIMPLES




1.    The Wellbeing Chain Reaction
2.    The Adventure Suitcase
3.    Artist – Occupational Therapist Creative Partnerships
4.    Cultural Services Next-Door
The Wellbeing Chain Reaction
From the perspective of narrative research
• Long-term companionships between professional artists and public care
  institutions for the elderly

• To enhance wellbeing with methods based on arts and culture

• Professional artists of third sector art organisations


 The project has enabled development in the field of applied arts

 Equal partnerships between social and health care professionals and
  professional artists
What is art?
What is culture?


                         Interiööri/Hailuoto/HM




                         Defining the concepts
                          of art and culture
 C. Monet Waterlilies
How is the human being and is there art?




            Human as a whole and realising her/himself in action
The Doors Are Open
for Arts
”Retirement home is old people’s
home; art must come to them.
We have paused by the art work
together with the elderly and the
personnel to wonder and feel the art
– enjoying the experience generated
by arts”.

Director of an old people’s home


 The start for a partnership
Change and Opportunity

• In the course of the project care institutions have changed
… into an agora of personal and collective narratives of daily life
… processed and communicated through the methods of arts
From the Work-of-art Dominant Approach
to a Dialogic Process

”In a process, there is always a new thing, which cannot be foreseen
– a leap into the unfamiliar. One always finds something new about
people and about art making.”
                                An artist involved in the project DIMPLES


 Art takes place in a dialogic process between the elderly person
  and the artist (Dewey 1934/1980)
Dialogic encountering in art is a space,
    which releases meaningful ideas and emotions emerging from one’s
experiences – and folds them into interaction with visual, kinesthetic and
musical associations
An Invitation to Creative Interaction
Meaningful interaction takes time; it cannot be rushed.
Sensitivity and courage to approach an old person
– listening and observing without the medical status
Every encountering is a unique experience of the perceiving subject.
The right way to feel, interpret or react cannot be determined from the
outside.
Art
     directs our attention to such         Movement and energy in dance
 contents and qualities that bring out     Rhythm and harmony in music
the faces of our reality in an intensive   Settings and action in theatre
   way and lifted from their original
                                           Form, colour, and texture in visual art
                context:


                                            These qualities bring forward
                                             relationships - consonance and
                                             dissonance - conflicts and their
                                             solutions
Life Narrated to Art
With the means of art one’s lifetime
experiences intertwine into a meaningful
life story – a narrative

The means:
• Photography
• Film art
• Fine art
• Literal art
• Performing arts
• Dance

 To be heard with the means of art
 Hidden stories to light
”Hands feel like my own. I can clap with them.
                                        In the old days I used to milk cows and bake
                                        buns.
                                        Hands were needed there.To know how to do
                                        it.
                                        Skillful hands.
                                        Have knitted a ruffle with a thread.
                                        Don’t think anything is going to come out of it.
                                        Skillful hands.
                                        It is lovely to touch the boy.
                                        To pat the tummy.
                                        Soft and good, a child’s tummy.
                                        Nice needles in my hand.
                                        The steam of a sauna feels better.
                                        Balmy and warm.
                                        Now I would like to touch a dog. Very fluffy”.

Life story in the form of an Ear Poem
“An old person is a conscious Being
until the end.
Bring every human’s extraordinariness
to light.”

A visual artist involved in the project
DIMPLES

 Hidden resources to be
  discovered
”I really love classical music –
and how did the conductor move?”




                                   ”I can’t dance!
                                   If I had died yesterday,
                                   I would not have learned that
                                   something like this exists.”
The Challenge of
Finding a Shared
Language
For art and health and social care to
meet each other, a shared language is
needed between the professional
artists and the care personnel

 A three-step cooperation and
  training process as the frame of
  reference for experiential art
  learning
Achievements of the Wellbeing Chain Reaction
From the Perspective of the Elderly
•   Changes in alertness
•   Recovery of speech
•   Strengthening of involvement, interaction and communality
•   Reinforcement of the sense of being important
•   Decrease in the need for care

• Art structuring the profound experiences of life
  – strengthening one’s identity and integrity
From the Perspective of the Artist

• Professional growth

• Change and extension of the concept of art

• Development of the sociocultural work

• Strengthening of capacity in art pedagogy
   -   Art pedagogy has been taken to areas where it has not been before
   -   Breaking down barriers
From the Perspective of the Nursing Staff

 -   Increase in wellbeing in the workplace subsequent to the rising
     alertness of the elderly
 -   Broadening of understanding of the concepts of art and culture
 -   Understanding of the importance of partnerships
 -   Strengthening of positive attitudes toward arts and culture as part
     of the care of old people with dementia

 -   Positive feedback from families
Art as a Dialogic Process – Psychological
Language
  Art has reached to the mental and emotional layers of a
   human being, long forgotten, and brought to light something
   meaningful to oneself

  Hidden narratives have been uncovered. Examining the
   past has had a positive psychological, emotional and
   cognitive effect on one’s sense of integrity.

  There is a possibility for identity building across the entire
   life time

  There is a possibility for continuous learning
Thank you
Helena Malmivirta           Nelli Koivisto
City of Salo                Aalto University
helena.malmivirta@salo.fi   nelli.koivisto@aalto.fi
+358 44 77 84 903           +358 50 315 2163




                                                      47
Images
Meltio, Niklas 2012. Images of pilot project activities in a national ESF Programme ”The Third Sector Art & Culture,
Youth and Sport Organisations Providing Wellbeing Services 2007 – 2013”. (Slides 5, 10, 14, 36 and 40)

Meltio, Niklas 2010. Images from publication Kolmannella lähteellä. Koivisto, Lehikoinen, Pasanen-Willberg,
Ruusuvirta, Saukkonen, Tolvanen, Veikkolainen (Ed.s.). ESF Coordination project the THIRD SOURCE 2008-2010. Kokos
Services, The Theatre Academy Helsinki (Slide 19)

Images by project DIMPLES 2009-2012. (Slides 28-29, 33-35, 37-39, 41-42)

Distributed under Creative Commons Attribution license: Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en

     Image ”75th Anniversary Volunteers” by vastateparkstaff (Slide 7)
     http://www.flickr.com/photos/vastateparksstaff/5330601445/sizes/z/in/photostream/

     Image ”DSCN0426” by Tor Lindstrand (Slide 7)
     http://www.flickr.com/photos/international-festival/213441696/sizes/m/in/photostream/




                                                                                                                       48

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Art Evolving into a Languange, Discovering Lost Stories

  • 1. Art Evolving into a Languange, Discovering Lost Stories Helena Malmivirta, City of Salo Nelli Koivisto, Aalto University FINLAND 1
  • 2. A National European Social Fund Programme ”The Third Sector Art & Culture, Youth and Sport Organisations Providing Wellbeing Services” 2007 – 2013 Ministry of Education and Culture Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment in Lapland
  • 3. Our presentation Part One Nelli Koivisto: Overview of Service Models in the ESF programme: Art & Culture for Wellbeing Part Two Helena Malmivirta: Project DIMPLES Inter-professional Companionships in Wellbeing Services 3
  • 4. Overview of Service Models: Art & Culture for Wellbeing Nelli Koivisto, Master of Arts in Dance, Master of Education Aalto University, Small Business Center Project manager, Coordination project THE THIRD SOURCE 4
  • 5. Art & Culture for Wellbeing: The Actors 5
  • 6. Regional Dance and Film Centers Art and Culture Folk Music Association CONCERT CENTER… Music Institute Associations Performing Arts Associations Word Art Associations Circus Schools and Centers VISUAL ARTISTS’ ASSOCIATIONS
  • 8. The Professional Artists VISUAL artists… Media artists… WORD artists… MUSICIANS… Music educators Circus instructors… Dancers and choreographers THEATER professionals… Puppeteers
  • 9. Together with… Intellectually Immigrant Children and Youth Disabled Children Families in Social Care People Suffering Hospital Patients from Dementia Young People Inter-Generational Recovering from Groups Seniors in Substance Addiction Geriatric Care
  • 11. The Premise In art & culture for wellbeing: Art is a tool for achieving objectives that go beyond artistic goals 11
  • 12. Arts & Culture in Wellbeing Services • Music • Dance • Plays • Circus • Visual Arts • Stories and Poems • Radio Plays, Short Films, Audio-visual Recordings • Reminiscing • Handicrafts • Cooking • Traditional Plays and Games
  • 13. Forms of Activities Open activity Excursions Group and club activities Camps Courses Performances Workshops Communal productions Events Visits Discussions Occupational therapist – Artist creative Artist mentors in care institutions partnerships
  • 15. In Municipal Structures HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE • Day care / kindergarten • Health centre / hospital • Home for the elderly • Family work • Foster care EDUCATION • Basic and special education • Art education • Adult education centre CULTURAL SERVICES • Children’s cultural network • Municipal cultural centre • Art education projects • Museum, Orchestra YOUTH SERVICES • Youth centre • Searching youth work
  • 16. FINANCER Local Authority in ART Education € ASSOCIATION WELLBEING SERVICE: Circus for Children with Special Needs 16
  • 17. FINANCER Local Authority in ART Education € ASSOCIATION PARTNER WELLBEING A Local School € SERVICE: Circus for Children with Special Needs 17
  • 18. FINANCER Local Authority in € ART Education ASSOCIATION PARTNER WELLBEING A Local School € SERVICE: Circus for Children with Special Needs USERS Student Group € Identified by the School 18
  • 20. Dimensions in Art & Culture for Wellbeing EFFECTS ON EXPERIENCES Self-esteem ACTIVITY Insights Body control Success Self-knowledge Observing Feeling of inclusion Personal wellbeing ART-BASED Discussing Atmosphere of equality METHODS Breaking down barriers Experimenting Finding new perspectives Having control on one’s life Making & Doing Getting positive attention Capacity for daily routines Performing Cutting loose from roles Ability to learn new skills Experiencing Finding motivation Re-organisation of roles Interpreting Sense of Equality Mutual trust Joy Social skills
  • 21. HYMYKUOPAT - HANKE Tähän otsikkoa tähän otsikkoa tähän otsikkoa Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Project DIMPLES Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta Inter-professional Partnerships in Wellbeing Services Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta tekstiä….Ja sitten muuta tekstiä…. Ja sitten muuta October 2009 – September 2012 Helena Malmivirta, Doctor of Education Project manager, City of Salo
  • 22. Objective: To strengthen third sector culture and art organisations’ capacities to develop and deliver wellbeing services Starting point: To meet the needs of local authorities with art and culture based services and service models In Cooperation with: Five Finnish cities: Salo, Turku, Kouvola, Forssa and Hankasalmi Ten local and regional art and culture associations A Pilot Project in the National ESF Programme: The Third Sector Art & Culture, Youth and Sport Organisations Providing Wellbeing Services 2007 - 2013
  • 23. PROJECT DIMPLES The project objectives have taken shape in four service models - Emerging from the methods of art and culture - To be applied by the arts and culture sector - To complement the service supply of public authorities (municipalities)
  • 24. PROJECT DIMPLES 1. The Wellbeing Chain Reaction 2. The Adventure Suitcase 3. Artist – Occupational Therapist Creative Partnerships 4. Cultural Services Next-Door
  • 25. The Wellbeing Chain Reaction From the perspective of narrative research
  • 26. • Long-term companionships between professional artists and public care institutions for the elderly • To enhance wellbeing with methods based on arts and culture • Professional artists of third sector art organisations  The project has enabled development in the field of applied arts  Equal partnerships between social and health care professionals and professional artists
  • 27. What is art? What is culture? Interiööri/Hailuoto/HM  Defining the concepts of art and culture C. Monet Waterlilies
  • 28. How is the human being and is there art? Human as a whole and realising her/himself in action
  • 29. The Doors Are Open for Arts
  • 30. ”Retirement home is old people’s home; art must come to them. We have paused by the art work together with the elderly and the personnel to wonder and feel the art – enjoying the experience generated by arts”. Director of an old people’s home  The start for a partnership
  • 31. Change and Opportunity • In the course of the project care institutions have changed … into an agora of personal and collective narratives of daily life … processed and communicated through the methods of arts
  • 32. From the Work-of-art Dominant Approach to a Dialogic Process ”In a process, there is always a new thing, which cannot be foreseen – a leap into the unfamiliar. One always finds something new about people and about art making.” An artist involved in the project DIMPLES  Art takes place in a dialogic process between the elderly person and the artist (Dewey 1934/1980)
  • 33. Dialogic encountering in art is a space, which releases meaningful ideas and emotions emerging from one’s experiences – and folds them into interaction with visual, kinesthetic and musical associations
  • 34. An Invitation to Creative Interaction Meaningful interaction takes time; it cannot be rushed. Sensitivity and courage to approach an old person – listening and observing without the medical status
  • 35. Every encountering is a unique experience of the perceiving subject. The right way to feel, interpret or react cannot be determined from the outside.
  • 36. Art directs our attention to such Movement and energy in dance contents and qualities that bring out Rhythm and harmony in music the faces of our reality in an intensive Settings and action in theatre way and lifted from their original Form, colour, and texture in visual art context:  These qualities bring forward relationships - consonance and dissonance - conflicts and their solutions
  • 37. Life Narrated to Art With the means of art one’s lifetime experiences intertwine into a meaningful life story – a narrative The means: • Photography • Film art • Fine art • Literal art • Performing arts • Dance  To be heard with the means of art  Hidden stories to light
  • 38. ”Hands feel like my own. I can clap with them. In the old days I used to milk cows and bake buns. Hands were needed there.To know how to do it. Skillful hands. Have knitted a ruffle with a thread. Don’t think anything is going to come out of it. Skillful hands. It is lovely to touch the boy. To pat the tummy. Soft and good, a child’s tummy. Nice needles in my hand. The steam of a sauna feels better. Balmy and warm. Now I would like to touch a dog. Very fluffy”. Life story in the form of an Ear Poem
  • 39. “An old person is a conscious Being until the end. Bring every human’s extraordinariness to light.” A visual artist involved in the project DIMPLES  Hidden resources to be discovered
  • 40. ”I really love classical music – and how did the conductor move?” ”I can’t dance! If I had died yesterday, I would not have learned that something like this exists.”
  • 41. The Challenge of Finding a Shared Language For art and health and social care to meet each other, a shared language is needed between the professional artists and the care personnel  A three-step cooperation and training process as the frame of reference for experiential art learning
  • 42. Achievements of the Wellbeing Chain Reaction
  • 43. From the Perspective of the Elderly • Changes in alertness • Recovery of speech • Strengthening of involvement, interaction and communality • Reinforcement of the sense of being important • Decrease in the need for care • Art structuring the profound experiences of life – strengthening one’s identity and integrity
  • 44. From the Perspective of the Artist • Professional growth • Change and extension of the concept of art • Development of the sociocultural work • Strengthening of capacity in art pedagogy - Art pedagogy has been taken to areas where it has not been before - Breaking down barriers
  • 45. From the Perspective of the Nursing Staff - Increase in wellbeing in the workplace subsequent to the rising alertness of the elderly - Broadening of understanding of the concepts of art and culture - Understanding of the importance of partnerships - Strengthening of positive attitudes toward arts and culture as part of the care of old people with dementia - Positive feedback from families
  • 46. Art as a Dialogic Process – Psychological Language  Art has reached to the mental and emotional layers of a human being, long forgotten, and brought to light something meaningful to oneself  Hidden narratives have been uncovered. Examining the past has had a positive psychological, emotional and cognitive effect on one’s sense of integrity.  There is a possibility for identity building across the entire life time  There is a possibility for continuous learning
  • 47. Thank you Helena Malmivirta Nelli Koivisto City of Salo Aalto University helena.malmivirta@salo.fi nelli.koivisto@aalto.fi +358 44 77 84 903 +358 50 315 2163 47
  • 48. Images Meltio, Niklas 2012. Images of pilot project activities in a national ESF Programme ”The Third Sector Art & Culture, Youth and Sport Organisations Providing Wellbeing Services 2007 – 2013”. (Slides 5, 10, 14, 36 and 40) Meltio, Niklas 2010. Images from publication Kolmannella lähteellä. Koivisto, Lehikoinen, Pasanen-Willberg, Ruusuvirta, Saukkonen, Tolvanen, Veikkolainen (Ed.s.). ESF Coordination project the THIRD SOURCE 2008-2010. Kokos Services, The Theatre Academy Helsinki (Slide 19) Images by project DIMPLES 2009-2012. (Slides 28-29, 33-35, 37-39, 41-42) Distributed under Creative Commons Attribution license: Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en Image ”75th Anniversary Volunteers” by vastateparkstaff (Slide 7) http://www.flickr.com/photos/vastateparksstaff/5330601445/sizes/z/in/photostream/ Image ”DSCN0426” by Tor Lindstrand (Slide 7) http://www.flickr.com/photos/international-festival/213441696/sizes/m/in/photostream/ 48