SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Understanding 
News 
Geography 
and 
Major 
Determinants 
of 
Global 
News 
Coverage 
of 
Disasters 
Jisun 
An 
and 
Haewoon 
Kwak 
Qatar 
Computing 
Research 
Institute 
(QCRI) 
C+J 
Symposium 
2014
‘Sucked 
into 
a 
hole’
10 
most-­‐read 
news 
at 
BBC 
on 
17th 
Oct 
2014 
Celebrity 
Technology 
Environment 
Local 
news
10 
most-­‐read 
news 
at 
BBC 
on 
17th 
Oct 
2014 
5 
out 
of 
10 
most-­‐read 
news 
articles 
are 
about 
foreign 
disasters.
News 
outlets 
keep 
reporting 
foreign 
disasters.
In 
a 
process 
of 
globalisation, 
a 
foreign 
disaster 
can 
have 
a 
political 
or 
economical 
impact.
Such 
emotional 
news 
raise 
sympathy 
for 
others 
which 
can 
be 
a 
key 
to 
drive 
more 
audience 
to 
the 
news 
sites.
People 
suffered 
from 
those 
disasters 
wait 
for 
a 
global 
aid 
to 
be 
recovered.
Which 
disasters 
receive 
more 
attention 
from 
foreign 
news 
media?
Theory 
of 
newsworthiness 
• Proposed by Galtung and Ruge, 1965 
• Frequency, intensity, unambiguity, meaningfulness, 
consonance, unexpectedness, and continuity of an 
event 
• Some characteristics of an actor (e.g. identity) 
involved in the event
Effect 
of 
national 
attributes 
A guest country 
(where a disaster happens) 
A host country 
(where news media exists)
Effect 
of 
national 
attributes 
A guest country 
(where a disaster happens) 
Population, degree 
of press freedom, 
geographic size, 
economic power, etc 
A host country 
(where news media exists) 
National traits
Effect 
of 
national 
attributes 
A guest country 
(where a disaster happens) 
Population, degree 
of press freedom, 
geographic size, 
economic power, etc 
A host country 
(where news media exists) 
National traits 
Relatedness 
Geographic distance, 
shared language, 
volume of trade, 
past colonial ties
A 
wide 
range 
of 
national 
attributes 
and 
power 
relationship 
has 
been 
examined, 
but 
results 
are 
inconsistent, 
mainly 
due 
to 
cultural 
difference.
A 
wide 
range 
of 
national 
attributes 
and 
power 
relationship 
has 
been 
examined, 
but 
results 
are 
inconsistent, 
mainly 
due 
to 
cultural 
difference. 
international 
coverage 
news 
Examined 
a 
in 
country 
single
Which 
disasters 
are 
most 
likely 
to 
be 
‘globally’ 
covered?
why 
news 
about 
disasters?
GDELT 
dataset 
3,574,627 
events 
(666,150 
natural 
and 
man-­‐made 
disasters) 
happening 
in 
205 
countries 
from 
April 
2013 
to 
July 
2014 
News 
geography 
Which 
countries 
are 
presented 
in 
one 
country’ 
international 
disaster 
news 
and 
to 
what 
extent? 
Global 
news 
coverage 
Which 
disasters 
are 
most 
likely 
to 
be 
‘globally’ 
covered?
GDELT 
dataset 
3,574,627 
events 
(666,150 
natural 
and 
man-­‐made 
disasters) 
happening 
in 
205 
countries 
from 
April 
2013 
to 
July 
2014 
News 
geography 
Which 
countries 
are 
presented 
in 
one 
country’ 
international 
disaster 
news 
and 
to 
what 
extent? 
Global 
news 
coverage 
Which 
disasters 
are 
most 
likely 
to 
be 
‘globally’ 
covered
GDELT 
dataset 
• monitors 
the 
world's 
news 
media 
in 
print, 
broadcast, 
and 
web 
formats, 
in 
over 
100 
languages 
• compiles 
a 
list 
of 
every 
person, 
organization, 
location, 
themes 
(events), 
etc. 
from 
every 
news 
report 
• stretches 
back 
to 
January 
1, 
1979 
and 
update 
daily 
• leverages 
Google 
Translate 
for 
Research 
to 
augment 
human 
translation
Example 
“47 
Jihadists 
were 
killed” 
was 
found 
in 
ten 
different 
articles 
that 
day 
• NumArts=10, 
• CountType=KILL, 
• Count=47, 
• ObjectType=”jihadists”,
Fields 
• DATE 
• NUMARTS 
• COUNTTYPE 
-­‐ AFFECT, 
ARREST, 
KIDNAP, 
KILL, 
PROTEST, 
SEIZE, 
WOUND.. 
• COUNTS 
• THEMES 
-­‐ NATURAL 
DISASTER, 
MANMADE 
DISASTER, 
… 
• LOCATIONS 
• OBJECTIVE 
-­‐ “Christian 
missionaries” 
from 
“20 
Christian 
missionaries 
were 
arrested” 
• SOURCEURLS
Inferring the country of 
news media by alexa.com
GDELT 
3,574,627 
events 
(666,150 
natural 
and 
man-­‐made 
disasters) 
happening 
in 
205 
countries 
from 
April 
2013 
to 
July 
2014 
News 
geography 
Which 
countries 
are 
presented 
in 
one 
country’ 
international 
disaster 
news 
and 
to 
what 
extent? 
Global 
news 
coverage 
Which 
disasters 
are 
most 
likely 
to 
be 
‘globally’ 
covered
Which 
countries 
are 
presented 
in 
one 
country’ 
international 
disaster 
news 
and 
to 
what 
extent?
Examples 
of 
cartogram
News 
geography 
seen 
by 
North 
America
North 
America 
South 
Asia
Strong 
regionalism 
in 
reporting 
foreign 
disasters 
All 
coefficients 
are 
positive, 
but 
less 
than 
0.5. 
Disasters 
covered 
by 
each 
region 
do 
not 
overlap 
with 
one 
another.
Strong 
regionalism 
in 
reporting 
foreign 
disasters 
The 
unique 
interest 
of 
each 
region 
makes 
it 
difficult 
for 
research 
relying 
on 
a 
single 
country 
or 
region 
to 
obtain 
external 
validity.
GDELT 
3,574,627 
events 
(666,150 
natural 
and 
man-­‐made 
disasters) 
happening 
in 
205 
countries 
from 
April 
2013 
to 
July 
2014 
News 
geography 
Which 
countries 
are 
presented 
in 
one 
country’ 
international 
disaster 
news 
and 
to 
what 
extent? 
Global 
news 
coverage 
Which 
disasters 
are 
most 
likely 
to 
be 
‘globally’ 
covered?
Which 
one 
would 
be 
more 
likely 
to 
be 
covered 
by 
more 
counties?
Which 
one 
would 
be 
more 
likely 
to 
be 
covered 
by 
more 
counties? 
“A 
baby 
killed 
by 
her 
mum” 
or 
“200 
people 
killed 
by 
flooding 
in 
Malaysia”
Which 
one 
would 
be 
more 
likely 
to 
be 
covered 
by 
more 
counties? 
“A 
baby 
killed 
by 
her 
mum” 
or 
“200 
people 
killed 
by 
flooding 
in 
Malaysia”
Why 
would 
one 
be 
covered 
more 
than 
the 
other? 
“200 
people 
killed 
by 
flooding 
in 
Malaysia” 
school 
girls
Why 
would 
one 
be 
covered 
more 
than 
the 
other? 
“200 
people 
killed 
by 
flooding 
in 
Malaysia” 
2000 school 
girls
Why 
would 
one 
be 
covered 
more 
than 
the 
other? 
“200 
people 
killed 
by 
flooding 
in 
Malaysia” 
2000 school 
girls USA
Why 
would 
one 
be 
covered 
more 
than 
the 
other? 
“200 
people 
killed 
by 
flooding 
in 
Malaysia” 
2000 school 
girls USA 
Would 
this 
then 
get 
more 
coverage?
Determinants 
of 
global 
news 
coverage 
We 
build 
a 
hierarchical 
(mixed-­‐effect) 
multiple 
regression 
model 
where 
Dependent 
variable: 
Number 
of 
countries 
covering 
a 
disaster
Determinants 
of 
global 
news 
coverage 
We 
build 
a 
hierarchical 
(mixed-­‐effect) 
multiple 
regression 
model 
where 
Dependent 
variable: 
Number 
of 
countries 
covering 
a 
disaster 
Independent 
variable: 
1) the 
attributes 
of 
a 
nation 
e.g., 
GDP, 
population, 
etc 
2) the 
attributes 
of 
a 
disaster 
e.g., 
disaster 
type, 
the 
number 
of 
affected 
people, 
etc 
3) logistics 
of 
news 
gathering 
e.g., 
whether 
INAs 
report 
a 
disaster 
or 
not
Candidate 
independent 
variables 
National 
variables: 
GDP 
(gross 
domestic 
product) 
per 
capita, 
GNI 
(gross 
national 
in-­‐ 
come) 
per 
capita, 
military 
expenditure, 
population, 
land 
size, 
population 
density, 
merchandise 
exports 
(US$), 
merchandise 
imports 
(US$), 
number 
of 
scientific 
journal 
publications, 
unemployment 
rate, 
foreign 
aid 
received 
(US$), 
Internet 
use 
(per 
100 
people), 
mobile 
cellular 
subscriptions 
(per 
100 
people), 
homicide 
rate 
(per 
100,000 
people), 
index 
of 
press 
freedom, 
the 
world 
giving 
index, 
and 
the 
political 
stability 
index. 
Disaster 
variables: 
a 
disaster 
type, 
a 
fine-­‐grained 
subtype 
of 
a 
disaster, 
the 
unexpectedness 
of 
a 
disaster, 
the 
number 
of 
people 
involved 
in 
the 
disaster, 
the 
type 
of 
people’s 
involvement 
in 
the 
disaster 
(denoted 
as 
count 
type), 
and 
the 
type 
of 
people 
affected 
by 
the 
disaster 
(denoted 
as 
object 
type). 
Logistic 
of 
news 
gathering 
variable: 
one 
binary 
variable 
to 
show 
whether 
a 
disaster 
is 
reported 
by 
any 
of 
international 
news 
agencies 
(Agence 
France-­‐ 
Presse 
(AFP), 
Associated 
Press 
(AP) 
and 
Reuters)
Determinants 
of 
global 
news 
coverage 
We 
build 
a 
hierarchical 
(mixed-­‐effect) 
multiple 
regression 
model 
where 
Dependent 
variable: 
Number 
of 
countries 
covering 
a 
disaster 
14 
independent 
variable: 
1) the 
attributes 
of 
a 
nation 
e.g., 
GDP, 
population, 
etc 
2) the 
attributes 
of 
a 
disaster 
e.g., 
disaster 
type, 
the 
number 
of 
affected 
people, 
etc 
3) logistics 
of 
news 
gathering 
e.g., 
whether 
INAs 
report 
a 
disaster 
or 
not 1 
control 
variable: 
A 
country 
a 
disaster 
happened
• Disasters 
in 
countries 
with 
high 
population 
tend 
to 
be 
more 
globally 
covered.
• Disasters 
happening 
in 
politically 
unstable 
countries 
receive 
more 
global 
attention.
• The 
more 
people 
killed 
or 
affected 
by 
a 
disaster, 
the 
more 
countries 
the 
disaster 
will 
be 
covered 
in.
• Kidnap 
is 
one 
of 
the 
disaster 
types 
that 
gets 
the 
most 
attention 
from 
other 
countries.
• Some 
types 
of 
disasters 
are 
more 
likely 
to 
be 
chosen 
than 
others. 
For 
example, 
Aftershocks 
and 
Flooding 
types 
tend 
to 
be 
reported 
in 
more 
countries 
than 
the 
other 
types.
Three 
national 
variables, 
which 
are 
log(population), 
mobile 
subscription, 
political 
stability, 
explain 
3.1% 
of 
the 
variance.
Disaster 
variables 
are 
added 
to 
the 
first 
model 
The 
characteristics 
of 
a 
disaster 
themselves 
explain 
an 
additional 
4.3% 
of 
the 
variance.
INAs 
covered 
explains 
an 
additional 
18% 
of 
the 
variance!
Summary 
• GDELT, 
a 
valuable 
resource 
to 
study 
news 
flow 
around 
the 
world 
• A 
strong 
regionalism 
in 
reporting 
disasters 
• A 
prominent 
role 
of 
INAs 
in 
global 
news 
coverage 
of 
disasters
Future 
Direction
We 
are 
keen 
to 
collaborate 
with 
you! 
Thanks! 
@JisunAn 
@haewoon 
Qatar 
Computing 
Research 
Institute 
(QCRI)

More Related Content

What's hot

Econometrics Case Study
Econometrics Case StudyEconometrics Case Study
Econometrics Case Study
Benjamin Croft
 
NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06
NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06
NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06
Josh Nathan
 
Tracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in Haiti
Tracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in HaitiTracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in Haiti
Tracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in Haiti
Genevieve Dejean
 
BB or FB- Research Brief
BB or FB- Research BriefBB or FB- Research Brief
BB or FB- Research Brief
Nancy Hayden
 
Urban emergency preparedness
Urban emergency preparednessUrban emergency preparedness
Urban emergency preparedness
ancamper
 
O'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final version
O'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final versionO'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final version
O'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final version
Brett O'Bannon
 
Affordable housing for all in india- Issues and Options
Affordable housing for all in india- Issues and OptionsAffordable housing for all in india- Issues and Options
Affordable housing for all in india- Issues and Options
JIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
3) Political Globalization p.62-63
3) Political Globalization   p.62-633) Political Globalization   p.62-63
3) Political Globalization p.62-63
Missws Choi
 
Food Security for Humanity-full paper
Food Security for Humanity-full paperFood Security for Humanity-full paper
Food Security for Humanity-full paper
amita marwaha
 
[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings
[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings
[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings
IBD-UNIPR-Students
 
Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2
Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2
Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2
Wild Cato
 

What's hot (20)

Econometrics Case Study
Econometrics Case StudyEconometrics Case Study
Econometrics Case Study
 
NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06
NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06
NWA Poster Session Handout 10_06
 
Global Responsibilities for Health Care
Global Responsibilities for Health CareGlobal Responsibilities for Health Care
Global Responsibilities for Health Care
 
Tracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in Haiti
Tracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in HaitiTracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in Haiti
Tracking U.S. Humanitarian Aid Responding to Disaster in Haiti
 
Psych econ of war and peace
Psych econ of war and peacePsych econ of war and peace
Psych econ of war and peace
 
BB or FB- Research Brief
BB or FB- Research BriefBB or FB- Research Brief
BB or FB- Research Brief
 
Information Management 2.0
Information Management 2.0Information Management 2.0
Information Management 2.0
 
12/2010 Realising the "Imagined armies of expert civilians": A summary of nat...
12/2010 Realising the "Imagined armies of expert civilians": A summary of nat...12/2010 Realising the "Imagined armies of expert civilians": A summary of nat...
12/2010 Realising the "Imagined armies of expert civilians": A summary of nat...
 
Social media and disasters
Social media and disastersSocial media and disasters
Social media and disasters
 
2022 Annual Threat Assessment
2022 Annual Threat Assessment 2022 Annual Threat Assessment
2022 Annual Threat Assessment
 
Genocide prevention task force united states institute of peace
Genocide prevention task force united states institute of peaceGenocide prevention task force united states institute of peace
Genocide prevention task force united states institute of peace
 
Urban emergency preparedness
Urban emergency preparednessUrban emergency preparedness
Urban emergency preparedness
 
O'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final version
O'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final versionO'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final version
O'Bannon.Conflict Analysis in CDI final version
 
Role of media in crisis and Disaster
Role of media in crisis and Disaster Role of media in crisis and Disaster
Role of media in crisis and Disaster
 
Affordable housing for all in india- Issues and Options
Affordable housing for all in india- Issues and OptionsAffordable housing for all in india- Issues and Options
Affordable housing for all in india- Issues and Options
 
3) Political Globalization p.62-63
3) Political Globalization   p.62-633) Political Globalization   p.62-63
3) Political Globalization p.62-63
 
Food Security for Humanity-full paper
Food Security for Humanity-full paperFood Security for Humanity-full paper
Food Security for Humanity-full paper
 
[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings
[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings
[International law] - Strategic Mass Killings
 
Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2
Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2
Globalization and its_socioal-_political-economic_and_cultural_impacts 2
 
The human dimension of disasters
The human dimension of disastersThe human dimension of disasters
The human dimension of disasters
 

Similar to Understanding News Geography and Major Determinants of Global News Coverage of Disasters

New Media V/s News Values
 New Media V/s News Values New Media V/s News Values
New Media V/s News Values
Dimple Meera Jom
 
Bin Laden, Intelligence, And National Security
Bin Laden, Intelligence, And National SecurityBin Laden, Intelligence, And National Security
Bin Laden, Intelligence, And National Security
zmiers
 
2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news
abbsmurray
 
2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news
abbsmurray
 
Disaster management in India
Disaster management in IndiaDisaster management in India
Disaster management in India
Nikhil Gaikwad
 
A Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and Opportunities
A Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and OpportunitiesA Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and Opportunities
A Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and Opportunities
Prof. David E. Alexander (UCL)
 
Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...
Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...
Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...
Sharon Roberts
 

Similar to Understanding News Geography and Major Determinants of Global News Coverage of Disasters (20)

New Media V/s News Values
 New Media V/s News Values New Media V/s News Values
New Media V/s News Values
 
Human geography3
Human geography3Human geography3
Human geography3
 
Population Geography
Population Geography Population Geography
Population Geography
 
Bin Laden, Intelligence, And National Security
Bin Laden, Intelligence, And National SecurityBin Laden, Intelligence, And National Security
Bin Laden, Intelligence, And National Security
 
forced migration
forced migrationforced migration
forced migration
 
2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news
 
2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news2c hard and soft news
2c hard and soft news
 
Disaster management in India
Disaster management in IndiaDisaster management in India
Disaster management in India
 
Demography 2018
Demography 2018Demography 2018
Demography 2018
 
Human geography3
Human geography3Human geography3
Human geography3
 
A Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and Opportunities
A Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and OpportunitiesA Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and Opportunities
A Holistic Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction - Problems and Opportunities
 
Prutsalis WCDM Address
Prutsalis WCDM AddressPrutsalis WCDM Address
Prutsalis WCDM Address
 
New Realities of Geopolitics
New Realities of GeopoliticsNew Realities of Geopolitics
New Realities of Geopolitics
 
Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...
Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...
Conflict Between The People, Requiring Body And The...
 
Globalization and Organized Crime
Globalization and Organized CrimeGlobalization and Organized Crime
Globalization and Organized Crime
 
Ijmet 10 02_032
Ijmet 10 02_032Ijmet 10 02_032
Ijmet 10 02_032
 
Reciprocity, Altruism, & Need-based Transfers as Potential Resilience Conferr...
Reciprocity, Altruism, & Need-based Transfers as Potential Resilience Conferr...Reciprocity, Altruism, & Need-based Transfers as Potential Resilience Conferr...
Reciprocity, Altruism, & Need-based Transfers as Potential Resilience Conferr...
 
The Future of Global Health
The Future of Global HealthThe Future of Global Health
The Future of Global Health
 
Measuring and fostering the progress of societies
Measuring and fostering the progress of societiesMeasuring and fostering the progress of societies
Measuring and fostering the progress of societies
 
Terrorism and the Press class notes by Dr. Plexico
Terrorism and the Press class notes by Dr. PlexicoTerrorism and the Press class notes by Dr. Plexico
Terrorism and the Press class notes by Dr. Plexico
 

Recently uploaded

Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptxMachine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
benishzehra469
 
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptxExploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
DilipVasan
 
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_CrimesInvestigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
StarCompliance.io
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptxMachine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
 
2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...
2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...
2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...
 
Artificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdf
Artificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdfArtificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdf
Artificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdf
 
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptxExploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
 
How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?
How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?
How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?
 
Supply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflict
Supply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflictSupply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflict
Supply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflict
 
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_CrimesInvestigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
 
Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...
Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...
Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...
 
AI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdf
AI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdfAI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdf
AI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdf
 
2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call
2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call
2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call
 
社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .
社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .
社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .
 
how can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoin
how can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoinhow can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoin
how can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoin
 
basics of data science with application areas.pdf
basics of data science with application areas.pdfbasics of data science with application areas.pdf
basics of data science with application areas.pdf
 
Tabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflows
Tabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflowsTabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflows
Tabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflows
 
Pre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptx
Pre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptxPre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptx
Pre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptx
 
Using PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDB
Using PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDBUsing PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDB
Using PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDB
 
Slip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp Claims
Slip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp ClaimsSlip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp Claims
Slip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp Claims
 
Jpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization Sample
Jpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization SampleJpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization Sample
Jpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization Sample
 
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
 
Business update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMI
Business update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMIBusiness update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMI
Business update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMI
 

Understanding News Geography and Major Determinants of Global News Coverage of Disasters

  • 1. Understanding News Geography and Major Determinants of Global News Coverage of Disasters Jisun An and Haewoon Kwak Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI) C+J Symposium 2014
  • 3. 10 most-­‐read news at BBC on 17th Oct 2014 Celebrity Technology Environment Local news
  • 4. 10 most-­‐read news at BBC on 17th Oct 2014 5 out of 10 most-­‐read news articles are about foreign disasters.
  • 5. News outlets keep reporting foreign disasters.
  • 6. In a process of globalisation, a foreign disaster can have a political or economical impact.
  • 7. Such emotional news raise sympathy for others which can be a key to drive more audience to the news sites.
  • 8. People suffered from those disasters wait for a global aid to be recovered.
  • 9. Which disasters receive more attention from foreign news media?
  • 10. Theory of newsworthiness • Proposed by Galtung and Ruge, 1965 • Frequency, intensity, unambiguity, meaningfulness, consonance, unexpectedness, and continuity of an event • Some characteristics of an actor (e.g. identity) involved in the event
  • 11. Effect of national attributes A guest country (where a disaster happens) A host country (where news media exists)
  • 12. Effect of national attributes A guest country (where a disaster happens) Population, degree of press freedom, geographic size, economic power, etc A host country (where news media exists) National traits
  • 13. Effect of national attributes A guest country (where a disaster happens) Population, degree of press freedom, geographic size, economic power, etc A host country (where news media exists) National traits Relatedness Geographic distance, shared language, volume of trade, past colonial ties
  • 14. A wide range of national attributes and power relationship has been examined, but results are inconsistent, mainly due to cultural difference.
  • 15. A wide range of national attributes and power relationship has been examined, but results are inconsistent, mainly due to cultural difference. international coverage news Examined a in country single
  • 16. Which disasters are most likely to be ‘globally’ covered?
  • 17. why news about disasters?
  • 18. GDELT dataset 3,574,627 events (666,150 natural and man-­‐made disasters) happening in 205 countries from April 2013 to July 2014 News geography Which countries are presented in one country’ international disaster news and to what extent? Global news coverage Which disasters are most likely to be ‘globally’ covered?
  • 19. GDELT dataset 3,574,627 events (666,150 natural and man-­‐made disasters) happening in 205 countries from April 2013 to July 2014 News geography Which countries are presented in one country’ international disaster news and to what extent? Global news coverage Which disasters are most likely to be ‘globally’ covered
  • 20.
  • 21. GDELT dataset • monitors the world's news media in print, broadcast, and web formats, in over 100 languages • compiles a list of every person, organization, location, themes (events), etc. from every news report • stretches back to January 1, 1979 and update daily • leverages Google Translate for Research to augment human translation
  • 22.
  • 23. Example “47 Jihadists were killed” was found in ten different articles that day • NumArts=10, • CountType=KILL, • Count=47, • ObjectType=”jihadists”,
  • 24. Fields • DATE • NUMARTS • COUNTTYPE -­‐ AFFECT, ARREST, KIDNAP, KILL, PROTEST, SEIZE, WOUND.. • COUNTS • THEMES -­‐ NATURAL DISASTER, MANMADE DISASTER, … • LOCATIONS • OBJECTIVE -­‐ “Christian missionaries” from “20 Christian missionaries were arrested” • SOURCEURLS
  • 25. Inferring the country of news media by alexa.com
  • 26. GDELT 3,574,627 events (666,150 natural and man-­‐made disasters) happening in 205 countries from April 2013 to July 2014 News geography Which countries are presented in one country’ international disaster news and to what extent? Global news coverage Which disasters are most likely to be ‘globally’ covered
  • 27. Which countries are presented in one country’ international disaster news and to what extent?
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 32. News geography seen by North America
  • 34. Strong regionalism in reporting foreign disasters All coefficients are positive, but less than 0.5. Disasters covered by each region do not overlap with one another.
  • 35. Strong regionalism in reporting foreign disasters The unique interest of each region makes it difficult for research relying on a single country or region to obtain external validity.
  • 36. GDELT 3,574,627 events (666,150 natural and man-­‐made disasters) happening in 205 countries from April 2013 to July 2014 News geography Which countries are presented in one country’ international disaster news and to what extent? Global news coverage Which disasters are most likely to be ‘globally’ covered?
  • 37. Which one would be more likely to be covered by more counties?
  • 38. Which one would be more likely to be covered by more counties? “A baby killed by her mum” or “200 people killed by flooding in Malaysia”
  • 39. Which one would be more likely to be covered by more counties? “A baby killed by her mum” or “200 people killed by flooding in Malaysia”
  • 40. Why would one be covered more than the other? “200 people killed by flooding in Malaysia” school girls
  • 41. Why would one be covered more than the other? “200 people killed by flooding in Malaysia” 2000 school girls
  • 42. Why would one be covered more than the other? “200 people killed by flooding in Malaysia” 2000 school girls USA
  • 43. Why would one be covered more than the other? “200 people killed by flooding in Malaysia” 2000 school girls USA Would this then get more coverage?
  • 44. Determinants of global news coverage We build a hierarchical (mixed-­‐effect) multiple regression model where Dependent variable: Number of countries covering a disaster
  • 45. Determinants of global news coverage We build a hierarchical (mixed-­‐effect) multiple regression model where Dependent variable: Number of countries covering a disaster Independent variable: 1) the attributes of a nation e.g., GDP, population, etc 2) the attributes of a disaster e.g., disaster type, the number of affected people, etc 3) logistics of news gathering e.g., whether INAs report a disaster or not
  • 46. Candidate independent variables National variables: GDP (gross domestic product) per capita, GNI (gross national in-­‐ come) per capita, military expenditure, population, land size, population density, merchandise exports (US$), merchandise imports (US$), number of scientific journal publications, unemployment rate, foreign aid received (US$), Internet use (per 100 people), mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people), homicide rate (per 100,000 people), index of press freedom, the world giving index, and the political stability index. Disaster variables: a disaster type, a fine-­‐grained subtype of a disaster, the unexpectedness of a disaster, the number of people involved in the disaster, the type of people’s involvement in the disaster (denoted as count type), and the type of people affected by the disaster (denoted as object type). Logistic of news gathering variable: one binary variable to show whether a disaster is reported by any of international news agencies (Agence France-­‐ Presse (AFP), Associated Press (AP) and Reuters)
  • 47. Determinants of global news coverage We build a hierarchical (mixed-­‐effect) multiple regression model where Dependent variable: Number of countries covering a disaster 14 independent variable: 1) the attributes of a nation e.g., GDP, population, etc 2) the attributes of a disaster e.g., disaster type, the number of affected people, etc 3) logistics of news gathering e.g., whether INAs report a disaster or not 1 control variable: A country a disaster happened
  • 48. • Disasters in countries with high population tend to be more globally covered.
  • 49. • Disasters happening in politically unstable countries receive more global attention.
  • 50. • The more people killed or affected by a disaster, the more countries the disaster will be covered in.
  • 51. • Kidnap is one of the disaster types that gets the most attention from other countries.
  • 52. • Some types of disasters are more likely to be chosen than others. For example, Aftershocks and Flooding types tend to be reported in more countries than the other types.
  • 53. Three national variables, which are log(population), mobile subscription, political stability, explain 3.1% of the variance.
  • 54. Disaster variables are added to the first model The characteristics of a disaster themselves explain an additional 4.3% of the variance.
  • 55. INAs covered explains an additional 18% of the variance!
  • 56. Summary • GDELT, a valuable resource to study news flow around the world • A strong regionalism in reporting disasters • A prominent role of INAs in global news coverage of disasters
  • 58.
  • 59. We are keen to collaborate with you! Thanks! @JisunAn @haewoon Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI)