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Issue #219 - Friday 19 October 2009
   Issue #126 18th September 2007                                                                                                 newsletter
Highlights of the ESA-IO EC Lusaka Declaration
M
           inisters and National
           Authorising Officers of
           ACP member States of
COMESA, EAC, IGAD and IOC, their
chief executives, and high level
Officials of the European Commission
held a two-day high level meeting
in Zambia’s capital Lusaka on 14th to
15th September, 2009. It was hosted
by the COMESA Secretariat. At the
end of the meeting a declaration that
was named “ the Lusaka declaration”
was made. The declaration was signed
by Mr Stefano Manservisi, Director
General DG Development European
Commission on behalf of EC , and Eng.
Mahboub Malim Executive Secretary
of IGAD and Chair of the Inter-regional
coordinating committee (IRCC).                                                    Mr Stefano Manservisi and Eng. Mahboub Malim exchanging the signed declarations

IRCC is a coordination mechanism                          meeting further discussed peace and                                    regional integration processes.
put in place by the four partner                          democratic governance in the context
organizations COMESA, EAC, IGAD and                       of the Joint Africa-European Union                                     They agreed that Regional
IOC.                                                      Strategy, the global economic and                                      Organizations will intensify the
                                                          financial crisis and food security.                                    development and harmonization of
Below are the highlights of the                                                                                                  their Aid for Trade Strategies, ensure
Declaration.                                              As a way of moving forward, the                                        coherence and alignment at national
                                                          parties agreed on several issues.                                      and regional levels to cover the
The joint high-level meeting was held                     Firstly it was agreed that the ESA-                                    wider Aid for Trade agenda. They also
under the theme “Enhancing delivery                       IO region will continuously inform                                     agreed to foster coordination and
on the regional integration agenda in                     the cooperating partners on                                            information sharing in the design
the ESA-IO region”.                                       progress to further strengthen the                                     and implementation of programmes
                                                          Tripartite process of rationalizing and                                so as to ensure coherence between
Key issues                                                harmonizing the regional integration                                   the Africa Peace Facility and Regional
The meeting discussed latest                              agenda, in accordance with its                                         Indicative Programmes.
developments on regional integration                      calendar.
in the Eastern and Southern Africa and                                                                                           The meeting brought together high-
the Indian Ocean (ESA-IO) region, and                     To strengthen coordination of support                                  ranking officials from ACP countries
more specifically concerning the use                      to regional integration, notably the                                   involved in the regional integration
of EC funding for regional integration.                   10th EDF programmes and relevant                                       and the various institutions: The
The meeting considered how to                             programmes from the EC Budget, EU                                      European Commission, COMESA,
improve aid effectiveness in support                      Member States and other partners.                                      the East African Community, IGAD,
of regionally owned strategies. It                        That 10th EDF regional resources will                                  IOC, SADC, the African Union, ACP
also addressed the important theme                        also continue to support functional                                    Secretariat as well as observers from
of ensuring coherence between                             cooperation programmes that have                                       other international organizations. (The
regional and national policies. The                       direct and indirect impacts on the                                     full Declaration can be found on www.

                         This bulletin is published by the COMESA Secretariat Public Relations Unit but does not necessarily represent views of the Secretariat.
                                                                Contact Address : COMESA SECRETARIAT, COMESA Center , Ben Bella Road                                www.comesa.int
                                                                             P.O. Box 30015, 260 1 229 725, 260 1 225 107
                                                                               www.comesa.int, e.COMESA@comesa.int
Ngwenya Briefs Burundi’s
2
    coordinating Ministry




    The COMESA Secretary General Mr          of the decision of the 1st Tripartite   Secretariat. The two projects have
    Sindiso Ngwenya, last week traveled to   Summit that took place in Kampala       already been approved and Proinvest
    Bujumbura Burundi where he handed        Uganda, in October 2008 related to      is in the process of selecting experts
    over a Euro 4.4 Million adjustment       the establishment of the Tripartite     who will undertake the studies and its
    facility to Minister of Finance, Madam   FTA – “Grand FTA” as he put it. He      validation is scheduled by end of 2009.
    Clotilde Nizigama. During the same       noted that consultancy work has
    visit, Secretary General Ngwenya took    been done particularly towards the      Also discussed are projects related
    the opportunity to pay a courtesy call   harmonization on the Rules of Origin    to the studies on financial services,
    to the Ministry of Commerce, Industry    with SADC whose rules of origin are     construction and telecommunication
    and Tourism, which coordinates           different from COMESA and EAC.          that have been submitted on behalf
    COMESA activities in the Republic        He further brief the Minister on the    of Burundi to TradeCom with the
    of Burundi where he held talks with      Tripartite Council meeting scheduled    support of the COMESA Secretariat,
    Hon. Euphrasie Bigirimana, Burundi’s     for January 2010 and Summit in March    these too, have been approved by the
    Minister of Commerce, Industry and       2010.                                   TradeCom steering committee and
    Tourism.                                                                         the process of selection of experts is
                                             Minister Bigirimana and Secretary       ongoing. Validation is to be organized
    During the meeting, the COMESA           General Ngwenya also discussed          by end 2009.
    Secretary General briefed Minister       projects which COMESA is supporting
    Bigirimana on progress being made        Burundi in. These include the Lukuga    The Minister requested for support
    under the COMESA-EAC-SADC                Dam on Lake Tanganyika which is         to establish standards in order to
    Tripartite arrangement. Mr Ngwenya       being jointly implemented with          improve the competitiveness of the
    said that much has been achieved         EAC, and Burundi Free Port and          Burundi products. The SG informed
    thanks to the political commitment       industrialization master plan, which    the Minister that the request could be
    to it. He updated the Minister on        have been submitted to Proinvest        addressed as COMESA has a project
    progress in the implementation           with the support of the COMESA          dealing with the issue in the region.
     www.comesa.int
Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly
(SSLA) visits COMESA                                                                                                             3




A group of legislators from Southern      COMESA Secretary General Sindiso            and therefore a clear application of
Sudan yesterday (Thursday 17th            Ngwenya, pointed out that The Sudan         the COMESA trade instruments would
September 2009) visited the COMESA        was among the first countries to join       contribute to the economic recovery of
Secretariat with the view to identify     the COMESA Free Trade Area ( FTA) and       the region.
how Southern Sudan can fully be           therefore joined as the whole of the
integrated into COMESA integration        Sudan regardless the geographical           The meeting also discussed way and
agenda like the rest of the Sudan.        location, and hence goods from              means that can facilitate Southern
                                          COMESA Countries should be treated in       Sudan’s participation in COMESA
The group was led by Hon Ismail           line with the COMESA regime. Referring      meetings and activities with the view
Mathews Muktar Chairperson Regional       to the example given by Mr Muktar, Mr       to ensure that the region is able to
and International Committee SSLA.         Ngwenya concurred that both Kenya           appreciate special needs for this region
They were received at COMESA by           and the Sudan are Members of the            that has been in war for more that 20
the COMESA Secretary General Mr           COMESA Free Trade Area and the goods        years. Some of the areas that need
Sindiso Ngwenya, His two Assistant        originating from either country should      urgent attention include infrastructure
Secretaries General Ambassador Nagla      attract zero import duties. Uganda has      development, agriculture, water, and
El-Hussainy, ( Admn and Finance) and      reduced tariffs for goods originating       education. COMESA Secretary General
Stephen Karangizi ( programmes) and       from COMESA countries by 80% and            promised to assist identify how a donor
other senior COMESA secretariat staff.    should therefore receive reciprocal         conference could be organised to
Also present was H.E Sabit Abbe Alley,    treatment. Mr Ngwenya however               address some of these problems
Ambassador of the Republic of Sudan       added that part of the problem could
to Zambia who is also a member of the     be that customs officer in the region       At the same meeting Mr Colas Ziki,
permanent representatives to COMESA       have not yet received sufficient training   manager COMESA Enhanced Public
                                          coupled by the fact that the Southern       Procurement Reform project, who
During the visit Mr Muktar, who is also   Sudan customs have also not been            had just come from a working visit to
a business man bemoaned the fact          computerized yet. He promised that          the Southern Sudan revealed that he
that Southern Sudan has not been          the COMESA Secretariat will provide the     was positively surprised at the peace
integrated into COMESA trade regime,      needed support.                             that is obtaining in Southern Sudan,
he pointed out that for example goods                                                 particularly in Juba, the capital of
imported from Uganda and Kenya            According to the legislators , Kenya        Southern Sudan, as opposed to the
such as cement attract as much as         and Uganda who are both COMESA              general views given by the media,
40% duties, when under the COMASA         member states are the biggest trading       and noted that if such was corrected,
regime they ought to attract no duty.     partners with the Southern Sudan,           investors could flock to the region.
                                                                                                                www.comesa.int
COMESA Court of Justice Holds Session in Lusaka
4




    T
           he COMESA Court of Justice       improve the standard of the Court        Instance Division is the Principal
           opened its 2009 session with     and make it a leader in regional         Judge.
           pomp and splendor in Lusaka      justice both in providing quality
    on Monday 14th September 2009.          justice and in its management,”          The current Judges of the Court
    All the eight judges making up          Justice Rugege added.                    come from 12 different Member
    the First Instance Division and the                                              States of the Common Market.
    Appellate Court were in attendance.     About the COMESA Court of Justice        As is common with international
                                                                                     Courts, the judges of the Court
    Principal Judge Honourable Justice      The Court was established by the         are supposed to be persons of
    Samuel Rugege opened the court          COMESA Treaty in 1994 as one of          impartiality, independence and
    session by urging member States to      the organs of the Common Market.         integrity, who also fulfill the
    pay up their contributions failure to   The first judges of the Court were       conditions required for the holding
    which the Court’s execution of cases    appointed by the COMESA Authority        of high judicial office in their
    will be frustrated.                     of Heads of State and Government in      respective countries.
                                            1998 and the Court opened its doors
    “The Court requires a budget that       for the public in the subsequent         Through its duty of ensuring the
    can enable it to function properly, I   year, 1999.                              observance of the rule of law in its
    call upon member States to honour                                                interpretation and application of
    their obligations in a timely and       Currently, the Court is composed         the COMESA Treaty, the Court has
    regular manner,”                        of twelve judges, five of whom           an important role to play in the
                                            constitute the Appellate Division        integration agenda of COMESA.
    “I also take this opportunity to        and seven the First Instance Division.   Since it began sitting in 2000, a
    request our cooperating partners to     One of the Judges of the Appellate       total number of 40 cases including
    support the Court in its attempts to    Division is the President of the Court   References and Preliminary
                                            while one of the Judges of the First     Applications have been determined.
     www.comesa.int
Brainstorming Workshop on key
issues of the Customs Union                                                                                                 5




C
        OMESA launched its               the significance in harmonizing CU       should therefore use those gains
        Customs Union (CU) on 7th        pertinent instruments such as the        to reach higher heights of how to
        June 2009. Having launched       Rules of Origin, and the need to be      deal with sensitive products and
the CU, the COMESA Council               clear on how the EPA arrangements        infant industries given the Common
established the COMESA Committee         will be operated during the CU.          External Tariff and free circulation of
on the Customs Union (CC - CU).                                                   goods within the CU.
                                         The tripartite process running
The CC – CU held its first meeting       between COMESA, EAC and SADC             RECOMMENDATIONS
from 7th to 10th September 2009.         was acknowledged as a definite           The workshop came up with several
Considering that the CU was much         positive avenue of convergence and       recommendations which may be
to do with trade, and that it involved   appeal was consequently made that        summarized as follows:
Government revenues from extra           the tripartite process should share
COMESA trade, removal of Non             its harmonized areas, including the      Since COMESA was now a Customs
Tariff Barriers (NTBs) and other trade   harmonization under the Economic         Union, it should actively participate
facilitation initiatives, the COMESA     Partnership Agreements (EPAs).           in international negotiations such as
Secretary General authorized that        Improved Private Sector Participation    the World Trade Organization and
the first day of the session (7th        The workshop was unanimous               World Customs Organization as one
September) be committed to a             in accepting that the CU would           body.
brain storming session with all          only be successful if the private
stakeholders from both public            sector took advantage of the             Stakeholders should be sensitized
and private sectors in the effort of     various opportunities and benefits       on the Customs Union and other
identifying all the key issues that      offered under the CU. To that effect     COMESA programmes, and in so
needed attention in order to have an     the private sector welcomed its          doing, the private sector should be
efficacious CU.                          invitation to the workshop and           closely involved so as to enable it
                                         suggested that its participation in      take maximum advantage of the
The brainstorming deliberations          the key issues be institutionalised      benefits offered.
brought out several issues among         to the extent that it should even
which salient ones are summarized        be holding meetings without              COMESA should use the gains
below as follows:                        participation of the public sector.      made so far to protect infant
                                         There should be continuous               industries in the CU, and develop
Overlapping membership                   sensitization of the private sector on   joint programmes in the new areas
The phenomenon of COMESA                 the CU to enhance awareness on           such as Common Copyright laws,
Member States belonging to other         available opportunities that increase    Intellectual Property Right (IPR)
regional Economic Communities            Member States’ participation in the      laws, policy and guidelines, MDGs
(RECs) such as the AMU, CEN-SAD,         internal market.                         oriented poverty reduction initiatives
EAC, IGAD, IOC, SACU and SADC,                                                    such as Millennium villages, and
presented Member States with             Consolidation of Gains in the            structured marketing of produce
a big challenge of multiple and          COMESA Internal Market                   especially in the agricultural sector
potentially divergent procedures.        The workshop noted that COMESA           taking a leaf from the modus
The workshop stressed the need           has made a lot of gains since the        operandi of the East African
to synchronise developments in           start of its integration agenda. The     Grain Marketing Council (EAGC),
the different RECs so as to avoid        Region has, for instance, developed      an Organization which markets
having contradictory programmes.         a system of identifying, reporting       agricultural produce on behalf of
The workshop noted, for instance,        and resolving NTBs. COMESA               small scale farmers.
                                                                                                           www.comesa.int

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080 E Comesa Newsletter 219

  • 1. newsletter 1 Issue #219 - Friday 19 October 2009 Issue #126 18th September 2007 newsletter Highlights of the ESA-IO EC Lusaka Declaration M inisters and National Authorising Officers of ACP member States of COMESA, EAC, IGAD and IOC, their chief executives, and high level Officials of the European Commission held a two-day high level meeting in Zambia’s capital Lusaka on 14th to 15th September, 2009. It was hosted by the COMESA Secretariat. At the end of the meeting a declaration that was named “ the Lusaka declaration” was made. The declaration was signed by Mr Stefano Manservisi, Director General DG Development European Commission on behalf of EC , and Eng. Mahboub Malim Executive Secretary of IGAD and Chair of the Inter-regional coordinating committee (IRCC). Mr Stefano Manservisi and Eng. Mahboub Malim exchanging the signed declarations IRCC is a coordination mechanism meeting further discussed peace and regional integration processes. put in place by the four partner democratic governance in the context organizations COMESA, EAC, IGAD and of the Joint Africa-European Union They agreed that Regional IOC. Strategy, the global economic and Organizations will intensify the financial crisis and food security. development and harmonization of Below are the highlights of the their Aid for Trade Strategies, ensure Declaration. As a way of moving forward, the coherence and alignment at national parties agreed on several issues. and regional levels to cover the The joint high-level meeting was held Firstly it was agreed that the ESA- wider Aid for Trade agenda. They also under the theme “Enhancing delivery IO region will continuously inform agreed to foster coordination and on the regional integration agenda in the cooperating partners on information sharing in the design the ESA-IO region”. progress to further strengthen the and implementation of programmes Tripartite process of rationalizing and so as to ensure coherence between Key issues harmonizing the regional integration the Africa Peace Facility and Regional The meeting discussed latest agenda, in accordance with its Indicative Programmes. developments on regional integration calendar. in the Eastern and Southern Africa and The meeting brought together high- the Indian Ocean (ESA-IO) region, and To strengthen coordination of support ranking officials from ACP countries more specifically concerning the use to regional integration, notably the involved in the regional integration of EC funding for regional integration. 10th EDF programmes and relevant and the various institutions: The The meeting considered how to programmes from the EC Budget, EU European Commission, COMESA, improve aid effectiveness in support Member States and other partners. the East African Community, IGAD, of regionally owned strategies. It That 10th EDF regional resources will IOC, SADC, the African Union, ACP also addressed the important theme also continue to support functional Secretariat as well as observers from of ensuring coherence between cooperation programmes that have other international organizations. (The regional and national policies. The direct and indirect impacts on the full Declaration can be found on www. This bulletin is published by the COMESA Secretariat Public Relations Unit but does not necessarily represent views of the Secretariat. Contact Address : COMESA SECRETARIAT, COMESA Center , Ben Bella Road www.comesa.int P.O. Box 30015, 260 1 229 725, 260 1 225 107 www.comesa.int, e.COMESA@comesa.int
  • 2. Ngwenya Briefs Burundi’s 2 coordinating Ministry The COMESA Secretary General Mr of the decision of the 1st Tripartite Secretariat. The two projects have Sindiso Ngwenya, last week traveled to Summit that took place in Kampala already been approved and Proinvest Bujumbura Burundi where he handed Uganda, in October 2008 related to is in the process of selecting experts over a Euro 4.4 Million adjustment the establishment of the Tripartite who will undertake the studies and its facility to Minister of Finance, Madam FTA – “Grand FTA” as he put it. He validation is scheduled by end of 2009. Clotilde Nizigama. During the same noted that consultancy work has visit, Secretary General Ngwenya took been done particularly towards the Also discussed are projects related the opportunity to pay a courtesy call harmonization on the Rules of Origin to the studies on financial services, to the Ministry of Commerce, Industry with SADC whose rules of origin are construction and telecommunication and Tourism, which coordinates different from COMESA and EAC. that have been submitted on behalf COMESA activities in the Republic He further brief the Minister on the of Burundi to TradeCom with the of Burundi where he held talks with Tripartite Council meeting scheduled support of the COMESA Secretariat, Hon. Euphrasie Bigirimana, Burundi’s for January 2010 and Summit in March these too, have been approved by the Minister of Commerce, Industry and 2010. TradeCom steering committee and Tourism. the process of selection of experts is Minister Bigirimana and Secretary ongoing. Validation is to be organized During the meeting, the COMESA General Ngwenya also discussed by end 2009. Secretary General briefed Minister projects which COMESA is supporting Bigirimana on progress being made Burundi in. These include the Lukuga The Minister requested for support under the COMESA-EAC-SADC Dam on Lake Tanganyika which is to establish standards in order to Tripartite arrangement. Mr Ngwenya being jointly implemented with improve the competitiveness of the said that much has been achieved EAC, and Burundi Free Port and Burundi products. The SG informed thanks to the political commitment industrialization master plan, which the Minister that the request could be to it. He updated the Minister on have been submitted to Proinvest addressed as COMESA has a project progress in the implementation with the support of the COMESA dealing with the issue in the region. www.comesa.int
  • 3. Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (SSLA) visits COMESA 3 A group of legislators from Southern COMESA Secretary General Sindiso and therefore a clear application of Sudan yesterday (Thursday 17th Ngwenya, pointed out that The Sudan the COMESA trade instruments would September 2009) visited the COMESA was among the first countries to join contribute to the economic recovery of Secretariat with the view to identify the COMESA Free Trade Area ( FTA) and the region. how Southern Sudan can fully be therefore joined as the whole of the integrated into COMESA integration Sudan regardless the geographical The meeting also discussed way and agenda like the rest of the Sudan. location, and hence goods from means that can facilitate Southern COMESA Countries should be treated in Sudan’s participation in COMESA The group was led by Hon Ismail line with the COMESA regime. Referring meetings and activities with the view Mathews Muktar Chairperson Regional to the example given by Mr Muktar, Mr to ensure that the region is able to and International Committee SSLA. Ngwenya concurred that both Kenya appreciate special needs for this region They were received at COMESA by and the Sudan are Members of the that has been in war for more that 20 the COMESA Secretary General Mr COMESA Free Trade Area and the goods years. Some of the areas that need Sindiso Ngwenya, His two Assistant originating from either country should urgent attention include infrastructure Secretaries General Ambassador Nagla attract zero import duties. Uganda has development, agriculture, water, and El-Hussainy, ( Admn and Finance) and reduced tariffs for goods originating education. COMESA Secretary General Stephen Karangizi ( programmes) and from COMESA countries by 80% and promised to assist identify how a donor other senior COMESA secretariat staff. should therefore receive reciprocal conference could be organised to Also present was H.E Sabit Abbe Alley, treatment. Mr Ngwenya however address some of these problems Ambassador of the Republic of Sudan added that part of the problem could to Zambia who is also a member of the be that customs officer in the region At the same meeting Mr Colas Ziki, permanent representatives to COMESA have not yet received sufficient training manager COMESA Enhanced Public coupled by the fact that the Southern Procurement Reform project, who During the visit Mr Muktar, who is also Sudan customs have also not been had just come from a working visit to a business man bemoaned the fact computerized yet. He promised that the Southern Sudan revealed that he that Southern Sudan has not been the COMESA Secretariat will provide the was positively surprised at the peace integrated into COMESA trade regime, needed support. that is obtaining in Southern Sudan, he pointed out that for example goods particularly in Juba, the capital of imported from Uganda and Kenya According to the legislators , Kenya Southern Sudan, as opposed to the such as cement attract as much as and Uganda who are both COMESA general views given by the media, 40% duties, when under the COMASA member states are the biggest trading and noted that if such was corrected, regime they ought to attract no duty. partners with the Southern Sudan, investors could flock to the region. www.comesa.int
  • 4. COMESA Court of Justice Holds Session in Lusaka 4 T he COMESA Court of Justice improve the standard of the Court Instance Division is the Principal opened its 2009 session with and make it a leader in regional Judge. pomp and splendor in Lusaka justice both in providing quality on Monday 14th September 2009. justice and in its management,” The current Judges of the Court All the eight judges making up Justice Rugege added. come from 12 different Member the First Instance Division and the States of the Common Market. Appellate Court were in attendance. About the COMESA Court of Justice As is common with international Courts, the judges of the Court Principal Judge Honourable Justice The Court was established by the are supposed to be persons of Samuel Rugege opened the court COMESA Treaty in 1994 as one of impartiality, independence and session by urging member States to the organs of the Common Market. integrity, who also fulfill the pay up their contributions failure to The first judges of the Court were conditions required for the holding which the Court’s execution of cases appointed by the COMESA Authority of high judicial office in their will be frustrated. of Heads of State and Government in respective countries. 1998 and the Court opened its doors “The Court requires a budget that for the public in the subsequent Through its duty of ensuring the can enable it to function properly, I year, 1999. observance of the rule of law in its call upon member States to honour interpretation and application of their obligations in a timely and Currently, the Court is composed the COMESA Treaty, the Court has regular manner,” of twelve judges, five of whom an important role to play in the constitute the Appellate Division integration agenda of COMESA. “I also take this opportunity to and seven the First Instance Division. Since it began sitting in 2000, a request our cooperating partners to One of the Judges of the Appellate total number of 40 cases including support the Court in its attempts to Division is the President of the Court References and Preliminary while one of the Judges of the First Applications have been determined. www.comesa.int
  • 5. Brainstorming Workshop on key issues of the Customs Union 5 C OMESA launched its the significance in harmonizing CU should therefore use those gains Customs Union (CU) on 7th pertinent instruments such as the to reach higher heights of how to June 2009. Having launched Rules of Origin, and the need to be deal with sensitive products and the CU, the COMESA Council clear on how the EPA arrangements infant industries given the Common established the COMESA Committee will be operated during the CU. External Tariff and free circulation of on the Customs Union (CC - CU). goods within the CU. The tripartite process running The CC – CU held its first meeting between COMESA, EAC and SADC RECOMMENDATIONS from 7th to 10th September 2009. was acknowledged as a definite The workshop came up with several Considering that the CU was much positive avenue of convergence and recommendations which may be to do with trade, and that it involved appeal was consequently made that summarized as follows: Government revenues from extra the tripartite process should share COMESA trade, removal of Non its harmonized areas, including the Since COMESA was now a Customs Tariff Barriers (NTBs) and other trade harmonization under the Economic Union, it should actively participate facilitation initiatives, the COMESA Partnership Agreements (EPAs). in international negotiations such as Secretary General authorized that Improved Private Sector Participation the World Trade Organization and the first day of the session (7th The workshop was unanimous World Customs Organization as one September) be committed to a in accepting that the CU would body. brain storming session with all only be successful if the private stakeholders from both public sector took advantage of the Stakeholders should be sensitized and private sectors in the effort of various opportunities and benefits on the Customs Union and other identifying all the key issues that offered under the CU. To that effect COMESA programmes, and in so needed attention in order to have an the private sector welcomed its doing, the private sector should be efficacious CU. invitation to the workshop and closely involved so as to enable it suggested that its participation in take maximum advantage of the The brainstorming deliberations the key issues be institutionalised benefits offered. brought out several issues among to the extent that it should even which salient ones are summarized be holding meetings without COMESA should use the gains below as follows: participation of the public sector. made so far to protect infant There should be continuous industries in the CU, and develop Overlapping membership sensitization of the private sector on joint programmes in the new areas The phenomenon of COMESA the CU to enhance awareness on such as Common Copyright laws, Member States belonging to other available opportunities that increase Intellectual Property Right (IPR) regional Economic Communities Member States’ participation in the laws, policy and guidelines, MDGs (RECs) such as the AMU, CEN-SAD, internal market. oriented poverty reduction initiatives EAC, IGAD, IOC, SACU and SADC, such as Millennium villages, and presented Member States with Consolidation of Gains in the structured marketing of produce a big challenge of multiple and COMESA Internal Market especially in the agricultural sector potentially divergent procedures. The workshop noted that COMESA taking a leaf from the modus The workshop stressed the need has made a lot of gains since the operandi of the East African to synchronise developments in start of its integration agenda. The Grain Marketing Council (EAGC), the different RECs so as to avoid Region has, for instance, developed an Organization which markets having contradictory programmes. a system of identifying, reporting agricultural produce on behalf of The workshop noted, for instance, and resolving NTBs. COMESA small scale farmers. www.comesa.int