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E comesa newsletter-294


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Comesa Update - Issue 293 - May 6th 2011

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E comesa newsletter-294

  1. 1. newsletter 1Issue 293 - 6th May19 October 2007 Issue #126 - Friday 2011 newsletterRegional Cooperation and integration started way back-Ngwenya America. efforts by African countries through regional organisations to address the historical legacy He pointed out that the history of the East of fragmentation and small economies African Community for example can be through regional integration. traced as far back as1900, when Customs collection centre for uganda was established Finally the Secretary General told the in Mombasa, Kenya due to the fact that meeting that the Fourth Wave of Regional Kenya and Uganda were all British colonies. Integration in Africa can be traced to the In order to achieve efficiency it did not make mid 1990’s and the first decade of the sense to the colonial power to have different twenty first century, which has witnessed institutions in the two countries setting the implementation of regional integration, up their own administrative institutions to programmes in the form of Free Trade Area’s, administer common programmes. Customs Unions and Common Markets. “ There is also progress in sub-regions, such Mr. Ngwenya added that following the as, East Africa towards the establishment ofC establishment of this Custom collection a political federation,” Ngwenya said.; “The OMESA Secretary General Sindiso centre the institutions bellow; were prospects for regional integration have never Ngwenya says that Regional established to serve the two countries at been as good as now, not only in Africa but cooperation and integration traces different period as indicated: 1905 the East globally”. He addedway back to the colonial era as evidenced by African Currency Board was set up to issuethe various schemes and arrangements that currency for Kenya and Uganda; in 1917 a In conclusion Secretary General Ngwenya,were put in place then. Custom Union was established between said that there is evidence that the prospects Kenya and Uganda- Tanganyika [a former of regional integration as a vehicle forSpeaking when he presented a Key Note Germany colony] joined in1922 after the the structural transformation of AfricanAddress on “Regional Integration in African second world war as a Protectorate of economies are better than at any time sinceContext and Global Perspective” during the League of Nations administered by independence.the 2nd EAC Symposium, held in Arusha, the British; later The East African HighTanzania on 28th April, 2011 Mr. Ngwenya, Commission and The East African Common He identified the following factors as thesaid that Regional integration in Africa has Services organization were established. current key drivers to integration :undergone four phases. He further pointed out that, other examples • Evidence of increased cross-He identified the ironical colonial attempt of regional co-operation influenced by the border investments by investors into govern some countries together despite colonial masters include the establishment manufacturing and services sectorshaving balkanised them, as the first wave of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland within and between regionalof regional cooperation and integration. which was established in 1953, comprising economic communities.The second wave as the one that took place what was then Northern Rhodesia[now • Investments in infrastructureimmediately during the post independence Zambia] ,Nyasaland [now Malawi] and interconnectivity between andwhere African tried to come together Southern Rhodesia[ now Zimbabwe]. among countries are taking placeincluding the formation of OAU; the and will facilitate intra-African tradethird wave Mr Ngwenya adds , is closely He said the Second wave of Regional and investments.intertwined with the second wave and can integration came after the launching of the • Evidence for the first time thatbe traced to the 1990’s after the collapse of Organisation of African Union[OAU] in 1963 Africa and the eastern and southernthe Soviet empire .This period witnessed the which witnessed intense debates between Africa region in particular isend of ideological polarisation and bi-polar two schools of thought of how to realise attracting investment in green fieldworld in that capitalism had triumphed African political and economic unity as a investments in manufacturing.over socialism and communism which also basis for sustainable development. • The inclusion of industrial strategieswitnessed the beginning of the process and policies in regional integrationof rapid and intense globalisation that is The third wave according to Secretary programmes to complement tradeaided by information , and communication general Ngwenya, can be discerned from driven integration is a refreshingtechnology ICT) . The fourth wave of regional the late 1980’s when bilateral donors departure from the concentrationintegration is the shift in political and and most importantly the Breton Woods on trade policy as a catalyst foreconomic power that we are witnessing with Institutions[World Bank and International national development and regionalthe shift from the West to the East and Latin Monetary Fund] started paying attention to integration. This bulletin is published by the COMESA Secretariat Public Relations Unit but does not necessarily represent views of the Secretariat. For Feedback: Contact Address : COMESA SECRETARIAT, COMESA Center , Ben Bella Road P.O. Box 30051, 260 1 229 725, 260 1 225 107,
  2. 2. COMESA Monetary African Leaders Pledge to “Speak with One Institute (CMI)2 conducts Training on Voice” at Durban Climate Change Talks C Macroeconomic Modeling ape Town, South Africa – At a Team Africa approach to make and Forecasting the World Economic Forum this a success.” But, he added, on Africa, the leaders of South “Whatever agreement is reached by The COMESA Monetary Institute Africa, Gabon and Kenya pledged governments must not compromise (CMI) housed at the Kenyan School to work together and take a united competitiveness, growth and the of Monetary Studies in Nairobi, stance at the 17th Conference of alleviation of unemployment and Kenya, recently organized a training the Parties (COP 17) of the United poverty.” It is important to balance for senior experts from Member Nations Framework Convention on mitigation and adaptation efforts with States’ Ministries of Finance and Climate Change in Durban, South economic development and growth, Africa, in November. “The question he said, warning against setting Central Banks on Macroeconomic for us leaders is how committed we hard targets for greenhouse gas Modeling and Forecasting. The are to be a little less selfish and to emission reductions without a clear training that took place on 2-6 think of the community as a whole,” understanding of their impact. May, 2011 was attended by 27 said Gabon’s President Ali Bongo South Africa should lead the talks in participants from 13 member Ondimba, in a session on the second Durban with the principle of putting countries. The training is one of the day of the meeting. “It is important people first. “We have to look at the work programmes of the Institute for us as Africans to get together. social dimensions of climate change,” We will be determined to speak with Sheila Sisulu, Deputy Executive which was approved by the 15th one voice.” COP 17 will aim to shape Director of the United Nations World Meeting of the COMESA Committee a legally binding agreement on Food Programme (WFP), stressed, of Central Banks Governors, which global warming to replace the Kyoto underscoring the need to address was held in November in 2010 in Protocol, which is set to end next year. the impact of global warming Khartoum, Sudan. on women and children. “If Team “There are parts of the world where Africa fails to fight for the inclusion The main objective of the training the challenge [of climate change] is of people, it would be more than very severe,” explained South African unfortunate.” Said Sisulu, “The point is is to help participants have President Jacob G. Zuma. “For some, to act now – not to act after Durban hands on capacity on the use of it is a question of life or death. The and an agreement is reached. This quantitative analytical methods question that faces all of us is how is not about what will happen. It is of macroeconomic modeling and we respond: Are we ready to have a happening now.” forecasting which would enable the legally binding agreement that would formulation and implementation try to accommodate all of us?” Noting that Africa’s potential as of better-informed and more a global breadbasket could be Failure at Durban is not an option, compromised by climate change, consistent development policies. It warned Raila Amolo Odinga, Prime Anand Sharma, India’s Minister will also enable the development of Minister of Kenya. Rising food and of Commerce and Industry, told consistency frameworks for policy energy prices due in part to climate participants that, as the international coherence and harmonization conditions are adding to the urgency. community aims to agree on a post- among COMESA Member States. “There is a need to act now; there is Kyoto framework, “equity is vitally no need to wait,” Odinga declared. important.” There must be equitable CMI strongly believes that capacity To succeed in Durban and in the sharing of technology and resources, broader fight against global warming, he declared. “Responsibilities cannot building in policy oriented governments must work with both be compartmentalized. It has to be research is crucial to foster regional business and civil society, the leaders a team effort, a global partnership. integration, monitor convergence agreed. “It is important to get the No country or group of countries can criteria, harmonise development business community on board address a problem of this magnitude.” policies of Member States and to because financing is important,” He concluded: “Those with the create an adequate environment Ondimba observed. “Government technology must share them with the for private investment, value cannot shoulder the whole burden.” rest of humankind The business community is prepared addition, export promotion and to play its part, said Pat Davies, Source: Richard Elliott: World economic macroeconomic stability. Chief Executive of Sasol. “We need Forum
  3. 3. COMESA Council of Ministers Chair Person joinsIsrael Diamond Institute League of Honour 3 diamond production in Swaziland will reach about 80,000 carats per year, and that the diamonds will be of a good quality. The kingdom’s admittance to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, initiated in 2010 when Israel chaired the process, is also proceeding and will be complete when the local legislation is finalized. “We expect a decision shortly regarding the Kimberley Process,” explained the Minister, who provided further insight into the progress regarding the recommencement of diamond production in Swaziland. The issue of the marketing of the kingdom’s diamonds was also raised during the visit.Hon. Jabulile Mashwama, Chair of COMESA Council of Ministers and Minister of Commerce, Industry and Trade in the Zizwe Vilane, the Director of ForeignKingdom of Swaziland being conferred upon the League of Honour certificate by Eli Avidar, Managing Director of the Direct Investments at the SwazilandIsrael Diamond Institute, and Moti Ganz, Chairman of the Israel Diamond Institute, President of the International DiamondManufacturers Association and President of the Israel Diamond Manufacturers Association. Photo courtesy of the Israel Investment Promotion Authority,Diamond Institute Photographer: Chen Willner; Three Photographers Ltd gave an overview of the investment climate - and investment potential – in the Kingdom, which excels in various sectors such as coal, energy and sugar production. Others in the delegation led by the Minister included Dr. Chungu Mwila, COMESA Director of Investment, Promotion and Private Sector Development; Mr. Andrew Ngone, COMESA Senior Trade Advisor; Mr. Willis .W. Osemo, COMESA Webmaster, Mr. Nathaniel .H. Mahluza, Principal Secretary, Ministry of Information, Communication and Technology,Leaders of the Israeli diamond industry with Hon. Jabulile Mashwama, COMESA Council of Ministers Chairperson andDr. Chungu Mwila, COMESA Director, Investment Promotion & Private Sector Development. Photo courtesy of the Israel Kingdom of Swaziland and Mr.Diamond Institute Photographer: Chen Willner; Three Photographers Ltd Dorrington Matiwane, CEO, SMES enator Jabulile Mashwama, the Moti Ganz, Chairman of the Israel Development, Kingdom of Swaziland. COMESA Council of Minsters Diamond Institute, President of the Chairperson and Minister of International Diamond Manufacturers Among the representatives of the IsraeliCommerce, Industry and Trade in the Association and President of the Israel diamond sector were Avi Paz, PresidentKingdom of Swaziland, has joined the Diamond Manufacturers Association, of the World Federation of DiamondIsraeli Diamond Institute’s (IDI) League welcomed the Minister and her Bourses (WFDB) and the Israel Diamondof Honour. The IDI League of Honour delegation to the Israeli diamond centre. Exchange, who invited the Ministerwas established as a symbol of tribute “We are very pleased to welcome you to to the upcoming WFDB meeting, and Shmuel Schnitzer, Honorary Presidentand appreciation to Heads of State the Israeli Diamond Industry,” he said, in of the WFDB and Chairman of the Harryand Government ministers who have the presence of the leaders of the Israeli Oppenheimer Diamond Museum, whoacted to promote mutual cooperation diamond sector. led the delegation on a tour of thebetween their nations and the Israeli museum.Diamond Industry. During her visit, the Minister was given a presentation by diamond industry Other recipients of the IDI League ofThe Minister was presented with the analyst Chaim-Even-Zohar, who Honour include, Vice President of SierraLeague of Honour certificate during a focused on Swaziland’s place in the Leone Samuel Sam-Sumana, Dr. Eugenevisit to the Israeli Diamond Centre on diamond sector. Diamonds were first H. Shannon, Minister of Lands, Mines24th April, 2011, where she headed a 7 discovered in Swaziland in the 1970s, & Energy in Liberia, Mr Ponatshegomember delegation from the Common and while diamond production in the Kedikilwe, Minister of Minerals Energy &Market for Eastern and Southern Africa kingdom has largely ceased, there are Water Resources in Botswana, Minister(COMESA),which promotes regional plans that diamond production there of Mines and Energy in Namibia Erkkieconomic integration through trade and will recommence later this year in the Nghimtina and Mr Ricardo Martinelli,investment. Dokolwayo region. Even-Zohar estimates President of the Republic of Panama.
  4. 4. Israel commits to support COMESA in different development fields sector.”4 Elaborating on the issues of SMEs, the Minister said that the Israeli government will be pleased to assist in the areas of marketing and financing of the sector. The Israeli Government, he said, will share its’ knowledge and assist in setting up structures that will help SMEs in the COMESA region to thrive. Minister Simhon assured the Israeli Minister of Industry, Trade and Labor, Hon. Shalom Simhon (third from left) with the delegations from T COMESA and the Kingdom of Swaziland delegation that the support he Israeli Government is suitable partner in this venture. agreement to COMESA will be willing to support COMESA I have no doubt that we will signed a before October, this year. initiatives in the field of join forces to achieve common “I will instruct my technical team science & technology, agriculture, goals that require a common to move with speed to ensure mining and small and medium denominator” that this support agreement is enterprises development. This signed on time”. was revealed by the Israeli Mr Simhon also pointed out that Minister of Industry, Trade Israel had learnt from experience, Speaking at the same function, and Labor, Shalom Simhon, that building advanced telecom Senator Mashwama who si the when he received a 7 member infrastructure and linking into it Chairperson of the COMESA delegation from the Common is a big boost to development. Council of minister, thanked Market for Eastern and Southern “In Israel you can find the world’s the Israel Government for its Africa (COMESA) , and from the leading telecom companies that willingness to support not only Kingdom of Swaziland, which specialise in telecom solutions science & technology but also paid him a courtesy call at his appropriate to Africa, especially SMEs, agriculture and mining . office in Tel Aviv, Israel. in accessing remote areas.” In this “We are glad that you are willing regard, he underscored that Africa to support SMEs. We have learnt The Minster Simhon noted that has a lot to learn from Israel since that here in Israel, SMEs are well the Government of the State it is the only country in the world groomed and supported by the of Israel has deep interest in that has managed to conquer the government. We have also learnt extending its cooperation with desert. “More than half of Israel’s and seen that there are other African states and cooperating exports in agriculture originate initiatives that Israel has and with COMESA will definitely from the desert areas and 70% from MATIMOP we have learnt enhance this. of the fruits and vegetables are of some existing relationships grown in the desert.” He pointed and agreements with non- The Minister emphasized that, out. African countries and similar “One of the problems that hinders relationships and agreements the leap forward is finding the The Minister also expressed his can be beneficial to Africa and right partner. The State of Israel country’s interest in pursuing COMESA in particular; in terms of would be an appropriate partner mining in Africa, especially in the capacity building and exchange in the field of telecoms and area of jewellery and gem stones of expertise in information and other fields as well, and COMESA mining. He looked forward to technology. being a regional organization, is detailed discussion on the mining
  5. 5. COMESA and IOC Gender Divisions to collaborate in three areas have lapses and therefore there is need for the two RECS to learn 5 from each other’s weaknesses and strengths. “ We have notices that our colleagues have certain weaknesses and strengths that we can learn from and they too can learn form ours” Mrs. Tembo Said. She said that there is need for COMESA to strengthen advocacy in the gender programmes in terms of resource mobilization and capacity building. “ We need to be very aggressiveFrom left: Ms.Maria D. Phiri, Gender Focal Person for Agriculture and Climate when it come to advocacy, we needChange, Mrs Fatoumia Ali Bazi, IOC Gender Unit Officer in Charge, Mrs Tembo to find money for capacity buildingCOMESA Gender Director and Mrs. Aline Wong, Consultant for IOC, so that we learn how to tackle someC OMESA and the Indian Ocean because they have a national of the challenges we are facing as Community gender divisions programme which makes it very easy gender division’” Mrs. Tembo added. have agreed on three areas of for us (IOC) to implement any project She said that COMESA is verycollaboration. of that nature’” She said. optimistic about the collaboration and that COMESA will shareThe three areas are violence against Mrs. Bazi further said that her information in areas where it iswomen, women entrepreneurs and organization hopes to learn a lot in strong like female farmers andwomen in climate change. climate change related programmes climate change. because COMESA has madeSpeaking in an interview with tremendous achievements and is Mrs. Tembo retaliated thee-comesa news, after a consultative currently leading way in the field. importance of women’s involvement in climate change programmes,meeting at the COMESAE secretariat “ We hope to learn from you in the as they are the most affected byon the 6th May 2011, Charges d’ area of climate change because challenges that come with climateaffaires responsible for Gender at we realize that you have workable change.the Indian Ocean Community, Mrs examples of the climate changeFatoumia Bazi said that IOC finds it projects that involve women”. “ Women are the one who go tobest to work with COMESA because look for food, look after the sick andof the long standing relationships Mrs Bazi expressed hope that the so on, and so you can see just howbetween the two RECS. joint effort will yield the desired they come face to face with climate results especially that the two change challenges”, she echoed.“ This relationship we are building secretary-generals from both Mrs. Tembo r employed Womenstarted way back, but it is the first COMESA and IOC are spearheading from the IOC and COMESA to taketime that my organization is working the programme. centre stage and build their capacitywith the gender division and I to know how to adapt and adoptam very excited to work with this And speaking later the Director the challenges that Climate changedivision “, Mrs. Bazi said. of Gender and Social affairs at the brings.She said that her organization will COMESA Secretariat Mrs. Emilianaspearhead some projects dealing Tembo said that the collaboration “ As women in the two RECs, wewith women entrepreneurship will help enhance regional need to know the new technologicalbecause of the organization’s vast integration especially that OIC and advances that will help mitigateknowledge and experience in the COMESA have cross membership these challenges so that wefield. states in both RECS. can apply the them” she gave, conservation agriculture as an“ As you may know, Mauritius is Mrs. Tembo revealed that both the example that could enhance foodleading in women entrepreneurship IOC and COMESA Gender Divisions security in the two regions.