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  1. 1. Greece by  Shreya Chandrashekhar,  Wendy Chou, Janani Prasad
  2. 3. Basic Info. <ul><ul><li>Located in southern Europe (Mediterranean coast) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current gov't: Parliamentary republic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1929 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Language <ul><ul><li>Official Language: Greek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has been spoken since 2nd millennium in Balkan Peninsula </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Phrases: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hello/Goodbye: Yassas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes: Ne </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No: Oxhi/Ohee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thank you: Efharisto </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How are you?: Ti ka'nete? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English: Ag-glika? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have a toilet?: Eheeyete Too-aletta </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much is this? (cost): Posso Kanay Afto? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water: Nerroh </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 7. Food <ul><li>- Mild, not very spicy </li></ul><ul><li>- tradition to be served with wine or beer </li></ul><ul><li>- Consits of olive oil, lemons, vegetables such as aubergines and courgettes, garlic, thyme, basil, oregano, honey, wine, fish, grains and breads, cheese, and poultry </li></ul><ul><li>- Greek Cuisine derived from Italy and Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 8. Greek Appetizers <ul><li>-Tsatsiki: famous appetizer made out of Yogurt, garlic and cucumbers </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Taramosalata: Greek red caviar and then usually fried  </li></ul><ul><li>aubergines and zucchinis   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Horta (Greek dandelions or radices boiled) </li></ul>
  6. 9. MainCourses <ul><li>- Moussaka: stuffed tomatoes, aubergines or paprika,  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Giouvarlakia: meatballs with rice in white egg and lemon sauce </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Dolmades: stuffed cabbage leaves </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Britzoles: (chops) from pork </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Marida: the Greek equivalent of the North Atlantic Whitebait, & one of the most tasty fish dishes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 10. Greek Desserts :) <ul><li>- Baklava:  great Greek pastry made with honey, nuts and filo dough. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Koulourakia: a plain, lightly sweetened Greek cookie twist. </li></ul><ul><li>- Loukoumathes: Greek version of doughnuts only they are round balls which are drizzled with honey and sprinkled with cinnamon. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 11. Current Events <ul><ul><li>Financial Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caused by debt and failure to reform economy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eurozone set requirements, Greece failed to reach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other countries forced must help Greece </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debt cause by: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large budget </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many protests because of current cutbacks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 12. Major Social Issues <ul><ul><li>Social welfare system is very complicated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece is still very traditional so it's hard to modernize. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug-related crimes are rising in Greece and are posing a threat to public security. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The country is currently in great debt. People are starting to trust the government less and less because of the debt crisis. Corrupt Greek officials also doesn't help their situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are horrible and hospitals are not being properly maintained.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing dispute with Macedonia because Greece refuses to acknowledge that Macedonia is a country.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundary disputes with Turkey </li></ul></ul>
  10. 15. Ancient Greek Gods <ul><li>- Religion was important to the Greeks- believed it would make them happier, and the Gods would take care of them </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Greeks were Polytheistic : believed in more than one god and those Gods controlled everything </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- sacrificed animals as gifts for God </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Believed the Gods lived at the top of Mount Olympus and each god had a specific rule </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Examples: Zeus-  leader, Hermes- messenger, Athena- goddess of war, wisdom and crafts, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 16. Current Day Religion <ul><li>- Before Ottoman rule, Greece was part of the Christian Byzantine Empire.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- When the capitol was moved to Constantinople,  the Orthodox Christian faith  spread throughout Eastern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Most Greeks, revere and respect the Orthodox Christian faith, attend church, and accept  Orthodox Christianity as their  religion. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- 95 to 98% of Greeks are Orothodox Christians </li></ul><ul><li>- 1. 3 % are Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>- The rest are Protestants, Jews, and Roman Catholics </li></ul>
  12. 17. Religious Traditions <ul><li>Baptism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually happens first year after the baby is born </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baby doesn't have a name until after baptism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important day for Greek Orthodox believers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naming Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone celebrates their name on a certain given day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends visit on that day and the host offers them sweets and pastries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name days are more important than birthdays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More important than Christmas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Good Friday, people light candles for the dead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Holy Saturday, people go to church for a special Easter service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Easter Sunday, families gather for dinner and then dance and celebrate at night </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Traditions <ul><ul><li>Bread is considered a gift from God so old women bless bread and make the sign of the cross before slicing it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  People believe that you can catch the evil eye from someone else's envy. To keep the evil eye away, some people will wear a little blue marble glass with an eye on it or a blue bracelet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knives are never directly handed over to someone. Instead, the person sets the knife on the table for the other person to take. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People believe that Tuesday the 13th is unlucky, instead of Friday the 13th. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spitting is believed to chase away the devil and misfortune. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. Ancient Greek Fashion <ul><li>- Archeological evidence has proved that jewelry was popular </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Clothing  was loose fitting </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Men and women typically wore sleeveless tunics (women's were ankle length, mens were shorter) </li></ul><ul><li>- Generally plain colored except wealthy had various colors  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- A heavy wool cloak was worn for warmth during the winter </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>- Greeks went barefoot or wore sandals outside the home and inside they were barefoot. </li></ul><ul><li>- Wore Chitons, Himations, and Peplos </li></ul>
  15. 22. Chiton, Peplos, and a Himation
  16. 23. Present Day Greek Fashion <ul><li>- Influence from Ancient Greek Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>- long flowing dresses </li></ul>
  17. 24. Contributions to the Modern World <ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Olympics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theatre styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature (Odyssey, Iliad, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hippocratic Oath for doctors </li></ul></ul>
  18. 27.   <ul><li>Have Fun! </li></ul><ul><li>γειά σας </li></ul>