IntroductionAncient Greece is a civilization which existed near the Mediterranean sea over2000 years ago. The ancient Greeks built great architecture, ate a variety offoods and passed down many legacies to future societies.
ArchitectureGreek architecture has inspired our architecture today. Their architectureincluded houses made from solid stone and mud bricks. Countryfarmhouses were big and had large spaces for goats and donkeys to graze.Poor citizens lived in simple single-story houses. Houses in Greek citieswhere all packed together. The number of rooms depended on rich thefamily was. In every house, there was an alter for sacrifices to the gods.Inside were tiny windows up in the walls. Children played in courtyard andadults worked and gossiped in the sun. Walls were covered in colorfulhangings. The rooms were arranged around the central courtyard whichwas the heart of the household. There was a room for women to keep theirlooms and baskets of wool . Inside the house, it was full of couches ,pillows and oil lamp . Another room , the Andron, was where the men of thehouse entertained their guest. The house was protected from dirt andbustle by strong gates and thick walls. The Greeks also built great templesfor the gods. The most famous temple is the Parthenon, which was built inhonor of Athena. Even today, most of it are still standing for people to visit.
Structure of SocietyIn Ancient Greece, your lifestyle depended on whether you were acitizen or not. There were two groups of people in society: malecitizens who got to vote and everyone else (women , slaves andforeigners!). Women married young (at 14 or 15) and the only timeAthenian women went out was for funerals and religious festivals or tovisit relatives and close friends. Athenian families usually had one ortwo slaves who did household work . Well-educated slaves might tutorthe family’s children. Slaves also worked in the family business or onthe family farm. Non-citizens might come from outside of Greece, becaptured from other lands, or be children. Foreigners could becomemerchants, run businesses and become quite rich. They could neverbecome citizens, though, no matter how long they stayed. Womenspent their lives at home running their households . Men voted at ameeting called an assembly. Men voted for what they wanted byraising their hands or dropping stones into pots. As you can see,citizens had the most power in society in ancient Athens.
FoodThere was a lot of variety in the foods of Ancient Greece. The peopleate a lot of fish, which were caught with boats, nets and fishing spearsin the Mediterranean Sea. The land was too dry for grazing cattle orsheep so they ate small birds, such as thrushes and swallows formeat. They also ate shellfish, squid and octopus. Other commonfoods includedsausages, celery, lentils, radishes, beans, cakes, fruit, cheese, grapes, figs, bread, lettuce, cabbage, dates, walnuts, olives, carrots, pinenuts, parsnips, vine leaves and fennel . Wine was drunk at thefestivals for Dionysus, the god of wine. Pomegranates were thesymbol of death. The ancient Greeks used honey instead of sugar tosweet their food. They ground corn to make flour and bread. Theyflavored fish with herbs , oregano and bay. The greatest feasts werecalled symposia, which were parties just for men.
LegaciesA Legacy is something that is passed down from the past. For example,Theseus , the hero , who killed the minotaur is a famous Greek myth. InGreece the government was ruled by a democracy and one of thegreatest leaders was Pericles. The Olympic Games is also an importantlegacy which began for Zeus around 776 B.C .The first Olympic gameswas in the green valley of Olympia. The participants in the Olympicgames were all naked. Our alphabet today evolved from the Greekalphabet. Most of the planets in our solar system are named after theGreek gods and goddess. There are still buildings standing today inancient Greece . The buildings in the USA are influenced by the Greekarchitecture, particularly their columns. Philosophy , the law ofknowledge , was also first developed in Athens. People who lived inAthens searched for answers. The Greeks were very good at sailing .They used a ship called a Trireme to navigate the waters of theMediterranean sea . They sent out people to build colonies along theshores of the lands near the trade routes. They drew great maps to helpthem navigate. As you can see, the Greeks left many important legaciesfor the future.
ConclusionAs now you can see the Ancient Greeks ate a lot of foods, they builded many buildings , had man different levels ofsociety and had many legacies .
Reference listAuthor Date TitleDorling Kindersley 1992 Ancient GreeceLoverance And wood 1992 Ancient GreeceMacdonald Fiona 1995 How Would you Survive InGreece?Linday Bailey 1948 Adventures in AncientGreeceDate accessed Website25/10/12www.bbc.uk/school/primaryhistory/ancient_greeks