GREEK ART

Known as the ancestors of Western
civilization (Greeks)

Thought of the world in dualistic terms: fate
vs. fr...
Geometric-Style Pottery
 The Dipylon vase
was used as
funerary markers
over burials.
“Kore and Kouros” (stone)
Vase Paintings (used in symposia)
“Women at a Fountain”
“Dancing Revelers”
The Classical Age

The Greeks were
attacked by the
Persians (Darius
and Xerxes).

Extends from the
end of Persian wars
t...
“Kritios Boy”

Calculated
assymetry,
standing at ease

Polished marble,
sensuousness,
indirect gaze

Representation of
...
“Zeus” (bronze)
“Discus Thrower” - Myron
“Spear Bearer” - Polykleitos

Harmony and
beauty based on
proportion

Contemplation of
harmonious
proportions is a
conte...
“Aphrodite” - Praxiteles
 Viewer's role
changed, became
more complex and
invited physical and
emotional
engagement
instea...

Portraiture
emerged/ individual
likeness.

The Hellenistic
Period extended
from the death of
Alexander the
Great until ...
ROMAN ART

Drew heavily on Greek art.

Featured “syncreticism”, an art that brings
together diverse elements to produce
...
“Brutus”
 Portrait sculptures
were in the veristic
style.
 Made of stone and
represented men at
an advanced age
with the
distingu...
“Funerary Relief of the Gesii”

Tombs were the
focus of funerary
rituals.

Stages for
displaying feats to
elevate family
status.
 Painted portraits
were attached the
faces of embalmed
mummies.
 Wooden panels
done in the
encaustic
technique.
“Augustus of Primaporta”
 Octavian became
the first Roman
emperor.
Wall Paintings
 Paint and stucco
were used to
imitate expensive
colored marble
paneling.
 This technique is
called
“incr...

Architectural
technique was used
to suggest another
world beyond the
room.

Relief sculpture
was found in
marble sarcophagi.

Biographical
scenes and Greek
mythology were
popular subjects.

“Hor...
RENAISSANCE

Interested in reviving the classical approach to
art.

New emphasis on glorifying the human figure.

Artis...
“David” - Donatello
“Portrait of Ginevra de Benci” -
Leonard da Vinci
“Embryo in a Womb” and “Vitruvian
Man”
“David” by Michelangelo
“Awakening Prisoner”
BAROQUE

A style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily
interpreted detail to produce drama, tension,
exuberance ...
“Self-Portrait” and “Medusa” -
Caravaggio
“The Rape of Proserpina” - Bernini
“Santa Cecilia” - Stefano Maderno
“David” - Bernini
ROCOCO

Preference for
gayer, lighter and
more decorative
effects in sculpture
and arts.

Statues were
created as pleasa...
NEOCLASSICISM

Deliberate return to classical subject matter
and style.

Focused on progress and improvement of
life thr...
“Andromache Bewailing the Death of Hector”
- Gavin Hamilton
ROMANTICISM
- The enlightenment
seems to have
failed.
- Marked by social
turmoil and poverty.
- “Cult of the Invidual”
(in...
“The Family of Charles IV” -
Francisco Goya
“The Black Paintings” - Goya
“The Third of May 1808”
Realism and Impressionism

Realism depicted
contemporary or
modern life which was
unembellished and
unidealized.

Subjet...
“Burial at Ornans” - Gustave
Courbet
“The Stone Breakers” - Gustave
Courbet
Courbet wanted to
create an art of
the people, not
the academy.
For Courbet,
contem...
“Luncheon on the Grass” - Edouard
Manet
“Olympia” - Edouard Manet
“Impression, Sunrise” - Claude
Monet
Impressionism has a sketchy unfinished look to
express the feeling of the moment.
“A Bar at the Folies-Bergere” -
Edouard Manet
SYMBOLISM AND ART NOVEAU
- Coincides with the rise
of psychology, which
influenced key artists.
- Decadenced and
focused o...
“The Potato Eaters” - Vincent Van
Gogh
“Starry Night” - Vincent Van Gogh
“The Thinker” - Auguste Rodin
“The Walking Man” - Auguste Rodin
“Burghers of Calais” - Auguste
Rodin
ABSTRACT/MODERNIST
Fauvism was the first
major style of the 20th
century. Described as
an “orgy of pure
colors/wild beasts...
Cubism presented a
new of thinking about
the purpose of art and
the language of
painting. It aimed to
present a new way of...
“The Young Ladies of Avignon” -
Pablo Picasso
What is art and how
does art function?
– Marcel Duchamp
“Nude Descending a
Staircase” - Marcel
Duchamp
“Bicycle Wheel” - Marcel Duchamp
“The Newborn” and “Bird in Space” -
Constantin Brancusi
The Fountain by Marcel Duchamp
Dadaism
“Logic and reason only
led to war”.
The movement was
committed to
challenging the s...
Surrealism
Surrealism seeked to
“express the true
functioning of
thought in the
absence of control
exerted by reason.”
“Dr...
“The Lovers” - Rene Magritte
“The Persistence of Memory” -
Salvador Dali
By Claes Oldenburg
“Untitled” - Kiki Smith
Source:
Janson, H W, Penelope J. E. Davies, and H W.
Janson. Janson's History of Art: The Western
Tradition. Upper Saddle ...
History of art
History of art
History of art
History of art
History of art
History of art
History of art
History of art
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History of art
History of art
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History of art

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History of art

  1. 1. GREEK ART  Known as the ancestors of Western civilization (Greeks)  Thought of the world in dualistic terms: fate vs. free will, order vs. chaos, reason vs. irrationality.
  2. 2. Geometric-Style Pottery  The Dipylon vase was used as funerary markers over burials.
  3. 3. “Kore and Kouros” (stone)
  4. 4. Vase Paintings (used in symposia)
  5. 5. “Women at a Fountain”
  6. 6. “Dancing Revelers”
  7. 7. The Classical Age  The Greeks were attacked by the Persians (Darius and Xerxes).  Extends from the end of Persian wars to the death of Alexander the Great.  Characterized by visual harmony and heightened naturalism in human form.
  8. 8. “Kritios Boy”  Calculated assymetry, standing at ease  Polished marble, sensuousness, indirect gaze  Representation of movement (hallmark)
  9. 9. “Zeus” (bronze)
  10. 10. “Discus Thrower” - Myron
  11. 11. “Spear Bearer” - Polykleitos  Harmony and beauty based on proportion  Contemplation of harmonious proportions is a contemplation of virtue.
  12. 12. “Aphrodite” - Praxiteles  Viewer's role changed, became more complex and invited physical and emotional engagement instead of merely respect.
  13. 13.  Portraiture emerged/ individual likeness.  The Hellenistic Period extended from the death of Alexander the Great until Roman rule.
  14. 14. ROMAN ART  Drew heavily on Greek art.  Featured “syncreticism”, an art that brings together diverse elements to produce something new with a powerful message- bearing potential.  Greek sculptures became symbols of wealth and status.  Gave rise to “historical relief”, which represented actual events.
  15. 15. “Brutus”
  16. 16.  Portrait sculptures were in the veristic style.  Made of stone and represented men at an advanced age with the distinguishing marks played up.
  17. 17. “Funerary Relief of the Gesii”
  18. 18.  Tombs were the focus of funerary rituals.  Stages for displaying feats to elevate family status.
  19. 19.  Painted portraits were attached the faces of embalmed mummies.  Wooden panels done in the encaustic technique.
  20. 20. “Augustus of Primaporta”  Octavian became the first Roman emperor.
  21. 21. Wall Paintings  Paint and stucco were used to imitate expensive colored marble paneling.  This technique is called “incrustation”.
  22. 22.  Architectural technique was used to suggest another world beyond the room.
  23. 23.  Relief sculpture was found in marble sarcophagi.  Biographical scenes and Greek mythology were popular subjects.  “Horror Vacuii”
  24. 24. RENAISSANCE  Interested in reviving the classical approach to art.  New emphasis on glorifying the human figure.  Artists were considered celebrities and geniuses, even divine.
  25. 25. “David” - Donatello
  26. 26. “Portrait of Ginevra de Benci” - Leonard da Vinci
  27. 27. “Embryo in a Womb” and “Vitruvian Man”
  28. 28. “David” by Michelangelo
  29. 29. “Awakening Prisoner”
  30. 30. BAROQUE  A style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance and grandeur.  Dynamic movement and energy in human forms.  Came from the word “barroco” which means contorted or grotesque.  Dramatic lighting and sweeping emotions.
  31. 31. “Self-Portrait” and “Medusa” - Caravaggio
  32. 32. “The Rape of Proserpina” - Bernini
  33. 33. “Santa Cecilia” - Stefano Maderno
  34. 34. “David” - Bernini
  35. 35. ROCOCO  Preference for gayer, lighter and more decorative effects in sculpture and arts.  Statues were created as pleasant ornaments.  Diversion from real life.
  36. 36. NEOCLASSICISM  Deliberate return to classical subject matter and style.  Focused on progress and improvement of life through science and knowledge.  Desire to control nature through science.  Rational and emotional survived side by side in art.  Aggressively rejected Rococo art.
  37. 37. “Andromache Bewailing the Death of Hector” - Gavin Hamilton
  38. 38. ROMANTICISM - The enlightenment seems to have failed. - Marked by social turmoil and poverty. - “Cult of the Invidual” (in art) - Not really a style but an attitude to follow one's genius.
  39. 39. “The Family of Charles IV” - Francisco Goya
  40. 40. “The Black Paintings” - Goya
  41. 41. “The Third of May 1808”
  42. 42. Realism and Impressionism  Realism depicted contemporary or modern life which was unembellished and unidealized.  Subjet matter included peasant life and urban poor. Impressionism was characterized by bold brushstrokes and strong colors. The sketchiness of the works reflects the impermanence of a changing contemporary world.
  43. 43. “Burial at Ornans” - Gustave Courbet
  44. 44. “The Stone Breakers” - Gustave Courbet Courbet wanted to create an art of the people, not the academy. For Courbet, contemporary social conditions were valid subjects for painting.
  45. 45. “Luncheon on the Grass” - Edouard Manet
  46. 46. “Olympia” - Edouard Manet
  47. 47. “Impression, Sunrise” - Claude Monet Impressionism has a sketchy unfinished look to express the feeling of the moment.
  48. 48. “A Bar at the Folies-Bergere” - Edouard Manet
  49. 49. SYMBOLISM AND ART NOVEAU - Coincides with the rise of psychology, which influenced key artists. - Decadenced and focused on personal aesthetic.
  50. 50. “The Potato Eaters” - Vincent Van Gogh
  51. 51. “Starry Night” - Vincent Van Gogh
  52. 52. “The Thinker” - Auguste Rodin
  53. 53. “The Walking Man” - Auguste Rodin
  54. 54. “Burghers of Calais” - Auguste Rodin
  55. 55. ABSTRACT/MODERNIST Fauvism was the first major style of the 20th century. Described as an “orgy of pure colors/wild beasts”. “Woman With a Hat” - Henri Matisse
  56. 56. Cubism presented a new of thinking about the purpose of art and the language of painting. It aimed to present a new way of seeing. “The Weeping Woman” - Pablo Picasso
  57. 57. “The Young Ladies of Avignon” - Pablo Picasso
  58. 58. What is art and how does art function? – Marcel Duchamp “Nude Descending a Staircase” - Marcel Duchamp
  59. 59. “Bicycle Wheel” - Marcel Duchamp
  60. 60. “The Newborn” and “Bird in Space” - Constantin Brancusi
  61. 61. The Fountain by Marcel Duchamp Dadaism “Logic and reason only led to war”. The movement was committed to challenging the status quo in politics as well in culture.
  62. 62. Surrealism Surrealism seeked to “express the true functioning of thought in the absence of control exerted by reason.” “Dreams are road to the unconscious.” (Sigmund Freud)
  63. 63. “The Lovers” - Rene Magritte
  64. 64. “The Persistence of Memory” - Salvador Dali
  65. 65. By Claes Oldenburg
  66. 66. “Untitled” - Kiki Smith
  67. 67. Source: Janson, H W, Penelope J. E. Davies, and H W. Janson. Janson's History of Art: The Western Tradition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2011. Print.

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