Egyptian Art

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Egyptian Art power point with directions for Egyptian sarcophagus

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  • Preparing a body for the afterlife in ancient Egypt was a very long and complicated process. The Egyptians believed that preserving the body in death was important to keep their soul alive. The Embalmers were priests who were trained in the mummification process. Mummification was a ritual, so the priests who participated were trained to perform the process with both surgical and ritual precision. The embalmers were required to work and labor outside of the town in a workshop called a �Wabet� or a clean place.



  • The entire preservation process took about 70 days. After the process was complete, the body was wrapped in linen. Death masks were placed on the head of the mummy around the bandages to be used as a replacement head incase something happened to the real skull. Special amulets were placed within the wrapping of the mummy to protect it. Finally, a �mummy tag,� similar to our toe tags, was placed around the mummy�s neck to help identify it for burial.
  • Egyptian Art

    1. 1. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKMMtNlNUIA&feature=related What do we know about Ancient Egypt?
    2. 2. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKMMtNlNUIA&feature=related First civilization to develop literature, medical science and mathematics World’s first large-scale, unified government ruling many people in organized manner Led by pharaoh: the Egyptian version of a king All art created for making the pharaoh comfortable and preparing him for the
    3. 3. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKMMtNlNUIA&feature=related Egyptian Afterlife: Not an end, but a temporary interruption in the cycle of life Focus in death was preparing the deceased for the next stage of life: the afterlife Believed that preserving the body through mummification and burying the dead with their possessions ensures the dead person could continue their occupations after they
    4. 4. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKMMtNlNUIA&feature=related Egyptian Afterlife: Believed humans composed of different elements that at death would become separate entities. These entities needed to be preserved for the afterlife • Ka: the life force: symbol is hands pointing upwards. With you from birth, often shown as a smaller version of a person standing behind them • Ba: personality traits or what makes someone unique. Symbol is a stork
    5. 5. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKMMtNlNUIA&feature=related • Ka: • Ba: • Akh:
    6. 6. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. SCULPTURE: Stone figures of pharaoh and his family Size of figure indicates importance Law of Frontality: Head, eyes, shoulders, torso, hips all face forward Figure stands or sits straight and stiff Left foot forward, feet flat
    7. 7. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 400 B.C.E. ARCHITECTURE: pyramids made of cut stone blocks Used as burial monuments for pharaoh Filled with beautiful art and everyday objects to keep pharoah company in after-life Designed to last forever Ex: Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt, 2600 B.C.E., limestone
    8. 8. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. Paintings: Created inside pyramid tombs Show scenes of life and daily activities. Rules of Egyptian Painting: Hierarchic Proportions Most important person is the largest Size of others determined by rank in society
    9. 9. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. Rules of Egyptian Art: Descriptive Perspective: Law of Frontality Side view of head Front view of eye (not looking straight ahead) Front view of shoulders and torso Side view of hip Side views of: arms, legs, feet Hands and feet are large
    10. 10. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E.
    11. 11. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. Ex: Egyptian Book of the Dead
    12. 12. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. Cartouches:: an oblong enclosure with hieroglyphs on the inside, used on mummies to denote their name Hieroglyph’s: Egyptian writing system that was a combination of symbols Carved out of stone, worn around the neck of the mummy to show who he/she was Cartouches are written vertically and are read from top
    13. 13. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E.
    14. 14. Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E. Asarcophagus is a container used to hold the deceased body– most often someone wealthy or noble.
    15. 15. Purpose of sarcophagus: protect the mummy in the tomb Often shaped to that of the deceased body and highly decorated with hieroglyphics and designs In English: sarcophagus means ‘flesh eater’ In Ancient Egyptian, it meant possessor Egyptian Art 2,500 B.C.E - 300 B.C.E.
    16. 16. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus
    17. 17. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus
    18. 18. Let’s Practice: Rules of Egyptian Art: Side view of head Front view of eye (not looking straight ahead) Front view of shoulders and torso Side view of hip Side views of: arms, legs, feet Hands and feet are large compared to the rest of the body
    19. 19. Let’s Practice: Draw a figure following Egyptian Art Rules Try drawing an Ancient Egypt inspired drawing of a person carrying something for the pharoah (a jar of perfume; a bird; a basket of wheat)
    20. 20. Please find your new seat!
    21. 21. Please find your new seat!
    22. 22. Please grab your sketchbook; sarchopagus; sarchopagus rubric and a reference binder for your table Agenda Art RX Worktime! Did you turn in your illuminated letter? It’s now late and you’re losing points! Art Club – next Wednesday! Join in + Sign up Don’t lose your weekly process points
    23. 23. Art Rx 10/12 AC; 10/13 BD What was the purpose of Egyptian art?
    24. 24. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Using yourself as a model, create an Egyptian inspired sarcophagus Includes a story in your sarcophagus, following the Egyptian laws of frontality, must have at least 3 scenes and contain human figures Egyptian style arms, face and headpiece Cartouche of your name written in hieroglyphics Drawing reflects that of a traditional Egyptian sarcophagus: filled with patterns with at least 2 inspired by nature or ancient Egypt, jewel-like colors, intricate designs
    25. 25. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 1: Create a practice cartouche of your first or last name in your sketchbook. Remember to write it vertically!!!!
    26. 26. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus In your sketchbook – label as Sarcophagus Story: think about a story relevant to you to include on your sarcophagus. Must have human figures in it Must have at least 3 different ‘frames’ to it Must be follow
    27. 27. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Trace the template Decide how to divide up your story across the space so that it flows from one scene to the next Draw each scene in an Egyptian inspired way
    28. 28. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 2: Trace the sarcophagus template onto a sheet of drawing paper. Step 3: IN PENCIL begin to draw in a space for your face, arms and hands. Save space for your story and cartouche! Look at the Egyptian references for help with Egyptian eyes, hand and arm placement and headpieces.!
    29. 29. Please grab your sketchbook; sarchopagus; sarchopagus rubric and a reference binder for your table Agenda Art RX Worktime! Did you turn in your illuminated letter? It’s now late and you’re losing points! Art Club – next Wednesday! Join in + Sign up Don’t lose your weekly process points
    30. 30. Art RX 10/14 AC; 10/15 BD Describe the Ancient Egyptian idea of the afterlife
    31. 31. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Trace the template Decide how to divide up your story across the space so that it flows from one scene to the next Draw each scene in an Egyptian inspired way
    32. 32. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 2: Trace the sarcophagus template onto a sheet of drawing paper. Step 3: IN PENCIL begin to draw in a space for your face, arms and hands. Save space for your story and cartouche! Look at the Egyptian references for help with Egyptian eyes, hand and arm placement and headpieces.!
    33. 33. Please grab your sketchbook; sarchopagus; sarchopagus rubric and a reference binder for your table Agenda Art RX Materials Workshop: Colored Pencils Worktime! Did you turn in your illuminated letter? It’s now late and you’re losing points! Art Club – Wednesday – Sign up outside my
    34. 34. Art RX 10/18AC; 10/19 BD Name the title and movement of this work of art.
    35. 35. Materials Workshop: Colored Pencils Please write down Materials Workshop: Colored Pencils in your sketchbook Light Value Medium Value Dark Value Gradation: Light to
    36. 36. Materials Workshop: Colored Pencils Side Shading and End Shading
    37. 37. Materials Workshop: Colored Pencils Layered Color: Shade a square of one color using light pressure Shade a second square of color, slightly overlapping the first square to see the differences in color when you later
    38. 38. Materials Workshop: Colored Pencil Blended Color: layers of colored pencil overlaid with strong pressure so that the tooth of the paper is filled and a smooth surface results. A jewel-like effect can be obtained with careful blending
    39. 39. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 4: Incorporate your Egyptian story into your sarcophagus and your cartouche THINK ABOUT COMPOSITION (how the things you’re putting in your artwork are arranged and relate to one another)
    40. 40. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 7: Add in intricate patterns and designs. EVERYTHING should be filled with tiny drawing You must have at least 2 patterns influenced by Egyptian design and/or nature
    41. 41. Egyptian Patterns
    42. 42. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 8: Double check with me before going on (if you’d like to transfer your drawing onto a new piece of paper you may.) Step 9: Go over all of your lines with a thin Sharpie marker. Please do not ‘color’ anything with Sharpie – just outline Step 10: Carefully erase all the
    43. 43. Please grab your sarchopagus; sarchopagus rubric and a reference binder for your table Agenda Art RX Worktime! Next class is Passport I.D. on Egypt; reflection questions and last full workday on sarcophagus Did you turn in your illuminated letter? It’s now late and you’re losing points!
    44. 44. Art RX: 10/20 for AC; 10/21 BD Describe the Egyptian’s view/perception of their pharaoh AND demonstrate blended color using the colored pencils and blender in
    45. 45. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 7: Add in intricate patterns and designs. EVERYTHING should be filled with tiny drawing You must have at least 2 patterns influenced by Egyptian design and/or nature
    46. 46. Egyptian Patterns
    47. 47. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 8: Double check with me before going on (if you’d like to transfer your drawing onto a new piece of paper you may.) Step 9: Go over all of your lines with a thin Sharpie marker. Please do not ‘color’ anything with Sharpie – just outline Step 10: Carefully erase all the
    48. 48. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 11: Color with colored pencils, using heavy pressure to make it look like paint – very opaque! Pick Egyptian colors– rich reds; turquoises; emerald greens; golds Layer and blend colors with the blender to avoid any white spaces!
    49. 49. FULL WORKDAY! Get out your materials and please get started. No Art RX question today When the bell rings we’ll discuss the last steps to your project! Next class: Passport I.D. Page’ rubric and reflection – possibly a workday if you earn it today!!! Show me you need the workday! Interested in designing an Art Dept. tee
    50. 50. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 8: Double check with me before going on (if you’d like to transfer your drawing onto a new piece of paper you may.) Step 9: Go over all of your lines with a thin Sharpie marker. Please do not ‘color’ anything with Sharpie – just outline Step 10: Carefully erase all the
    51. 51. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 11: Color with colored pencils, using heavy pressure to make it look like paint – very opaque! Pick Egyptian colors– rich reds; turquoises; emerald greens; golds Layer and blend colors with the blender to avoid any white spaces!
    52. 52. ART BINDER FOR YOUR TABLE AND A RULER FOR YOU AND YOUR DESKMATE AND GET OUT YOUR RUBRIC
    53. 53. Explain accession certificate and rubric Passport I.D Page – Egypt Last worktime for finishing sarchopagus; rubric; reflection and accession certificate UNLESS you earn another work day for Thursday Finishing sarcophagus; rubric; reflection; accession certificate due November 8th for AC; November 9th for BD Owe me illuminated letter? No more than 50% after Friday for AC; Monday for BD Art Tee Shirt Meeting today after school! Agenda
    54. 54. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 12: Carefully cut out your sarcophagus! Step 13: Fill out your rubric by circling a number for each category. Make at least one meaningful comment in one of the boxes in a complete sentence. Step 14: Refer to the binder sheet: Answer the reflection questions in complete sentences.
    55. 55. HANDS ON: Egyptian Sarcophagus Step 16: Apply a name label to the back of your sarcophagus and fill out Step 17: Paperclip your sarcophagus; rubric and accession certificate together and turn in. DO NOT STAPLE – POINTS OFF FOR STAPLING! Work on expanding your illuminated letter onto your portfolio. Color 6 blocks with colored pencil, following the colors of your illuminated letter – see me if you need your
    56. 56. Full Workday – Get to Work! If you didn’t finish your passport I.D. please finish it first thing today! Due by November 9th Sarcophagus Rubric filled out with numbers and at least one meaningful comment in a complete sentence Reflection questions answered in complete sentences on the back of the rubric Accession certificate filled out in full with a high quality colored pencil drawing of your

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