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Geostrategy Energy - AKAMIGAS.pdf

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Geostrategy Energy - AKAMIGAS.pdf

  1. 1. 1 Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Disampaikan pada Kuliah Umum AKAMIGAS – Palembang Contemporary Issues in Energy and Mineral Resources 12 November 2022 Sampe L. Purba Staf Ahli Menteri ESDM Bidang Ekonomi Sumber Daya Alam
  2. 2. 2 Agenda 1. General Features of Energy Issues 2. Regional Issues in Energy 3. Climate Change and Energy Transition 4. MIGAS Issues 5. Concluding Remarks
  3. 3. 3 GENERAL FEATURES OF ENERGY ISSUES GLOBAL REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL CLIMATE CHANGE SUPPLY – DEMAND DISRUPTION AVAILABILITY ACCESSSIBILITY AFFORDABILITY PERMIT AND LICENSE WORK FORCE SECURITY AND ENVIRONMENT 1
  4. 4. 4 Geopolitics – Geostrategy – Geoeconomy : Energy • Geopolitics: Application of the influence of political and economy geography international relations [economy, politics, foreign policy, power, etc] • Geostrategy : A decisive points with spatial consideration, by taking into account the driving forces of demography, culture, technology, resources and its mobility to meet national objectives • Geoeconomics : Capitalizing Economy to pursue geopolitical objectives Territory, Resources or Influence Instruments : Trade policy, investment policy, Financial and monetary, energy and commodities, aid/ assistance and cyber Energy Policy Ecosystem: Energy Source Management, Transformation, Supporting Value Chain, Distribution and Allocation 4 @Sampe, 2022 It’s all about NATIONAL INTEREST
  5. 5. 5 Geoeconomy : The Power of Number – Playing your cards well @Rystard Energy, 2022 5
  6. 6. 6 6 REGIONAL ISSUES WE LIVE IN 2
  7. 7. 7 Oil and Gas Major Trading Routes The Economist, 2019 BP Statistical Review, 2021 Nov-22 7 Sampe Purba - Geoeconomy and Disturbance in major lines will bring DISRUPTION to the whole system
  8. 8. 8 Australia – Asia Power Link • 4,200 KM HVDC Subsea line • 17-20 GWp Solar Arrays • Battery Storage 36 -42 GWh https://suncable.id/
  9. 9. 9 FOOTPRINT OF BIG INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES IN CO2 EMISSION 9 https://ourworldindata. org/grapher/annual- share-of-co2- emissions?time 3
  10. 10. 10 When China Overtakes US https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD
  11. 11. 11 Big Countries Keep Producing Oil and Gas (and coal) 11 ✔ We don’t hear much about the effort and technology they apply such as CCS and CCUS ✔ The statistics suggests, the developing Countries produce a highest CO2 emissions per capita
  12. 12. 12 Transitional Energy : Fossil based to Mineral How Major responds : ✔ Supply Chain domination, responsible mining, governance, women and children rights, transparency ✔ Money Laundry, Criminal related organization, terrorism support ✔ Critical Minerals – Defence Production Act
  13. 13. 13 Electricity, GDP per Capita and CO2 Emission per Capita, 2020 The Selected data from Selected Countries suggest that : ✔ Indonesia is the LOWEST CO2 emissions Per CAPITA in the WORLD ✔ China and USA are the main producers of Electricity ✔ Apparently Countries with high GDP per Capita tends to emit more CO2 compares with the Developing Countries 13
  14. 14. 14 Issues in Upstream Oil and Gas ✔ Natural Resources – Geological Heritage ✔ Fiscal Terms ✔ Regulatory – Permits – Security Issues COMPETITIVENESS 4
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16 UPSTREAM (HULU) DOWN STREAM (HILIR) PENGGUNA AKHIR TRANSPORTASI DEP O KILANG MINYAK INDUSTRI SPBU BBM EKSPOR IV. EKSPLORASI - EKSPLOITASI (PRODUKSI) - LIFTING PENGAPALAN PIPA Minyak/Gas DEVISA EXPORT INDUSTRI MINYAK DAN GAS BUMI INDONESIA I. SURVEY UMUM & PENYIAPAN WILAYAH KERJA II. PENAWARAN DAN PENUNJUKKAN KONTRAKTOR III. PENANDA TANGANAN KONTRAK KERJA SAMA V. PENJUALAN MIGAS – PENYEDIAAN MIGAS – PENYEDIAAN BBM – KEGIATAN HILIR LAINNYA SKK Migas : Melakukan Pengawasan dan Pengendalian terhadap pelaksanaan Kontrak Kerja Sama BU/BUT: Melakukan Kegiatan Eksplorasi & Eksploitasi BPH Migas: Melakukan pengawasan pelaksanaan penyediaan dan pendistribusian BBM dan pengangkutan Gas Bumi melalui Pipa PERTAMINA: Melakukan penyediaan dan distribusi BBM subsidi BU: Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Hilir MESDM/ DIRJEN MIGAS: Menyelengg arakan Urusan Kepemerint ahan, Menetapkan Kebijakan, dan Mengawasi Kepatuhan Terhadap Peraturan Yang Berlaku
  17. 17. 17 Penyediaan Energi Untuk Bangsa
  18. 18. 18 Concluding Remarks ✔ Energy dynamics should always be put in the context of global – regional – national and local context ✔ National Interest governs our Energy Policy ✔ Collaborative minds and actions among stakeholders are key to achieve competitiveness ✔ Young generations as agent of developments are frontier guards to shape our nation futures 5
  19. 19. 19 Terima Kasih – Thank You Sampe L. Purba Scholar : Universitas Pertahanan LEMHANNAS RI Background Knowledges EKONOMY, LAW, GEOSTRATEGY ENERGY 19
  20. 20. 20 Terima Kasih & Follow Kami

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