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  • Most mothers know that breast milk is the more healthier choice then why do a large number chose to formula feed? Most mothers know that breast milk is the more healthier choice then why do a large number chose to formula feed.
  • Breastisbest

    1. 1. BREAST IS BEST By: Sandy Dhudwal and Nisha Velji
    2. 2. OUTLINE 1. History2. Recommendations 3. Properties of Breast Milk 4. Benefits of Breastfeeding 5. Harmful Effects of Formula Milk
    3. 3. 6. Why Some Mothers Choose Formula Vs. Breast Milk 7. Other Options 8. Additional Resources
    4. 4. OBJECTIVE To increase awareness about breast feeding. To educate about the benefits of breast feeding. To educate about the basics of breast feeding. To educate about the harms associated with formula feeding. To advocate for breast feeding and empower parents to make an informed choice.
    5. 5. HISTORY Artificial feeding becomes readily available at turn of century By 1940’s control of birth & feedings given to doctors By 1970, historical low in breastfeeding rates in western world Rates peak in 1980s Duration rates still generally low
    6. 6. RECOMMENDATIONS  Exclusive breast feeding until 6 months of age  Introduce complimentary foods with continued breastfeeding  Optimum to breastfeed for 2 years or longer
    7. 7. PROPERTIES OF BREASTMILK Biologic specificity => Long-chain omega-3 Fatty Acids (DHA and AA) -Important for brain and retinal development -Higher IQs
    8. 8. IMMUNOLOGIC SPECIFICITY Protection against pathogens & allergens Kills pathogenic organisms or modifies their growth Stimulates epithelial maturation for future defence First immunization Protection against common respiratory and intestinal diseases
    9. 9. IMMUNOLOGIC SPECIFICITY Colostrum = Baby’s first vaccination Less risk of illness such as: Ear infections, pneumonia, crohn’s disease and other bowel illnesses, stomach flu and other intestinal illnesses, ear infections, childhood cancers, diabetes, arthritis, allergies, asthma and eczema
    10. 10. PERFECT FOOD FOR BABIES Just the right amount of nutrients in the right proportions Over 200 components in human milk Composition of breast milk: -Live cells, fat, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals -Less fat than most other mammals -More lactose than other mammals
    11. 11. BREAST MILK COMPOSITION Fat (4% concentration provides up to 50% of caloric needs, cholesterol levels constant, lipolytic enzymes aid in fat digestion) Carbohydrates (lactose = milk sugar predominantly in human milk, 7% concentration provides up to 40% caloric needs, essential for development of CNS, enhances calcium & iron absorption)
    12. 12. BREAST MILK COMPOSITION Carbohydrates (Bifidus factor = growth factor present only in human milk required for establishing an acidic environment in the gut to inhibit growth of bacteria, fungi and parasites) Protein -Lactoferin => Isolates external iron -Secretory IGA => Most important immunoglobulin, breast milk = only source for first 6 weeks
    13. 13. BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING Ecological: -Saves resources -Less waste -No refrigeration -No manufacturing -No bottles, cans -No trucking -No handling
    14. 14. BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING For Society -Smarter -Healthier -Less cost to healthcare system -Stronger families
    15. 15. BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING To Families -Less trips to doctors, hospitals -Less prescriptions -Less stress -Less illness -More bonding -Inexpensive
    16. 16. BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING Benefits to baby: -Better dental health -Increased visual acuity -Decreased duration and intensity of illnesses -Less allergies -Better health & less risk of illnesses
    17. 17. BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING Benefits to mother: -Psychological (Attachment, bonding, security, skin to skin, fulfillment of basic needs, relationship) -Easier weight loss -Decreased risk of illness (breast cancer, osteoperosis, hemmorhage, ovarian cancer) -Birth control -Pride, empowerment, fulfillment
    19. 19. Why some mothers choose formula vs. breast milk Distressed by physical discomfort of early breastfeeding problems. Convenience issues Pressures of employment/school Worries that breast shape will change Formula manufacturers manipulate people through their ads Doctors and nurses need more lactation training ../baby_crying.gif
    20. 20. Why some mothers choose formula vs. breast milk Moms given very little time to adjust to changes of postpartum Family demands Non-supportive family/health professionals Embarrassment Lack of confidence in self Feeling that one cannot produce enough milk thumb_27/11304631444pJ47D.jpg
    21. 21. Mother’s milk vs. formula milk Formula milk for 3 days old babies is no different than formula milk for 3 months old infants. media/pr_prosobee_lipil.jpg Breast milk is ingeniously different every single day; adapted to the changing needs of the baby. Resources/breastfeeding.jpeg
    22. 22. Mother’s milk vs. formula milk Human milk is designed to support the development of large brains, capable of processing and storing lots of information. images/readingroomcartoon.gif Cows milk is designed to support functions, like constant grazing. quiz/cow_picture.png
    23. 23. Illness Relative risk Allergies, eczema 2 to 7 times Urinary tract infections 2.6 to 5.5 times Inflammatory bowel disease 1.5 to 1.9 times Diabetes, type 1 2.4 times Gastroenteritis 3 times Hodgkins lymphoma 1.8 to 6.7 times Otitis media 2.4 times Haemophilus influenzae meningitis 3.8 times Necrotizing enterocolitis 6 to 10 times Canopy/4116/stalk.gif
    24. 24. Illness Relative risk Pneumonia/lower respiratory tract infection 1.7 to 5 times Respiratory syncytial virus infection 3.9 times Sepsis 2.1 times Sudden infant death syndrome 2.0 times Industrialized-world hospitalization 3 times images/lungs1.gif
    25. 25. Barriers to Bonding* A Bottle places a physical barrier between mom and baby*Less skin to skin contact*Less eye contact* The hormonal connection between the breastfeeding mother and baby cannot be experienced by the bottle feeding mother mom-and-baby-1a.jpg
    26. 26. Other Options If Breastfeeding is Not PossibleMom can still use her milk, even if she decides not to breastfeed: Use a breast pump (electric/manual) Cup or bowl feeding Spoon feeding Eyedropper or feeding syringe Nursing supplementer Get milk from donation bank ../womanpumping.jpg
    27. 27. THE ENDThere is no freedom of choice for humans if it has been taken away from them at the beginning.Breast-feeding is not a choice, but an obligation to the choice,Give your child the freedom of choice. image006.jpg
    28. 28. Additional Resources La Leche League World Health Organization Community Health Nurses Lactation Consultants Public Health Agency of Canada
    29. 29. References Mohrbacher, Nancy, and Stock, Julie. The Breastfeeding Answer Book, 3rd Edition. Illinois: La Leche Leage International, 2003. The Breastfeeding Committee for Canada. The Baby-Friendly Iniative in Community Health Services: a Canadian Implementation Guide. BCC, 2002. World Health Organization. Evidence for the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Geneva: WHO, 1998. Class Notes Google Images