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Building Resilience: Reflections from PSNP and the Role of Donors

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Dr Samantha Yates
DFID Ethiopia, Livelihoods and Humanitarian Team Leader

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Building Resilience: Reflections from PSNP and the Role of Donors

  1. 1. Building Resilience: Reflections from PSNP and the Role of Donors Dr Samantha Yates DFID Ethiopia, Livelihoods and Humanitarian Team Leader
  2. 2. Social Protection: From Protection to Production PSNP Overview • Drought 2002/3, reforms to humanitarian system and New Coalition for Food Security, 2003 • Shift from ag productivity to stabilisation of hh consumption and assets as a basis for productivity improvements • Established in 2005, as an alternative response to recurrent food aid • Roots in favourable political settlement – EPDRF legitimacy through rapid social and economic progress • PSNP4 2015-2020 Goal: “Resilience to shocks enhanced and food security and nutrition improved for rural households vulnerable to food insecurity”
  3. 3. Social Protection: From Protection to Production PSNP4 Design – Linkages Pregnant Public works Jan-June cycle 5 days/month Full family targeting 6.7m beneficiaries Permanent Direct Support 5 days/month 12 months Full family targeting 1.2m beneficiaries Livelihoods component 30% (10%) hhs Training and 3 ‘pathways’ Access to credit/grant “Primacy of transfers” and “cash first” For women: Shorter working day Light work responsibilities Child care Workload reduced For women and men: 3 days PW for BCC Temporary Direct Support Pregnant women Breastfeeding with children < 1 year 5 days/month, 6 months Co-responsibilities: Vaccination Maternal and child health
  4. 4. Social Protection: From Protection to Production PSNP 4 Design – Shock Responsiveness
  5. 5. Social Protection: From Protection to Production PSNP4 Practice – Shock Responsiveness core Woreda contingency budget 5% Federal contingency budget 15% pre- financed 2015/16 Federal contingency budget line 2017/18 - No pre financing 2015/16: 8m core clients; 9.7m received relief food assistance PSNP federal contingency budget line used but activated late PSNP scaled vertically (extending 2 additional rounds to existing clients in need) 2017/18: 8m core clients; 7.9m received relief food assistance PSNP federal contingency budget line used (WB $50m; DFID $49m; UNICEF $11.8m; WFP£10m ). PSNP scaled vertically and horizontally 1st Integrated food cash response plan 2017
  6. 6. Social Protection: From Protection to Production How embedded? • PSNP is a GoE flagship, embedded in national policies to fight hunger and poverty • Delivered through GoE systems (BoA; BoFED; BoLSA; DPPB), largely on budget • GoE commitment to fully finance by 2025. Increased finance from Treasury (now ~11%). • Increasingly part of relief planning ie Integrated Cash Food Response Plan
  7. 7. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Donor Roles Financing Core and shock responsiveness Technical assistance Capacity building; engagement in technical committees; piloting (eg payment systems; expanded linkages UNICEF; shock responsiveness Somali region) Monitoring and evaluation 6 year independent impact and process evaluation; spot-checks; analytical pieces. Coordinated policy dialogue Eg programme redesign options to close finance gap; wage rate increase options. Donor Coordination Team and Donor Working Group
  8. 8. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Addendum - PSNP Results Food security has improved in PSNP districts The average food gap of hhs in PSNP has fallen by 40% in the highlands and by 45% in the lowlands (2010-12) from 3 to 1.8 months. PSNP transfers lifted 1.4m people over the poverty line in 2011 and moved others closer to the poverty line Poverty headcount before transfers 32.5%, after transfers 30.9% Poverty gap before transfers 9.4%, after transfers 8.2% Built resilience to shocks Consumption smoothing through transfers; restoring water tables and productivity through PW Unexpected impact on educational attainment and progression In Tigray children in PW hhs performed better than the children of other households in grade attainment and progression. PSNP transfers appear to delay early marriage by relaxing cash constraints on household consumption
  9. 9. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Addendum – Looking Ahead • Push on core systems: - Payments and timeliness - Targeting and graduation - Management information and monitoring for performance • Lowland regions: - Performance - Design and ‘fit’ • Sustainability: - GoE financing - Linkages and institutional roles • Shock Responsiveness: - Financing risk; ex ante preparedness rather than ex post response

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