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Evaluating a poverty reduction & climate change adaption program: PROEZA Paraguay

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Silvio Daidone's (FAO) presentation at the Transfer Project Workshop in Arusha, Tanzania on 4th April 2019.

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Evaluating a poverty reduction & climate change adaption program: PROEZA Paraguay

  1. 1. Evaluating a poverty reduction and climate change adaptation program The case of PROEZA in Paraguay Transfer Project workshop – Arusha April 4, 2019
  2. 2. Social Protection: From Protection to Production PROEZA background • Paraguay high deforestation rates (and related consequences) • PROEZA project “Poverty, Reforestation, Energy and Climate Change Project”, run by STP (Ministry of Planning and Economic Development) funded mostly by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and co-funded by the Government • Targeting 17,000 vulnerable families, in 64 municipal districts located in Eastern Paraguay. Many of the beneficiaries are from indigenous communities • Component 1: “Planting for the Future” targeting poor agricultural households • Component 2: “Sustainable Landscapes and Responsible Markets” targeting medium-size private land owners • Component 3: “Good Governance and Law Enforcement” targeting public institutions
  3. 3. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Component 1 • Tackling deforestation with two interventions that aim at: 1) encouraging the reforestation of land and 2) decreasing the demand for firewood. • Intervention 1 includes: a. Environmental conditional cash transfer (E-CCT), a top-up to the existing national social cash transfer (Tekoporá) b. Training on climate-smart agroforestry production systems to smallholder farmers and intensive technical assistance for the establishment of such systems in follow-up visits • Intervention 2 targets the demand side by providing efficient cooking stoves
  4. 4. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Impact evaluation of component 1 • Embedded in the Learning-Oriented Real-Time Impact Assessment (LORTA) programme of the Independent Evaluation Unit (IEU) of the GCF • Discussed in multi-stakeholder meetings and capacity-building workshops with the representatives of the involved government entities: a. To create a common ground of knowledge on the project specifics and to understand the role and interest of the individual parties b. To convey basic knowledge on impact evaluation (how it differs from M&E, the importance of a counterfactual and power, experimental evaluation methods) and theory of change development.
  5. 5. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Theory of change (ToC) • Developed two separate ToCs for each of the two interventions, which entails: a. Clarifying inputs, activities, outputs, outcomes and goals of each intervention b. Specifying the evaluation questions c. Agreeing on the indicators that allow to measure impact and respond to the evaluation questions
  6. 6. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Impact evaluation design • Phased-in randomised control trial, clustered at the neighbourhood level • The treatment groups come from year 2 beneficiaries • The control group comes from year 5 beneficiaries • This IE allows to detect medium term effects of the project (plantation and growth of trees) • Randomise intensity of treatment between neighbourhoods to determine spillovers/rebound effects • Depending on a quality assessment of existing administrative data, baseline may not be collected • Possibility of scoping study on year 1 beneficiaries (fundamental for take-up rates)
  7. 7. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Impact evaluation design -2- Total sample 500 neighbourhoods Control group (year 5 beneficiaries) 100 neighbourhoods Treatment group 1 (year 2 beneficiaries): Training and E-CCT 200 neighbourhoods Treatment group 2 (year 2 beneficiaries): Training, E-CCT and cook stoves 200 neighbourhoods Treat 100% of HHs 100 neighbourhoods Treat 50% of HHs 100 neighbourhoods Treat 50% of HHs 100 neighbourhoods Treat 100% of HHs 100 neighbourhoods
  8. 8. Social Protection: From Protection to Production Challenges (for the project and the IE) • Screening households for eligibility • Close forest coverage via satellite images (geo-reference the plots of participating households) • Fulfilment of conditions for the cash transfer • Inclusion of indigenous communities into the evaluation (only qualitative assessment?) • Quality of the training offered • Long-term project. All institutions involved might undergo personnel changes
  9. 9. Thank you !!! Gracias !!! Shukrani !!!

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