Promotion ,paves the way for employee self
It enhances employee to use his knowledge and skills.
It inspires employees to compete and get ahead of
It encourages them to remain royal and commited to
their jobs and the organisation .
Bases of Promotion
Merit – based Promotions
Seniority –based Promotions
It motivates employees to work hard, improve their
knowledge, acquire new skills and contibute to organisational
It helps the employer to focous attention on talented
people, recognise and reward their meritorious contributions
in an appropriate way .
Limitations Personal prejudices ,biases and union pressures may
come in the way of promoting the best performer.
When young employee s get ahead of the senior
employees in an organisation , they may fell insecure
and may even quit the organisation.
It is easy to measure the length of service and judge
the seniority .
• There is no scope for favoritism, discrimination and
subjective judgement .
Limitations It demotivates the young and more competent
employees and results in greater employee turnover.
It kills the zeal and interest to develop , as everybody
will be promoted without showing any all-round
growth or promise.
Establish a fair and equitable basis for promotion
(merit or seniority or both )
Appropriate authority should be entrusted with the
responsibilty of taking a final decision on promotion.
Detailed records of services , performances , etc.
, should be maintained for all employees , inspective
of their background .
Purposes of Transfer
To meet the organisational requirements
To satisfy the employee needs
To utilise employees better
To adjust the work force
To provide relief
To reduce conflicts
Types of Transfer
Benefits of Transfer
Improve employees skills
Reduce monotony boredom
Remedy faulty placement decisions
Prepared the employees for challenging assignments
Improve employees satisfaction and morale
Improve employer –employee relations
Problems of Transfer
Inconvenient to employees who otherwise don’t
want to move .
Employees may or maynot fit in the new location.
Shifting of experienced hands may affect productivity.
Discriminatory transfers may affect employee moral.
Name of the superior who is authorised and
responsible to initiate a transfer .
The unit of the organisation within which transfers
will be administered.
Reasons which will be considered for personal
transfers , their order of priority etc.
Reasons for mutual transfer of employees .