Tactical analysis of Borussia Dortmund


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Tactical analysis of Borussia Dortmund team (based on the games vs Schalke 04 and Hamburger SV)

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Tactical analysis of Borussia Dortmund

  1. 1. 1<br />Borussia Dortmund: tactical analysis<br />(based on games vs Schalke-04 and vs Hamburger SV)<br />
  2. 2. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />2<br />Borussia D: system of play<br />In both games Borussia D played 4-2-3-1 system with following features:<br /><ul><li>wing midfielders acted as inverted wingers
  3. 3. full-backs actively took part in attacking actions - provided width in attacks
  4. 4. Holding midfielders positioned in vertical line – one is more involved in attacks</li></ul>Below first XI in games – one change in the position of one of holding midfielder<br />
  5. 5. 3<br />Borussia D: substitutions<br />In both games new wing midfielders were put for the last quarter of the game<br />Substitutions in game vs Schalke-04:<br />22. S.Bender -> 5. Kehl 75`<br />14. Perischis -> 11. Gotze 75`<br />7. Leintner -> 24. Lowe 77`<br />Repositions from 77 min:<br />19. Groskreutz moved to the position of left FB<br />14. Perisic came in as left midfielder<br />7. Leintner - as right midfielder<br />Repositions from 76 min:<br />19. Groskreutz moved to the position of left FB<br />14. Perisic came in as left midfielder<br />16. Błaszczykowski - as right midfielder<br />Substitutions in game vs Hamburger SV:<br />14. Perischis -> 24. Lowe 75`<br />16. Błaszczykowski -> 11. Gotze 75`<br />5. Kehl -> 23. Kagawa 90`<br />Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />
  6. 6. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />4<br />Tactics of the opponent: Schalke-04<br />Schalke played 4-4-2 with dropping forward <br />(# 7. Raul ). In terms of digits BVB was tempted to get overmanning in the centre of the field, but Raul dropped down and in defensive stage acts as central midfielder.<br />In defensive stage the team played as 4-1-4-1 closing the zone between the lines (by #32. Matip) and negate the space for Kagawa to receive the ball in the central zone outside penalty box for developing the attack.<br />Main aim for BVB was to crack the holding zone – create free space there and get the ball there<br />In attack the team could get the advantage if wing midfielders of BVB don't join attack. Especially the zone of the right fullback of BVB could have been exposed due to high level of activity of Piszchek in attack. Actually, the team rarely used fast flank attacks - more usually played long balls, to flank as well.<br />
  7. 7. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />5<br />Tactics of the opponent: Hamburger SV<br />Hamburger SV played 4-2-3-1 system<br />In defensive stage the team played as 4-4-1-1 and focused on impeding of attacks of BVB: pressing holding midfielders of BVB as they got the ball in short build-up and use high flank pressing in case the ball was lost in that zone in attacks. <br />The central zone between the lines of defense and midfield was rather free - pair of holding midfielders of Hamburger SV played vertically and defensive line was not close to them.<br />Main task for BVB was to organize the first pass in attack avoiding pressing of the Hamburger SV – finally central defenders acted as organizer of attacks.<br />In attack the team predominantly used long balls (no success due to excellent heading skills of central defenders of BVB) and attempted to get the ball to the final stage through flank runs of midfielders (BVB succeed at closing the flanks). The team created threats at the goal of BVB after fast flank attack or diagonal to flanks<br />
  8. 8. 6<br />Defensive system: pressing <br />The aim: getting the ball back as higher as possible. More often used immediate pressing after loss of the ball in attack. <br />Mechanism<br /><ul><li>After loss of the ball in attack</li></ul>Nearest player stuck tight the opponent with ball and accompanied him. The closing partner joined and pressed the player with ball.<br />Kehl/Bender was positioned below line of attack for covering in case of counter-attack of the opponent.<br /><ul><li>In short build-up of the opponent </li></ul>Kagawa and wing midfielders played main roles. When the ball was passed to fullback 2 or 3 players (wing midfielder, Kagawa) moved in his direction, circled him and trying not to give him time on ball. The opposite wing midfielder moved centrally to close possible pass through centre. Gundogan stepped a little bit forward to cover group of players took part in pressing (example on the scheme)<br />As a result the defender was forced to choose aimless long pass.<br />Pressing could be overcame through pass to goalkeeper.<br />Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />
  9. 9. 7<br />Defensive system: 4-1-4-1 and high line in own half<br />Met the opponent near the centre circle (red zones on the scheme). Compactness between the lines – spread over 25 meters. Aimed to get overmanning in the zone of the ball in shortest time. The team preferred to use interceptions.<br />Main principles in actions:<br /><ul><li>Flank players started pressing (wing midfielders and fullback). In case wing midfielders could return – holding midfielder took his role
  10. 10. Kagawa took part in pressing close to central line – ensure numeric advantage in the zone of the ball. Close to goal it was ensured participation of Gundogan in pressing.
  11. 11. One of the holding midfielder (Kehl/Bender) dropped down to close the central zone; acted personally against the opponent’s player in holding zone
  12. 12. Gundogan provided direct covering to the flanks players
  13. 13. Respective central defender provided covering in depth – allowed full-back pressing the opponent high from penalty area.</li></ul>To be noted: excellent heading of central defenders.<br />Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />
  14. 14. 8<br />Defensive system: weaknesses<br />Despite of strong and effective mechanism of team actions in defense there were some little drawbacks<br />Personal<br /><ul><li>Piszchek often lose the position and the opponent (when the fast attacks of the rival were developed through centre the player of Schalke-04) could overlap behind the back of the Piszchek.
  15. 15. Gundogan (when marked the player in central zone): didn’t follow the player of rival in case the latter could get free marking - > gave the opponent’s player to move to holding zone free or make run to penalty area free of marking. </li></ul>Team<br /><ul><li>Fast counterattack through ball delivery to the flank zone were dangerous - as fullback of BVB actively joined attacks
  16. 16. Diagonal to the opposite flank: </li></ul>in defensive stage BVB accumulated team players practically on one side of the filed – the diagonal to the opposite flank and advancing feedback exposuredthe flank of BVB (advantage in numerical term for the time of defense’s shifting)<br />Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />
  17. 17. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />9<br />Attack: transition to attack (general)<br />1. The aim in transition to attack: delivery the ball to the central zone outside the penalty area (between the lines od defense and midfielders) from where final stage of the attack started<br />Alternative way for getting the ball to the final stage of attack – through fullbacks who got ball and made run into the attacking third of the opponent.<br />2. Core in transition to attack: BVB created space in this zone or got overmanning there by means of the movements of Kagawa and wing midfielders (Gotze, Groskreutz) in the 1st stage of attack (in details – below)<br />3. Central defenders (especially, Hummels) or holding midfielders decide on the direction of the attack –pass for ball delivery to attack – most of the passes low and vertical, had medium length.<br />4. In case of interception of the ball in central zone on own half the team launched fast attacks<br />
  18. 18. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />10<br />Attack: options for getting ball to the final stage<br />Used vs one holding midfielder of the rival in the zone between the lines of defense and midfielders<br /><ul><li>Kagawa dropped to the line of holding midfielders of BVB and drew hold mid of the opponent out of position – it created space in the zone.
  19. 19. Wing midfielder cut in to the zone, one of holding midfielder could forward to the zone.</li></ul>So the team had space and organizer of the attack had 2 options for ball delivery to the zone.<br /><ul><li>If fullback of the rival followed wing midfielder of BVB – fullback of BVB advanced to free space and was ready to get the ball.</li></ul>So it provided alternative way for ball delivery to the final stage of attack. <br />
  20. 20. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />11<br />Attack: options for getting ball to the final stage<br />Used vs 2 holding midfielders in zone between the lines of defense and midfielders<br /><ul><li>Wing midfielders cut in the central zone and together with Kagawa created overmanning (3 vs 2) in zone.
  21. 21. If fullback of the rival followed wing midfielder of BVB – fullback of BVB advanced to free space and was ready to get the ball. </li></ul>So it provided alternative way for ball delivery to the final stage of attack. <br /><ul><li>Kagawa could move on the flank to draw one of holding midfielder and create more space in central zone or he could receive the pass in flank zone</li></li></ul><li>Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />12<br />Attack: actions in final stage of attacks<br /><ul><li>Run of wing midfielder into penalty area and pass to open partner for shot</li></ul>In most situations midfielder played one-two with Lewandowski – examples:<br /><ul><li>Short passes in the central zone between group of midfielders with incisive pass to penalty area. Gundogan actively took part in this combinations
  22. 22. Pass to flank on advancing fullback – pass or low cross into the penalty area. The zone on the flank was opened by the movements of wing midfielder into the center. 4 players (Kagawa, wing midfielders, Lewandowski) attacked the ball in penalty area.
  23. 23. In some situations Kagawa used shoot outside the penalty box from central zone
  24. 24. Perisic usually moved centrally and shoot out of penalty area</li></li></ul><li>13<br />Attack: fast attacks<br />In case of interception of the ball in central zone on own half the team launched fast attacks<br />The structure of the fast attacks:<br />The ball is passed to Lewandowski who hold the ball and passed to Gotze<br />Gotze run with the ball to the penalty box<br />Simultaneously the attacking players (Kagawa or Groskreutz and Lewandowski) and/or one of fullbacks run vertically into the penalty area – like the defense of the opponent is pierced<br />Feature: fullbacks actively took part in fast attacks <br />Attacking players made diagonal runs into penalty area; fullback – in direct run<br />3) Gotze passed the ball for shot into penalty area (in most cases)<br />Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />
  25. 25. 14<br />Attack: key features to be noted<br /><ul><li>Quick increase of players in penalty area of the opponent: as usual 3-4 players waiting for pass or cross
  26. 26. In fast attacks and positional attacks the last pass is delivered diagonally into following zones:
  27. 27. Attacks mostly were performed through right flank – Gotze and Piszchek were more involved
  28. 28. Lewandowski was not good at heading – long balls as the route of the attack is no good option</li></ul>Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />
  29. 29. Twitter: @petrchulkov<br />15<br />Attack: corners<br /><ul><li>Mostly Gotze set corners – aimed the ball to the area of penalty spot (inswing cross).</li></ul>Alternative option was pass the ball to the closest goal post with further sideway flick-on<br /><ul><li>Mostly 5 players were used in corners:
  30. 30. 3 players (Hummels, Santana, Lewandowski) attacked the ball starting from the line of the penalty box
  31. 31. 1 player (Groskreutz or Pizschek) impeded to the goalkeeper
  32. 32. Gundogan and Kagawa were positioned to collect rebounds </li>