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EAL in the mainstream curriculum

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EAL in the mainstream curriculum

  1. 1. EAL in the mainstream curriculum Ritsa Potamitis Paul Burgess we are indebted to Dr Virginia P Rojas
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>our school… issues >> … </li></ul><ul><li>responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>… immersion vs submersion >> … what do we need </li></ul><ul><li>to do? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why didn’t we brainstorm our responsibilities?
  4. 4. “ Lingualisms” <ul><li>bilingualism </li></ul><ul><li>ambilingualism </li></ul><ul><li>additive bilingualism </li></ul><ul><li>subtractive bilingualism >> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Additive bilingualism <ul><li>respect for primary language </li></ul><ul><li>primary and other languages a resource not a hindrance to EAL, e.g. Greek <-> English  </li></ul><ul><li>EAL not a threat to any primary language </li></ul><ul><li>except where there is severe ASD children can be fluent in up to 7 languages </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Can you understand something if you can’t say it? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>How good must their English be? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>How long does it take 90% of learners to achieve fluency? </li></ul><ul><li>5-7 years </li></ul><ul><li>same developmental stages as primary language but times variable </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>For how many years do we need to teach English? </li></ul><ul><li>7 years </li></ul>
  10. 10. Genre/heteroglossia <ul><li>type I …survival words </li></ul><ul><li>type II …tricky words </li></ul><ul><li>type III …specialist vocabulary, e.g. pathetic fallacy </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>opinion vs evidence </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>How can English learners attain language proficiency and academic achievement simultaneously ? </li></ul><ul><li>know our students </li></ul><ul><li>scaffolding </li></ul>
  13. 13. Scaffolding strategies [A] <ul><li>affirm identity …know your students… informal<->SIMS </li></ul><ul><li>annotation …sticky notes…don’t write all over the ****** book [pb]! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Scaffolding strategies [B] <ul><li>biography </li></ul><ul><li>blogging [or journaling ] </li></ul><ul><li>brainstorming </li></ul>
  15. 15. Scaffolding strategies [C] <ul><li>Cloze vocab exercise [fill in the blanks every words] </li></ul><ul><li>compare and contrast </li></ul><ul><li>cooperative learning …wikis, blogs and the read-write web </li></ul><ul><li>cubing …describing-comparing-associating-analyzing-applying-arguing </li></ul><ul><li>cue cards </li></ul>
  16. 16. Scaffolding strategies [D] <ul><li>diversity awareness </li></ul>
  17. 17. Scaffolding strategies [E] <ul><li>etymological awareness …most of the type III English words are Greek, aren’t they? </li></ul><ul><li>extend language </li></ul>
  18. 18. Scaffolding strategies [F] <ul><li>find someone who </li></ul><ul><li>five-minute pause </li></ul><ul><li>four-square vocab chart </li></ul><ul><li>Frayer model </li></ul>
  19. 19. Scaffolding strategies [G] <ul><li>genre … </li></ul><ul><li>tier I …survival words, e.g. toilet </li></ul><ul><li>tier II …polysemous words, e.g. set, ring, bad, slip, run, drive </li></ul><ul><li>tier III …technical/specialist words, e.g. photosynthesis, calculus </li></ul><ul><li>graphic organisers </li></ul>
  20. 20. Scaffolding strategies [H] <ul><li>[smart] highlighting </li></ul>
  21. 21. Scaffolding strategies [I] <ul><li>immersion not submersion </li></ul><ul><li>input, intake, output …formative assessment </li></ul>
  22. 22. Scaffolding strategies [J] <ul><li>jigsaw </li></ul><ul><li>journaling or blogging </li></ul>
  23. 23. Scaffolding strategies [K] <ul><li>KWL …know-want to know-learned </li></ul>
  24. 24. Scaffolding strategies [L] <ul><li>linguistic buddy …be careful </li></ul><ul><li>learning log </li></ul><ul><li>list-classify-identify </li></ul>
  25. 25. Scaffolding strategies [M] <ul><li>mind map </li></ul><ul><li>modelling language </li></ul><ul><li>multiculturalism …diversity as an opportunity not a threat </li></ul>
  26. 26. Scaffolding strategies [N] <ul><li>numbered heads together </li></ul>
  27. 27. Scaffolding strategies [O] <ul><li>opinion diagram </li></ul>
  28. 28. Scaffolding strategies [P] <ul><li>parallel notes </li></ul><ul><li>practice, practice, practice </li></ul><ul><li>prefix mastery …including SI profixes </li></ul><ul><li>presentations </li></ul><ul><li>proximal development …difference between what a learner can do without help and with help </li></ul>
  29. 29. Scaffolding strategies [Q] <ul><li>QAR …question-answer-response </li></ul>
  30. 30. Scaffolding strategies [R] <ul><li>RAFT …role-audience-format-topics </li></ul><ul><li>register </li></ul><ul><li>rehearsing </li></ul><ul><li>rubrics </li></ul><ul><li>reverse word </li></ul>
  31. 31. Scaffolding strategies [S] <ul><li>semantic mapping </li></ul><ul><li>sentence cards </li></ul><ul><li>sentence scaffolds </li></ul><ul><li>simultaneous vs sequential </li></ul><ul><li>story card </li></ul><ul><li>summarising </li></ul>
  32. 32. Scaffolding strategies [T] <ul><li>T-chart </li></ul><ul><li>teach it …if you can teach you’ll recall 90%! </li></ul><ul><li>tic-tac-toe </li></ul><ul><li>tree diagram </li></ul><ul><li>think, pair, share </li></ul>
  33. 33. Scaffolding strategies [U] <ul><li>ummh, errr ;-) </li></ul>
  34. 34. Scaffolding strategies [V] <ul><li>Venn diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>visual association </li></ul><ul><li>vocab first …plan strategies to teach vocab at beginning of unit </li></ul><ul><li>vocab thru context </li></ul>
  35. 35. Scaffolding strategies [W] <ul><li>whizz learners </li></ul><ul><li>word bank </li></ul><ul><li>word walls </li></ul><ul><li>word sort </li></ul><ul><li>writing to develop understanding </li></ul>
  36. 36. Scaffolding strategies [X] <ul><li>ummh, errr ;-) </li></ul>
  37. 37. Scaffolding strategies [Y] <ul><li>ummh, errr ;-) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Scaffolding strategies [Z] <ul><li>ummh, errr ;-) </li></ul>
  39. 39. Resources [in no particular order] <ul><li>books </li></ul><ul><li>inter- and intradepartmental cooperative development </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>line manager </li></ul><ul><li>EAA, ERP, SPB </li></ul><ul><li>weekly “myths fibs and strategies” </li></ul><ul><li>further training </li></ul><ul><li>your willingness to help learners </li></ul>

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