Learner autonomy


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Learner autonomy

  1. 1. Learner autonomy Self Assessment Paul Kelsall
  2. 2. Watch <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_XNG3Mndww&feature=relmfu </li></ul>
  3. 3. How do you learn ? <ul><li>I hear and I forget. </li></ul><ul><li>I see and I remember. </li></ul><ul><li>I do and I understand. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The autonomous person
  5. 5. The autonomous person <ul><li>“ the one who chooses for himself what to think and what to do.” </li></ul><ul><li>Kupfer (1990) </li></ul>
  6. 6. GOAL <ul><li>ADVANCE YOUR INDPENDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>I CAN DO HARD THINGS </li></ul><ul><li>I CAN DO THEM WELL </li></ul>
  7. 7. The path to autonomy <ul><li>Model </li></ul><ul><li>Share </li></ul><ul><li>Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why? <ul><li>Learner involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Learner reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate target setting </li></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = gahvJJFaRLw&feature = youtu.be&a
  9. 9. What? <ul><li>'Autonomy is the ability to take charge of one's own learning' </li></ul><ul><li>(Holec, 1979). </li></ul><ul><li>'Autonomy is a capacity – for detachment, critical reflection, decision-making, and independent action </li></ul><ul><li>(Little, 1990). </li></ul><ul><li>'Autonomy is a situation in which the learner is totally responsible for all the decisions concerned with his/her learning and the implementation of those decisions' </li></ul><ul><li>(Dickinson,1993). </li></ul><ul><li>' A utonomy is characterized by a readiness to take charge of one’s own learning in the service of one’s needs and purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>(Dam 1995:1) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/jonathanlivingstone/learner-autonomy-in-a-nutshell </li></ul>
  10. 10. How? <ul><li>situations in which learners study entirely on their own; </li></ul><ul><li>a set of skills which can be learned and applied in self-directed learning; </li></ul><ul><li>an inborn capacity which is suppressed by institutional education; </li></ul><ul><li>the exercise of learners’ responsibility for their own learning; </li></ul><ul><li>for the right of learners to determine the direction of their own learning </li></ul>
  11. 11. How? <ul><li>Encourage students to be interdependent and to work collectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to keep a diary of their learning experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain teacher/student roles from the outset. </li></ul><ul><li>Progress gradually from interdependence to independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Give the students projects to do outside the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Give the students non-lesson classroom duties to perform (taking roll, writing instructions, notices, etc. on the board for the teacher) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Think of something you are good at I bet you … learnt it by self assessment” </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.geoffpetty.com/selfassess.html </li></ul>
  13. 13. Self assess <ul><li>* set his/her learning goals, identify and develop learning strategies to achieve such goals </li></ul><ul><li>* develop study plans </li></ul><ul><li>* reflect on his/her learning which includes identifying problem areas and means of addressing these problems </li></ul><ul><li>* identify and selects relevant resources and the necessary support </li></ul><ul><li>* assess his/her own progress and define his/her own criteria for evaluating performance and learning (including strategies, materials, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Chan (2001 ) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Disadvantages?
  15. 15. <ul><li>Possible issues </li></ul><ul><li>Validity of student assessment (address this by providing clear learning objectives and marking criteria; have more than one assessor for each piece of work; build in teacher moderation). </li></ul><ul><li>Debate about whether peer assessment should be used for formative assessment only, or can be used summatively. </li></ul><ul><li>Students may allow friendships, rivalry etc, to affect their objectivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Involving students in assessment practices may increase an obsession with grades. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachingexpertise.com/articles/peer-and-self-assessment-2867 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Feedback <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/paulk70/ </li></ul>