Week 7 Cc 1


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Week 7 Cc 1

  1. 1. Copyrights and Creative Commons GPA 1035 Prepared and Presented by Dr. Haggen So Released under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong Licence
  2. 2. Introduction to Copyright in HK 知識產權署 教育與版權 http://www .ipd.gov.hk /chi/education .htm
  3. 3. Other Systems for Legal Use without Clearance Fair Use – Non-exhaustive Model Fair Dealing – Exhaustive Model
  4. 4. Fair Use <ul><li>Applicable in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose and character of use </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of work </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of work being copied </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on market for work </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fair Dealing <ul><li>UK, Commonwealth, HK </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed in Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and private study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism, review and news reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incidental inclusion of copyright material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provisions for disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair dealing for purposes instruction and examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal or Governmental Use </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Fair Dealing (Cont') <ul><li>Within the prescribed categories, 4 points for considerations in Education within HKCO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the purpose and nature of the dealing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the nature of the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and substantiality of the portion dealt with in relation to whole work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the effect on the potential market value of the work </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments <ul><li>Fair Dealing prescribed in HKCO in the 2007 amendment ultimately depends on the interpretation of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines developed by a group of users and copyright owners under the coordination of Intellectual Property Department </li></ul><ul><li>Updated 2004 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Guidelines (Cont.) <ul><li>Articles in newspapers or periodicals - a complete article of any length </li></ul><ul><li>Poems - not more than 250 words </li></ul><ul><li>Stories or essays - not more than 2,500 words </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook - not more than 2% of the number of pages of a textbook in one month, not more than 5% in an academic year </li></ul><ul><li>For articles in periodicals, poems, stories or essays - not more than 3 works from the same author for one course in an academic year </li></ul>
  9. 9. Copyright Clearance <ul><li>Use beyond Fair Dealing – Clearance Required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Reprographic Rights Licensing Society (HKRRLS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Copyright Licensing Association (HKCLA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composers and Authors Society of Hong Kong (CASH) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. CC Video
  11. 11. balance All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved © Creative Commons
  12. 12. Copyright Limitation on Creativity To stimulate more Creativity
  13. 13. Copyright &quot;Copyright Clause&quot; in US Constitution, 1787 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  14. 14. Copyright 1710 Statute of Anna 14+14 yr to 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (Mickey Mouse Protection Act) 95 yr
  15. 15. Prof. Lawrence Lessig
  16. 16. Lessig Raised in a Republican Family Turn Democrat with Outside Exposure
  17. 17. Eldred A Passionate father who wished to encourage reading by putting Classics on the Web Mickey Mouse Protection Act was a show stopper Became a Test Case
  18. 18. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences (Six Contracts)
  19. 19. purpose
  20. 20. licence elements: Attribution 署名 Non-Commercial 非商業性 No Derivative Works 禁止衍生 Share Alike 相同方式共享
  21. 21. the licences Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa) Attribution Non-commercial (by-nc) Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) Attribution Share Alike (by-sa) Attribution (by) 6 variations
  22. 22. 授權條款 署名 非商業性 禁止衍生 (by-nc-nd) 署名 非商業性 相同方式共享 (by-nc-sa) 署名 非商業性 (by-nc) 署名 禁止衍生 (by-nd) 署名 相同方式共享 (by-sa) 署名 (by) 6 個不同條款
  23. 23. three expressions: Human-Readable: Commons Deed Lawyer-Readable: Legal Code Machine-Readable: Digital Code, Metadata
  24. 24. Common Deed 法律條款的摘要
  25. 25. Legal Code 授權條款全文
  26. 26. Digital Code 數碼源碼 <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/&quot;><img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/88x31.png&quot; /></a><br />本 著作 係採用<a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/&quot;>共享創意 署名-非商業性-相同方式共享 3.0 香港 授權條款</a>授權.
  27. 27. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences 2004 台灣創用 CC 2006 中国大陆知识共享 2008 香港共享創意
  28. 28. It all began when the Journalism and Media Studies Centre was willing to take the lead
  29. 29. The first informal meeting was held on 30 July 2007 when Dr. Catharina Maracke, Director of CC International, was in Hong Kong
  30. 30. Localization of Licences The Legal Lead completed Two rounds public consultations CCi approved the localization of six CC licences
  31. 31. Community Outreach CC presentations at different occasions Production of CC Education Kit with interviews from renowned artist, composer, writer and IT expert
  32. 32. Pre-Launch Event &quot;Free Culture and Free Society: Can the West Love Both?&quot; The Inaugural Lee Shu Pui Leung Wai Hing Distinguished Lecture in Digital Media A lecture hosted by JMSC, HKU held on 24 Oct. with Lessig giving a lecture to the general public
  33. 34. Launch on 25 Oct ! ! HKICC Lee Shau Kee School of Creativity
  34. 38. Media Coverage More than 20 Articles in various Newspapers Several Radio interviews Lessig's interview was broadcast on TV
  35. 39. Highlights of Adoption OpenRadio MySinaBlog Kwun Tong Culture and Histories RTHK
  36. 40. OpenRadio
  37. 41. MySinaBlog
  38. 42. Kwun Tong Culture and Histories
  39. 43. RTHK Video
  40. 44. Queensland Example
  41. 45. Dual-Licensing <ul><li>The author still own the copyright even after licensed under a CC licence </li></ul><ul><li>Can negotiate other terms with any parties </li></ul><ul><li>Successful example: Magnatune http:/ /magnatune .com/ </li></ul>
  42. 46. Local Adoption Language Type Usage: 30 Apr Usage: 13 Aug % Chg English by 13,620 15,479 13.65% English by-nc 40,259 42,628 5.88% English by-nc-nd 72,466 87,679 20.99% English by-nc-sa 70,488 81,117 15.08% English by-nd 11,053 14,259 29.01% English by-sa 7,927 10,739 35.47% Chinese by 71 73 2.82% Chinese by-nc 2,834 3,635 28.26% Chinese by-nc-nd 1,488 1,952 31.18% Chinese by-nc-sa 1,393 2,920 109.62% Chinese by-nd 91 143 57.14% Chinese by-sa 98 93 -5.10%   Total 221,788 260,717 17.55%
  43. 47. Growth of CC Works Worldwide
  44. 48. Search CC Licensed Works http://hk.creativecommons.org/
  45. 49. Search CC Licensed Works http://search.creativecommons.org/
  46. 50. License Your Works in CC http://hk.creativecommons.org/
  47. 51. Problems <ul><li>Practical – InMediaHK </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical – What is the Commons? </li></ul>
  48. 52. InMediaHK
  49. 53. Philosophical – What is the Commons? <ul><li>Compatibility between Licences - Commons without Commonality </li></ul><ul><li>Problems highlighted in Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul>
  50. 54. Conclusion <ul><li>The current copyright system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-developed and Complicated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably biased towards the Establishment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify the System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the Respect of Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage Creativity </li></ul></ul>
  51. 55. Image Credits OpenRadio Screen Capture, from http://openradiohk.com/, released under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative 3.0 HK Licence MySinaBlog Screen Capture from http://mysinablog.com/, used by permission
  52. 56. Image Credits Kwun Tong Culture and Histories Screen Capture, from http://www.kwuntongculture.hk/, permission through fair dealing
  53. 57. Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance, from http://www.hklii.org/hk/legis/en/ord/528/ Director of Intellectual Property (2004) Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments, from http://www.ipd.gov.hk/eng/intellectual_property/copyright/workshop/clarifying/Eng_guidelines_2_Aug_04.pdf Other Credits
  54. 58. Rebecca McKinnon (2008). Creative Commons: Copyright in the digital age for Greater China and Hong Kong, from http://www.slideshare.net/rmackinnon/cc-hku-129484, released under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Unported Licence Other Credits
  55. 59. Queensland Spatial Information Council, 2008, Presentation - CC Tech Summit Government Information Licensing Framework - a multidisciplinary project improving access to Public Sector Information, Queensland Government, Brisbane http://www.gilf.gov.au/files/file/Resources/CC_Tech_Presentation.pdf Other Credits