Creative Commons @ CopyCamp 2006


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Creative Commons @ CopyCamp 2006

  1. 1. CopyCamp 2006-09 TO Mike Linksvayer, CTO
  2. 2. Four Different Projects <ul><li>Creative “Culture” Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HQ in SF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main project since 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons International </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based in Berlin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started in 2003 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Four Different Projects (cont.) <ul><li>Science Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based in Mass. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started late 2004/early 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>iCommons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based in Johannesburg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started early 2005 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. About Creative Commons <ul><li>Non-profit started in December 2002 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to promoting reasonable copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Makes available standard licenses and tools that enable creators to make their works available on more flexible terms </li></ul><ul><li>Enables “some rights reserved”, rather than “all rights reserved” </li></ul><ul><li>Uses private, voluntary tools to create a public good - more freely* available content </li></ul>
  5. 5. About Science Commons <ul><li>Started late 2004/2005 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to promoting the sharing of knowledge and learning in academics and the sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Three project areas: publishing, data, socially responsible licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Similar model to Creative Commons - standard licenses and tools to promote more humane, efficient & equitable access to scientific research </li></ul>
  6. 6. About CCi <ul><li>Dedicated to the legal porting of Creative Commons standard licenses </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Legal porting involves the literal and legal translation of the licenses suitable for the jurisdiction in question </li></ul><ul><li>18 jurisdictions have already ported our licenses </li></ul><ul><li>In total, in talks with 70 jurisdictions about porting </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. About iCommons <ul><li>Separate legal entity, different Board </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to develop the international community around our licenses </li></ul><ul><li>Translate and port our tools such as ccMixter, ccPublisher </li></ul><ul><li>Support and generate ‘events’ such as Wired Remix contest etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is Creative Commons about? <ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable copyright </li></ul><ul><li>ready-made legal and technical toolkits to enable creators to get their works ‘out there’ on more flexible terms </li></ul><ul><li>To enable ‘clearly signaling’ of permitted uses so that users know what use they make may of that work </li></ul>
  9. 9. Copyright? <ul><li>Law designed to govern creative and expressive works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To encourage creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applies to certain categories of works </li></ul><ul><li>Applies automatically upon fixation of a creative work to tangible form </li></ul><ul><li>Grants copyright owner a bundle of exclusive rights </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>applies to: </li></ul>
  11. 12. What is the problem Creative Commons is trying to solve? <ul><li>Copyright automatically applies to creative, expressive works upon fixation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some people don’t know this = unwitting infringer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some people do = too scared to use a work interpretatively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital technologies revolutionized how creative works are made, made available and used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything a computer can see, a computer can copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The very essence of copy right is implicated by digital technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals can produce and reuse works in entirely new ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction to this phenomenon has been polarized </li></ul></ul>
  12. 16. How? <ul><li>Nonprofit organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based in San Francisco, offices in Berlin & Johannesburg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ported to 23 jurisdictions by volunteers (and growing) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offering legal and technical toolkits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CC Licenses : staple or customized licenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish : for creators and their licensors to publish content under CC licenses & others to reuse it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find: for the general public to search for CC licensed content that they can use, copy and build on </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Core Licensing Suite: Creator/Licensor chooses license options NonCommercial No Derivatives ShareAlike Every Creative Commons licenses allows the world to copy and distribute a work provided that the licensee credits the creator/licensor In addition creator/licensor may apply the following conditions:
  14. 19. Simple License Generator Answer ~two simple questions to choose a license.
  15. 20. License is produced in three different formats
  16. 21. Logo is Placed on the Content
  17. 22. Logo Links to the Commons Deed
  18. 23. Commons Deed Links to the Legal Code
  19. 24. Important aspects of the Creative Commons Licenses <ul><li>Expressly drafted not to limit fair use rights </li></ul><ul><li>A non-exclusive, irrevocable public license </li></ul><ul><li>CC licensor enters into a separate license agreement with each user </li></ul><ul><li>License runs with the work, recipient may not apply technological measures or conditions that limit another recipients rights under the license </li></ul><ul><li>No warranties </li></ul><ul><li>License terminates immediately upon breach </li></ul><ul><li>Licensor may withdraw the work at any time </li></ul>
  20. 25. Current State of Creative Commons international <ul><ul><ul><li>… in talks with volunteers in 70 countries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 27. ccPublisher for publishing audio and video
  22. 28. Internet Archive Free Hosting for CC works
  23. 29. ccPublisher: free and easy publishing of audio and video
  24. 30. Choose a license
  25. 31. Upload your file
  26. 32. Get a download URL
  27. 33. Your work is online at the Internet Archive
  28. 35.
  29. 36. Searchability Relies on Metadata
  30. 42. Beastie Boys / Now Get Busy
  31. 43. Trifonic / Bored on Your Backside
  32. 44. T he A E xperience to date <ul><li>Who are the CC-license adopters? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The idealist who agrees with the principle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The educator for whom sharing ideas & building on knowledge is their objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The pragmatist who is starting out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The artist for whom sampling & recontextualization is their artform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The citizen journalist </li></ul></ul>
  33. 45. M yth-busting <ul><li>Myth: Creative Commons licenses prevent creators earning $$ from their work </li></ul><ul><li>Experience: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CC-licenses are about what others do with your work, not you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CC-licenses do not contain a royalty provision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CC licensed work can get you noticed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CC-license a work in a different format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CC-license a work to get it noticed to sign a commercial deal for that work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CC-license a work to get it noticed to sign a commercial deal for future deals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 46. Small fish, big pond <ul><li>~53,000,000 web pages link to a license </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 295 pages indexed by Yahoo’s </li></ul><ul><li>One third increase in past 3mths </li></ul>
  35. 49. adoption across all creative spheres
  36. 52. A … changing culture one copyright license at a time …
  37. 53. Useful pages <ul><li>Our sites </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up an RSS feed for both blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best way to navigate our site: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cool graphics & movies that explain us </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 54. Other Useful Resources <ul><li>Legal concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Meet the licenses page </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Developers’ page </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>US Copyright Office - Copyright Basics </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>World Intellectual Property Organization </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 55. <ul><ul><li>© </li></ul></ul>Absolute Control v. Anarchy All rights reserved No rights reserved
  40. 56. <ul><ul><li>© </li></ul></ul>Absolute Control v. Anarchy No All rights reserved No rights reserved Some rights reserved Reasonable Copyright