Creative Commons Presentation at UST


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Creative Commons Presentation at the University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong on 18 Jul 2009

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  • 法律條款的摘要
  • Creative Commons Presentation at UST

    1. 1. Introduction to Creative Commons ISOM 110 Summer 2009 Presented by Dr. Haggen So Project Manager Creative Commons Hong Kong
    2. 2. CC Video
    3. 3. Copyright Limitation on Creativity To stimulate more Creativity
    4. 4. Copyright "Copyright Clause" in US Constitution, 1787 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
    5. 5. Copyright 1710 Statute of Anna 14+14 yr to 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (Mickey Mouse Protection Act) 95 yr
    6. 6. Eldred A Passionate father who wished to encourage reading by putting Classics on the Web Mickey Mouse Protection Act was a show stopper
    7. 7. Prof. Lawrence Lessig
    8. 8. Lessig Originally interested in US Constitution Trying to help Eldred Using the "Copyright Clause" But Failed
    9. 9. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences (Six Contracts)
    10. 10. licence elements: Attribution 署名 Non-Commercial 非商業性 No Derivative Works 禁止衍生 Share Alike 相同方式共享
    11. 11. the licences Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa) Attribution Non-commercial (by-nc) Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) Attribution Share Alike (by-sa) Attribution (by) 6 variations
    12. 12. 授權條款 署名 非商業性 禁止衍生 (by-nc-nd) 署名 非商業性 相同方式共享 (by-nc-sa) 署名 非商業性 (by-nc) 署名 禁止衍生 (by-nd) 署名 相同方式共享 (by-sa) 署名 (by) 6 個不同條款
    13. 13. three expressions: Human-Readable: Commons Deed Lawyer-Readable: Legal Code Machine-Readable: Digital Code, Metadata
    14. 14. Common Deed 法律條款的摘要
    15. 15. Legal Code 授權條款全文
    16. 16. Digital Code 數碼源碼 <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;;><img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;; /></a><br />本 著作 係採用<a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;;>共享創意 署名-非商業性-相同方式共享 3.0 香港 授權條款</a>授權.
    17. 17. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences 2004 台灣創用 CC 2006 中国大陆知识共享 2008 香港共享創意
    18. 18. It all began when the Journalism and Media Studies Centre was willing to take the lead
    19. 19. The first informal meeting was held on 30 July 2007 when Dr. Catharina Maracke, Director of CC International, was in Hong Kong
    20. 20. Localization of Licences The Legal Lead completed Two rounds public consultations CCi approved the localization of six CC licences
    21. 21. Community Outreach CC presentations at different occasions Production of CC Education Kit with interviews from renowned artist, composer, writer and IT expert
    22. 22. Pre-Launch Event &quot;Free Culture and Free Society: Can the West Love Both?&quot; The Inaugural Lee Shu Pui Leung Wai Hing Distinguished Lecture in Digital Media A lecture hosted by JMSC, HKU held on 24 Oct. with Lessig giving a lecture to the general public
    23. 24. Launch on 25 Oct ! ! HKICC Lee Shau Kee School of Creativity
    24. 28. Media Coverage More than 20 Articles in various Newspapers Several Radio interviews Lessig's interview was broadcast on TV
    25. 29. Highlights of Adoption OpenRadio MySinaBlog Kwun Tong Culture and Histories RTHK
    26. 30. OpenRadio
    27. 31. MySinaBlog
    28. 32. Kwun Tong Culture and Histories
    29. 33. 漫有引力 Let's Draw Together!
    30. 34. Search CC Licensed Works
    31. 35. Search CC Licensed Works
    32. 36. License Your Works in CC
    33. 37. Other Systems for Legal Use without Clearance Fair Use – Non-exhaustive Model Fair Dealing – Exhaustive Model
    34. 38. Fair Use <ul><li>Applicable in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose and character of use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non commercial, educational - Fair use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nature of work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factual rather than creative - Fair use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amount of work being copied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot be too much of the entire work - Fair use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effect on market for work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should not negatively affect sales of original work - Fair use </li></ul></ul>
    35. 39. Fair Dealing <ul><li>UK, Commonwealth, HK </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed in Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and private study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism, review and news reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incidental inclusion of copyright material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provisions for disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair dealing for purposes instruction and examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal or Governmental Use </li></ul></ul>
    36. 40. Fair Dealing (Cont') <ul><li>Within the prescribed categories, 4 points for considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the purpose and nature of the dealing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the nature of the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and substantiality of the portion dealt with in relation to whole work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the effect on the potential market value of the work </li></ul></ul>
    37. 41. Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments <ul><li>Fair Dealing prescribed in HKCO in the 2007 amendment ultimately depends on the interpretation of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines developed by a group of users and copyright owners under the coordination of Intellectual Property Department </li></ul><ul><li>Updated 2004 </li></ul>
    38. 42. Guidelines (Cont.) <ul><li>Articles in newspapers or periodicals - a complete article of any length </li></ul><ul><li>Poems - not more than 250 words </li></ul><ul><li>Stories or essays - not more than 2,500 words </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook - not more than 2% of the number of pages of a textbook in one month, not more than 5% in an academic year </li></ul><ul><li>For articles in periodicals, poems, stories or essays - not more than 3 works from the same author for one course in an academic year </li></ul>
    39. 43. Copyright Clearance <ul><li>Use beyond Fair Dealing – Clearance Required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Reprographic Rights Licensing Society (HKRRLS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Copyright Licensing Association (HKCLA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composers and Authors Society of Hong Kong (CASH) </li></ul></ul>
    40. 44. Conclusion <ul><li>The current copyright system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-developed and Complicated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably biased towards the Establishment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify the System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the Respect of Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage Creativity </li></ul></ul>
    41. 45. Image Credits OpenRadio Screen Capture, from, released under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative 3.5 HK Licence MySinaBlog Screen Capture from, used by permission
    42. 46. Image Credits Kwun Tong Culture and Histories Screen Capture, from, permission through fair dealing RTHK Let's Draw Together! Screen Capture, from, permission through fair dealing
    43. 47. Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance, from Director of Intellectual Property (2004) Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments, from Other Credits
    44. 48. Rebecca McKinnon (2008). Creative Commons: Copyright in the digital age for Greater China and Hong Kong, from, released under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Unported Licence Other Credits