Iain Wallace Spoken Word Services www.spokenword.ac.uk
Why I am here? <ul><li>Bringing the BBC to your iPod: </li></ul><ul><li>copyright challenges in a global </li></ul><ul><li...
Background <ul><li>Origins as part of JISC-NSF DLIC Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with the BBC and Northwestern ...
The vision <ul><li>‘ …  to provide access to rich, authentic digital audio and video resources for Higher Education’   </l...
The Challenge <ul><li>- to enable international Scholarly Communication </li></ul><ul><li>- while protecting the rights of...
Content Information & Archives inventory 1.5 million items of film and videotape 750,000 radio recordings 3 million photog...
Content <ul><li>**** Selection led by pedagogic needs of academic collaborators ****; currently approx 1000 programmes, 60...
Content <ul><li>Non BBC materials include a range of  recorded materials from GCU and partner institutions </li></ul><ul><...
Collaborations
Some examples in practice <ul><li>Towards an international Community of Practice …. </li></ul><ul><li>- English Language a...
Rights Overview <ul><li>Tactical exploitation of the BBC archive </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery and implementation - deposit a...
Tactical exploitation <ul><li>Avoid: music; drama; literature - and poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Performance rights, publisher...
Agreements <ul><li>Glasgow Caledonian University and the BBC agreed:- </li></ul><ul><li>A legal Deposit Agreement </li></u...
Legal Deposit Agreement <ul><li>BBC retains the rights in ALL materials including metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement giv...
Spoken Word End-User Licence Agreement   <ul><li>Colloquial English - written by a lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Users must reg...
Radical Active Clearance <ul><li>Procedures  </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, trace and contact third parties  </li></ul><ul><l...
Summary <ul><li>Tactical collection to minimise the risk of breaching rights; </li></ul><ul><li>A Legal Deposit Agreement ...
Remaining Challenges <ul><li>Time and expense – comprehensive 3 rd  party rights clearance model not easily scalable. Move...
Further Information <ul><li>Spoken Word Services </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.spokenword.ac.uk   </li></ul><ul><li>Digital...
Contact <ul><li>Iain Wallace </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Services Development Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>E:  [email_address...
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Bringing the BBC to your iPod: copyright challenges in a global educational context

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Presentation from Iain Wallace to JISC RepRODUCE Programme Start-Up Meeting. Aston Business School, Birmingham, February 20th 2008.

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Bringing the BBC to your iPod: copyright challenges in a global educational context

  1. 1. Iain Wallace Spoken Word Services www.spokenword.ac.uk
  2. 2. Why I am here? <ul><li>Bringing the BBC to your iPod: </li></ul><ul><li>copyright challenges in a global </li></ul><ul><li>educational context </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><li>Origins as part of JISC-NSF DLIC Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with the BBC and Northwestern and Michigan State Universities in US </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing learning through provision of access to authentic digital audio and video resources </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy, Content and Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary </li></ul><ul><li>Based within Learner Support, The Saltire Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Find us at www.spokenword.ac.uk </li></ul>
  4. 4. The vision <ul><li>‘ … to provide access to rich, authentic digital audio and video resources for Higher Education’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Challenge <ul><li>- to enable international Scholarly Communication </li></ul><ul><li>- while protecting the rights of those involved in content production </li></ul>
  6. 6. Content Information & Archives inventory 1.5 million items of film and videotape 750,000 radio recordings 3 million photographs 1.2 million commercial recordings 4 million items of sheet music 22 million newspaper cuttings 550,000 document files 20,000 rolls of microfilm 500,000 phonetic pronunciations
  7. 7. Content <ul><li>**** Selection led by pedagogic needs of academic collaborators ****; currently approx 1000 programmes, 600 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Content primarily but not exclusively from the BBC Radio and Television Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Spoken Word material – historical and contemporary news, interviews, politics, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of drama, music, performance – complex rights issues </li></ul><ul><li>Initial focus on Humanities and Social Sciences, but discipline range now broad </li></ul><ul><li>Initial focus on audio only, but now including material from TV archives too </li></ul>
  8. 8. Content <ul><li>Non BBC materials include a range of recorded materials from GCU and partner institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Oral history materials </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Expert seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Important institutional events e.g. graduation ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Different licenses used – Creative Commons </li></ul>
  9. 9. Collaborations
  10. 10. Some examples in practice <ul><li>Towards an international Community of Practice …. </li></ul><ul><li>- English Language at Bologna </li></ul><ul><li>- Political Economy at Stirling and Glasgow Caledonian </li></ul><ul><li>- Social work and Social Policy at Glasgow Caledonian </li></ul><ul><li>- Anthropology (History of India) at Columbia </li></ul><ul><li>- History (impact of technology since 1945) at Northwestern </li></ul><ul><li>- Law and Ethics at Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>- Hospitality Management at Strathclyde </li></ul><ul><li>- Media Ethics at Glasgow Caledonian (show) </li></ul><ul><li>- Women in British Politics at Kansas State </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rights Overview <ul><li>Tactical exploitation of the BBC archive </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery and implementation - deposit and serving from GCU repository </li></ul><ul><li>Users and permissions </li></ul><ul><li>Third party rights and permissions - coping with the 1988 Copyright Act </li></ul><ul><li>Remaining Challenges </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tactical exploitation <ul><li>Avoid: music; drama; literature - and poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Performance rights, publishers, agents, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Favour broadcast materials which are at least 50 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Favour materials from before 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt third party clearance..... </li></ul>
  13. 13. Agreements <ul><li>Glasgow Caledonian University and the BBC agreed:- </li></ul><ul><li>A legal Deposit Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>An informal Memorandum of Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow Caledonian University developed a legal End-User Agreement based on this Deposit Agreement </li></ul>
  14. 14. Legal Deposit Agreement <ul><li>BBC retains the rights in ALL materials including metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement gives GCU WORLDWIDE permissions </li></ul><ul><li>to display </li></ul><ul><li>to stream </li></ul><ul><li>to make downloads for individual study purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Provisional temporal permissions </li></ul><ul><li>Limited to “educational users” </li></ul><ul><li>GCU requirement to handle third party rights </li></ul>
  15. 15. Spoken Word End-User Licence Agreement <ul><li>Colloquial English - written by a lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Users must register and agree to it to access the media </li></ul><ul><li>Simple password protection </li></ul><ul><li>End users can link to streams and download; BUT they cannot re-serve these downloaded materials </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Normally, this page is filled with incredible amounts of fine print legal mumbo-jumbo. We at the Spoken Word suspect that most of you would rather read this agreement in English instead of “legalese”. With this in mind, our friendly lawyer has written a somewhat non-standard licence agreement … </li></ul><ul><li>OK, it goes like this… you just accessed our materials archive, for which we are truly grateful (after all, your interest keeps us in business)….’ </li></ul>
  16. 16. Radical Active Clearance <ul><li>Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, trace and contact third parties </li></ul><ul><li>Request permissions </li></ul><ul><li>Present outcomes and request the comments of experts </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Tracing participants </li></ul><ul><li>We have attempted to trace 659 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Failed to make contact with 278 </li></ul><ul><li>Had replies from 250 </li></ul><ul><li>Currently attempting 131 (46 of these we are in dialogue with) </li></ul><ul><li>Refusals and confusions </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry: 14 refusals or acceptable conditions </li></ul><ul><li>General: 4 refusals or acceptable conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Confusions: &quot;What did I say?  Can I listen to that? etc&quot; &quot;I don't have any rights! Talk to the BBC...“ </li></ul><ul><li>Permissions </li></ul><ul><li>        246 signed our permissions form with no reservations or conditions </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summary <ul><li>Tactical collection to minimise the risk of breaching rights; </li></ul><ul><li>A Legal Deposit Agreement to transfer the risk of third party infringement and non-educational use from the BBC to GCU; </li></ul><ul><li>A User License to place obligations of appropriate and agreed use on those who register to access our materials; </li></ul><ul><li>A Permissions Letter seeking rights to re-publish from third party participants; </li></ul><ul><li>Due diligence in seeking out participants; </li></ul><ul><li>Some indemnity through University insurance; </li></ul><ul><li>Some protection of the resources by the use of registration with a user name and password </li></ul>
  18. 18. Remaining Challenges <ul><li>Time and expense – comprehensive 3 rd party rights clearance model not easily scalable. Move to ‘cease and desist’ model? </li></ul><ul><li>Need for better (federated) user authorisation and authentication system – Shibboleth </li></ul><ul><li>Added value content (repurposing) must be under same legal arrangements and on our servers </li></ul><ul><li>Storing user generated content? Creative Commons? </li></ul><ul><li>Are our current procedures sufficient? Questions/Comments? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Further Information <ul><li>Spoken Word Services </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.spokenword.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Libraries in the Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>(including project videos) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/programme_dlitc.aspx </li></ul>
  20. 20. Contact <ul><li>Iain Wallace </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Services Development Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>E: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>T: 0141 273 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>W: http://www.spokenword.ac.uk </li></ul>

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