This presentation discusses examples of how open government initiatives have enabled innovation to occur with citizens and developers worldwide.In particular, this presentation focuses on open data projects that run on the Windows Azure Cloud platform.
VanPark2010 was built for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.At that time, parking information was spread amongst several web sites – City and Commercial companies.There was no centralized portal for visitors to Vancouver to see where to park for Olympic venues.The City of Vancouver published location of City parking meters but no commercial parking data.Commercial companies would not publish City parking information.It took a 3rd-party developer to COMBINE the City data with the commercial parking data because he was independent.This is an example of innovation where neither the City, nor the commercial parking companies were likely to build this application (none of them had ALL the data).
In 2009, Washington DC ran an open data competition - Apps for Democracy. This competition produced 47 citizen-built apps in 30 days. DC calculated if they had to build these apps themselves, it would cost them in excess of $2.3M.
Cloud Computing provides distinct benefits for open data projects:Cloud has a very low-entry cost (near zero)Cloud is highly scalable. Very cost-effective no matter how much data you publish or how many citizens use that data.Cloud is open. You can share data using open data protocols enabling app developers to code with whatever tools they desire e.g. PHP, Ruby, Python, .NETMinimal impact on your existing infrastructure. Using Cloud, it doesn’t matter how many citizens use your service – this does not affect your IT infrastructure.
This is a good example of Cloud being used for small scale open data projects. Medicine Hat is a City in Canada with a population of 63K. They built this open data portal using Cloud-based open source tools (Open Government Data Initiative – OGDI) in a ‘few days’ with no CAPEX expenditure at a monthly running cost of est. <$250/mon.
San Francisco used the Cloud to provide a citizen portal for their Open311 service.
In May 2012, the US Government published it’s digital government strategy. It makes reference to the ‘app economy’ and cited San Francisco as an example of transit services being built by citizens which provide greater value than the City itself could build. The City fuels this app economy by simply publishing the data.
Governments have an incredible opportunity to drive smart innovation and create new business and stimulate economic growth.Simply by sharing data assets to the public, the Government organization can generate considerably more value beyond the cost of providing the service.This can be done quickly and cost-effectively and in a very open way using Cloud computing.
The Government of Colombia used the Open Government Data Initiative (OGDI) to publish data to demonstrate to citizens of Colombia they were committed to transparency and openness in Government.
Another advantage of Cloud is that it provides an excellent platform for combining open data with Big Data at low cost.A good example of this is with UK data.gov.uk where the UK Gov open data platform uses Windows Azure to publish UK national meteorological (weather) data on an hourly basis at minimal cost.
14 gayler open data open innovation open cloud - vienna ogd oct12b
Open Data Open Innovation and the CloudThe Business Case for Open Data http://www.microsoft.com/opengov OGD Konferenz, Wien Sep 2012
Open Data andAgenda Case Studies Business Value What can we learn?• Open Data• Value of „open innovation‟ The Cloud as• The Cloud enabler
“Value of 47 open data apps Apps for Democracy initiative” Cost toAnnual Cost of Open Data Savings by CDN Washington DCto Gov’t of Australia Government for 47 apps
VanPark2010Open Government with Commercial Data 2010 Winter Olympics Parking App Cloud Combines City parking data Commercial parking data http://www.vanpark2010.ca
Apps for Democracy$2.3MValue of 47 open data apps to Washington DC at acost of $50,000 in 30 days www.appsfordemocracy.org
EveryBlock.com“EveryBlock‟s hype „definitely faded‟, but more popular than ever” – Adrian Holovaty, Aug 2012 Neighbourhood News and Chat Founded in 2007 16 Cities in USA $1.1M Knight Foundation Grant 2009 Sold to msnbc.com
Country Data Type Estimated Refs Business Value 7Australia GIS/Spatial €5.2Bn 4Australia Statistics €19M 7Denmark Energy/Construction €540M 5England/Wales Local Geospatial €400M 7Ireland National €83M 7Spain National €550M 5UK GIS/Met/Mapping €7.5Bn 7USA Meteorological €309M
Australian National Data Service„Costs and Benefits of Public Sector Data Provision‟ (2011) Victoria Benefit vs. Cost University Study Ratio = 5:1!* Australia Bureau of Statistics Data *Ratio varies by data/sector type e.g. 5:1 < 25:1
Open Data and the CloudOpen Government and Open Innovation Cloud is Open for developers Low entry cost Drive Innovation Build quickly Minimal infrastructure Highly scalable Data agility *Graphic courtesy techlabs.com http://www.microsoft.com/opengov
City of Medicine HatOpen Government with the Cloud Open Data Catalogue Alberta, Canada Cloud Catalogue built in „few days‟ Minimal CAPEX Ultra-low cost http://data.medicinehat.ca
City of San FranciscoOpen Data with the Cloud 311 Citizen Call Open311 Center Cloud Citizens can report and track non-emergency incidents http://www.heygov.com/default.aspx?MapID=SanFran311
systems—more services than thecity could provide if it focused on presentation developmentrather than opening the data publicly through web services
„Business‟ Opportunity for Open DataOpen Government, Open Innovation and The Cloud Deliver better Enable new services at lower innovative cost (*Ratio) applications and Stimulate services business and (SLA) economic growth Enable Industry and developers to Citizen consume your Enhance Engagement open data competitiveness
http://austriaogd.cloudapp.net http://govdata.eu "How Open Data Saved Canada $3.2Bn" "Open Data - An Engine for Innovation" “On to the Next Chapter“ “Costs and Benefits ofData Provision "Economic Impact of Open Data" "Is There A Business Case For Open Government Data?“ "Open Data and Economic Growth“ “PSI Re-Use and Related Market Developments”