Talking Points: As citizens or businesses we want to be served and treated as individuals, where and when we want, to be told in advance about issues that may affect me. Citizens Engagements.. examples of citizen driven initiatives such as NetMums http://www.netmums.com/, FixMyStreet, HeyGov... For workers we want to provide tools that reflect their work styles, in terms of information access, mobile working and collaboration capabilities. And as Leaders and Executives we need to have information that really drives operational excellence deeper insight and strategic decision making. Collectively if we can help to achieve these for any government then we can expect an engaged community, a motivated and productive workforce and an attractive place to invest and do business in.
Consumerization: The capability is ubiquitous. Consumers how have more client computing power than enterprise workers. Cloud: The world is flat... reduced upfront investments, reduced barrier for global presence, reduced barriers for market entry. Data explosion: Data as a Service, Govt as a platform, but also Information Continuum (Gartner): NGOs and citizens have their own views and version of truth... see our two case studies.
Open Data projects can be found around the world. Governments share open data which creates opportunities for citizens and 3 rd -party developers to build new innovative applications and services. Open data standards enable data to be shared across technology platforms, internally and externally, and independent of access devices. The Microsoft technology platform makes extensive use of the Odata protocol. Built on standards such as HTTP, JSON and AtomPub, OData is a Web protocol for unlocking and sharing data — freeing it from silos that exist in some software applications today. The OData protocol supports serialization in multiple popular formats, including JSON and Atom/XML. With OData, developers are able to build cross-platform Web and mobile applications. Based on that demand, Citrix Systems Inc., IBM Corp., Microsoft Corp., Progress Software, SAP AG and WSO2 are proposing an Open Data Protocol (OData) Technical Committee (TC) in the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS), an international open standards consortium. Citrix, EastBanc Technologies and Viecore FSD, among many others, have recently demonstrated OData applications, and hundreds of interested parties are registered on the http://www.odata.org open community mail list.
Open data publishing works within the operational realm of Government information, insight and accountability. The Microsoft technology platform makes extensive use of the Odata protocol. Built on standards such as HTTP, JSON and AtomPub, OData is a Web protocol for unlocking and sharing data — freeing it from silos that exist in some software applications today. The OData protocol supports serialization in multiple popular formats, including JSON and Atom/XML. With OData, developers are able to build cross-platform Web and mobile applications. Based on that demand, Citrix Systems Inc., IBM Corp., Microsoft Corp., Progress Software, SAP AG and WSO2 are proposing an Open Data Protocol (OData) Technical Committee (TC) in the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS), an international open standards consortium. Citrix, EastBanc Technologies and Viecore FSD, among many others, have recently demonstrated OData applications, and hundreds of interested parties are registered on the http://www.odata.org open community mail list.
Cloud Computing provides distinct benefits for open data projects: Cloud has a very low-entry cost (near zero) Cloud is highly scalable. Very cost-effective no matter how much data you publish or how many citizens use that data. Cloud is open. You can share data using open data protocols enabling app developers to code with whatever tools they desire e.g. PHP, Ruby, Python, .NET Minimal impact on your existing infrastructure. Using Cloud, it doesn’t matter how many citizens use your service – this does not affect your IT infrastructure.
Eye on Earth is a project run by the European Environment Agency which publishes Air, Water, and Noise quality data enabling citizens to rate the quality of that data via any SMS-enabled device.
Another advantage of Cloud is that it provides an excellent platform for combining open data with Big Data at low cost. A good example of this is with UK http://data.gov.uk where the UK Gov open data platform uses Windows Azure to publish UK national meteorological (weather) data on an hourly basis at minimal cost. UK Met Office Weather Data on data.gov.uk o 5,000 UK locations o Hourly forecasts: daily + 5 days, 3hrly + 5 days o Approx 250 million rows per hour of data o UK SME: dotnetsolutions MGXFY13 11/28/12
These are Windows 8 open data apps available from the Windows 8 App Store
Most Governments start their open data initiative by building an open data catalog – the Cloud is an ideal platform for this. This is a typical OGDI/DataLab open data catalog hosted on Windows Azure built for EU data.
Windows Azure DataMarket is one solution for publishing data for commercial and non-commercial purposes.
A powerful aspect of publishing data in Windows Azure DataMarket is the seamless way data can be shared to/from Office tools such as Microsoft Excel, using PowerPivot.
Open data can be combined with business performance data to produce a Government ‘Dashboard’ as in this example of a Windows 8 dashboard for City of Barcelona. MGXFY13 11/28/12
Governments have an incredible opportunity to drive smart innovation and create new business and stimulate economic growth. Simply by sharing data assets to the public, the Government organization can generate considerably more value beyond the cost of providing the service. This can be done quickly and cost-effectively and in a very open way using Cloud computing. *Early open data projects indicate a cost/benefit ratio of around 5:1 depending upon data and service type (with geo-spatial data driving ratios of up to 20:1)
Open Data Open Innovation and The Cloud gayler berlin nov12
Open Data, Open Innovationand The Cloud Mark Gayler – firstname.lastname@example.org Open Software Lead – www.microsoft.com/openness Summit of New Thinking – Berlin, Nov 2012
Expectations are ChangingCitizens expect… Personalized, quality services wherever they are Engagement in issues that affect them Their privacy and security respectedWorkers expect… Tools that follow their work style Workplaces that support the devices they use Social tools to help them collaborate across boundariesLeaders expect… The ability to consult with constituents wherever they are Insight and performance management Competitive environment, attracting investments
Exploiting the Latest Technology Trends Extracting business value from technology… Cloud ComputingConsumerization Data Explosion
Open Government Data Share public data for transparency, participation, and stimulate new services based on the data Scenarios Utilization • Mash-up data to create data feeds • Reuse data internally across agencies • Publish feeds into Open Data Catalogues • Stimulate public innovation • Develop applications that consume data • Improve citizen services4
Country Data Type Estimated Business ValueAustralia GIS/Spatial €5.2BnAustralia Statistics €19MDenmark Energy/Construction €540MEngland/Wales Local Geospatial €400MIreland National €83MSpain National €550MUK GIS/Met/Mapping €7.5BnUSA Meteorological €309M
Open Government Data Scenarios Public Websites Citizen Agency Geographic Community Data Information Systems Developer Performance Management Civil Servant Open GovernmentAdvanced Analytics Internal Data Open Data DataFor Government Analysis Reporting Data Catalog Data feeds Services Integration Services Services API Search tools Government Data Enterprise Interoperability Information Government ERP Management LOB Apps Hierarchical Flat files oData Feeds 7
Open Data and the Cloud Cloud is Open for Innovation developers Low entry cost Accelerator Build quickly Minimal infrastructure Highly scalable Data agility*Graphic courtesy techlabs.com http://www.windowsazure.com
Localized in 26 Languageswww.eyeonearth.euEye On Earth is a Cloud-based service byEuropean Environmental Agency (EEA),since 2009 Water quality measured vs. reported at Brno dam – Brněnská přehradaEye On Earth is the outcome of a strongcollaboration with Microsoft. It mapssensor water and air quality data, whileallowing citizen feedback through its Open for moredynamic and user-friendly web site. information Map functions Enquiry pushpin
http://data.gov.uk UK Weather Data ArchiveCost-Effective Catalogue Integration Cloud ScaleInfrastructure Seamless Access Big Data Analytics
Facts and Figures• UK Met Office Weather Data on data.gov.uk – 5,000 UK locations, – Hourly forecasts: daily + 5 days, 3hrly + 5 days – Approx 250 million rows per hour of data• Transport for London (TfL) - London Underground Trains – #1 European popular Open Data solution by citizen usage • average 2.3million hits per day from 80+ ISV mobile apps on iOS, Win8/WP, Android – Major CAPEX savings (£2m+) for TfL cloud infrastructure – ‘London Tube Map’ Windows 8 app
Microsoft Open Government Data Initiative (OGDI)The cloud: Azure15
OGDI/DataLab Open APIs, Scale & Reliability of Windows AzureRoll out open data portal Open Source withfast and at low cost Community participation
European OGDI version on GOVDATA.EU 9 EU Member States Dataset Categories already publishing data
Leveraging Windows Azure DataMarket https://datamarket.azure.com/DataMarket• Open standards, comfort for non-IT professionals• Both cost-free, and also for-fee datasets from commercial providers• UN, EEA, World Bank, US Data.gov free datasets already there, and more...For Citizens• Read datasets directly into Excel• User friendly mash-up by Excel PowerPivot (free add-in, downloadable)For Developers• REST based API for all datasets• Software Development Kit on github https://github.com/openlab/DataLab/wiki 18
‘Business’ Opportunity for Open Data in the Cloud Deliver better services at lower cost (*ratio)Enable new innovativeapplications and services Stimulate business and(backed by SLA) economic growth Enable developers and citizens to easilyIndustry and Citizen consume Open Data and Enable business insightEngagement Big Data for Government workers
Produce – Upload – Consume (Open Data)Export relational views Create an Open Data Catalog by Browse, visualize, from databases eg. OGDI Software Development create applications to create data feeds Kit (SDK)https://github.com/openlab/DataLab/wiki