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Anecdotal record


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anecdotal records

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Anecdotal record

  1. 1. ANECDOTAL RECORD By- Nidhi Shukla M.Sc. Nursing
  2. 2. OUTLINE • Definition • Characteristics of anecdotal records • Purposes • Guidelines for making anecdotal records • Items in anecdotal records • Advantages of anecdotal records • Disadvantages of anecdotal records • Uses of anecdotal records • ANECDOTAL RECORDS
  3. 3. Anecdotal Records An anecdotal record is an observation that is written like a short story. They are descriptions of incidents or events that are important to the person observing. Anecdotal records are short, objective and as accurate as possible
  4. 4. Definition • Anecdotal records is a record of some significant item of conduct, a record of an episode in the life of students, a word picture of the student in action, a word snapshot at the moment of the incident, any narration of events in which may be significant about his personality. Randall.
  5. 5. Meaning • Informal device used by the teacher to record behavior of students as observed by him from time to time. • It provides a lasting record of behavior which may be useful later in contributing to a judgment about a student.
  6. 6. Characteristics of anecdotal records • Anecdotal records must possess certain characteristics as given below- • They should contain a factual descriptions of what happened, when it happened, and under what circumstances the behavior occurred. • The interpretations and recommended action should be noted separately from the description. • Each anecdotal record should contain a record of a single incident.
  7. 7. Contii… • The incident recorded should be that is considered to be significant to the students growth and development of example. • Simple reports of behavior • Result of direct observation. • Accurate and specific • Gives context of child's behavior • Records typical or unusual behaviors
  8. 8. PURPOSE • To furnish the multiplicity of evidence needed for good cumulative record. • To substitute for vague generalizations about students specific exact description of behaviour. • To stimulate teachers to look for information i.e pertinent in helping each student realize good self- adjustment. • To understand individual’s basic personality pattern and his reactions in different situations.
  9. 9. Conti.. • The teacher is able to understand her pupil in a realistic manner. • It provides an opportunity for healthy pupil- teacher relationship. • It can be maintained in the areas of behaviour that cannot be evaluated by other systematic method. • Helps the students to improve their behavior, as it is a direct feedback of an entire observed incident, the student can analyze his behaviour better. • Can be used by students for self-appraisal and peer assessment.
  10. 10. GUIDELINES FOR MAKING ANECDOTAL RECORD • Keep a notebook handy to make brief notes to remind you of incidents you wish to include in the record. Also include the name, time and setting in your notes. • Write the record as soon as possible after the event. The longer you leave it to write your anecdotal record, the more subjective and vague the observation will become. • In your anecdotal record identify the time, child, date and setting
  11. 11. • Describe the actions and what was said. • Include the responses of other people if they relate to the action. • Describe the event in the sequence that it occurred. • Record should be complete. • They should be compiled and filed. • They should be emphasized as an educational resource. • The teacher should have practice and training in making observations and writing records.
  12. 12. ITEMS IN ANECDOTAL RECORDS • To relate the incident correctly for drawing inferences the following items to be incorporated. • The first part of an anecdotal record should be factual, simple and clear. • Name of the students • Unit/ ward/ department • Date and time • Brief report of what happened.
  13. 13. Conti… • The second part of an anecdotal record may include additional comments, analysis and conclusions based on interpretations and judgments.
  14. 14. • Descriptive reports- The instructor writes a brief report on student nurses performance over a given period. These reports are quite useful if instructor highlights student’s strength and weaknesses in a systematic way. • Instructor decides what to include in a report and she may quite inconsistent unless she is guided by some kind of a structure. Otherwise these type of reports turn out to be subjective assessments.
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF ANECDOTAL RECORDS • Supplements and validates of other structured instruments. • Provision of insight into total behavioral incidents. • Needs no special training. • Use of formative feedback.
  16. 16. Conti.. • Economical and easy to develop. • Open ended and can catch unexpected events. • Can select behaviors' or events of interest and ignore others, or can sample a wide range of behaviors' (different times, environments and people).
  17. 17. DISADVANTAGES OF ANECDOTAL RECORDS • If carelessly recorded, the purpose will not be fulfilled. • Only records events of interest to the person doing the observing. • Quality of the record depends on the memory of the person doing the observing. • Incidents can be taken out of context.
  18. 18. Conti.. • Subjectivity. • Lack of standardization. • Difficulty in scoring. • Time consuming. • May miss out on recording specific types of behaviour. • Limited application.
  19. 19. Uses of anecdotal records • Record unusual events, such as accidents. • Record children's behavior, skills and interests for planning purposes. • Record how an individual is progressing in a specific area of development. • It provides a means of communication between the members of the health care team and facilitates coordinated planning and continuity of care. It acts as a medium for data exchange between the health care team. • Clear, complete, accurate and factual documentation provides a reliable, permanent record of patient care.